Designing Reliable And Efficient Networks On Chips

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Designing Reliable And Efficient Networks On Chips

Author : Srinivasan Murali
ISBN : 9781402097577
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 51.16 MB
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Developing NoC based interconnect tailored to a particular application domain, satisfying the application performance constraints with minimum power-area overhead is a major challenge. With technology scaling, as the geometries of on-chip devices reach the physical limits of operation, another important design challenge for NoCs will be to provide dynamic (run-time) support against permanent and intermittent faults that can occur in the system. The purpose of Designing Reliable and Efficient Networks on Chips is to provide state-of-the-art methods to solve some of the most important and time-intensive problems encountered during NoC design.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Post Silicon Validation And Debug

Author : Prabhat Mishra
ISBN : 9783319981161
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 73.61 MB
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This book provides a comprehensive coverage of System-on-Chip (SoC) post-silicon validation and debug challenges and state-of-the-art solutions with contributions from SoC designers, academic researchers as well as SoC verification experts. The readers will get a clear understanding of the existing debug infrastructure and how they can be effectively utilized to verify and debug SoCs.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Ultra Low Energy Domain Specific Instruction Set Processors

Author : Francky Catthoor
ISBN : 9048195284
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 55.41 MB
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Modern consumers carry many electronic devices, like a mobile phone, digital camera, GPS, PDA and an MP3 player. The functionality of each of these devices has gone through an important evolution over recent years, with a steep increase in both the number of features as in the quality of the services that they provide. However, providing the required compute power to support (an uncompromised combination of) all this functionality is highly non-trivial. Designing processors that meet the demanding requirements of future mobile devices requires the optimization of the embedded system in general and of the embedded processors in particular, as they should strike the correct balance between flexibility, energy efficiency and performance. In general, a designer will try to minimize the energy consumption (as far as needed) for a given performance, with a sufficient flexibility. However, achieving this goal is already complex when looking at the processor in isolation, but, in reality, the processor is a single component in a more complex system. In order to design such complex system successfully, critical decisions during the design of each individual component should take into account effect on the other parts, with a clear goal to move to a global Pareto optimum in the complete multi-dimensional exploration space. In the complex, global design of battery-operated embedded systems, the focus of Ultra-Low Energy Domain-Specific Instruction-Set Processors is on the energy-aware architecture exploration of domain-specific instruction-set processors and the co-optimization of the datapath architecture, foreground memory, and instruction memory organisation with a link to the required mapping techniques or compiler steps at the early stages of the design. By performing an extensive energy breakdown experiment for a complete embedded platform, both energy and performance bottlenecks have been identified, together with the important relations between the different components. Based on this knowledge, architecture extensions are proposed for all the bottlenecks.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Network On Chip

Author : Santanu Kundu
ISBN : 9781466565272
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 59.80 MB
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Addresses the Challenges Associated with System-on-Chip Integration Network-on-Chip: The Next Generation of System-on-Chip Integration examines the current issues restricting chip-on-chip communication efficiency, and explores Network-on-chip (NoC), a promising alternative that equips designers with the capability to produce a scalable, reusable, and high-performance communication backbone by allowing for the integration of a large number of cores on a single system-on-chip (SoC). This book provides a basic overview of topics associated with NoC-based design: communication infrastructure design, communication methodology, evaluation framework, and mapping of applications onto NoC. It details the design and evaluation of different proposed NoC structures, low-power techniques, signal integrity and reliability issues, application mapping, testing, and future trends. Utilizing examples of chips that have been implemented in industry and academia, this text presents the full architectural design of components verified through implementation in industrial CAD tools. It describes NoC research and developments, incorporates theoretical proofs strengthening the analysis procedures, and includes algorithms used in NoC design and synthesis. In addition, it considers other upcoming NoC issues, such as low-power NoC design, signal integrity issues, NoC testing, reconfiguration, synthesis, and 3-D NoC design. This text comprises 12 chapters and covers: The evolution of NoC from SoC—its research and developmental challenges NoC protocols, elaborating flow control, available network topologies, routing mechanisms, fault tolerance, quality-of-service support, and the design of network interfaces The router design strategies followed in NoCs The evaluation mechanism of NoC architectures The application mapping strategies followed in NoCs Low-power design techniques specifically followed in NoCs The signal integrity and reliability issues of NoC The details of NoC testing strategies reported so far The problem of synthesizing application-specific NoCs Reconfigurable NoC design issues Direction of future research and development in the field of NoC Network-on-Chip: The Next Generation of System-on-Chip Integration covers the basic topics, technology, and future trends relevant to NoC-based design, and can be used by engineers, students, and researchers and other industry professionals interested in computer architecture, embedded systems, and parallel/distributed systems.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Incorporating Knowledge Sources Into Statistical Speech Recognition

Author : Sakriani Sakti
ISBN : 9780387858302
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 74.20 MB
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Incorporating Knowledge Sources into Statistical Speech Recognition addresses the problem of developing efficient automatic speech recognition (ASR) systems, which maintain a balance between utilizing a wide knowledge of speech variability, while keeping the training / recognition effort feasible and improving speech recognition performance. The book provides an efficient general framework to incorporate additional knowledge sources into state-of-the-art statistical ASR systems. It can be applied to many existing ASR problems with their respective model-based likelihood functions in flexible ways.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Advanced Computing And Communication Technologies

Author : Ramesh K Choudhary
ISBN : 9789811010231
Genre : Computers
File Size : 80.36 MB
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This book highlights a collection of high-quality peer-reviewed research papers presented at the Ninth International Conference on Advanced Computing & Communication Technologies (ICACCT-2015) held at Asia Pacific Institute of Information Technology, Panipat, India during 27–29 November 2015. The book discusses a wide variety of industrial, engineering and scientific applications of the emerging techniques. Researchers from academia and industry present their original work and exchange ideas, information, techniques and applications in the field of Advanced Computing and Communication Technology.
Category: Computers

Reliability Availability And Serviceability Of Networks On Chip

Author : Érika Cota
ISBN : 1461407915
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 43.72 MB
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This book presents an overview of the issues related to the test, diagnosis and fault-tolerance of Network on Chip-based systems. It is the first book dedicated to the quality aspects of NoC-based systems and will serve as an invaluable reference to the problems, challenges, solutions, and trade-offs related to designing and implementing state-of-the-art, on-chip communication architectures.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Dynamic Reconfigurable Network On Chip Design Innovations For Computational Processing And Communication

Author : Shen, Jih-Sheng
ISBN : 9781615208081
Genre : Computers
File Size : 78.72 MB
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Reconfigurable computing brings immense flexibility to on-chip processing while network-on-chip has improved flexibility in on-chip communication. Integrating these two areas of research reaps the benefits of both and represents the promising future of multiprocessor systems-on-chip. This book is the one of the first compilations written to demonstrate this future for network-on-chip design. Through dynamic and creative research into questions ranging from integrating reconfigurable computing techniques, to task assigning, scheduling and arrival, to designing an operating system to take advantage of the computing and communication flexibilities brought about by run-time reconfiguration and network-on-chip, it represents a complete source of the techniques and applications for reconfigurable network-on-chip necessary for understanding of future of this field.
Category: Computers

Embedded Software And Systems

Author : Laurence T. Yang
ISBN : 3540308814
Genre : Computers
File Size : 81.99 MB
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Welcome to the proceedings of the 2005 International Conference on Emb- ded Software and Systems (ICESS 2005) held in Xian, China, December 16-18, 2005. With the advent of VLSI system level integration and system-on-chip, the center of gravity of the computer industry is now moving from personal c- puting into embedded computing. Embedded software and systems are incre- ingly becoming a key technological component of all kinds of complex technical systems, ranging from vehicles, telephones, aircraft, toys, security systems, to medical diagnostics, weapons, pacemakers, climate control systems, etc. The ICESS 2005 conference provided a premier international forum for - searchers, developers and providers from academia and industry to address all resulting profound challenges; to present and discuss their new ideas, - search results, applications and experience; to improve international com- nication and cooperation; and to promote embedded software and system - dustrialization and wide applications on all aspects of embedded software and systems.
Category: Computers

Error Control For Network On Chip Links

Author : Bo Fu
ISBN : 1441993134
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 58.18 MB
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This book provides readers with a comprehensive review of the state of the art in error control for Network on Chip (NOC) links. Coverage includes detailed description of key issues in NOC error control faced by circuit and system designers, as well as practical error control techniques to minimize the impact of these errors on system performance.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Parallel And Distributed Processing And Applications

Author : Ivan Stojmenovic
ISBN : 9783540747420
Genre : Computers
File Size : 49.92 MB
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 5th International Symposium on Parallel and Distributed Processing and Applications, ISPA 2007, held in Niagara Falls, Canada, in August 2007. The 83 revised full papers presented together with three keynote are cover algorithms and applications, architectures and systems, datamining and databases, fault tolerance and security, middleware and cooperative computing, networks, as well as software and languages.
Category: Computers

Design Technologies For Green And Sustainable Computing Systems

Author : Partha Pratim Pande
ISBN : 9781461449751
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 40.11 MB
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This book provides a comprehensive guide to the design of sustainable and green computing systems (GSC). Coverage includes important breakthroughs in various aspects of GSC, including multi-core architectures, interconnection technology, data centers, high performance computing (HPC), and sensor networks. The authors address the challenges of power efficiency and sustainability in various contexts, including system design, computer architecture, programming languages, compilers and networking.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Integrated Circuit And System Design

Author : Enrico Macii
ISBN : 9783540230953
Genre : Computers
File Size : 34.69 MB
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 14th International Workshop on Power and Timing Optimization and Simulation, PATMOS 2004, held in Santorini, Greece in September 2004. The 85 revised papers presented together with abstracts of 6 invited presentations were carefully reviewed and selected from 152 papers submitted. The papers are organized in topical sections on buses and communication, circuits and devices, low power issues, architectures, asynchronous circuits, systems design, interconnect and physical design, security and safety, low-power processing, digital design, and modeling and simulation.
Category: Computers

Low Power Networks On Chip

Author : Cristina Silvano
ISBN : 144196911X
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 54.62 MB
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In recent years, both Networks-on-Chip, as an architectural solution for high-speed interconnect, and power consumption, as a key design constraint, have continued to gain interest in the design and research communities. This book offers a single-source reference to some of the most important design techniques proposed in the context of low-power design for networks-on-chip architectures.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Transient And Permanent Error Control For Networks On Chip

Author : Qiaoyan Yu
ISBN : 1461409624
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 33.93 MB
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This book addresses reliability and energy efficiency of on-chip networks using cooperative error control. It describes an efficient way to construct an adaptive error control codec capable of tracking noise conditions and adjusting the error correction strength at runtime. Methods are also presented to tackle joint transient and permanent error correction, exploiting the redundant resources already available on-chip. A parallel and flexible network simulator is also introduced, which facilitates examining the impact of various error control methods on network-on-chip performance.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Designing 2d And 3d Network On Chip Architectures

Author : Konstantinos Tatas
ISBN : 9781461442745
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 30.98 MB
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This book covers key concepts in the design of 2D and 3D Network-on-Chip interconnect. It highlights design challenges and discusses fundamentals of NoC technology, including architectures, algorithms and tools. Coverage focuses on topology exploration for both 2D and 3D NoCs, routing algorithms, NoC router design, NoC-based system integration, verification and testing, and NoC reliability. Case studies are used to illuminate new design methodologies.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Design Of Cost Efficient Interconnect Processing Units

Author : Marcello Coppola
ISBN : 9781420044720
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 88.41 MB
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Streamlined Design Solutions Specifically for NoC To solve critical network-on-chip (NoC) architecture and design problems related to structure, performance and modularity, engineers generally rely on guidance from the abundance of literature about better-understood system-level interconnection networks. However, on-chip networks present several distinct challenges that require novel and specialized solutions not found in the tried-and-true system-level techniques. A Balanced Analysis of NoC Architecture As the first detailed description of the commercial Spidergon STNoC architecture, Design of Cost-Efficient Interconnect Processing Units: Spidergon STNoC examines the highly regarded, cost-cutting technology that is set to replace well-known shared bus architectures, such as STBus, for demanding multiprocessor system-on-chip (SoC) applications. Employing a balanced, well-organized structure, simple teaching methods, numerous illustrations, and easy-to-understand examples, the authors explain: how the SoC and NoC technology works why developers designed it the way they did the system-level design methodology and tools used to configure the Spidergon STNoC architecture differences in cost structure between NoCs and system-level networks From professionals in computer sciences, electrical engineering, and other related fields, to semiconductor vendors and investors – all readers will appreciate the encyclopedic treatment of background NoC information ranging from CMPs to the basics of interconnection networks. The text introduces innovative system-level design methodology and tools for efficient design space exploration and topology selection. It also provides a wealth of key theoretical and practical MPSoC and NoC topics, such as technological deep sub-micron effects, homogeneous and heterogeneous processor architectures, multicore SoC, interconnect processing units, generic NoC components, and embeddings of common communication patterns.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Routing Algorithms In Networks On Chip

Author : Maurizio Palesi
ISBN : 9781461482741
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 52.6 MB
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This book provides a single-source reference to routing algorithms for Networks-on-Chip (NoCs), as well as in-depth discussions of advanced solutions applied to current and next generation, many core NoC-based Systems-on-Chip (SoCs). After a basic introduction to the NoC design paradigm and architectures, routing algorithms for NoC architectures are presented and discussed at all abstraction levels, from the algorithmic level to actual implementation. Coverage emphasizes the role played by the routing algorithm and is organized around key problems affecting current and next generation, many-core SoCs. A selection of routing algorithms is included, specifically designed to address key issues faced by designers in the ultra-deep sub-micron (UDSM) era, including performance improvement, power, energy, and thermal issues, fault tolerance and reliability.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Design And Test Technology For Dependable Systems On Chip

Author : Raimund Ubar
ISBN : 1609602129
Genre : Computers
File Size : 54.90 MB
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"This book covers aspects of system design and efficient modelling, and also introduces various fault models and fault mechanisms associated with digital circuits integrated into System on Chip (SoC), Multi-Processor System-on Chip (MPSoC) or Network on Chip (NoC)"--
Category: Computers