DEATH-AND-DONATION

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Death And Donation

Author : D. Scott Henderson
ISBN : 9781621890201
Genre : Religion
File Size : 34.13 MB
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Since its inception in 1968, the brain-death criterion for human death has enjoyed the status of one of the few relatively well-settled issues in bioethics. However, over the last fifteen years or so, a growing number of experts in medicine, philosophy, and religion have come to regard brain death as an untenable criterion for the determination of death. Given that the debate about brain death has occupied a relatively small group of professionals, few are aware that brain death fails to correspond to any coherent biological or philosophical conception of death. This is significant, for if the brain-dead are not dead, then the removal of their vital organs for transplantation is the direct cause of their deaths, and a violation of the Dead Donor Rule. This unique monograph synthesizes the social, legal, medical, religious, and philosophical problems inherent in current social policy allowing for organ donation under the brain-death criterion. In so doing, this bioethical appraisal offers a provocative investigation of the ethical quandaries inherent in the way transplantable organs are currently procured. Drawing together these multidisciplinary threads, this book advocates the abandonment of the brain-death criterion in light of its adverse failures, and concludes by laying the groundwork for a new policy of death in an effort to further the good of organ donation and transplantation.
Category: Religion

Organ Donation

Author : Institute of Medicine
ISBN : 0309164648
Genre : Medical
File Size : 64.9 MB
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Rates of organ donation lag far behind the increasing need. At the start of 2006, more than 90,000 people were waiting to receive a solid organ (kidney, liver, lung, pancreas, heart, or intestine). Organ Donation examines a wide range of proposals to increase organ donation, including policies that presume consent for donation as well as the use of financial incentives such as direct payments, coverage of funeral expenses, and charitable contributions. This book urges federal agencies, nonprofit groups, and others to boost opportunities for people to record their decisions to donate, strengthen efforts to educate the public about the benefits of organ donation, and continue to improve donation systems. Organ Donation also supports initiatives to increase donations from people whose deaths are the result of irreversible cardiac failure. This book emphasizes that all members of society have a stake in an adequate supply of organs for patients in need, because each individual is a potential recipient as well as a potential donor.
Category: Medical

Organ Donation And Transplantation After Cardiac Death

Author : David Talbot
ISBN : 9780199217335
Genre : Medical
File Size : 87.31 MB
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With the success of organ transplantation and the declining number of heart beating cadaver donors, the number of patients awaiting a transplant continues to rise. This means that alternative sources of donors have been sought, including donors after cardiac death. Such donors sustain rapid damage to their organs due to ischaemia, and as a consequence some organs do not work initially and some none at all. Written by international experts,this book lays out the moral, legal and ethical restraints to using such donors for organ transplant together with the techniques that have been adopted to improve their outcome. The different approaches and results of renal transplant according to country are covered together with the procedures andoutcomes adopted to use other organs, notably liver and lung. The outcome of transplanting a vital organ which fails to function immediately is death of the recipient. The success of transplanting such 'damaged' organs shows how far progress has been made with utilising such donors and why the proportion of transplants has increased so dramatically in recent years (developments have allowed these programmes to flourish such that in the UK 25% of kidney transplants were from such donors in2006).
Category: Medical

Year Book Of Pediatrics 2011 E Book

Author : James A. Stockman III
ISBN : 9780323087469
Genre : Medical
File Size : 74.44 MB
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The Year Book of Pediatrics brings you abstracts of the articles that reported the year's breakthrough developments in pediatrics, carefully selected from more than 500 journals worldwide. Dr. James Stockman III, President of the American Board of Pediatrics, has been a driving force in pediatrics for a generation. He has selected every journal article and written every commentary, sharing his important and unique perspectives. His expert commentaries evaluate the clinical importance of each article and discuss its application to your practice. There's no faster or easier way to stay informed! This annual covers all aspects of pediatric care from infectious diseases and immunology, adolescent medicine, therapeutics and toxicology, child development, dentistry and otolaryngology and neurology and psychiatry. The Year Book of Pediatrics publishes annually in December of the preceding year.
Category: Medical

The Brain Dead Organ Donor

Author : Dimitri Novitzky
ISBN : 9781461443049
Genre : Medical
File Size : 67.42 MB
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Addressing all aspects of brain death and thoroughly detailing how a potential organ donor should be maintained to ensure maximum use of the organs and cells, The Brain-Dead Organ Donor: Pathophysiology and Management is a landmark addition to the literature. This first-of-its-kind, multidisciplinary volume will be of interest to a large section of the medical community. The first section of the book reviews the historical, medical, legal, and ethical aspects of brain death. That is followed by two chapters on the pathophysiology of brain death as investigated in small and large animal models. This includes a review of the many hormonal changes, including the neuroendocrine- adrenergic ‘storm’, that takes place during and following the induction of brain death, and how they impact metabolism. The next section of the book reviews various effects of brain death, namely its impact on thyroid function, the inflammatory response that develops, and those relating to innate immunity. The chapters relating to assessment and management of potential organ donors will be of interest to a very large group of transplant surgeons and physicians as well as critical care and neurocritical care physicians and nurses. Neurologists, endocrinologists, neurosurgeons, and pathologists will also be interested, especially in the more basic science sections on various aspects of brain-death and hormonal therapy. Organ procurement organizations and transplant coordinators worldwide will also be interested in this title. Other chapters will be of interest to medical historians, medico-legal experts, and ethicists.
Category: Medical

The Ethics Of Surgery

Author : Robert M. Sade M.D.
ISBN : 9780190258009
Genre : Medical
File Size : 66.41 MB
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According to popular belief, technical skill is far more important for surgeons than thoughtful deliberation. Nothing could be further from the truth. Although surgeons must sometimes make decisions rapidly on the basis of incomplete evidence and must respond to unexpected catastrophes in the operating room rapidly, those events are intermittent - most of the time surgeons deliberate on diagnostic problems and thoughtfully manage postoperative care, which is often intellectually challenging. The relationship of surgeons with their patients is, in a real sense, far more intimate and trusting than that of any other professional, a claim that is supported by the fact that patients surrender their bodies to their surgeons in a state of total helplessness and vulnerability when they undergo anesthesia. Because of that responsibility, no other professional group has a greater sense of dedication to the welfare of their patients than surgeons. Surgical culture is deeply steeped in ethics, and surgeons confront and resolve ethical dilemmas as much or more than most other professionals, although they often may not recognize the situations they resolve are problems in ethics - they are just part of the daily routine. This book is a compendium of articles from the recent surgical literature that address ethical issues chosen by surgeons because they are controversial and pertinent to the practice of surgery. The reader will not find a great deal of sophisticated dissection of fine philosophical distinctions in these discussions of ethical conflicts and controversies in surgery. Instead, they will discover differing viewpoints from thoughtful essayists, mostly surgeons, whose feet are firmly in contact with the ground and who have extensive experience in the real world of surgery, medicine, and law.
Category: Medical

Acccn S Critical Care Nursing E Book

Author : Doug Elliott
ISBN : 9780729580687
Genre : Medical
File Size : 87.24 MB
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A revised new edition of this comprehensive critical care nursing text, developed with the Australian College of Critical Care Nurses (ACCCN). This second edition of ACCCN's Critical Care Nursing has been fully revised and updated for critical care nurses and students in Australia and New Zealand. As well as featuring the most recent critical care research data, current clinical practice, policies, procedures and guidelines specific to Australia and New Zealand, this new edition offers new and expanded chapters and case studies. The ultimate guide for critical care nurses and nursing students alike, ACCCN's Critical Care Nursing 2e has been developed in conjunction with the Australian College of Critical Care Nurses (ACCCN). As with the first edition, the text in ACCCN's Critical Care Nursing 2e reflects the expertise of ACCCN's highly-qualified team of local and international critical care nursing academics and clinicians. This authoritative nursing resource takes a patient-centred approach, encouraging practising critical care nurses and students to develop effective, high-quality critical care nursing practice. ACCCN's Critical Care Nursing 2e outlines the scope of critical care nursing, before detailing the core components and specialty aspects of critical care nursing, such as intensive care, emergency nursing, cardiac nursing, neuroscience nursing and acute care. Specific clinical conditions such as emergency presentations, trauma, resuscitation, and organ donation are featured to explore some of the more complex or unique aspects of specialty critical care nursing practice. expanded chapters for cardiovascular, respiratory and neurological content new chapters on Quality and Safety; Recovery and Rehabilitation; Psychological care; and Obstetric emergencies new case studies elaborate on relevant care issues critiques of recent research publications explore related topics practice tips highlight areas of care particularly relevant to daily clinical practice learning activities support knowledge, reflective learning and understanding
Category: Medical

Organ Transplantation In Times Of Donor Shortage

Author : Ralf J. Jox
ISBN : 9783319164410
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 68.89 MB
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This book analyzes the reasons for organ shortage and ventures innovative ideas for approaching this problem. It presents 29 contributions from a highly interdisciplinary group of world experts and upcoming professionals in the field. Every year thousands of patients die while waiting for organ transplantation. Health authorities, medical professionals and bioethicists worldwide point to the urgent and yet unsolved problem of organ shortage, which will be even intensified due to the increasing life expectancy. Even though the practical problem seems to be well known, the search for suitable solutions continues and often restricts itself by being limited through disciplinary and national borders. Combining philosophical reflection with empirical results, this volume enables a unique insight in the ethics of organ transplantation and offers fresh ideas for policymakers, health care professionals, academics and the general public.
Category: Philosophy

Sheehy S Manual Of Emergency Care

Author : ENA
ISBN : 9780323171106
Genre : Medical
File Size : 45.90 MB
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Thoroughly revised and featuring a more efficient and streamlined design, the new 7th edition of Sheehy's trusted emergency care resource offers complete, up-to-date coverage of the essentials emergency nurses need to know. Each condition commonly seen in the emergency setting is thoroughly addressed, from signs and symptoms, to diagnosis, treatment, developmental considerations, patient education, and more. Updated material and easy-to-reference contents make this resource a must-have for current practice. Comprehensive content presents thorough discussion of signs and symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, age/developmental considerations, and patient/family education for each condition. Authorship from the Emergency Nurses Association ensures this book contains the best practices in emergency nursing. Quick-reference format uses a consistent layout to help you find information quickly and easily. NEW! 2-column format features new Tricks of the Trade boxes to give you a professional's perspective on common issues in emergency nursing. NEW! Fully revised content from the ENA and a broad panel of expert contributors includes up-to-date, practical information on topics such as critical care in the ED, time management, the morbidly obese patient, electronic medical records, disaster nursing, forensic nursing, and workplace violence.
Category: Medical

Forensic Nursing Science E Book

Author : Virginia A. Lynch
ISBN : 9780323066389
Genre : Medical
File Size : 74.12 MB
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Written and edited by the most respected authorities in forensic nursing and forensic sciences, this new edition provides the tools and concepts you need to collect evidence that is admissible in court, determine the significance of that evidence, and provide accurate, reliable testimony while administering high-quality patient care. Now in full color throughout, it remains the most comprehensive, highly illustrated text of its kind. Provides a comprehensive, updated guide to forensic nursing science, paying special attention to the International Association of Forensic Nurses’s (IAFN) goals for forensic nursing. Retains a focus on assessment skills and the collection and preservation of evidence, following the established guidelines of the forensic sciences. Prepares you to provide testimony as a fact witness or a forensic nursing expert. Includes an illustrated case study in almost every chapter, helping you relate the information to clinical practice. Highlights important recommendations for interventions in Best Practice boxes, including the evidence base for each. Summarizes important points in Key Point boxes, so you can quickly review the most important concepts in each chapter. Explores the evolving role of forensic nurses in today’s health care facilities and the community. Edited by Virginia Lynch, founding member and first President of the International Association of Forensic Nurses and Janet Barber Duval, both well-respected pioneers and educators in the field. Contains 300 full-color illustrations integrated throughout the text, so you can view evidence quickly and easily, as it is likely to appear in practice. Presents information on courtroom testimony and depositions in one reorganized, streamlined chapter, giving you a full, organized treatment of this extremely important topic. Includes twelve new chapters: Digital Evidence, Medical Evidence Recovery at the Death Scene, Asphyxia, Electrical and Thermal Injury, Intrafamilial Homicide and Unexplained Childhood Death, Human Trafficking, Credential Development for Forensic Nurses, Gangs and Hate Crimes, Ethics Issues in Forensic Nursing, Forensic Physics and Fracture Analysis, Sexual Deviant Behaviors and Crime and Forensic Epidemiology. Contains heavily revised information on Prehospital Evidence, Forensic Investigation in the Hospital, and Human Abuse and Deaths in Custody. Features critical thinking questions with every case study, so you can thoroughly consider the implications of each clinical scenario. Evolve site will include appendices and additional documentation materials.
Category: Medical