Culture And Self Concept

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Culture And Self Concept

Author : Petra Ursula Decker
ISBN : 9783638311229
Genre : Education
File Size : 87.57 MB
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Internship Report from the year 1999 in the subject Pedagogy - Pedagogic Psychology, grade: 1 (A), LMU Munich (Pedagogic Psychology und Empirical Psychology), 8 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: My work is part of a cultural comparison study about the self and the self concept from young people at the age of 18 to 25 in Peru as well as in former East and West Germany. It is interesting to know the whole structure about the self concept where the single elements of knowledge refer to one another and not the single independent variables. To get an idea about this concept you need to work methodologically. We used qualitative structured interviews with basic questios like "How should the ideal person be" or "How do you describe responsibility."
Category: Education

The Handbook Of Culture And Psychology

Author : David Matsumoto
ISBN : 0198030207
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 28.24 MB
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This book provides a state of the art review of selected areas and topics in cross-cultural psychology written by eminent figures in the field. Each chapter not only reviews the latest research in its respective area, but also goes further in integrating and synthesizing across areas. The Handbook of Culture and Psychology is a unique and timely contribution that should serve as a valuable reference and guide for beginning researchers and scholars alike.
Category: Psychology

Self Esteem And Positive Psychology 4th Edition

Author : Christopher J. J. Mruk, PhD
ISBN : 9780826108999
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 27.37 MB
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"The author's voice is engaged, authoritative, and convinced of the esential role self-esteem plays in connecting psychological theory to clinical practice, a perspective many readers will welcome....Recommended."--Choice: Current Reviews for Academic Libraries This new edition of the most comprehensive text available on the theories, research findings, and practice implications of self-esteem represents a major shift in our contemporary understanding of self-esteem and positive psychology. The book has been thoroughly updated to integrate positive psychology themes throughout and explain how self-esteem enhancement interventions fit into evidence-based practice. This insightful work provides scholars, clinicians, and students with both an extensive overview of research and with Mrukís often-cited theoretical framework for self-esteem. Featuring the authorís noted Competence and Worthiness Training program for enhancing self-esteem, this fourth edition reflects changes in the field by also including expanded coverage of: Self-esteem in relationships Validity issues in researching self-esteem The concept of authenticity in the self Self-esteem as a function of motivation and well-being Existentially oriented theory Key Features: Offers the most comprehensive and thorough overview of self-esteem theory and research available Considers self-esteem from personality, human development, and clinical perspectives Contains updated and more integrated coverage of self-esteem as a major element of positive psychology Places clinical practices that enhance self-esteem in the context of evidence-based practice Features expanded coverage of personal relationships, research issues, and well-being in self
Category: Psychology

Evolution Culture And Consciousness

Author : Thomas Edward McNamara
ISBN : 076182765X
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 53.42 MB
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Thomas McNamara, in Evolution, Culture, and Consciousness, presents the first comprehensive theory of human perception and consciousness based on the generally accepted principles of evolutionary psychology. This theory, building on the best evolutionary research, explains that just a few simple neurological changes in the primate brain account for human speech, self-consciousness and the creation of meaning out of experience. All primates can learn, but our species evolved a new instinct for learning, which makes childhood learning just as powerful as the other biological instincts found in all other primates. McNamara shows that children are genetically programmed to learn not just what to think, but how to think, shaping the preconscious process for creating meaning out of experience. However, because our environment has changed radically since our origin, this archaic form of consciousness has become a major block to human development and success. After explaining how we have all been programmed to preconsciously create meaning out of experience, McNamara shows how we can create a new and more successful way of thinking and feeling, resulting in a happier, more productive, stress free life.
Category: Psychology

Psychology And Culture

Author : Lisa Vaughn
ISBN : 9781351268875
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 86.50 MB
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The increasing globalization of society is causing shifts in social, linguistic, religious, and other cultural differences, which may increase the potential for misunderstandings in communication, the workplace, health care, and education. The new second edition of Psychology and Culture provides an up-to-date overview of the cultural dimensions of psychology and the application to everyday settings. Vaughn presents a description of how thinking and behaviour are influenced by sociocultural context. Areas of focus include the basis of culture; research in psychology and culture; identity; human development; intercultural interactions; and basic psychological processes. The text explores a broader definition of culture which includes social dimensions, such as gender, religion, and socioeconomic status, and provides practical models to improve intercultural relations, intercultural communication, and cultural competency in education, organizations, relationships, and health. Written in a reader-friendly style, the text covers a broad range of topics with numerous examples across cultures to make the content come to life. The book covers transdisciplinary content in psychology and culture that will be of interest not only to psychologists interested in cultural issues and to scholars in related disciplines, but also to a more general audience seeking information on questions of cultural humility, globalization, multiple identities, social ecological processes, immigration, acculturation, and related topics.
Category: Psychology

The Self In European And North American Culture

Author : J.H. Oosterwegel
ISBN : 9789401103312
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 90.59 MB
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How diverse or potentially overlapping are the numerous self-models, self-theories, and directions of self-research? It has become clear that the processes associated with the self are complex and diverse, and that many of the approaches associated with the self have been pursued in isolation. Moreover, the fact of there being different traditions within developmental and social psychology, as well as different traditions in Europe and North America, has also led to a certain cacophony when we examine the self-field as a whole. The chapters here confront these differences, trying to come to terms with phenomena that are overarching, that extend through the dimensions of developmental psychology, social psychology, motivation psychology, and parts of clinical psychology. The book as whole gives a clear presentation of the issues, questions and phenomena that surface in research fields known as self psychology.
Category: Psychology

The Impact Of Self Concept On Language Learning

Author : Kata Csizér
ISBN : 9781783092376
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 89.28 MB
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This volume highlights the effects of self-concept on L2 learning and teaching by considering a wide range of theories as well as their practical application. The book includes chapters discussing various approaches related to self-concept; empirical studies related to the selves of the learners; research from the teachers' perspective on students' self-concept and L2 motivational intervention studies associated with the development of self-concept of language learners.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Cross Cultural Management

Author : David C. Thomas
ISBN : 9781412939560
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 40.39 MB
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Now called Cross-Cultural Management to more clearly reflect the content, the Second Edition has been refined to build on the strength of the earlier edition for a stronger emphasis on understanding of the most current research on culture in organizational settings. The text examines cross-cultural management issues from a psychological or behavioural perspective. It focuses on the interactions of people from different cultures in organizational settings and helps the reader gain an understanding of the effect of culture that can be applied to a wide variety of cross-cultural interactions in various organizational contexts.
Category: Business & Economics

Consumer Behavior And Culture

Author : Marieke de Mooij
ISBN : 9780761926696
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 81.27 MB
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Consumer Behavior and Culture reviews the myths of global marketing and explores the concept of culture and models of culture. It provides empirical evidence of convergence and divergence in consumer behavior and covers various psychological and sociological aspects of human behavior used for explaining consumer behavior. The book reviews and discusses cultural variations of these aspects across the world. reviews the myths of global marketing and explores the concept of culture and models of culture. It provides empirical evidence of convergence and divergence in consumer behavior and covers various psychological and sociological aspects of human behavior used for explaining consumer behavior. The book reviews and discusses cultural variations of these aspects across the world. Key Features: A cultural exploration of the various psychological and sociological aspects of human behavior, such as concept of self, personality, group influence, motivation, emotion, perception, and information processing A discussion of consumer behavior theories and cultural variations from around the world Coverage of a number of consumer behavior domains, including explanations of differences in consumption and ownership, all based on empirical evidence In addition to anecdotal evidence, the consequences of branding and marketing communication strategy are presented and analyzed
Category: Business & Economics

Self Esteem Research Theory And Practice

Author : Christopher J. J. Mruk, PhD
ISBN : 0826103146
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 86.19 MB
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Dr. Mruk has produced a highly readable new edition of his original work on an often misunderstood psychological construct--self-esteem. Mruk's view that self-esteem is a critically important influence on psychological adjustment and quality of life is now an accepted tenet in personality theory. Lack of self-esteem is frequently a precursor to depression, suicidal behavior, and other personality disorders. Nonetheless, the clinical diagnosis of self-esteem problems has lacked the basis of an overarching theory. Dr. Mruk's comprehensive analysis distills the literature on self-esteem into practical and reliable treatment methods for both clinicians and researchers. The new edition contains updated research and current terms, and addresses the self-esteem "backlash." He concludes with worksheets and detailed guidelines for conducting self-esteem building workshops. Added features include: Major theories of self-esteem Chapter on the new positive psychology 150 new references Dr. Mruk has developed a writing style that is successfully oriented toward both academic and clinical audiences in the areas of counseling, education, nursing, psychology, and social work, thus providing much-needed information for teachers, students, and practicing clinicians in a clear, concise way.
Category: Psychology

The Concept Of Self

Author : Richard L. Allen
ISBN : 9780814338315
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 37.28 MB
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The Concept of Self examines the historical basis for the widely misunderstood ideas of how African Americans think of themselves individually, and how they relate to being part of a group that has been subjected to challenges of their very humanity.
Category: Social Science

Culture Self Identity And Work

Author : Miriam Erez
ISBN : 0195360486
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 23.44 MB
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A great deal of research has recently been completed on behavior and the organization of work, most of which has viewed it from an ethnocentric perspective. In this work, Erez and Earley show how this is insufficient to develop a global theory of work behavior--it necessitates the inclusion of a cultural perspective. Solidly grounding their work in the fields of psychology, management, and anthropology, the authors propose a new theoretical framework utilizing individual's self-concept as a means of linking cultural beliefs and social interaction to emergent work behavior. The book includes specific recommendations for structuring work environments and managerial processes to match cultural practices and enhance productivity in the workplace, making it an essential reference for scholars, students, and professionals.
Category: Business & Economics

The Self Interdisciplinary Approaches

Author : Jaine Strauss
ISBN : 9781468482645
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 78.20 MB
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A truly remarkable explosion of interest in the self has taken place in the past two decades, in psychology and related disciplines. This book presents a wide range of recent work on the self, from self-awareness in chimpanzees to multiple-personality disorders, self-esteem in adolescents, as well as fundamental issues going back to the work of James, Cooley and others. Three main groups or clusters of themes emerge. The first cluster consists of chapters that discuss the organization and coherence of the self; the second one deals with self-awareness and self-deception; and the third one examines, in new ways, the question of the relationship between self and other. While it is difficult to predict exactly where future work on the self will lead scholars, this work points in some significant directions and provides a firm reference in the field.
Category: Psychology

Entertainment Computing Icec 2007

Author : Lizhuang Ma
ISBN : 9783540748724
Genre : Computers
File Size : 24.72 MB
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Entertainment Computing, ICEC 2007. The papers are organized in topical sections on augmented, virtual and mixed reality, computer games, image processing, mesh and modeling, digital storytelling and interactive systems, sound, music and creative environments, video processing, rendering, computer animation and networks, game based interfaces, as well as robots and cyber pets.
Category: Computers

The Psychological Foundations Of Culture

Author : Mark Schaller
ISBN : 9781135648152
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 31.74 MB
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How is it that cultures come into existence at all? How do cultures develop particular customs and characteristics rather than others? How do cultures persist and change over time? Most previous attempts to address these questions have been descriptive and historical. The purpose of this book is to provide answers that are explanatory, predictive, and relevant to the emergence and continuing evolution of cultures past, present, and future. Most other investigations into "cultural psychology" have focused on the impact that culture has on the psychology of the individual. The focus of this book is the reverse. The authors show how questions about the origins and evolution of culture can be fruitfully answered through rigorous and creative examination of fundamental characteristics of human cognition, motivation, and social interaction. They review recent theory and research that, in many different ways, points to the influence of basic psychological processes on the collective structures that define cultures. These processes operate in all sorts of different populations, ranging from very small interacting groups to grand-scale masses of people occupying the same demographic or geographic category. The cultural effects--often unintended--of individuals' thoughts and actions are demonstrated in a wide variety of customs, ritualized practices, and shared mythologies: for example, religious beliefs, moral standards, rules for the allocation of resources, norms for the acceptable expression of aggression, gender stereotypes, and scientific values. The Psychological Foundations of Culture reveals that the consequences of psychological processes resonate well beyond the disciplinary constraints of psychology. By taking a psychological approach to questions usually addressed by anthropologists, sociologists, and other social scientists, it suggests that psychological research into the foundations of culture is a useful--perhaps even necessary--complement to other forms of inquiry.
Category: Mathematics

Culture And Social Behavior

Author : Richard M. Sorrentino
ISBN : 9781135617912
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 63.16 MB
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Cross-cultural differences have many important implications for social identity, social cognition, and interpersonal behavior. The 10th volume of the Ontario Symposia on Personality and Social Psychology focuses on East-West cultural differences and similarities and how this research can be applied to cross-cultural studies in general. Culture and Social Behavior covers a range of topics from differences in basic cognitive processes to broad level cultural syndromes that pervade social arrangements, laws, and public representations. Leading researchers in the study of culture and psychology describe their work and their current perspective on the important questions facing the field. Pioneers in the field such as Harry Triandis and Michael Bond present their work, along with those who represent some newer approaches to the study of culture. Richard E. Nisbett concludes the book by discussing the historical development of the field and an examination of which aspects of culture are universal and which are culture-specific. By illustrating both the diversity and vitality of research on the psychology of culture and social behavior, the editors hope this volume will stimulate further research from psychologists of many cultural traditions. Understanding cultural differences is now more important than ever due to their potential to spark conflict, violence, and aggression. As such, this volume is a "must have" for cultural researchers including those in social, cultural, and personality psychology, and interpersonal, cultural, and political communication, anthropology, and sociology.
Category: Mathematics

Diversity And Cultural Competence In Health Care

Author : Janice L. Dreachslin
ISBN : 9781118282168
Genre : Medical
File Size : 28.19 MB
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Major changes are occurring in the United States population and the nation's health care institutions and delivery systems. Significant disparities in health status exist across population groups. But the health care enterprise, with all its integrated and disparate parts, has been slow to respond. Written by three nationally known scholars and experts, Diversity and Cultural Competence in Health Care: A Systems Approach is designed to provide health care students and professionals with a clear understanding of foundations, philosophies, and processes that strengthen diversity management, inclusion, and culturally competent care delivery. Focusing on current practice and health care policy, including the recently passed Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010 (ACA), this textbook integrates strategic diversity management, self-reflective leadership, and the personal change process with culturally and linguistically appropriate care into a cohesive systems-oriented approach for health care professionals. The essentials of cultural competence and diversity management covered in this text will be helpful to a wide variety of students because they encompass principles and practices that can be realistically incorporated into the ongoing work of any health care field or organization. Each chapter contains learning objectives, summary, key terms, and review questions and activities designed to allow students to understand and explore concepts and practices identified throughout the text.
Category: Medical

Handbook Of Self And Identity

Author : Mark R. Leary
ISBN : 9781462503056
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 20.27 MB
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Widely regarded as the authoritative reference in the field, this volume comprehensively reviews theory and research on the self. Leading investigators address this essential construct at multiple levels of analysis, from neural pathways to complex social and cultural dynamics. Coverage includes how individuals gain self-awareness, agency, and a sense of identity; self-related motivation and emotion; the role of the self in interpersonal behavior; and self-development across evolutionary time and the lifespan. Connections between self-processes and psychological problems are also addressed. New to This Edition *Incorporates significant theoretical and empirical advances. *Nine entirely new chapters. *Coverage of the social and cognitive neuroscience of self-processes; self-regulation and health; self and emotion; and hypoegoic states, such as mindfulness.
Category: Psychology

Counseling Across Cultures

Author : Paul B. Pedersen
ISBN : 9781483321684
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 73.1 MB
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Offering a primary focus on North American cultural and ethnic diversity while addressing global questions and issues, Counseling Across Cultures, Seventh Edition, edited by Paul B. Pederson, Walter J. Lonner, Juris G. Draguns, Joseph E. Trimble, and María R. Scharrón-del Río, draws on the expertise of 48 invited contributors to examine the cultural context of accurate assessment and appropriate interventions in counseling diverse clients. The book’s chapters highlight work with African Americans, Asian Americans, Latinos/as, American Indians, refugees, individuals in marginalized situations, international students, those with widely varying religious beliefs, and many others. Edited by pioneers in multicultural counseling, this volume articulates the positive contributions that can be achieved when multicultural awareness is incorporated into the training of counselors.
Category: Social Science