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Conventional Deterrence

Author : John J. Mearsheimer
ISBN : 9780801493461
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 56.75 MB
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Conventional Deterrence is a book about the origins of war. Why do nations faced with the prospect of large-scale conventional war opt for or against an offensive strategy? John J. Mearsheimer examines a number of crises that led to major conventional wars to explain why deterrence failed. He focuses first on Allied and German decision making in the years 1939-1940, analyzing why the Allies did not strike first against Germany after declaring war and, conversely, why the Germans did attack the West. Turning to the Middle East, he examines the differences in Israeli and Egyptian strategic doctrines prior to the start of the major conventional conflicts in that region. Mearsheimer then critically assays the relative strengths and weaknesses of NATO and the Warsaw Pact to determine the prospects for conventional deterrence in any future crisis. He is also concerned with examining such relatively technical issues as the impact of precision-guided munitions (PGM) on conventional deterrence and the debate over maneuver versus attrition warfare.Mearsheimer pays considerable attention to questions of military strategy and tactics. Challenging the claim that conventional detrrence is largely a function of the numerical balance of forces, he also takes issue with the school of thought that ascribes deterrence failures to the dominance of "offensive" weaponry. In addition to examining the military consideration underlying deterrence, he also analyzes the interaction between those military factors and the broader political considerations that move a nation to war.
Category: Political Science

Conventional Deterrence

Author : James Reed Golden
ISBN : UOM:39015008394978
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 21.64 MB
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Europa, forsvar, krigsførelse, nuklear afskrækkelse, økonomi, politik.
Category: Political Science

Conventional Deterrence Into The 1990s

Author : Thomas Boyd-Carpenter
ISBN : 9781349105021
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 55.11 MB
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A selection of ten lectures on the future of conventional deterrence is drawn together by a new essay on the subject. The study suggests how NATO policy, strategy and tactics must evolve to cope with new circumstances and limited budgets, and the role Britain should play in this.
Category: Political Science

Strengthening Conventional Deterrence In Europe

Author : Andrew J. Goodpastor
ISBN : 9781000313321
Genre : History
File Size : 47.1 MB
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This book focuses on means for strengthening deterrence and defense by exploiting advances in military technology in Europe. It reviews the Soviet strategy and operational concepts, their vulnerabilities, and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization missions required to exploit them.
Category: History

Conventional Deterrence

Author : Russell A. Iseminger
ISBN : OCLC:1152158358
Genre : Air power
File Size : 84.20 MB
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"Since Russia's annexation of Crimea in 2014, tensions between Russia and NATO have been on the rise. The U.S. and NATO have increased their military presence along NATO's Eastern flank to reassure allies and deter Russia from further "aggression." At the same time, Russia has increased their military exercises on the Western border and engaged in nuclear threats in response to NATO "encirclement." Considering Russia's fear and respect of NATO airpower, the appropriate posturing of combat aircraft could help deter Russian aggression while not going so far as to spur another arms race and further increase tensions. This study will explore Russian perceptions of U.S. and NATO airpower to determine how Western posturing affects their assessment of stability. Through an investigation of the current airpower laydown in Europe and the effectiveness of current NATO and U.S. aircraft posturing, a recommendation is made for necessary posture changes to best secure lasting stability in the region. In the end this paper concludes that current NATO and U.S. airpower posturing is effectively deterring Russian aggression against NATO member states, but appropriate care must be taken to ensure unnecessary escalations are avoided. Airpower has the unique ability to deter from afar, compared to ground forces, so this characteristic must be taken advantage of to deter while managing tensions."--Abstract.
Category: Air power

Strengthening Conventional Deterrence In Europe

Author : European Security Study
ISBN : 0312766009
Genre : Armaments
File Size : 73.59 MB
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Examines the capabilities of NATO for the defense of Europe and recommends methods for reducing NATO's dependence on nuclear weapons
Category: Armaments

Deterrence And Strategic Culture

Author : Shu Guang Zhang
ISBN : 0801427517
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 29.4 MB
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Does strategic thinking on the question of deterrence vary between cultures? Should practitioners assume a common understanding of deterrence regardless of national and cultural differences? Shu Guang Zhang takes on these questions by exploring Sino-American confrontations between 1949 and 1958. Zhang draws on recently declassified U.S. documents and previously inaccessible Chinese Communist Party records to demonstrate that the Chinese and the Americans had vastly different assessments of each other's intentions, interests, threats, strengths, and policies during this period. Because of such misperceptions, Zhang suggests, counterthreats - responses to a perceived threat, a principal feature of a deterrent relationship - did not work in intended ways. He asserts that the contemporary literature on deterrence has no clear manner for approaching such a divergence of understanding or such a unique balance of mutual deterrence. In this persuasive book, Zhang attempts to reconcile deterrence theory with historical case studies. Zhang discusses seven different confrontations between the two countries, in Korea, Indochina, and the Taiwan Strait. Misunderstandings of motives and actions paved the way to crisis. Further, cultural differences concerning national security and ignorance of these differences by state policy makers enhanced the likelihood of conflict. Deterrence and Strategic Culture explores the limits of deterrence theory as it is presently conceived and seeks to broaden its scope. It will be welcomed by scholars in the fields of security and defense studies, military history, U.S. foreign relations, and Asian studies.
Category: Political Science

Morality Prudence And Nuclear Weapons

Author : Steven P. Lee
ISBN : 0521567726
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 79.26 MB
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This 1993 book is the first post-Cold War assessment of nuclear deterrence, -providing a comprehensive normative understanding of nuclear deterrence policy.
Category: Philosophy

Reconceptualizing Deterrence

Author : Elli Lieberman
ISBN : 9780415682138
Genre : History
File Size : 54.4 MB
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This book offers a reconceptualisation of conventional deterrence theory, and applies it to enduring rivalries in the Middle East. The work argues that many of the problems encountered in the development of deterrence theory lay in the fact that it was developed during the Cold War, when the immediate problem it had to address was how to prevent catastrophic nuclear wars. The logic of nuclear deterrence compelled a preoccupation with the problem of stability over credibility; however, because the logic of conventional deterrence is different, the solution of the tension between credibility and stability is achieved by deference to credibility, due to the requirements of reputation and costly signaling. This book aims to narrow the gap between theory and evidence. It explores how a reconceptualization of the theory as a process that culminates in the internalization of deterrence within enduring rivalries is better suited to account for its final success: a finding that has eluded deterrence theorists for long. This interdisciplinary book will be of much interest to students of deterrence theory, strategic studies, international security, Middle Eastern studies and IR in general.
Category: History