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Defiant Deviance

Author : Cristina Santos
ISBN : 0820476188
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 32.36 MB
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This innovative study embarks, from a collaborative and interdisciplinary approach, on redefining the -supernatural- as elements that fail to be framed as -natural- by their socio-cultural environment. The -supernatural- elements depicted in this study encompass such monstrous representations as witches, vampires, angels, virgins, apparitions, and other universally recognized reflections of human existence - though not all -supernatural- representations are seen as -monstrous, - but as physical and psychological embodiments of common human experience. Contributors to this project represent a wide scope of literary genres and eras, as well as differing theoretical approaches, united by the common goal of defining the -irreality of reality.-"
Category: Social Science

Control Balance

Author : Charles R Tittle
ISBN : 9780429980954
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 41.60 MB
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A major contribution to the field of crime/deviance, this volume by noted criminologist Charles R. Tittle puts forth an integrated theory of deviance?control balance. Its central premise is that the total amount of control people are subjected to, relative to the control they can exercise, will affect the probability and type of their deviant behavior.In developing control balance, Tittle critically reviews other general theories such as anomie, Marxian conflict, social control, differential association/social learning, labelling, and routine activities and offers reasons why those theories are insufficient. Using real-world examples to illustrate his argument, he contends that deviance results from the convergence of four variables, each of which represents an interactive nexus of several inputs, including most prominently a control imbalance. The variables are predisposition, motivation, opportunity, and constraint. Control balance theory also explains six basic types of deviance, ranging from predation, defiance, and submissiveness on one end of a control ratio continuum to exploitation, plunder, and decadence on the other.Tittle conceives of control balance as a continuation, or temporary culmination, of the collective efforts of crime/deviance scholars who have gone before, presenting it as a vehicle for trying to achieve a fully adequate general theory of deviance.
Category: Social Science

Criminological Theories

Author : Suzette Cote
ISBN : 0761925023
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 43.94 MB
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This anthology is a superb collection of 36 articles covering all of the major theories, past and present, that inform criminology today. What truly sets this volume apart is the inclusion of many articles discussing novel and often overlooked perspectives in criminological theory. In fact, many of these articles have never before been included in a reader. Each article is framed by an introductory overview (discussing the article's importance, the context for its development, and the author) and concludes with discussion questions. These articles include a thorough examination of topics such as white collar crime and developmental criminology, as well a discussions of integrated theories that consider genetics, psychology, and environmental approaches. As most journal articles are typically written for a professional audience, the original articles have been substantially edited and abridged to make them more accessible to students. The resulting reader will prove to be an invaluable resource for any undergraduate or graduate course where criminological theory plays a central role.
Category: Social Science

The Virtue Of Defiance And Psychiatric Engagement

Author : Associate Faculty of the Department of Psychiatry Nancy Nyquist Potter
ISBN : 9780199663866
Genre :
File Size : 76.68 MB
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What is defiance, and when does defiant behaviour impede one's ability to aim at flourishing? People who are defiant can present perplexing challenges etiologically, diagnostically, and responsively. But in order to understand accurately when defiant behaviour is good, or bad, or neither (when it emerges out of mental illness), a fresh perspective on defiance is needed. This book offers a nuanced and complex look at defiance, taking seriously issues of dysfunction while also attending to social contexts in which defiant behaviour may arise. Those living in adverse conditions such as oppression, systematic disadvantages, and disability may act defiantly for good reasons. This perspective places defiance squarely within the moral domain; thus, it should not be assumed that when professionals come across defiant behaviour, it is a sign of mental dysfunction. Potter argues that defiance sometimes is a virtue, meaning that a disposition to be ready to be defiant when the situation calls for it is part of living a life with a realistic understanding of the aim of flourishing and its limits in our everyday world. Her work also offers theoretical work on problems in knowing that can impede understanding and responsiveness to those who are, or seem to be, defiant. Clinicians, teachers, social workers, nurses, and others working in helping professions are invited to engage in different ways with defiance so as to better understand and respond to people who express that defiance. Case studies, a framework for differentiating different forms of defiance, a realistic picture of phronesis-practical reasoning-and an explanation of how to give uptake well are some of the topics covered. The voices of service users strengthen the author's claims that defiance that is grounded in phronesis is just as much a part of moral life for those living with mental disabilities as for anyone else.

Defiance In The Family

Author : David V. Keith
ISBN : 9781134941223
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 40.88 MB
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Defiance in the Family follows the treatment of childhood and adolescent defiance through therapy, from intake to termination. The authors take a unique view of defiance as an expression of a child's worry for a family that is not working properly and as the child's means of protecting the inner self in the face of family turmoil.
Category: Psychology

Rebels In Groups

Author : Jolanda Jetten
ISBN : 144439083X
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 72.89 MB
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With contributions from leading scholars in the field, Rebels in Groups brings together the latest research which, contrary to traditional views, considers dissent, deviance, difference and defiance to be a normal and healthy aspect of group life. Brings together the latest research on the role of dissent, deviance, difference and defiance within groups Presents a new approach which considers dissent, deviance, difference and defiance to be a normal and healthy aspect of group life Examines a broad range of groups, such as political groups, task groups, and teams in organizations Considers diverse fields of psychology, including social, organizational, and developmental psychology Contributors are among the leading scholars in their areas of psychology
Category: Psychology

Sociological Abstracts

Author : Leo P. Chall
ISBN : UOM:39015078349514
Genre : Sociology
File Size : 81.88 MB
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CSA Sociological Abstracts abstracts and indexes the international literature in sociology and related disciplines in the social and behavioral sciences. The database provides abstracts of journal articles and citations to book reviews drawn from over 1,800+ serials publications, and also provides abstracts of books, book chapters, dissertations, and conference papers.
Category: Sociology

Crime Deviance And Doping

Author : M. Yar
ISBN : 9781137403759
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 65.28 MB
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Yar examines the autobiographies of fallen sports stars, exploring their fall from grace and the stigma it entails. Drawing upon sociological and criminological perspectives, it illuminates how fallen stars use confessional acts of story-telling to seek forgiveness, vindication and redemption.
Category: Social Science

Environmental Criminology

Author : Paul J. Brantingham
ISBN : UOM:39015012437250
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 80.72 MB
Format : PDF
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This volume provides an update on the young field of environmental criminology -- the study of criminal activity in terms of man's interaction with the environment, and the effort to control and prevent crime through environmental design.
Category: Psychology

Encyclopedia Of Sociology

Author : Edgar F. Borgatta
ISBN : UOM:49015002877752
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 80.24 MB
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Online version of the 5 v. encyclopedia published in 2000.
Category: Social Science