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Critical Infrastructure System Security And Resiliency

Author : Betty Biringer
ISBN : 9781466557505
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 57.71 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
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Security protections for critical infrastructure nodes are intended to minimize the risks resulting from an initiating event, whether it is an intentional malevolent act or a natural hazard. With an emphasis on protecting an infrastructure's ability to perform its mission or function, Critical Infrastructure System Security and Resiliency presents a practical methodology for developing an effective protection system that can either prevent undesired events or mitigate the consequences of such events. Developed at Sandia National Labs, the authors’ analytical approach and methodology enables decision-makers and security experts to perform and utilize risk assessments in a manner that extends beyond the theoretical to practical application. These protocols leverage expertise in modeling dependencies—optimizing system resiliency for effective physical protection system design and consequence mitigation. The book begins by focusing on the design of protection strategies to enhance the robustness of the infrastructure components. The authors present risk assessment tools and necessary metrics to offer guidance to decision-makers in applying sometimes limited resources to reduce risk and ensure operational resiliency. Our critical infrastructure is vast and made up of many component parts. In many cases, it may not be practical or affordable to secure every infrastructure node. For years, experts—as a part of the risk assessment process—have tried to better identify and distinguish higher from lower risks through risk segmentation. In the second section of the book, the authors present examples to distinguish between high and low risks and corresponding protection measures. In some cases, protection measures do not prevent undesired events from occurring. In others, protection of all infrastructure components is not feasible. As such, this section describes how to evaluate and design resilience in these unique scenarios to manage costs while most effectively ensuring infrastructure system protection. With insight from the authors’ decades of experience, this book provides a high-level, practical analytical framework that public and private sector owners and operators of critical infrastructure can use to better understand and evaluate infrastructure security strategies and policies. Strengthening the entire homeland security enterprise, the book presents a significant contribution to the science of critical infrastructure protection and resilience.
Category: Business & Economics

Critical Infrastructure

Author : Robert S. Radvanovsky
ISBN : 9781482210002
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 28.29 MB
Format : PDF
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Since the initial inception of this book, there have been significant strides to safeguard the operations of our world’s infrastructures. In recent years, there has also been a shift to more fluid postures associated with resilience and the establishment of redundant infrastructure. In keeping with the fast-changing nature of this field, Critical Infrastructure: Homeland Security and Emergency Preparedness, Third Edition has been revised and updated to reflect this shift in focus and to incorporate the latest developments. The book begins with the historical background of critical infrastructure and why it is important to society. It then explores the current trend in understanding the infrastructure’s sensitivity to impacts that flow through its networked environment. Embracing an "all-hazards approach" to homeland security, critical infrastructure protection and assurance, and emergency management, the authors examine: The National Response Framework (NRF) and how it can be applied globally The relationships between the public and private sectors, and the growing concept of public-private partnerships The shift from the need-to-know paradigm to one based on information sharing, and the nature of necessary controls as this shift continues The need for organizations to adopt resilient planning, implementation, and decision-making processes in order to respond to changes within the threat environment What, where, why, and how risk assessments are to be performed, and why they are needed The impact of new regulation, individually applied self-regulation, industry and government regulation, and law enforcement In the final chapters, the book discusses current information sharing and analysis centers (ISACs), distributed control systems, and supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) systems and their challenges. It concludes by exploring current challenges associated with establishing a trusted network across various sectors—demonstrating how models of information can be categorized and communicated within trusted communities to better assure the public-private relationship.
Category: Social Science

Securing Critical Infrastructures And Critical Control Systems Approaches For Threat Protection

Author : Laing, Christopher
ISBN : 9781466626904
Genre : Computers
File Size : 73.70 MB
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The increased use of technology is necessary in order for industrial control systems to maintain and monitor industrial, infrastructural, or environmental processes. The need to secure and identify threats to the system is equally critical. Securing Critical Infrastructures and Critical Control Systems: Approaches for Threat Protection provides a full and detailed understanding of the vulnerabilities and security threats that exist within an industrial control system. This collection of research defines and analyzes the technical, procedural, and managerial responses to securing these systems.
Category: Computers

Industrial Control Systems Security And Resiliency

Author : Craig Rieger
ISBN : 9783030182144
Genre : Computers
File Size : 41.84 MB
Format : PDF
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This book provides a comprehensive overview of the key concerns as well as research challenges in designing secure and resilient Industrial Control Systems (ICS). It will discuss today's state of the art security architectures and couple it with near and long term research needs that compare to the baseline. It will also establish all discussions to generic reference architecture for ICS that reflects and protects high consequence scenarios. Significant strides have been made in making industrial control systems secure. However, increasing connectivity of ICS systems with commodity IT devices and significant human interaction of ICS systems during its operation regularly introduces newer threats to these systems resulting in ICS security defenses always playing catch-up. There is an emerging consensus that it is very important for ICS missions to survive cyber-attacks as well as failures and continue to maintain a certain level and quality of service. Such resilient ICS design requires one to be proactive in understanding and reasoning about evolving threats to ICS components, their potential effects on the ICS mission’s survivability goals, and identify ways to design secure resilient ICS systems. This book targets primarily educators and researchers working in the area of ICS and Supervisory Control And Data Acquisition (SCADA) systems security and resiliency. Practitioners responsible for security deployment, management and governance in ICS and SCADA systems would also find this book useful. Graduate students will find this book to be a good starting point for research in this area and a reference source.
Category: Computers

Sustainable And Resilient Critical Infrastructure Systems

Author : Kasthurirangan Gopalakrishnan
ISBN : 3642114059
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 39.72 MB
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Sustainable and resilient critical infrastructure systems is an emerging paradigm in an evolving era of depleting assets in the midst of natural and man-made threats to provide a sustainable and high quality of life with optimized resources from social, economic, societal and environmental considerations. The increasing complexity and interconnectedness of civil and other interdependent infrastructure systems (electric power, energy, cyber-infrastructures, etc.) require inter- and multidisciplinary expertise required to engineer, monitor, and sustain these distributed large-scale complex adaptive infrastructure systems. This edited book is motivated by recent advances in simulation, modeling, sensing, communications/information, and intelligent and sustainable technologies that have resulted in the development of sophisticated methodologies and instruments to design, characterize, optimize, and evaluate critical infrastructure systems, their resilience, and their condition and the factors that cause their deterioration. Specific topics discussed in this book include, but are not limited to: optimal infrastructure investment allocation for sustainability, framework for manifestation of tacit critical infrastructure knowledge, interdependencies between energy and transportation systems for national long term planning, intelligent transportation infrastructure technologies, emergent research issues in infrastructure interdependence research, framework for assessing the resilience of infrastructure and economic systems, maintenance optimization for heterogeneous infrastructure systems, optimal emergency infrastructure inspection scheduling, and sustainable rehabilitation of deteriorated transportation infrastructure systems.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Cyber Security And Resiliency Policy Framework

Author : A. Vaseashta
ISBN : 9781614994466
Genre : Computers
File Size : 66.28 MB
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Cyberspace is a ubiquitous realm interconnecting every aspect of modern society, enabled by broadband networks and wireless signals around us, existing within local area networks in our schools, hospitals and businesses, and within the massive grids that power most countries. Securing cyberspace to ensure the continuation of growing economies and to protect a nation’s way of life is a major concern for governments around the globe. This book contains papers presented at the NATO Advanced Research Workshop (ARW) entitled Best Practices and Innovative Approaches to Develop Cyber Security and Resiliency Policy Framework, held in Ohrid, the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM), in June 2013. The workshop aimed to develop a governing policy framework for nation states to enhance the cyber security of critical infrastructure. The 12 papers included herein cover a wide range of topics from web security and end-user training, to effective implementation of national cyber security policies and defensive countermeasures. The book will be of interest to cyber security professionals, practitioners, policy-makers, and to all those for whom cyber security is a critical and an important aspect of their work.
Category: Computers

Strengthening Critical Infrastructure Resilience By Identifying And Redressing Recurring Gaps And Systemic Barriers

Author : Russell E. Bowman
ISBN : OCLC:967660147
Genre : Emergency management
File Size : 22.2 MB
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This dissertation explores the concept of disaster "resilience" in the context of homeland security, in general, and critical infrastructure, in particular, as assessed at local and regional levels. It features two related, but distinct research foci: (1) identifying and exploring recurring "resilience gaps," and (2) identifying and exploring systemic barriers that allow such gaps to emerge, or to persist. It employs content analysis and cross-case synthesis of 33 in-depth case studies generated by the Department of Homeland Security's Regional Resiliency Assessment Program (RRAP). In so doing, this research also explores the ability of - and challenges with using - the concept of resilience as an operational construct for reducing "all hazards" risk and improving homeland security more broadly. Building on the work of those who study the resilience of communities and critical infrastructure assets and systems, especially with respect to their interaction with the communities and larger systems within which they are situated, this dissertation validates prior research by applying similar analyses to "new" data (i.e., the RRAP case studies). In brief, the RRAP data suggest that four recurring resilience gaps exist across many, if not most, infrastructure sectors and geographic regions. Specifically, these include: (1) a dependence on energy, aggravated by an insufficiency or complete absence of back-up power systems; (2) the fact that response and recovery plans and planning seldom include all relevant stakeholders necessary to address known hazards in a comprehensive manner; (3) the presence of numerous single or critical points of failure; and (4) a related lack of redundancy, insufficient system capacity, or both, that diminishes the resilience of many infrastructure systems. Additionally, this dissertation's analysis of 33 RRAP Resiliency Assessments affirms the prevalence of five systemic barriers to improving resilience: (1) the nation continues to face significant shortcomings in emergency response and recovery coordination efforts at the regional and cross-regional levels; (2) there is a widespread lack of visibility or understanding of how critical infrastructure components are inter-connected and how systems are dependent or interdependent on one another; (3) there is a dearth of important critical infrastructure information (beyond dependencies and interdependencies) that is available to cognizant authorities and operators - either because they do not understand why they should seek or insist on gaining access to information that would resolve certain "unknowns," or because those in possession of relevant information are reluctant to share it; (4) there are insufficient incentives (and funding, in particular) for investing in resilience; and, (5) efficiency is often valued over ensuring continuity of function. Drawing on these findings, this work explains how there is clear benefit to adopting a systems-based, function-focused view of resilience that is hazard-agnostic. It also suggests the importance of further study concerning the barriers that underlie resilience gaps to facilitate broader understanding of the challenges we face, and proposes a framework for divining and analyzing linkages between common gaps and barriers. In closing, this dissertation suggests ways to further exploit the DHS program that is the focus of this research, the necessity of sharing subsequent DHS Resiliency Assessments more widely, and the related need to make the RRAP data on which the program's assessments are based more accessible to researchers.
Category: Emergency management

Resilience And Hybrid Threats

Author : I. Linkov
ISBN : 9781643680231
Genre : Computers
File Size : 82.18 MB
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Hybrid threats represent one of the rising challenges to the safe and effective management of digital systems worldwide. The deliberate misuse or disruption of digital technologies has wide-ranging implications for fields as diverse as medicine, social media, and homeland security. Despite growing concern about cyber threats within many government agencies and international organizations, few strategies for the effective avoidance and management of threats or the prevention of the disruption they can cause have so far emerged. This book presents multiple perspectives based upon a NATO Science for Peace and Security Programme Advanced Research Workshop on ‘Resilience and Hybrid Threats’ held in Pärnu, Estonia from 26-29 August 2018, and includes a mixture of workshop summary papers and invited perspectives from world experts. Topics include the development of strategies for the protection and recovery of systems affected by hybrid threats, and the benefits of those strategies under different disruption scenarios. The role of risk and resilience assessment pertaining to the information domain is a common focus across all perspectives. Offering an overview of resilience-based decision making through an approach that integrates the threats and dependencies related to infrastructural, informational, and social considerations, the book will be of interest to all those whose work involves the security of digital systems.
Category: Computers

Wiley Handbook Of Science And Technology For Homeland Security 4 Volume Set

Author : John G. Voeller
ISBN : 9780471761303
Genre : Science
File Size : 36.96 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
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The Wiley Handbook of Science and Technology for Homeland Security is an essential and timely collection of resources designed to support the effective communication of homeland security research across all disciplines and institutional boundaries. Truly a unique work this 4 volume set focuses on the science behind safety, security, and recovery from both man-made and natural disasters has a broad scope and international focus. The Handbook: Educates researchers in the critical needs of the homeland security and intelligence communities and the potential contributions of their own disciplines Emphasizes the role of fundamental science in creating novel technological solutions Details the international dimensions of homeland security and counterterrorism research Provides guidance on technology diffusion from the laboratory to the field Supports cross-disciplinary dialogue in this field between operational, R&D and consumer communities
Category: Science

Industrial Network Security

Author : Eric D. Knapp
ISBN : 9781597496469
Genre : Computers
File Size : 59.1 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
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Industrial Network Security: Securing Critical Infrastructure Networks for Smart Grid, SCADA, and Other Industrial Control Systems describes an approach to ensure the security of industrial networks by taking into account the unique network, protocol, and application characteristics of an industrial control system, along with various compliance controls. It offers guidance on deployment and configuration, and it explains why, where, and how security controls should be implemented. Divided into 11 chapters, the book explains the basics of Ethernet and Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) networking communications and the SCADA and field bus protocols. It also discusses industrial networks as they relate to “critical infrastructure and cyber security, potential risks and consequences of a cyber attack against an industrial control system, compliance controls in relation to network security practices, industrial network protocols, such as Modbus and DNP3, assessment of vulnerabilities and risk, how to secure enclaves, regulatory compliance standards applicable to industrial network security, and common pitfalls and mistakes, like complacency and deployment errors. This book is a valuable resource for plant operators and information security analysts, as well as compliance officers who want to pass an audit with minimal penalties and/or fines. Covers implementation guidelines for security measures of critical infrastructure Applies the security measures for system-specific compliance Discusses common pitfalls and mistakes and how to avoid them
Category: Computers