Dealing With Complexity In Development Evaluation

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Dealing With Complexity In Development Evaluation

Author : Michael Bamberger
ISBN : 9781483344256
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 69.85 MB
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Recognizing that complexity calls for innovative, conceptual, and methodological solutions, Dealing with Complexity in Development Evaluation by Michael Bamberger, Jos Vaessen, and Estelle Raimondo offers practical guidance to policymakers, managers, and evaluation practitioners on how to design and implement complexity-responsive evaluations that can be undertaken in the real world of time, budget, data, and political constraints. Introductory chapters present comprehensive, non-technical overviews of the most common evaluation tools and methodologies, and additional content addresses more cutting-edge material. The book also includes six case study chapters to illustrate examples of various evaluation contexts from around the world.
Category: Social Science

Developmental Evaluation

Author : Michael Quinn Patton
ISBN : 9781606238868
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 82.22 MB
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Developmental evaluation (DE) offers a powerful approach to monitoring and supporting social innovations by working in partnership with program decision makers. In this book, eminent authority Michael Quinn Patton shows how to conduct evaluations within a DE framework. Patton draws on insights about complex dynamic systems, uncertainty, nonlinearity, and emergence. He illustrates how DE can be used for a range of purposes: ongoing program development, adapting effective principles of practice to local contexts, generating innovations and taking them to scale, and facilitating rapid response in crisis situations. Students and practicing evaluators will appreciate the book's extensive case examples and stories, cartoons, clear writing style, "closer look" sidebars, and summary tables. Provided is essential guidance for making evaluations useful, practical, and credible in support of social change.
Category: Psychology

Cognitive Work Analysis Coping With Complexity

Author : Daniel P. Jenkins
ISBN : 9781317164708
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 45.79 MB
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'Complex sociotechnical systems' are systems made up of numerous interacting parts, both human and non-human, operating in dynamic, ambiguous and safety critical domains. Cognitive Work Analysis (CWA) is a structured framework specifically developed for considering the development and analysis of these complex socio-technical systems. Unlike many human factors approaches, CWA does not focus on how human-system interaction should proceed (normative modelling) or how human-system interaction currently works (descriptive modelling). Instead, through a focus on constraints, it develops a model of how work can be conducted within a given work domain, without explicitly identifying specific sequences of actions (formative modelling). The framework leads the analyst to consider the environment the task takes place within, and the effect of the imposed constraints on the way work can be conducted. It provides guidance through the process of answering the questions of why the system exists, what activities can be conducted within the domain as well as how these activities can be achieved, and who can perform them. The first part of the book contains a comprehensive description of CWA, introducing it to the uninitiated. It then presents a number of applications in complex military domains to explore and develop the benefits of CWA. Unlike much of the previous literature, particular attention is placed on exploring the CWA framework in its entirety. This holistic approach focuses on the system environment, the activity that takes place within it, the strategies used to conduct this activity, the way in which the constituent parts of the system (both human and non-human) interact and the behaviour required. Each stage of this analysis identifies the constraints governing the system; it is contended that through this holistic understanding of constraints, recommendations can be made for the design of system interaction; increasing the ability of users to cope with unanticipated, unexpected situations. This book discusses the applicability of the approach in system analysis, development and evaluation. It provides process to what was previously a loosely defined framework.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Evaluation In Planning

Author : Nathaniel Lichfield
ISBN : 9789401714952
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 57.84 MB
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This book is the result of a three day workshop on "Evaluation in theory and practice in spatial planning" held in Ramsey Hall, University College London, in September 1996. Some 30 people from 8 different countries attended and 20 papers were presented. The majority of them now form the basis for this book. This occasion was the third on the topic, the two preceding having taken place in Umea in June 1992 and in Bari in 1994. Following these three meetings, we can now say that this small, industrious, international family really enjoy meeting up from time to time at each others places, in the presence of older members and new children, each one presenting his/her own recent experiences. It particularly enjoys exchanging views and arguing about the current state and the future of evaluation in spatial planning (all families have their vices ... ). It is also pleasing to see these experiences and discussions resulting in a book for those who could not attend and for the broader clan in the field. Not long time ago, but ages in the accelerated academic time scale, evaluation in planning established its own role and distinct features as an instrument for helping the decision-making process. Now this role and these features are exposed to major challenges. First, the evolution of planning theory has lead to the conception of new planning paradigms, based on theories of complexity and communicative rationality.
Category: Social Science

Evaluating Sustainable Development In The Built Environment

Author : Peter S. Brandon
ISBN : 1444340786
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 35.32 MB
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The first edition was extremely well received, providing an introduction and insight to this important topic in a comprehensive yet easy to read form. It was chosen to be issued to the representatives of the organizations from the G8 and G20 countries attending the University Summit held in Turin in 2009 which addressed the issue of how education and research can assist sustainable development. The second edition, completely updated to reflect the significant advances and new insights that have been made since publication of the first edition, focuses on two main issues: Facilitating a dialogue between all stakeholders so that the complexity of the problem can be exposed, structured and communicated Understanding how to assess progress in sustainable development It continues to provide coherent guidance on the techniques that can be used to assess sustainable development in a rigorous manner. The approach is introduced using illustrations and case studies, together with follow-up references. It remains the ideal starting point for those trying to get a handle on the subject and for those who wish to examine a structured and systematic approach to the evaluation of sustainable development in the built environment.
Category: Business & Economics

Managing Complexity Practical Considerations In The Development And Application Of Abms To Contemporary Policy Challenges

Author : Mirsad Hadzikadic
ISBN : 9783642392955
Genre : Computers
File Size : 78.13 MB
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This book emerged out of a project initiated and funded by the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) that sought to build on efforts to transform agent-based models into platforms for predicting and evaluating policy responses to real world challenges around the world. It began with the observation that social science theories of human behavior are often used to estimate the consequences of alternative policy responses to important issues and challenges. However, alternative theories that remain subject to contradictory claims are ill suited to inform policy. The vision behind the DARPA project was to mine the social sciences literature for alternative theories of human behavior, and then formalize, instantiate, and integrate them within the context of an agent-based modeling system. The research team developed an experimental platform to evaluate the conditions under which alternative theories and groups of theories applied. The end result was a proof of concept developed from the ground up of social knowledge that could be used as an informative guide for policy analysis. This book describes in detail the process of designing and implementing a pilot system that helped DARPA assess the feasibility of a computational social science project on a large scale.
Category: Computers

Coping With Complexity Model Reduction And Data Analysis

Author : Alexander N. Gorban
ISBN : 3642149413
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 59.1 MB
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This volume contains the extended version of selected talks given at the international research workshop "Coping with Complexity: Model Reduction and Data Analysis", Ambleside, UK, August 31 – September 4, 2009. The book is deliberately broad in scope and aims at promoting new ideas and methodological perspectives. The topics of the chapters range from theoretical analysis of complex and multiscale mathematical models to applications in e.g., fluid dynamics and chemical kinetics.
Category: Mathematics

Managing Complexity In Organizations

Author : Christoph Nedopil
ISBN : 9781137285706
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 54.32 MB
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Managing Complexity in Organizations is a lively new text written by academics from one of the world's leading business schools. Using a series of global case studies from a variety of industries, the authors outline their frameworks for understanding and managing complexity. The book examines the role of complexity theory in organizations and the importance of flexibility in decision-making. Managing Complexity in Organizations goes on to discuss how flexibility allows for improved, quicker responses to ongoing change - a necessity in today's unpredictable business environment. The authors present four key drivers of complexity: diversity; interdependence; ambiguity; and fast flux, thereby providing the reader with an effective and thorough understanding of how businesses can successfully adapt and respond to constant change. Applying complexity theory to business organizations, Managing Complexity in Organizations: Text and Cases is an essential companion for MBA, EMBA and executive education programs. CHRISTOPH NEDOPIL is Managing Director of YOUSE, an innovation consultancy in Berlin, Germany, and Consultant for the World Bank ULRICH STEGER is Professor of Environmental Management at IMD, Lausanne, Switzerland WOLFGANG AMANN is the Executive Director of Executive Education and faculty at the Goethe Business School, Frankfurt, Germany.
Category: Business & Economics

Managing Institutional Complexity

Author : Sebastian Oberthur
ISBN : 9780262297431
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 64.30 MB
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Experts investigate how states and other actors can improve inter-institutional synergy and examine the complexity of overlapping environmental governance structures. Institutional interaction and complexity are crucial to environmental governance and are quickly becoming dominant themes in the international relations and environmental politics literatures. This book examines international institutional interplay and its consequences, focusing on two important issues: how states and other actors can manage institutional interaction to improve synergy and avoid disruption; and what forces drive the emergence and evolution of institutional complexes, sets of institutions that cogovern particular issue areas. The book, a product of the Institutional Dimensions of Global Environmental Change research project (IDGEC), offers both theoretical and empirical perspectives. Chapters range from analytical overviews to case studies of institutional interaction, interplay management, and regime complexes in areas including climate change, fisheries management, and conservation of biodiversity. Contributors discuss such issues as the complicated management of fragmented multilateral institutions addressing climate change; the possible “chilling effect” on environmental standards from existing commitments; governance niches in Arctic resource protection; the relationships among treaties on conservation and use of plant genetic resources; causal factors in cross-case variation of regime prevalence; and the difficult relationship between the World Trade Organization and multilateral environmental agreements. The book offers a broad overview of research on interplay management and institutional complexes that provides important insights across the field of global environmental governance.
Category: Political Science

Emerging Practices In International Development Evaluation

Author : Stewart I. Donaldson
ISBN : 9781623961855
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 80.78 MB
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The impetus for this volume comes from reflecting on many years of experience, successes and failures in development evaluation in Asia and Africa, and from recent work supported by the Rockefeller Foundation on Rethinking, Reshaping, and Reforming Evaluation. The concepts, frameworks and ideas presented in this volume are a useful contribution to the ongoing efforts at rethinking, reforming and reshaping international development evaluation. They come from leading thinkers and practitioners in development, evaluation, research and academia who have recognized that development evaluation must evolve if it is to respond to the challenges of the 21st Century and play a meaningful role in social and economic transformation. This volume will be of great interest to evaluation scholars, practitioners, and students, particularly to those interested in international development projects, programs, and policies. This book will be appropriate for a wide range of courses, included Introduction to Evaluation, International Development Evaluation, Program Evaluation, Policy Evaluation, and evaluation courses in International Development, International Relations, Public Policy, Public Health, Human Services, Sociology, and Psychology.
Category: Business & Economics

Engineering Design Synthesis

Author : Amaresh Chakrabarti
ISBN : 1852334924
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 50.57 MB
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This book brings together some of the most influential pieces of research undertaken around the world in design synthesis. It is the first comprehensive work of this kind and covers all three aspects of research in design synthesis: - understanding what constitutes and influences synthesis; - the major approaches to synthesis; - the diverse range of tools that are created to support this crucial design task. With its range of tools and methods covered, it is an ideal introduction to design synthesis for those intending to research in this area as well as being a valuable source of ideas for educators and practitioners of engineering design.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Sustainable Development Evaluation And Policy Making

Author : Anneke von Raggamby
ISBN : 9781781953525
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 79.13 MB
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This pathbreaking book contributes to the discourse of evidence-based policy-making. It does so by combining the two issues of policy evaluation and sustainable development linking both to the policy-cycle. It covers contributions: · examining the perception of sustainability problems, which analyse the relationship between sustainability and assessment; · highlighting the role of evaluation and impact assessment studies during policy formulation; · looking at policy implementation by examining sustainability and impact assessment systems in different application areas; · addressing policy reformulation presenting monitoring and quality improvement schemes; · discussing quality of sustainability evaluations studies. Providing theoretic insights, reflections and case studies, this novel study will prove essential to postgraduate students, practitioners, policymakers and researchers in the area of sustainable development, policy-making and evaluation.
Category: Business & Economics

The Handbook Of Leadership Development Evaluation

Author : Kelly Hannum
ISBN : 9780787987800
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 30.31 MB
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With the increase in the number of organizational leadership development programs, there is a pressing need for evaluation to answer important questions, improve practice, and inform decisions. The Handbook is a comprehensive resource filled with examples, tools, and the most innovative models and approaches designed to evaluate leadership development in a variety of settings. It will help you answer the most common questions about leadership development efforts, including: What difference does leadership development make? What development and support strategies work best to enhance leadership? Is the time and money spent on leadership development worthwhile? What outcomes can be expected from leadership development? How can leadership development efforts be sustained?
Category: Business & Economics

Safety Of Computer Control Systems 1990 Safecomp 90

Author : B.K. Daniels
ISBN : 9781483298351
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 41.43 MB
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The market for safe, secure and reliable computer systems is expanding continuously and these Proceedings provide an opportunity to review the growth during the last decade and identify skills and technologies required for continued development in the area. The papers cover the experiences gained from specifying, creating, operating, and licensing computers in safety, security and reliability related applications. There are reviews of guidelines and industrial applications, with a section covering methods and tools used in designing, documenting, analysing, testing and assessing systems dependent on the SAFECOMP factors.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Evaluating Communication For Development

Author : June Lennie
ISBN : 9780415522076
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 73.90 MB
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Evaluating Communication for Development presents a comprehensive framework for evaluating communication for development (C4D). This framework combines the latest thinking from a number of fields in new ways. It critiques dominant instrumental, accountability-based approaches to development and evaluation and offers an alternative holistic, participatory, mixed methods approach based on systems and complexity thinking and other key concepts. It maintains a focus on power, gender and other differences and social norms. The authors have designed the framework as a way to focus on achieving sustainable social change and to continually improve and develop C4D initiatives. The benefits and rigour of this approach are supported by examples and case studies from a number of action research and evaluation capacity development projects undertaken by the authors over the past fifteen years. Building on current arguments within the fields of C4D and development, the authors reinforce the case for effective communication being a central and vital component of participatory forms of development, something that needs to be appreciated by decision makers. They also consider ways of increasing the effectiveness of evaluation capacity development from grassroots to management level in the development context, an issue of growing importance to improving the quality, effectiveness and utilisation of monitoring and evaluation studies in this field. The book includes a critical review of the key approaches, methodologies and methods that are considered effective for planning evaluation, assessing the outcomes of C4D, and engaging in continuous learning. This rigorous book is of immense theoretical and practical value to students, scholars, and professionals researching or working in development, communication and media, applied anthropology, and evaluation and program planning.
Category: Business & Economics

Managing Media Services

Author : William D. Schmidt
ISBN : 1563085305
Genre : Education
File Size : 88.95 MB
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This book's pragmatic approach deals with such tasks as acquisitions, circulation, collection development and maintenance, facility design, managing legal issues, and dealing with technological change. Substantially revised to reflect the phenomenal technological changes in the field over the past 10 years.
Category: Education

Cases On Adoption Diffusion And Evaluation Of Global E Governance Systems

Author : Hakikur Rahman
ISBN : 9781616928148
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 47.97 MB
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"This book accommodates theories, issues and methodologies for designing, implementing and operating e-government systems, presenting cases covering a variety of services and applications that have been improving the governance of nations and economies"--Provided by publisher.
Category: Business & Economics

Managing Knowledge In A World Of Networks

Author : Steffen Staab
ISBN : 9783540463634
Genre : Computers
File Size : 80.16 MB
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th The 15 International Conference on Knowledge Engineering and Knowledge Management (2006), held on October 6-10, 2006 in Pod? ebrady,Czech Republic, followed a long tradition of European Knowledge Acquisition Workshops (from 1987),whicheventuallyacquiredtheformatofconference(in2000)whilekeeping their open-minded and interactive spirit. During the nearly 20 year lifespan of the series, the discipline of knowledge engineering (KE) evolved greatly. While knowledge acquisition (KA) techniques dominated in the very ?rst years, formal approaches to knowledge-based inf- ence and variousnew streamssuch as knowledgediscoveryfrom data/textslater cameinto play. During thelate1990sandafterwards,EKAWbecamea founding community for ontology and Semantic Web Research, which was also re?ected in the sub-titles of the 2002 and 2004 editions: “Ontologies and the Semantic Web” and “Engineering Knowledge in the Age of the Semantic Web,” resp- tively. The 2006 edition, in turn, only slightly refocussed this trend. Its sub-title is “Managing Knowledge in a World of Networks,” which re?ects the fact that semantics typically arises not only as a result of explicit engineering activities (as in Semantic Web) but also emerges from interaction of a high number of interconnected documents, ontological concepts, software applications and — especially — human users. The importance given to the interconnection of - man users in a sense loops back to the knowledge acquisition roots of EKAW and its ‘holistic’ view of knowledge engineering.
Category: Computers

Evaluation Of Novel Approaches To Software Engineering

Author : Joaquim Filipe
ISBN : 9783642540929
Genre : Computers
File Size : 24.71 MB
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This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Evaluation of Novel Approaches to Software Engineering, ENASE 2013, held in Angers, France, in July 2013. The 18 full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 46 submissions. The papers reflect a growing effort to increase the dissemination of new results among researchers and professionals related to evaluation of novel approaches to software engineering. By comparing novel approaches with established traditional practices and by evaluating them against software quality criteria, the ENASE conferences advance knowledge and research in software engineering, identify most hopeful trends, and propose new directions for consideration by researchers and practitioners involved in large-scale software development and integration.
Category: Computers