Designing Valid Research

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Principles Of Methodology

Author : Perri 6
ISBN : 9780857024749
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 23.28 MB
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This book provides a comprehensive, accessible guide to social science methodology. In so doing, it establishes methodology as distinct from both methods and philosophy. Most existing textbooks deal with methods, or sound ways of collecting and analysing data to generate findings. In contrast, this innovative book shows how an understanding of methodology allows us to design research so that findings can be used to answer interesting research questions and to build and test theories. Most important things in social research (e.g., beliefs, institutions, interests, practices and social classes) cannot be observed directly. This book explains how empirical research can nevertheless be designed to make sound inferences about their nature, effects and significance. The authors examine what counts as good description, explanation and interpretation, and how they can be achieved by striking intelligent trade-offs between competing design virtues. Coverage includes: * why methodology matters; * what philosophical arguments show us about inference; * competing virtues of good research design; * purposes of theory, models and frameworks; * forming researchable concepts and typologies; * explaining and interpreting: inferring causation, meaning and significance; and * combining explanation and interpretation. The book is essential reading for new researchers faced with the practical challenge of designing research. Extensive examples and exercises are provided, based on the authors' long experience of teaching methodology to multi-disciplinary groups. Perri 6 is Professor of Social Policy in the Graduate School in the College of Business, Law and Social Sciences at Nottingham Trent University. Chris Bellamy is Emeritus Professor of Public Administration in the Graduate School, Nottingham Trent University.
Category: Social Science

Designing And Conducting Research In Education

Author : Clifford J. Drew
ISBN : 9781412960748
Genre : Education
File Size : 34.37 MB
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The research process in this book begins with identification of the research question and proceeds through each step including planning data collection, actual collection and analysis of the data, and writing the report. This text proceeds through multiple methodologies including experimental and non-experimental, quantitative and qualitative. At every step the emphasis is on planning and executing the study. Key features: o Simulations and feedback that may be used in class sessions for both individual and small group participation o Pedagogy to help students plan and conduct a research project in an actual classroom o Examples that demonstrate and explain what constitutes good and poor research questions o Case studies and ′real life′ examples related to education o A Student Web site that provides students with the opportunity to interact with contemporary articles. This book provides an introduction to research that emphasizes the fundamental concepts of planning and design. It is designed to be a core text for the very first course on research methods.
Category: Education

Research Design And Analysis

Author : Leslie D. Rosenstein
ISBN : 9781119563617
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 35.8 MB
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A concise, straightforward overview of research design and analysis, helping readers form a general basis for designing and conducting research The practice of designing and analyzing research continues to evolve with advances in technology that enable greater technical analysis of data—strengthening the ability of researchers to study the interventions and relationships of factors and assisting consumers of research to understand and evaluate research reports. Research Design and Analysis is an accessible, wide-ranging overview of how to design, conduct, analyze, interpret, and present research. This book helps those in the sciences conduct their own research without requiring expertise in statistics and related fields and enables informed reading of published research. Requiring no background in statistics, this book reviews the purpose, ethics, and rules of research, explains the fundamentals of research design and validity, and describes how to select and employ appropriate statistical techniques and reporting methods. Readers gain knowledge central to various research scenarios, from sifting through reports of meta-analyses and preparing a research paper for submission to a peer-reviewed journal to discussing, evaluating, and communicating research results. This book: Provides end-to-end guidance on the entire research design and analysis process Teaches readers how to both conduct their own research and evaluate the research of others Offers a clear, concise introduction to fundamental topics ideal for both reference and general education functions Presents information derived from the author’s experience teaching the subject in real-world classroom settings Includes a full array of learning tools including tables, examples, additional resource suggestions, complete references, and appendices that cover statistical analysis software and data sets Research Design and Analysis: A Primer for the Non-Statistician is a valuable source of information for students and trainees in medical and allied health professions, journalism, education, and those interested in reading and comprehending research literature.
Category: Social Science

Research In Rehabilitation Counseling

Author : James L. Bellini
ISBN : 9780398078782
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 48.75 MB
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This second edition represents the thorough revision necessary to accurately reflect the variation and wealth of research methodologies used in contemporary rehabilitation counseling research. As with the previous edition, this new second edition is divided into ten chapters. Chapter 1 establishes the theoretical underpinnings of social scientific inquiry, provides a foundation in the philosophical, epistemological, and methodological considerations related to the design and execution of rehabilitation research, and discusses the broad purposes of research. Chapter 2 addresses the issues that are preparatory to designing and evaluating this research, the sources of research ideas, and translating these ideas into research hypothesis, identifying variables, and sampling issues. Chapter 3 discusses key measurement and statistical concepts used in the quantitative research tradition, including reliability and validity of measurements instruments, the purposes of descriptive and inferential statistics in analyzing numeric data, and provides an expanded section on methods of statistical analysis. Chapters 4 and 5 reviews ethical issues and guidelines for the design, implementation, and reporting of rehabilitation research, drawing valid inferences from results, and generalizing findings from the research sample to the target population. Chapters 6, 7, and 8 review the wide range of different quantitative, qualitative, and integrative approaches to doing rehabilitation research, and provides examples from the recent rehabilitation literature. Other topics include the intervention/stimulus relationship, descriptive studies in the quantitative paradigm, and qualitative methods of rehabilitation research. Chapter 9 presents a published research article section by section, annotates the components and composition of a research report, and provides a protocol that students and practitioners can use to evaluate the technical soundness and scientific merits of published research articles. The concluding chapter addresses future trends in rehabilitation counseling research in relation to fruitful topic areas and methodologies as they apply to counselors, administrators, policymakers, educators, researchers, people with disabilities, and consumer advocates. This book provides the 'basics' that one would need to begin conducting a research investigation.
Category: Psychology

Case Study Research

Author : Robert K. Yin
ISBN : 9781412960991
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 69.46 MB
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Providing a complete portal to the world of case study research, the Fourth Edition of Robert K. Yin’s bestselling text Case Study Research offers comprehensive coverage of the design and use of the case study method as a valid research tool. This thoroughly revised text now covers more than 50 case studies (approximately 25% new), gives fresh attention to quantitative analyses, discusses more fully the use of mixed methods research designs, and includes new methodological insights. The book’s coverage of case study research and how it is applied in practice gives readers access to exemplary case studies drawn from a wide variety of academic and applied fields. Key Features of the Fourth Edition Highlights each specific research feature through 44 boxed vignettes that feature previously published case studies Provides methodological insights to show the similarities between case studies and other social science methods Suggests a three-stage approach to help readers define the initial questions they will consider in their own case study research Covers new material on human subjects protection, the role of Institutional Review Boards, and the interplay between obtaining IRB approval and the final development of the case study protocol and conduct of a pilot case Includes an overall graphic of the entire case study research process at the beginning of the book, then highlights the steps in the process through graphics that appear at the outset of all the chapters that follow Offers in-text learning aids including “tips” that pose key questions and answers at the beginning of each chapter, practical exercises, endnotes, and a new cross-referencing table Case Study Research, Fourth Edition is ideal for courses in departments of Education, Business and Management, Nursing and Public Health, Public Administration, Anthropology, Sociology, and Political Science.
Category: Social Science

Designing And Conducting Research In Health And Human Performance

Author : Tracey D. Matthews
ISBN : 9780470404805
Genre : Medical
File Size : 38.25 MB
Format : PDF
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Designing and Conducting Research in Health and Human Performance shows students how to become effective producers and consumers of health and human performance research. The book provides comprehensive coverage of both quantitative and qualitative research methods and includes step-by-step guidance for writing effective research proposals and theses. In addition, the authors show how to read, assess, interpret, and apply published research and how to conduct basic studies in health, physical education, exercise science, athletic training, and recreation. Designing and Conducting Research in Health and Human Performance is filled with illustrative examples that emphasize the real-world applications of research methods. Throughout, the authors draw on a variety of examples that were selected because they provide a context to further the understanding of health and human performance research. Research to Practice examples and Tips are included by the authors to help students better appreciate the book's content. These study aids provide suggestions and additional resources to assist students in understanding the research process. Key Terms, defined and highlighted, enrich each chapter. Chapter Review Questions, designed to help students comprehend and follow best practices in research methods, close each chapter. Online resources and guides developed by the authors to support and enhance students' learning of important research concepts are available.
Category: Medical

Research Design Explained

Author : Mark L. Mitchell
ISBN : UOM:39015061423276
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 78.47 MB
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The aim of this book is to encourage students to value, read and conduct ethical research. It now includes chapters on evaluating research, writing proposals and psychology as a science.
Category: Psychology

Investigating Communication

Author : Lawrence R. Frey
ISBN : IND:30000076426745
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 54.31 MB
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This book provides a comprehensive, balanced introduction to communication research methods. Designed for readers who have little or no familiarity with research methods, this book helps one become a more knowledgeable and competent consumer (and limited producer) of scholarly research and of the everyday research to which they are exposed by the mass media. Praised for its accessible writing and extensive real-life examples, this book takes a step-by-step approach through the communication research process. Investigating Communication shows how communication research is conducted from start to finish, with the book's organization modeled after a traditional research study. By making the material accessible rather than impossible to learn, readers become excited about studying research methods. For anyone interested in the introductory methods of communication research.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Introduction To Clinical Psychology

Author : Geoffrey P. Kramer
ISBN : UOM:39015082746218
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 50.8 MB
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Designed to provide a thorough survey of the field that is equally accessible to students with a general interest as well as to those with professional aspirations, this text presents a scholarly portrayal of the history, content, professional functions, and the future of clinical psychology.
Category: Psychology

Using And Conducting Nursing Research In The Clinical Setting

Author : Magdalena A. Mateo
ISBN : UOM:39015041993430
Genre : Medical
File Size : 82.4 MB
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An AJN Book of the Year in its previous edition, this resource thoroughly explores how to conduct and use research in a variety of clinical settings. It begins with an overview of how research is used in practice and how it affects quality assurance and clinical problem-solving. Then, it discusses practice outcomes, examines the forces influencing today's focus on outcomes, and provides guidelines for evaluating programs and avoiding pitfalls in data collection. Finally, this new edition presents strategies for facilitating research, gaining access to a clinical setting, acquiring funding, collaborating with other researchers, and conducting a study. It concludes with chapters on writing the research report and disseminating research through presentation and publication. 7 new chapters: The Conceptual Framework, Case Management Outcomes in the Community Setting, Cost as a Dimension of Outcomes, Outcomes Evaluation, The Evaluation Component of Research Utilization, Managing Variances of Care, Qualitative Methods. Helps readers apply and conduct research in a broad range of settings, including hospitals, clinics, homes, and physician offices. Emphasizes topics important in todays changing healthcare environment such as measuring the cost of care in relation to outcomes. Offers step-by-step guidance on conducting a research study, as well as strategies for gaining access to a clinical setting, acquiring funding, collaborating, writing the research report, and disseminating results. Make complex concepts easy to apply in practice with clear writing and engaging case examples throughout the text.
Category: Medical

Research Design In Clinical Psychology

Author : Alan E. Kazdin
ISBN : UOM:39015038606946
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 56.30 MB
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Examine the role clinical psychology plays in research on violence, crime, hopelessness, and substance abuse with this updated volume. The author describes research methods and provides criteria for conducting and evaluating research. Case studies illustrate points based on the effects of psychotherapy and characteristics of depression.
Category: Psychology