Critical Infrastructure System Security And Resiliency

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Critical Infrastructure System Security And Resiliency

Author : Betty Biringer
ISBN : 9781482209945
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 62.35 MB
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Security protections for critical infrastructure nodes are intended to minimize the risks resulting from an initiating event, whether it is an intentional malevolent act or a natural hazard. With an emphasis on protecting an infrastructure's ability to perform its mission or function, Critical Infrastructure System Security and Resiliency presents a practical methodology for developing an effective protection system that can either prevent undesired events or mitigate the consequences of such events. Developed at Sandia National Labs, the authors’ analytical approach and methodology enables decision-makers and security experts to perform and utilize risk assessments in a manner that extends beyond the theoretical to practical application. These protocols leverage expertise in modeling dependencies—optimizing system resiliency for effective physical protection system design and consequence mitigation. The book begins by focusing on the design of protection strategies to enhance the robustness of the infrastructure components. The authors present risk assessment tools and necessary metrics to offer guidance to decision-makers in applying sometimes limited resources to reduce risk and ensure operational resiliency. Our critical infrastructure is vast and made up of many component parts. In many cases, it may not be practical or affordable to secure every infrastructure node. For years, experts—as a part of the risk assessment process—have tried to better identify and distinguish higher from lower risks through risk segmentation. In the second section of the book, the authors present examples to distinguish between high and low risks and corresponding protection measures. In some cases, protection measures do not prevent undesired events from occurring. In others, protection of all infrastructure components is not feasible. As such, this section describes how to evaluate and design resilience in these unique scenarios to manage costs while most effectively ensuring infrastructure system protection. With insight from the authors’ decades of experience, this book provides a high-level, practical analytical framework that public and private sector owners and operators of critical infrastructure can use to better understand and evaluate infrastructure security strategies and policies. Strengthening the entire homeland security enterprise, the book presents a significant contribution to the science of critical infrastructure protection and resilience.
Category: Business & Economics

Critical Infrastructure Security And Resilience

Author : Dimitris Gritzalis
ISBN : 9783030000240
Genre : Computers
File Size : 34.20 MB
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This book presents the latest trends in attacks and protection methods of Critical Infrastructures. It describes original research models and applied solutions for protecting major emerging threats in Critical Infrastructures and their underlying networks. It presents a number of emerging endeavors, from newly adopted technical expertise in industrial security to efficient modeling and implementation of attacks and relevant security measures in industrial control systems; including advancements in hardware and services security, interdependency networks, risk analysis, and control systems security along with their underlying protocols. Novel attacks against Critical Infrastructures (CI) demand novel security solutions. Simply adding more of what is done already (e.g. more thorough risk assessments, more expensive Intrusion Prevention/Detection Systems, more efficient firewalls, etc.) is simply not enough against threats and attacks that seem to have evolved beyond modern analyses and protection methods. The knowledge presented here will help Critical Infrastructure authorities, security officers, Industrial Control Systems (ICS) personnel and relevant researchers to (i) get acquainted with advancements in the field, (ii) integrate security research into their industrial or research work, (iii) evolve current practices in modeling and analyzing Critical Infrastructures, and (iv) moderate potential crises and emergencies influencing or emerging from Critical Infrastructures.
Category: Computers

System Of System Failures

Author : Takafumi Nakamura
ISBN : 9781789230468
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 36.87 MB
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This book provides the application of praxises in the field of engineering safety by learning from previous system failures. And it addresses the most recent developments in the theoretical and practical aspects of these important fields, which, due to their special nature, bring together in a systematic way, many disciplines of engineering, from the traditional to the most technologically advanced. The authors of these chapters are involved in using the system thinking and system engineering approaches at the scale of increased complexity and advanced computational solutions to such systems. The chapters cover the areas such as failure assessment in aeronautical engineering, seismic resistance of offshore pipeline engineering, electrical engineering, critical infrastructure failure, and system of system theory.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Sustainable And Resilient Critical Infrastructure Systems

Author : Kasthurirangan Gopalakrishnan
ISBN : 3642114059
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 86.94 MB
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Sustainable and resilient critical infrastructure systems is an emerging paradigm in an evolving era of depleting assets in the midst of natural and man-made threats to provide a sustainable and high quality of life with optimized resources from social, economic, societal and environmental considerations. The increasing complexity and interconnectedness of civil and other interdependent infrastructure systems (electric power, energy, cyber-infrastructures, etc.) require inter- and multidisciplinary expertise required to engineer, monitor, and sustain these distributed large-scale complex adaptive infrastructure systems. This edited book is motivated by recent advances in simulation, modeling, sensing, communications/information, and intelligent and sustainable technologies that have resulted in the development of sophisticated methodologies and instruments to design, characterize, optimize, and evaluate critical infrastructure systems, their resilience, and their condition and the factors that cause their deterioration. Specific topics discussed in this book include, but are not limited to: optimal infrastructure investment allocation for sustainability, framework for manifestation of tacit critical infrastructure knowledge, interdependencies between energy and transportation systems for national long term planning, intelligent transportation infrastructure technologies, emergent research issues in infrastructure interdependence research, framework for assessing the resilience of infrastructure and economic systems, maintenance optimization for heterogeneous infrastructure systems, optimal emergency infrastructure inspection scheduling, and sustainable rehabilitation of deteriorated transportation infrastructure systems.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Safety And Reliability Theory And Applications

Author : Marko Cepin
ISBN : 9781351809726
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 73.20 MB
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Safety and Reliability – Theory and Applications contains the contributions presented at the 27th European Safety and Reliability Conference (ESREL 2017, Portorož, Slovenia, June 18-22, 2017). The book covers a wide range of topics, including: • Accident and Incident modelling • Economic Analysis in Risk Management • Foundational Issues in Risk Assessment and Management • Human Factors and Human Reliability • Maintenance Modeling and Applications • Mathematical Methods in Reliability and Safety • Prognostics and System Health Management • Resilience Engineering • Risk Assessment • Risk Management • Simulation for Safety and Reliability Analysis • Structural Reliability • System Reliability, and • Uncertainty Analysis. Selected special sessions include contributions on: the Marie Skłodowska-Curie innovative training network in structural safety; risk approaches in insurance and fi nance sectors; dynamic reliability and probabilistic safety assessment; Bayesian and statistical methods, reliability data and testing; oganizational factors and safety culture; software reliability and safety; probabilistic methods applied to power systems; socio-technical-economic systems; advanced safety assessment methodologies: extended Probabilistic Safety Assessment; reliability; availability; maintainability and safety in railways: theory & practice; big data risk analysis and management, and model-based reliability and safety engineering. Safety and Reliability – Theory and Applications will be of interest to professionals and academics working in a wide range of industrial and governmental sectors including: Aeronautics and Aerospace, Automotive Engineering, Civil Engineering, Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Energy Production and Distribution, Environmental Engineering, Information Technology and Telecommunications, Critical Infrastructures, Insurance and Finance, Manufacturing, Marine Industry, Mechanical Engineering, Natural Hazards, Nuclear Engineering, Offshore Oil and Gas, Security and Protection, Transportation, and Policy Making.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Strengthening Critical Infrastructure Resilience By Identifying And Redressing Recurring Gaps And Systemic Barriers

Author : Russell E. Bowman
ISBN : OCLC:967660147
Genre : Emergency management
File Size : 85.7 MB
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This dissertation explores the concept of disaster "resilience" in the context of homeland security, in general, and critical infrastructure, in particular, as assessed at local and regional levels. It features two related, but distinct research foci: (1) identifying and exploring recurring "resilience gaps," and (2) identifying and exploring systemic barriers that allow such gaps to emerge, or to persist. It employs content analysis and cross-case synthesis of 33 in-depth case studies generated by the Department of Homeland Security's Regional Resiliency Assessment Program (RRAP). In so doing, this research also explores the ability of - and challenges with using - the concept of resilience as an operational construct for reducing "all hazards" risk and improving homeland security more broadly. Building on the work of those who study the resilience of communities and critical infrastructure assets and systems, especially with respect to their interaction with the communities and larger systems within which they are situated, this dissertation validates prior research by applying similar analyses to "new" data (i.e., the RRAP case studies). In brief, the RRAP data suggest that four recurring resilience gaps exist across many, if not most, infrastructure sectors and geographic regions. Specifically, these include: (1) a dependence on energy, aggravated by an insufficiency or complete absence of back-up power systems; (2) the fact that response and recovery plans and planning seldom include all relevant stakeholders necessary to address known hazards in a comprehensive manner; (3) the presence of numerous single or critical points of failure; and (4) a related lack of redundancy, insufficient system capacity, or both, that diminishes the resilience of many infrastructure systems. Additionally, this dissertation's analysis of 33 RRAP Resiliency Assessments affirms the prevalence of five systemic barriers to improving resilience: (1) the nation continues to face significant shortcomings in emergency response and recovery coordination efforts at the regional and cross-regional levels; (2) there is a widespread lack of visibility or understanding of how critical infrastructure components are inter-connected and how systems are dependent or interdependent on one another; (3) there is a dearth of important critical infrastructure information (beyond dependencies and interdependencies) that is available to cognizant authorities and operators - either because they do not understand why they should seek or insist on gaining access to information that would resolve certain "unknowns," or because those in possession of relevant information are reluctant to share it; (4) there are insufficient incentives (and funding, in particular) for investing in resilience; and, (5) efficiency is often valued over ensuring continuity of function. Drawing on these findings, this work explains how there is clear benefit to adopting a systems-based, function-focused view of resilience that is hazard-agnostic. It also suggests the importance of further study concerning the barriers that underlie resilience gaps to facilitate broader understanding of the challenges we face, and proposes a framework for divining and analyzing linkages between common gaps and barriers. In closing, this dissertation suggests ways to further exploit the DHS program that is the focus of this research, the necessity of sharing subsequent DHS Resiliency Assessments more widely, and the related need to make the RRAP data on which the program's assessments are based more accessible to researchers.
Category: Emergency management

Water Contamination Emergencies

Author : K. Clive Thompson
ISBN : 9781849734417
Genre : Science
File Size : 75.45 MB
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This book is the proceedings of the fifth conference on this topic and addresses these issues relating to drinking water and drinking water systems.
Category: Science

Critical Infrastructure Protection

Author : Stephen L. Caldwell
ISBN : 9781437931839
Genre :
File Size : 47.11 MB
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According to the Dept. of Homeland Security (DHS), there are thousands of facilities in the U.S. that if destroyed by a disaster could cause casualties, econ. losses, or disruptions to national security. DHS issued the Nat. Infrastructure Protection Plan (NIPP) in June 2006 to provide the approach for integrating the nation's critical infrastructure and key resources. This report studied DHS's Jan. 2009 revisions to the NIPP in light of a debate over whether DHS has emphasized protection rather than resilience. The report discusses: (1) how the 2009 NIPP changed compared to the 2006 NIPP; and (2) how DHS addressed resiliency as part of their planning efforts. Charts and tables. This is a print on demand edition of an important, hard-to-find report.
Category:

Critical Infrastructure

Author : Robert S. Radvanovsky
ISBN : 9781482210002
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 88.37 MB
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Since the initial inception of this book, there have been significant strides to safeguard the operations of our world’s infrastructures. In recent years, there has also been a shift to more fluid postures associated with resilience and the establishment of redundant infrastructure. In keeping with the fast-changing nature of this field, Critical Infrastructure: Homeland Security and Emergency Preparedness, Third Edition has been revised and updated to reflect this shift in focus and to incorporate the latest developments. The book begins with the historical background of critical infrastructure and why it is important to society. It then explores the current trend in understanding the infrastructure’s sensitivity to impacts that flow through its networked environment. Embracing an "all-hazards approach" to homeland security, critical infrastructure protection and assurance, and emergency management, the authors examine: The National Response Framework (NRF) and how it can be applied globally The relationships between the public and private sectors, and the growing concept of public-private partnerships The shift from the need-to-know paradigm to one based on information sharing, and the nature of necessary controls as this shift continues The need for organizations to adopt resilient planning, implementation, and decision-making processes in order to respond to changes within the threat environment What, where, why, and how risk assessments are to be performed, and why they are needed The impact of new regulation, individually applied self-regulation, industry and government regulation, and law enforcement In the final chapters, the book discusses current information sharing and analysis centers (ISACs), distributed control systems, and supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) systems and their challenges. It concludes by exploring current challenges associated with establishing a trusted network across various sectors—demonstrating how models of information can be categorized and communicated within trusted communities to better assure the public-private relationship.
Category: Social Science

Critical Infrastructure Protection In Homeland Security

Author : Ted G. Lewis
ISBN : 9781119614531
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 32.17 MB
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Covers critical infrastructure protection, providing a rigorous treatment of risk, resilience, complex adaptive systems, and sector dependence Wide in scope, this classroom-tested book is the only one to emphasize a scientific approach to protecting the key infrastructures components of a nation. It analyzes the complex network of entities that make up a nation's infrastructure, and identifies vulnerabilities and risks in various sectors by combining network science, complexity theory, risk analysis, and modeling and simulation. This approach reduces the complex problem of protecting water supplies, energy pipelines, telecommunication stations, power grid, and Internet and Web networks to a much simpler problem of protecting a few critical nodes. The new third edition of Critical Infrastructure Protection in Homeland Security: Defending a Networked Nation incorporates a broader selection of ideas and sectors than the previous book. Divided into three sections, the first part looks at the historical origins of homeland security and critical infrastructure, and emphasizes current policy. The second examines theory and foundations, highlighting risk and resilience in the context of complexity theory, network science, and the prevailing theories of catastrophe. The last part covers the individual sectors, including communications, internet, cyber threats, information technology, social networks, SCADA, water and water treatment, energy, and more. Covers theories of catastrophes, details of how sectors work, and how to deal with the problem of critical infrastructure protection’s enormity and complexity Places great emphasis on computer security and whole-community response Includes PowerPoint slides for use by lecturers, as well as an instructor's guide with answers to exercises Offers five robust appendices that augment the non-mathematical chapters with more rigorous explanations and mathematics Critical Infrastructure Protection in Homeland Security, Third Edition is an important book for upper-division undergraduates and first-year graduate students in political science, history, public administration, and computer technology. It will also be of great interest to professional security experts and policymakers.
Category: Political Science

Cyber Security

Author : Maurizio Martellini
ISBN : 9783319022796
Genre : Computers
File Size : 24.29 MB
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The experts of the International Working Group-Landau Network Centro Volta (IWG-LNCV) discuss aspects of cyber security and present possible methods of deterrence, defense and resilience against cyber attacks. This SpringerBrief covers state-of-the-art documentation on the deterrence power of cyber attacks and argues that nations are entering a new cyber arms race. The brief also provides a technical analysis of possible cyber attacks towards critical infrastructures in the chemical industry and chemical safety industry. The authors also propose modern analyses and a holistic approach to resilience and security of Industrial Control Systems. The combination of contextual overview and future directions in the field makes this brief a useful resource for researchers and professionals studying systems security, data security and data structures. Advanced-level students interested in data security will also find this brief a helpful guide to recent research.
Category: Computers

Secure And Resilient Software Development

Author : Mark S. Merkow
ISBN : 9781439826973
Genre : Computers
File Size : 34.73 MB
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Although many software books highlight open problems in secure software development, few provide easily actionable, ground-level solutions. Breaking the mold, Secure and Resilient Software Development teaches you how to apply best practices and standards for consistent and secure software development. It details specific quality software developmen
Category: Computers

Critical Infrastructures Resilience

Author : Auroop Ratan Ganguly
ISBN : 9781351649094
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 31.83 MB
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This text offers comprehensive and principled, yet practical, guidelines to critical infrastructures resilience. Extreme events and stresses, including those that may be unprecedented but are no longer surprising, have disproportionate effects on critical infrastructures and hence on communities, cities, and megaregions. Critical infrastructures include buildings and bridges, dams, levees, and sea walls, as well as power plants and chemical factories, besides lifeline networks such as multimodal transportation, power grids, communication, and water or wastewater. The growing interconnectedness of natural-built-human systems causes cascading infrastructure failures and necessitates simultaneous recovery. This text explores the new paradigm centered on the concept of resilience by approaching the challenges posed by globalization, climate change, and growing urbanization on critical infrastructures and key resources through the combination of policy and engineering perspectives. It identifies solutions that are scientifically credible, data driven, and sound in engineering principles while concurrently informed by and supportive of social and policy imperatives. Critical Infrastructures Resilience will be of interest to students of engineering and policy.
Category: Political Science

Secure And Resilient Software

Author : Mark S. Merkow
ISBN : 9781439866221
Genre : Computers
File Size : 57.10 MB
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Secure and Resilient Software: Requirements, Test Cases, and Testing Methods provides a comprehensive set of requirements for secure and resilient software development and operation. It supplies documented test cases for those requirements as well as best practices for testing nonfunctional requirements for improved information assurance. This resource-rich book includes: Pre-developed nonfunctional requirements that can be reused for any software development project. Documented test cases that go along with the requirements and can be used to develop a Test Plan for the software, Testing methods that can be applied to the test cases provided. Offering ground-level, already-developed software nonfunctional requirements and corresponding test cases and methods, this book will help to ensure that your software meets its nonfunctional requirements for security and resilience.
Category: Computers

Cyber Security And Resiliency Policy Framework

Author : A. Vaseashta
ISBN : 9781614994466
Genre : Computers
File Size : 65.68 MB
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Cyberspace is a ubiquitous realm interconnecting every aspect of modern society, enabled by broadband networks and wireless signals around us, existing within local area networks in our schools, hospitals and businesses, and within the massive grids that power most countries. Securing cyberspace to ensure the continuation of growing economies and to protect a nation’s way of life is a major concern for governments around the globe. This book contains papers presented at the NATO Advanced Research Workshop (ARW) entitled Best Practices and Innovative Approaches to Develop Cyber Security and Resiliency Policy Framework, held in Ohrid, the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM), in June 2013. The workshop aimed to develop a governing policy framework for nation states to enhance the cyber security of critical infrastructure. The 12 papers included herein cover a wide range of topics from web security and end-user training, to effective implementation of national cyber security policies and defensive countermeasures. The book will be of interest to cyber security professionals, practitioners, policy-makers, and to all those for whom cyber security is a critical and an important aspect of their work.
Category: Computers

Critical Infrastructure Protection Iii

Author : Charles Palmer
ISBN : 9783642047978
Genre : Computers
File Size : 53.2 MB
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The information infrastructure – comprising computers, embedded devices, networks and software systems – is vital to operations in every sector: inf- mation technology, telecommunications, energy, banking and ?nance, tra- portation systems, chemicals, agriculture and food, defense industrial base, public health and health care, national monuments and icons, drinking water and water treatment systems, commercial facilities, dams, emergency services, commercial nuclear reactors, materials and waste, postal and shipping, and government facilities. Global business and industry, governments, indeed - ciety itself, cannot function if major components of the critical information infrastructure are degraded, disabled or destroyed. This book, Critical Infrastructure Protection III, is the third volume in the annualseriesproducedbyIFIP WorkingGroup11.10onCriticalInfrastructure Protection, an active international community of scientists, engineers, prac- tioners and policy makers dedicated to advancing research, development and implementation e?orts related to critical infrastructure protection. The book presents original research results and innovative applications in the area of infrastructure protection. Also, it highlights the importance of weaving s- ence, technology and policy in crafting sophisticated, yet practical, solutions that will help secure information, computer and network assets in the various critical infrastructure sectors. This volume contains seventeen edited papers from the Third Annual IFIP Working Group 11.10 International Conference on Critical Infrastructure P- tection, held at Dartmouth College, Hanover, New Hampshire, March 23–25, 2009. The papers were refereed by members of IFIP Working Group 11.10 and other internationally-recognized experts in critical infrastructure protection.
Category: Computers

Critical Infrastructure Protection Risk Management And Resilience

Author : Kelley A. Pesch-Cronin
ISBN : 1498734901
Genre :
File Size : 63.82 MB
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Critical Infrastructure Protection and Risk Management covers the history of risk assessment, crtical infrastructure protection, and the various structures that make up the homeland security enterprise. The authors examine risk assessment in the public and private sectors, the evolution of laws and regulations, and the policy challenges facing the 16 critical infrastructure sectors. The book will take a comprehensive look at the issues surrounding risk assessment and the challenges facing decision makers who must make risk assessment choices.
Category:

Space Infrastructures From Risk To Resilience Governance

Author : U. Tatar
ISBN : 9781643680736
Genre : Science
File Size : 56.58 MB
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Space-critical infrastructures represent an interdependent system of systems consisting of workforce, environment, facilities, and multidirectional interactions. These are essential for the maintenance of vital societal functions such as health, safety, security, mobility, and the economic and social well-being of people, and their destruction or disruption would have a significant impact on society as a whole. In all, 79 nations and government consortia currently operate satellites, with 11 countries operating 22 launch sites. Despite creating new challenges, this multi-actor environment offers opportunities for international cooperation, but making the most of these opportunities requires a holistic approach to space-critical infrastructure, away from strictly defined space technologies and towards understanding the resilience of complex systems and how they are intertwined in reality. This book presents papers from the NATO Advanced Research Workshop (ARW), entitled Critical Space Infrastructure: From Vulnerabilities and Threats to Resilience, held in Norfolk, Virginia, USA from 21-22 May 2019. The ARW brought together representatives from academia, industry, and international organizations in an effort to deepen scientific and technological understanding of space-critical infrastructures and explore the implications for national and international space security and resilience. It examined space as a critical infrastructure from a multidisciplinary perspective in accordance with NATO’s Strategic Concept. The 29 chapters in the book are divided into six sections covering space infrastructure: governance; cybersecurity; risk, resiliency and complexity; emerging technologies such as block chain, artificial intelligence and quantum computing; application domains; and national approaches and applications.
Category: Science