CROP PROTECTION RESEARCH ADVANCES

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Crop Protection Research Advances

Author : Earl N. Burton
ISBN : 1604560401
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 80.35 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
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Book & CD. Most crop protection deals with the development and promotion of socially and environmentally acceptable technologies to reduce crop losses from pests. Crop protection also deals with protecting crops from weeds, insects and diseases primarily to increase yield. The use of crop protection products secures yields, reduces crop losses and helps provide a sufficient and sustainable supply of healthy and safe food at affordable prices. Ultimately, crop protection tries to increase global food demand. It also deals with efforts to assure food quality and safety. This book presents the latest research from around the globe.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Recent Advances In Crop Protection

Author : P.Parvatha Reddy
ISBN : 9788132207238
Genre : Science
File Size : 66.38 MB
Format : PDF
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In the recent years, the need to increase food production to meet the demands of rapidly increasing population from a limited land resource necessitated the use of intensive farming systems, with the inputs like narrow genetic base, high dose of fertilizers, pesticides, irrigation, monocropping, etc. which led to the development of diseases and pest. The effect of changing global climate, particularly the sharp increase in CO2 concentration, has increased the susceptibility of plants to pathogens and pests. Because of the chemicalization of agriculture, the age-old eco-friendly pest management practices like sanitation, crop rotation, mixed cropping, adjustment of date of planting, fallowing, summer ploughing, green manuring, composting, etc. are not being practiced, affecting the crops adversely. This has encouraged researchers to look for eco-friendly and novel approaches for pest management. The information on recent advances in crop protection (involving bacteria, fungi, nematodes, insects, mites and weeds) is scattered. The book delves upon the most latest developments in crop protection such as avermectins, bacteriophages, biofumigation, biotechnological approaches; bio-priming of seeds; disguising the leaf surface; use of non-pathogenic strains, plant defense activators, plant growth promoting rhizobacteria, pathogenesis-related proteins, strobilurin fungicides, RNA interference, and variety of mixtures/cultivar mixtures/multilines; soil solarization; biointensive integrated pest management; among several others (fusion protein-based biopesticides, seed mat technology and environmental methods). This book is a ready reference for students, policy-makers, scientists, researchers and extension workers.
Category: Science

Managing Energy Nutrients And Pests In Organic Field Crops

Author : Ralph C. Martin
ISBN : 9781466568372
Genre : Nature
File Size : 55.67 MB
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The use of organic management practices in field cropping continues to rise globally, and these methods have proven to be a viable way to produce food with reduced resource use and environmental damage. Managing Energy, Nutrients, and Pests in Organic Field Crops challenges the popular misconception that organic systems are weak at managing energy, nutrients, and pests and shows how innovative farm designs can enhance organic performance. It provides information for assessing the current state of knowledge on organic field cropping and for making the systems more viable. Each chapter summarizes the latest data from a wide range of sources, creating a comprehensive and coherent picture of the issues and integrating agronomic, economic, and policy aspects. Many chapters also include recent research from the authors. Section I, Soil Health, examines the importance of phosphorus balance, soil fertility, and tillage reduction. Section II, Pest Management, focuses on integrated weed management and long-term approaches to insect management. Section III, Integrating Approaches, addresses multiple field cropping challenges. Chapters cover the oldest organic rotational trials in Canada, the issue of using cereals bred for conventional systems and more targeted organic cereal breeding strategies, and case studies of a broad spectrum of farming experiences that explore the broader social and ecological landscape. The final section, Economics, Energy, and Policy, examines environmental issues not previously addressed in the text as well as consumer, economic, and rural community matters. It also presents a reprint of an article that describes policies and programs (and their costs) needed to advance adoption of organic farming in Ontario. The text wraps up with key conclusions and a discussion of overarching themes for the book, summarizing the strengths of the available tool box for organic producers and the challenges that remain.
Category: Nature

Computational Methods For Agricultural Research Advances And Applications

Author : do Prado, H‚rcules Antonio
ISBN : 9781616928735
Genre : Science
File Size : 90.21 MB
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"This book brings computing solutions to ancient practices and modern concerns, sowing the seeds for a sustainable, constant food supply, utilizing cutting-edge computational techniques"--Provided by publisher.
Category: Science

Fluorine Chemistry Research Advances

Author : Ira V. Gardiner
ISBN : 1600217303
Genre : Science
File Size : 69.63 MB
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Fluorine continues to intrigue chemists who overcome the challenge of handling this remarkable halogen and work to develop varied methods for synthesising fluorine compounds. The unique properties of these materials, ranging from inert perfluorocarbons and fluoropolymers to a multitude of other fascinating fluorinated compounds, firmly established their place amidst the technological achievements of the 20th Century. Fluorine substitution in biologically active compounds has become particularly significant in recent years. This book presents new and significant research in this field.
Category: Science

Modern Methods In Crop Protection Research

Author : Peter Jeschke
ISBN : 9783527655922
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 38.28 MB
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This handbook and ready reference highlights a couple of basic aspects of recently developed new methods in modern crop protection research, authored by renowned experts from major agrochemical companies. Organized into four major parts that trace the key phases of the compound development process, the first section addresses compound design, while the second covers newly developed methods for the identification of the mode of action of agrochemical compounds. The third part describes methods used in improving the bioavailability of compounds, and the final section looks at modern methods for risk assessment. As a result, the agrochemical developer will find here a valuable toolbox of advanced methods, complete with first-hand practical advice and copious examples from current industrial practice.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Recent Advances In Entomological Research

Author : Tong-Xian Liu
ISBN : 9783642178153
Genre : Science
File Size : 64.96 MB
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In recent years the field of entomology, due in part to the penetration of other disciplines, has made rapid progress. “Recent Advances in Entomological Research: From Molecular Biology to Pest Management” includes 25 chapters contributed by more than 40 distinguished entomologists and introduces the latest progress in entomology, from molecular biology, insect-plant interactions and insecticide toxicology, to emerging technologies in pest management. Not only is the book interesting and informative, but it provides useful, innovative research advances and will serve as a valuable resource for entomologists, zoologists, botanists and other researchers in the field of plant protection. Tong-Xian Liu is a professor of entomology at the College of Plant Protection, Northwest A&F University, China. Le Kang is a professor of entomology at the Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China.
Category: Science

Recent Advances In Plant Biotechnology

Author : Ara Kirakosyan
ISBN : 1441901949
Genre : Science
File Size : 34.64 MB
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Plant biotechnology applies to three major areas of plants and their uses: (1) control of plant growth and development; (2) protection of plants against biotic and abiotic stresses; and (3) expansion of ways by which specialty foods, biochemicals, and pharmaceuticals are produced. The topic of recent advances in plant biotechnology is ripe for consideration because of the rapid developments in this ?eld that have revolutionized our concepts of sustainable food production, cost-effective alt- native energy strategies, environmental bioremediation, and production of pla- derived medicines through plant cell biotechnology. Many of the more traditional approaches to plant biotechnology are woefully out of date and even obsolete. Fresh approaches are therefore required. To this end, we have brought together a group of contributors who address the most recent advances in plant biotechnology and what they mean for human progress, and hopefully, a more sustainable future. Achievements today in plant biotechnology have already surpassed all previous expectations. These are based on promising accomplishments in the last several decades and the fact that plant biotechnology has emerged as an exciting area of research by creating unprecedented opportunities for the manipulation of biological systems. In connection with its recent advances, plant biotechnology now allows for the transfer of a greater variety of genetic information in a more precise, controlled manner. The potential for improving plant productivity and its proper use in agric- ture relies largely on newly developed DNA biotechnology and molecular markers.
Category: Science

India A Reference Annual

Author : India. Ministry of Information and Broadcasting
ISBN : UVA:X002193961
Genre : India
File Size : 43.35 MB
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Category: India