Criminal Justice

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Criminal Justice In China

Author : Klaus Mühlhahn
ISBN : 0674054334
Genre : History
File Size : 62.98 MB
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In a groundbreaking work, Klaus Muhlhahn offers a comprehensive examination of the criminal justice system in modern China, an institution deeply rooted in politics, society, and culture. In late imperial China, flogging, tattooing, torture, and servitude were routine punishments. Sentences, including executions, were generally carried out in public. After 1905, in a drive to build a strong state and curtail pressure from the West, Chinese officials initiated major legal reforms. Physical punishments were replaced by fines and imprisonment. Capital punishment, though removed from the public sphere, remained in force for the worst crimes. Trials no longer relied on confessions obtained through torture but were instead held in open court and based on evidence. Prison reform became the centerpiece of an ambitious social-improvement program. After 1949, the Chinese communists developed their own definitions of criminality and new forms of punishment. People's tribunals were convened before large crowds, which often participated in the proceedings. At the center of the socialist system was "reform through labor," and thousands of camps administered prison sentences. Eventually, the communist leadership used the camps to detain anyone who offended against the new society, and the "crime" of counterrevolution was born. Muhlhahn reveals the broad contours of criminal justice from late imperial China to the Deng reform era and details the underlying values, successes and failures, and ultimate human costs of the system. Based on unprecedented research in Chinese archives and incorporating prisoner testimonies, witness reports, and interviews, this book is essential reading for understanding modern China.
Category: History

Criminal Justice

Author : Andrew Sanders
ISBN : 9780199541317
Genre : Law
File Size : 88.62 MB
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This text concentrates on the apprehension, investigation and trial of suspected offenders, overlaying its analysis with a critical appraisal of the system and suggesting pointers to improvement.
Category: Law

Criminal Justice

Author : Julian V. Roberts
ISBN : 9780198716495
Genre : Law
File Size : 23.30 MB
Format : PDF
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The criminal justice system is wide ranging: it covers crimes, policing, the sentencing of offenders, and prisons. This title draws upon the latest research and current practices from around the world. Focusing on the adversarial model of justice found in common law countries such as the US, UK, Canada, and Australia, it discusses topics such as the uses of imprisonment, the effects of capital punishment, and the purposes of sentencing. Considering the role of the victim, as well as public knowledge and attitudes towards criminal justice, it assesses the way in which the system functions.
Category: Law

Criminal Justice In Ireland

Author : Paul O'Mahony
ISBN : 1902448715
Genre : Courts
File Size : 71.70 MB
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Comprehensive overview of the Irish criminal justice system, its current problems and its vision for the future. Collection of essays by major office-holders, experienced practitioners, leading academics, legal scholars, sociologists, psychologists, philosophers and educationalists.
Category: Courts

Criminal Justice

Author : Malcolm Davies
ISBN : 0582473209
Genre : Law
File Size : 37.36 MB
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Criminal Justice provides information about the various agencies of the criminal justice system, their legal responsibilities, and the social and political context in which they operate. It outlines important concepts in English criminal law and defines crime and the varied responses to it. It also explores the non-legal factors which affect the operation of the criminal justice agencies and identifies the policy issues involved in the control of crime and the pursuit of justice.
Category: Law

Criminal Justice

Author : Philip P. Purpura
ISBN : 0750696303
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 32.83 MB
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Criminal Justice: An Introduction is a complete introductory text for the most basic and widely-studied course in this subject area. Each chapter begins with behavioral objectives and a list of key terms. A variety of strategies are designed into the text to hold the attention of reader: key terms in bold lettering, side margin notes (containing interesting facts and challenging questions), boxed justice events and international perspectives, and over 80 photographs, tables and figures. Each chapter ends with applications that enable the student to apply the material to real life situations. This text competes with larger books by offering a complete but succinct and less expensive introduction to criminal justice, which will be more manageable for community colleges and colleges with shorter terms. The instructor's manual will assist educators with special projects and test questions and answers. The accompanying disk challenges students with interactive exercises. An excellent entry-level textbook for undergraduate criminal justice students. Written by an instructor of criminal justice and security for over 20 years. Includes an instructor's manual and a disk with interactive exercises for students.
Category: Political Science

International Handbook Of Penology And Criminal Justice

Author : Shlomo Giora Shoham
ISBN : 1420053884
Genre : Law
File Size : 83.76 MB
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At the outset of the twenty-first century, more than 9 million people are held in custody in over 200 countries around the world. --from the essay "Prisons and Jails" by Ron King The first comparative study of this increasingly integral social subject, International Handbook of Penology and Criminal Justice provides a comprehensive and balanced review of the philosophy and practicality of punishment. Drawn from the expertise of scholars and researchers from around the world, this book covers the theory, practice, history, and empirical evidence surrounding crime prevention, identification, retribution, and incarceration. It analyzes the efficacy of both traditional methods and thinking as well as novel concepts and approaches. Beginning with a study of the changing attitude of penal practice in Florida from one of offender transformation to one of risk-management, imprisonment, surveillance, and control, this volume embarks on an objective and sober appraisal of every aspect of the field. Contributions consider the sociology of incarcerated prisoners including the increasing prevalence of prison suicides. The book evaluates arguments regarding the world-wide abolition of capitol punishment from moral, utilitarian, and practical positions. It examines non-incarcerative and alternative punishments such as financial restoration and restrictions of liberty, as well as the positive effects of Victim Offender Mediation. It also considers several methods aimed at achieving measurable crime prevention including identifying at-risk juveniles and minimizing crimes of opportunity, as well as the pros and cons of employing the coercive power of police. Further essays consider subjects such as international policing, the roles of prosecution and defense attorneys, current discretionary sentencing practices, and the role and treatment of victims. The volume concludes with two chapters of case studies that provide a "hands-on" feel for the interplay of the concepts discussed. This volume is the first in a three-part trilogy. See also The International Handbook of Victimology and The International Handbook of Criminology.
Category: Law

The Oxford Handbook Of The History Of Crime And Criminal Justice

Author : Paul Knepper
ISBN : 9780199352333
Genre : Crime
File Size : 44.82 MB
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The historical study of crime has expanded in criminology during the past few decades, forming an active niche area in social history. Indeed, the history of crime is more relevant than ever as scholars seek to address contemporary issues in criminology and criminal justice. Thus, The Oxford Handbook of the History of Crime and Criminal Justice provides a systematic and comprehensive examination of recent developments across both fields. Chapters examine existing research, explain on-going debates and controversies, and point to new areas of interest, covering topics such as criminal law and courts, police and policing, and the rise of criminology as a field. This Handbook also analyzes some of the most pressing criminological issues of our time, including drug trafficking, terrorism, and the intersections of gender, race, and class in the context of crime and punishment. The definitive volume on the history of crime, The Oxford Handbook of the History of Crime and Criminal Justice is an invaluable resource for students and scholars of criminology, criminal justice, and legal history.
Category: Crime

Debates In Criminal Justice

Author : Tom Ellis
ISBN : 9781136640957
Genre : Law
File Size : 46.2 MB
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This innovative new book recognises that, while criminal justice studies is a core component of all criminology/criminal justice undergraduate degrees, it can be a confusing, overwhelming and a relatively dry topic despite its importance. Taking an original approach, this book sets out a series of ten key dilemmas - presented as debates - designed to provide students with a clear framework within which to develop their knowledge and analysis in a way that is both effective and an enjoyable learning experience. It is also designed for use by lecturers, who can structure a core unit of their courses around it. Debates in Criminal Justice provides a new and dynamic framework for learning, making considerable use of the other already available academic key texts, press articles, web sources and more.
Category: Law

Criminal Justice

Author : Peter Joyce
ISBN : 9780415620611
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 61.46 MB
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This new and expanded edition builds upon material from the highly successful first edition. A comprehensive textbook on the criminal justice system, the book assesses the main theories concerned with the causes of crime (including white-collar and corporate crime), discusses the operation of all key criminal justice agencies - including the police, probation and prison services and the legal and youth justice systems -and identifies the main themes underpinning contemporary criminal justice policy. Key additions include: updated material from the first edition incorporating changes to criminal justice policy introduced by the 2010 Coalition government a new chapter that presents an overview of the criminal justice system discussions of the evolving EU criminal justice system and the implications of this for UK criminal justice policy. The book is an ideal text for students taking courses in criminal justice, or studying criminal justice as a component of a broader course in criminology or the social sciences and practitoners within these fields. It is written in a highly accessible manner and has a wide range of features that include: questions key chapter themes timeline of main events glossary of key terms website resource guide.
Category: Social Science

Handbook Of Criminal Justice Administration

Author : M.A. DuPont-Morales
ISBN : 0824704185
Genre : Law
File Size : 22.30 MB
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This work addresses perspectives on the judicial, correctional and law enforcement components of the criminal justice system, including history, ethics, prevention, intervention, due process, marginalized populations, international consequences and demands for professionalism. It also examines critical variations in the criminal justice systems of countries worldwide.
Category: Law

Criminal Justice

Author : Frank Schmalleger
ISBN : UOM:39015063199643
Genre : Law
File Size : 54.36 MB
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Criminal Justice: A Brief Introduction 6e continues to offer a trusted, authoritative and impeccably researched introduction to the criminal justice system in America. This book’s freedom vs. safety theme, its unmatched timeliness, and its coverage of the newest criminal justice trends and technology helps readers think critically about the criminal justice system in a time when the issue of freedom vs. safety has never been more critical. The book’s primary theme discusses the balance of freedom and safety between our society and the criminal justice system. Terrorism and security issues include up-to-date coverage of police terrorism response, including the most recent information on counter terrorism initiatives by America's police. Other hot topics include all the latest crime statistics, court cases, trends in the system and criminal justice news. Extensive coverage of technology and crime includes the latest law enforcement technology used to combat crime and technology used by criminals to commit crimes. Also includes extensive discussion of the juvenile justice system. For anyone with current or future criminal justice careers or those in law enforcement positions.
Category: Law

Victims In The Criminal Justice System

Author : Bharat Bhudan Das
ISBN : 8170247977
Genre : Criminal justice, Administration of
File Size : 28.10 MB
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Study of Ganjam District, Orissa, India.
Category: Criminal justice, Administration of

Elders Crime And The Criminal Justice System

Author : Max B. Rothman, JD, LLM
ISBN : 0826117481
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 35.2 MB
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This book provides a comprehensive analysis of interactions between older people and the criminal justice system. The editors present current research on elders in a multitude of roles, from victim and offender to attorney, defendant, witness, juror, and prisoner. Of particular interest are chapters on the psychological and medical conditions of elder prisoners, and issue around selective decarceration. Each contributor documents empirical data and identifies social, policy, and ethical implications, where applicable. Recommended for gerontologists, sociologists, social workers, and professionals in the legal and criminal justice fields.
Category: Social Science

History Of Criminal Justice

Author : Mark Jones
ISBN : 9781317522461
Genre : History
File Size : 90.26 MB
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Covering criminal justice history on a cross-national basis, this book surveys criminal justice in Western civilization and American life chronologically from ancient times to the present. It is an introduction to the historical problems of crime, law enforcement and penology, set against the background of major historical events and movements. Integrating criminal justice history into the scope of European, British, French and American history, this text provides the opportunity for comparisons of crime and punishment over boundaries of national histories. The text now concludes with a chapter that addresses terrorism and homeland security.
Category: History

Criminal Justice

Author : Deborah Drake
ISBN : 9781135846916
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 29.46 MB
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Criminal Justice: Local and Global and its sister text Crime: Local and Global are two new teaching texts that aim to equip the reader with a critical understanding of the globally contested nature of 'crime' and'justice'. Through an examination of key concepts and criminological approaches, the books illuminate the different ways in which crime is constructed, conceived and controlled. International case studies are used to demonstrate how 'crime' and 'justice' are historically and geographically located in terms of the global/local context, and how processes of criminalisation and punishment are mediated in contemporary societies. Criminal Justice: Local and Global covers the way the 'local' can be widened out to look at international, transnational and supranational aspects of justice. This means that issues such as corporate crime and human rights can be discussed in a comparative and critical way, examining the possibility, for example of an International Criminal Court, cross-national jurisdictions of regulation and control (such as Interpol) and so on. Each chapter covers a different area of regulation, punishment and process. Unlike previous texts, the book's approach will be an innovative approach to widen 'justice' to encompass considerations beyond simple, local jurisdictions. The book will take instances of 'justice' in one jurisdiction and use global examples to illustrate how ambiguous the concept of 'justice' can be.
Category: Social Science

Women And Criminal Justice

Author : Marilyn D. McShane
ISBN : 9781454847304
Genre : Law
File Size : 69.58 MB
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WOMEN AND CRIMINAL JUSTICE sheds light on how gender, race, and class affect the status of women in the context of policing, courts, and corrections. Systematic and engaging, McShane and Hsieh integrate the perspectives and experiences of women who are employed in the criminal justice system, as well as those who are offenders or victims of crime. Written specifically for the undergraduate course, WOMEN AND CRIMINAL JUSTICE opens a window onto the historical and contemporary landscape of the criminal justice system from the perspective of women. WOMEN AND CRIMINAL JUSTICE features: Broad coverage of contemporary issues of women with respect to policing, the courts, and corrections A methodical look at the status of women in the criminal justice system as influenced by legislation, case law, media, public opinion, and professional organizations High-profile cases that exemplify key points and illuminate the complex social structure of the criminal justice system Critical analysis of salient themes, such as gender roles and economic status, and the development of gender bias in the criminal justice system An evidence-based approach, based on published empirical research and studies Bibliographic and Internet sources for additional research at the end of each chapter The perspectives of women in the criminal justice system are finally in a textbook about women in the criminal justice system.
Category: Law

Criminal Justice In Action The Core

Author : Larry K. Gaines
ISBN : 9781305446113
Genre : Education
File Size : 68.55 MB
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Concise, career focused, and completely up to date, the exciting new CRIMINAL JUSTICE IN ACTION: THE CORE, 8th Edition, delivers an accessible, applied, and real-world introduction to the field. Gripping photos and an engaging magazine-like layout make this succinct text ideal for a fast-paced course and visual learners. The text presents topics and cases straight from today's headlines, putting students in the center of the action with vivid, relatable examples that demonstrate the core principles of the American justice system at work. Reflecting reviewer feedback, the text combines just the right depth of coverage with a wealth of learning tools that appeal to a variety of learning styles. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
Category: Education

Statistics In Criminal Justice

Author : David Weisburd
ISBN : 9781461491705
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 64.75 MB
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Statistics in Criminal Justice takes an approach that emphasizes the application and interpretation of statistics in research in crime and justice. This text is meant for both students and researchers who want to gain a basic understanding of common statistical methods used in this field. In general, the text relies on a building-block approach, meaning that each chapter helps to prepare the student for the chapters that follow. It also means that the level of sophistication of the text increases as the text progresses. Throughout the text there is an emphasis on comprehension and interpretation, rather than computation. However, as the statistical methods discussed become more complex and demanding to compute, there is increasing use and integration of statistical software. This approach is meant to provide the reader with an accessible, yet sophisticated understanding of statistics that can be used to examine real-life criminal justice problems with popular statistical software programs. The primary goal of the text is to give students and researchers a basic understanding of statistical concepts and methods that will leave them with the confidence and the tools for tackling more complex problems on their own. New to the 4th Edition · New chapter on experimental design and the analysis of experimental data. · New chapter on multi-level models, including growth-curve models. · New computer exercises throughout the text to illustrate the use of both SPSS and Stata. · Revision of exercises at the end of each chapter that places greater emphasis on using statistical software. · Additional resources on the text’s web site for instructors and students, including answers to selected problems, syntax for replicating text examples in SPSS and Stata, and other materials that can be used to supplement the use of the text.
Category: Social Science