Creativity And Divergent Thinking

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Creativity And Divergent Thinking

Author : John Baer
ISBN : 9781317781578
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 78.69 MB
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Do general-purpose creative-thinking skills -- skills like divergent thinking, which is touted as an important component of creative thinking no matter what the task domain -- actually make much of a contribution to creative performance? Although much recent research argues against such domain-transcending skills -- including several new studies reported in this book -- the appeal of such general skills remains strong, probably because of the theoretical economy and power such skills would provide. Divergent thinking, in particular, has had an incredible staying power. Despite its many flaws, divergent thinking remains the most frequently used indicator of creativity in both creativity research and educational practice, and divergent thinking theory has a strong hold on everyday conceptions of what it means to be creative. Reviewing the available research on divergent thinking, this book presents a framework for understanding other major theories of creativity, including Mednick's associative theory and a possible connectionist approach of creativity. It reports a series of studies (including the study that won APA's 1992 Berlyne Prize) that demonstrate the absence of effects of general creative-thinking skills across a range of creativity-relevant tasks, but indicate that training in divergent thinking does in fact improve creative performance across diverse task domains. The book then ties these findings together with a multi-level theory, in which a task-specific approach to creativity is strengthened by recasting some divergent-thinking concepts into domain- and task-specific forms. This book fills the gap between divergent-thinking theory and more recent, modular conceptions of creativity. Rather than advocate that we simply discard divergent thinking -- an approach that hasn't worked, or at least hasn't happened, because of many attacks on its validity and usefulness -- this book shows how to separate what is useful in divergent-thinking theory and practice from what is not. It shows that divergent-thinking training can be valuable, although often not for the reasons trainers think it works. And it offers specific suggestions about the kinds of creativity research most needed today.
Category: Psychology

Divergent Thinking And Creative Potential

Author : Mark A. Runco
ISBN : 1612890784
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 86.40 MB
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This volume describes the theory supporting the use of divergent thinking tests. It also presents specific research findings. It describes what has been discovered about divergent thinking in the past 10 years. Unlike other volumes, this text focuses on divergent thinking rather than attempting to cover all of creativity assessment. It gives the specifics of resarch so that the validity of the claims can be easily determined
Category: Psychology

Creative Convergent And Divergent Thinking Abilities Following Traumatic Brain Injury

Author : melissa duff
ISBN : OCLC:1163813135
Genre :
File Size : 82.98 MB
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Creative problem solving involves the generation and application of novel approaches to complex problems. The cognitive process of thinking creatively can be divided into divergent and convergent thinking abilities. Convergent thinking is focused on narrowing possibilities to a workable solution. On the other hand, divergent thinking assesses the ability to generate multiple ideas or solutions to a problem. While deficits in traditional neuropsychological domains (memory, attention, language) have been well documented, little is known about the consequences of traumatic brain injury (TBI) on these creative problem solving abilities. The aim of the current study was to determine the effects of TBI on convergent and divergent thinking. We administered tests of creative divergent problem solving (Abbreviated Torrance Test for Adults, Alternate Uses Task), creative convergent problem solving (Remote Associate Task), and a battery of neuropsychological tests to individuals with moderate-severe TBI (n=29) and healthy comparisons (HC) (n=20). The battery included: the California Verbal Learning Test to measure verbal learning and memory, the processing speed index of the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale as a measure of processing speed, the Trail Making Test to measure executive functioning and task switching, and the Brief Symptoms Inventory (BSI) to measure psychological wellbeing. Participants with TBI performed significantly below HCs on all tasks except for the creative divergent problem solving tasks. Our findings suggest that following moderate-to-severe TBI, convergent thinking can be compromised while divergent thinking abilities might be spared. Preserved divergent thinking abilities following TBI may be leveraged in educational, occupational, and rehabilitation settings.

Creativity And Children S Literature New Ways To Encourage Divergent Thinking

Author : Marianne Saccardi
ISBN : 9781610693561
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 87.50 MB
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Today's students need to be able to do more than score well on tests—they must be creative thinkers and problem solvers. The tools in this book will help teachers and parents start students on the path to becoming innovative, successful individuals in the 21st century workforce. • Demonstrates how to use children's literature specifically to foster divergent thinking in students in school and at home • Provides specific suggestions for activities and example projects relevant to individual books as well as to entire teaching units • Supplies bibliographies of hundreds of recently published children's books recommended for children of different age levels • Cites research findings that underscore the vital importance of divergent thinking in today's world and its importance to the business community
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

The Divergent And Convergent Thinking Book

Author : Dorte Nielsen
ISBN : 9063694393
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 55.19 MB
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- An introduction to divergent and convergent thinking - Guidelines to enhance your innovative thinking - Hands-on exercises to strengthen your creativity
Category: Psychology

The Cognitive Emotional And Neural Correlates Of Creativity

Author : Matthijs Baas
ISBN : 9782889196333
Genre :
File Size : 61.18 MB
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Across species, humans have an unsurpassed capacity for creative thought and innovation. Human creativity is at the roots of extraordinary achievements in the arts and sciences, and enables individuals and their groups to adapt flexibly to changing circumstances, to manage complex social relations, and to survive and prosper through social, technological, and medical innovations. The ability to generate novel and potentially useful ideas and problem solutions (viz., creativity) is a key driver of human evolution, and among the most valued and sought after competencies in contemporary societies that struggle with complex problems and compete for technological and economic supremacy. Because creativity provides fitness functionality in both ancestral and contemporary societies, it stands to reason that (i) the human brain evolved to sustain and promote creative thinking and we should be able to identify (ii) the brain circuitries, genetic drivers, and neurohormonal modulators of the human capacity for creative problem solving and original ideation; and (iii) the core cognitive and emotional processes underlying creative thought. In this Research Topic, we bring together a collection of papers to provide an encyclopedic, open access snapshot of the current state of the art on the neural, cognitive, and emotional correlates of creativity.

Divergent Thinking

Author : Mark A. Runco
ISBN : 0893917168
Genre : Education
File Size : 84.3 MB
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The research presented in this volume suggests that divergent thinking is an important component of the creative process. Divergent thinking tests are probably the most commonly used measure of children's potential for creative thinking. There are a number of unanswered questions about children's divergent thinking and creativity which are answered throughout the volume and may be identified as themes in the research. The first theme is that the capacity for divergent thinking may not be normally distributed across all levels of ability (a relevant premise is that creative abilities are not evenly distributed across domains of performance and achievement). A second theme is that divergent thinking is influenced by the conditions under which it is assessed. A third theme of the book is methodological; several chapters explore existing evaluations of divergent thinking tests. A final theme is that divergent thinking is important for both basic and applied research. From the perspective of basic research, the divergent thinking model offers an empirically supported view of a cognitive process. From the applied perspective, divergent thinking can be viewed as one component of giftedness and predictive of several expressions of real-world creativity.
Category: Education

Being Creative Inside And Outside The Classroom

Author : John Baer
ISBN : 9789460918407
Genre : Education
File Size : 83.96 MB
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This book has two primary goals - to show teachers how to teach their students to be more creative thinkers and to help them to develop their own creativity as teachers - and it shows teachers how to do these things in ways that don't conflict with skill development and knowledge acquisition. In fact, teachers will learn how to teach for creativity in ways that result in improved skills and greater content knowledge. Teaching for creativity and creative teaching together will result in much higher levels of both student engagement and student learning. The book focuses on three big, well-researched ideas related to creativity training - divergent thinking, intrinsic motivation, and the CPS model of creative problem solving - and shows how to apply these ideas in designing lessons that promote creativity as well as encourage the development of content-based skills and knowledge. The book is written in a way that makes it easy for teachers to make these ideas their own, with many examples for use in K-12 classrooms.
Category: Education

Handbook Of Creativity

Author : John A. Glover
ISBN : 9781475753561
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 62.51 MB
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The motivation underlying our development of a "handbook" of creativity was different from what usually is described by editors of other such volumes. Our sense that a handbook was needed sprang not from a deluge of highly erudite studies calling out for organization, nor did it stem from a belief that the field had become so fully articulated that such a book was necessary to provide summation and reference. Instead, this handbook was conceptualized as an attempt to provide structure and organization for a field of study that, from our perspective, had come to be a large-scale example of a "degenerating" research program (see Brown, Chapter 1). The handbook grew out of a series of discussions that spanned several years. At the heart of most of our interactions was a profound unhappiness with the state of research on creativity. Our consensus was that the number of "good" works published on creativity each year was small and growing smaller. Further, we could not point to a journal, text, or professional organization that was providing leadership for the field in shaping a scientifically sound framework for the development of research programs in creativity. At the same time, we were casting about for a means of honoring a dear friend, E. Paul Torrance. Our decision was that we might best be able to honor Paul and influence research on creativity by developing a handbook designed to challenge traditional perspectives while offering research agendas based on contemporary psychological views.
Category: Psychology

Essentials Of Creativity Assessment

Author : James C. Kaufman
ISBN : 9780470383025
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 61.13 MB
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Discover practical, step-by-step instructions for accurately and effectively assessing creativity with Essentials of Creativity Assessment, a guide that provides useful information about using solid theoretical and research-based evidence for creativity assessment. Quickly acquire the knowledge and skills you need to effectively assess creativity, a popular measure of cognitive ability correlated with intelligence. Receive an overview of the wide variety of assessments that can be used to gauge creativity, enabling you to select the creativity assessment method that best fits the situations, groups of people, and programs that are involved.
Category: Psychology


Author : Ai-Girl Tan
ISBN : 9789812770868
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 73.14 MB
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Creativity: A Handbook for Teachers covers topics related to creativity research, development, theories and practices. It serves as a reference for academics, teacher educators, teachers, and scientists to stimulate further dialogue on ways to enhance creativity.
Category: Psychology

Creativity And Education

Author : Hugh Lytton
ISBN : 9780415675499
Genre : Education
File Size : 59.12 MB
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The author gives a lucid account of creativity and its educational context. He discusses the creative process, the character of different kinds of creativity, creative people, developing creativity, and the creative child at school, to give his readers an understanding of the issues that home or school have to face in fostering a creative, non-habit-bound child. The book should be particularly welcome to all concerned with education in view of the present stress on child-centred education and on the development of individual children's abilities, especially their powers of original thought and search to the full.
Category: Education

Integrative Explorations Of The Creative Mind

Author : Leonid Dorfman
ISBN : 9781527540897
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 50.73 MB
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The book is about creativity and relates to the field of creative cognition, divergent thinking, and innovation. The essays collected here highlight new and exciting explorations of ideas and theories of integrative approaches to the creative mind. This singularity allows a unique and fresh look at the concept of creativity. The primary markets for this book are universities and professional bodies in the field of psychology, humanities and social sciences, and it will also appeal to specialists in the fields of cognitive psychology, sociology, culturology, the arts studies, physiology, and other areas of the humanities.
Category: Social Science

Critical Creative Processes

Author : Mark A. Runco
ISBN : UOM:39015056179917
Genre : Education
File Size : 26.77 MB
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Academic essays consider the critical and creative thinking processes.
Category: Education