Conventional Deterrence

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Conventional Deterrence

Author : John J. Mearsheimer
ISBN : 9780801493461
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 50.80 MB
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Conventional Deterrence is a book about the origins of war. Why do nations faced with the prospect of large-scale conventional war opt for or against an offensive strategy? John J. Mearsheimer examines a number of crises that led to major conventional wars to explain why deterrence failed. He focuses first on Allied and German decision making in the years 1939-1940, analyzing why the Allies did not strike first against Germany after declaring war and, conversely, why the Germans did attack the West. Turning to the Middle East, he examines the differences in Israeli and Egyptian strategic doctrines prior to the start of the major conventional conflicts in that region. Mearsheimer then critically assays the relative strengths and weaknesses of NATO and the Warsaw Pact to determine the prospects for conventional deterrence in any future crisis. He is also concerned with examining such relatively technical issues as the impact of precision-guided munitions (PGM) on conventional deterrence and the debate over maneuver versus attrition warfare.Mearsheimer pays considerable attention to questions of military strategy and tactics. Challenging the claim that conventional detrrence is largely a function of the numerical balance of forces, he also takes issue with the school of thought that ascribes deterrence failures to the dominance of "offensive" weaponry. In addition to examining the military consideration underlying deterrence, he also analyzes the interaction between those military factors and the broader political considerations that move a nation to war.
Category: Political Science

Conventional Deterrence Into The 1990s

Author : Thomas Boyd-Carpenter
ISBN : 9781349105021
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 90.8 MB
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A selection of ten lectures on the future of conventional deterrence is drawn together by a new essay on the subject. The study suggests how NATO policy, strategy and tactics must evolve to cope with new circumstances and limited budgets, and the role Britain should play in this.
Category: Political Science

Strengthening Conventional Deterrence In Europe

Author : Andrew J. Goodpastor
ISBN : 9781000313321
Genre : History
File Size : 55.48 MB
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This book focuses on means for strengthening deterrence and defense by exploiting advances in military technology in Europe. It reviews the Soviet strategy and operational concepts, their vulnerabilities, and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization missions required to exploit them.
Category: History

Conventional Deterrence

Author : Richard K. Betts
ISBN : OCLC:641020898
Genre : Deterrence (Strategy)
File Size : 54.73 MB
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Category: Deterrence (Strategy)

Strengthening Conventional Deterrence In Europe

Author : European Security Study
ISBN : 0312766017
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 39.34 MB
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Examines the capabilities of NATO for the defense of Europe and recommends methods for reducing NATO's dependence on nuclear weapons
Category: Political Science

Deterrence And Strategic Culture

Author : Shu Guang Zhang
ISBN : 0801427517
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 75.99 MB
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Does strategic thinking on the question of deterrence vary between cultures? Should practitioners assume a common understanding of deterrence regardless of national and cultural differences? Shu Guang Zhang takes on these questions by exploring Sino-American confrontations between 1949 and 1958. Zhang draws on recently declassified U.S. documents and previously inaccessible Chinese Communist Party records to demonstrate that the Chinese and the Americans had vastly different assessments of each other's intentions, interests, threats, strengths, and policies during this period. Because of such misperceptions, Zhang suggests, counterthreats - responses to a perceived threat, a principal feature of a deterrent relationship - did not work in intended ways. He asserts that the contemporary literature on deterrence has no clear manner for approaching such a divergence of understanding or such a unique balance of mutual deterrence. In this persuasive book, Zhang attempts to reconcile deterrence theory with historical case studies. Zhang discusses seven different confrontations between the two countries, in Korea, Indochina, and the Taiwan Strait. Misunderstandings of motives and actions paved the way to crisis. Further, cultural differences concerning national security and ignorance of these differences by state policy makers enhanced the likelihood of conflict. Deterrence and Strategic Culture explores the limits of deterrence theory as it is presently conceived and seeks to broaden its scope. It will be welcomed by scholars in the fields of security and defense studies, military history, U.S. foreign relations, and Asian studies.
Category: Political Science

Conventional Deterrence

Author : Russell A. Iseminger
ISBN : OCLC:1152158358
Genre : Air power
File Size : 87.10 MB
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"Since Russia's annexation of Crimea in 2014, tensions between Russia and NATO have been on the rise. The U.S. and NATO have increased their military presence along NATO's Eastern flank to reassure allies and deter Russia from further "aggression." At the same time, Russia has increased their military exercises on the Western border and engaged in nuclear threats in response to NATO "encirclement." Considering Russia's fear and respect of NATO airpower, the appropriate posturing of combat aircraft could help deter Russian aggression while not going so far as to spur another arms race and further increase tensions. This study will explore Russian perceptions of U.S. and NATO airpower to determine how Western posturing affects their assessment of stability. Through an investigation of the current airpower laydown in Europe and the effectiveness of current NATO and U.S. aircraft posturing, a recommendation is made for necessary posture changes to best secure lasting stability in the region. In the end this paper concludes that current NATO and U.S. airpower posturing is effectively deterring Russian aggression against NATO member states, but appropriate care must be taken to ensure unnecessary escalations are avoided. Airpower has the unique ability to deter from afar, compared to ground forces, so this characteristic must be taken advantage of to deter while managing tensions."--Abstract.
Category: Air power

Conventional Deterrence

Author : James Reed Golden
ISBN : UOM:39015008394978
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 87.1 MB
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Europa, forsvar, krigsførelse, nuklear afskrækkelse, økonomi, politik.
Category: Political Science

Morality Prudence And Nuclear Weapons

Author : Steven P. Lee
ISBN : 0521567726
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 60.29 MB
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This 1993 book is the first post-Cold War assessment of nuclear deterrence, -providing a comprehensive normative understanding of nuclear deterrence policy.
Category: Philosophy

North Korean Decisionmaking

Author : John V. Parachini
ISBN : 1977405533
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 58.56 MB
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The authors examine (1) experiences of different communist regimes to forecast North Korean adoption of a new economic model; (2) what might happen if conventional deterrence fails on the Peninsula; and (3) why North Korea might use nuclear weapons.
Category: Business & Economics

Reconceptualizing Deterrence

Author : Elli Lieberman
ISBN : 9780415682138
Genre : History
File Size : 33.10 MB
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This book offers a reconceptualisation of conventional deterrence theory, and applies it to enduring rivalries in the Middle East. The work argues that many of the problems encountered in the development of deterrence theory lay in the fact that it was developed during the Cold War, when the immediate problem it had to address was how to prevent catastrophic nuclear wars. The logic of nuclear deterrence compelled a preoccupation with the problem of stability over credibility; however, because the logic of conventional deterrence is different, the solution of the tension between credibility and stability is achieved by deference to credibility, due to the requirements of reputation and costly signaling. This book aims to narrow the gap between theory and evidence. It explores how a reconceptualization of the theory as a process that culminates in the internalization of deterrence within enduring rivalries is better suited to account for its final success: a finding that has eluded deterrence theorists for long. This interdisciplinary book will be of much interest to students of deterrence theory, strategic studies, international security, Middle Eastern studies and IR in general.
Category: History

Conventional Deterrence And Landpower In Northeastern Europe

Author : Alexander Lanoszka
ISBN : 1076985068
Genre : Deterrence (Strategy)
File Size : 34.3 MB
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The United States and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) face daunting challenges in the Baltic region. Russia is behaving aggressively. Its military is more capable than it has been at any point since the end of the Cold War. More importantly, Russia is finding creative ways to subvert the status quo and to sow discord without triggering Article 5 of NATO, which declares that an attack against one member is an attack against all.These problems are formidable, but we have reason to be optimistic. Far from shattering NATO's cohesion and undermining its resolve, Russian aggression has reinvigorated the alliance. Nor is Russia an unstoppable adversary. It has many weaknesses. Indeed, Russian fears over those vulnerabilities might be driving its aggressive foreign policy. Even if this is not the case and Russia is indeed a relentless predator, it is nevertheless a vulnerable one.The United States and its NATO allies can take advantage of these vulnerabilities. After assessing Russian intentions, capabilities, and limitation, this monograph recommends a hedging strategy to improve early detection capabilities, enhance deterrence in unprovocative ways, and improve regional defenses against a hybrid threat. Achieving these goals should help the United States deter Russia and reassure regional allies more effectively while managing our own worst fears.
Category: Deterrence (Strategy)

House Of Commons Defence Committee Deterrence In The Twenty First Century Hc 1066

Author : Great Britain: Parliament: House of Commons: Defence Committee
ISBN : 0215069714
Genre : History
File Size : 60.73 MB
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The MoD's financial settlement in the next Comprehensive Spending Review must be made in the light of the need to retain a credible deterrent capacity in the country's Armed Forces. The Committee welcomes the emphasis that the Government places on the importance of cyber defence and the commitment of resources to a new cyber strike capability. But the difficulty in identifying actors in a cyber attack makes the ability to deter that much harder. Similar questions arise in deterrence against the asymmetrical threat of terrorism as it is difficult to identify interests and groups against which a response can be legitimately targeted. The Committee is calling on the MoD to set out how it can make clear that both cyber and terrorist attack will elicit an appropriate and determined response. Looking at the nuclear deterrent, the Committee points out that the UK's ability to effect a nuclear response is not credible in dealing with all threats, and so strong conventional deterrence is also required. And given the importance of communication to the concept of deterrence, investment in diplomatic and intelligence assets must be integral to the UK's security apparatus. The Committee concludes that it would be naive to assume that a decision not to invest in the nuclear deterrent would release substantial funds for investment in other forms of security. The Committee believes that the decision on the retention of the nuclear deterrent, should be made on its own merits.
Category: History

Deterrence

Author : A. Lowther
ISBN : 9781137289810
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 23.95 MB
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This volume moves beyond Cold War deterrence theory to show the many ways in which deterrence is applicable to contemporary security: in space, in cyberspace, and against non-state actors. It also examines the role of nuclear deterrence in the twenty-first century and reaches surprising conclusions.
Category: Political Science

Post Cold War Conflict Deterrence

Author : National Research Council
ISBN : 0309175100
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 26.27 MB
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Deterrence as a strategic concept evolved during the Cold War. During that period, deterrence strategy was aimed mainly at preventing aggression against the United States and its close allies by the hostile Communist power centers--the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) and its allies, Communist China and North Korea. In particular, the strategy was devised to prevent aggression involving nuclear attack by the USSR or China. Since the end of the Cold War, the risk of war among the major powers has subsided to the lowest point in modern history. Still, the changing nature of the threats to American and allied security interests has stimulated a considerable broadening of the deterrence concept. Post-Cold War Conflict Deterrence examines the meaning of deterrence in this new environment and identifies key elements of a post-Cold War deterrence strategy and the critical issues in devising such a strategy. It further examines the significance of these findings for the U.S. Navy and Marine Corps. Quantitative and qualitative measures to support judgments about the potential success or failure of deterrence are identified. Such measures will bear on the suitability of the naval forces to meet the deterrence objectives. The capabilities of U.S. naval forces that especially bear on the deterrence objectives also are examined. Finally, the book examines the utility of models, games, and simulations as decision aids in improving the naval forces' understanding of situations in which deterrence must be used and in improving the potential success of deterrence actions.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Modeling And Analysis Of Conventional Defense In Europe

Author : Reiner K. Huber
ISBN : 9781461321750
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 41.26 MB
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This book presents a collection of contributions to a workshop on "Long-teY'fr/ Development of NATO's Conventional Forrward Defense" to which the GERMAN STRATEGY FORUM (DSF*» had invited some 50 systems analysts and defense experts of the United States, the United Kingdom, the Federal Republic of Germany and the SHAPE Technical Centre. Held in Bonn from 2 to 4 December 1984, this workshop was to provide a forum for the dis cussion, at a non-political expert level and in the light of available analysis results, of proposals for the improvement of NATO's conventional defense capabilities. In addition, it aimed at arriving at some recommenda tions as to which of these proposals deserve to be studied further and what methodological deficiencies must be alleviated and information gaps closed for an adequate assessment. The idea to organize this workshop has been discussed ever since 1980 with several defense systems analysts in the US and the UK who shared the opinion that, with a view to the immense global build-up of the Soviet threat on one hand and the stringency of defense resources in most NATO countries on the other, there is no reason that could permit us to dismiss any proposal promising improvement without careful study.
Category: Political Science

Weapons Proliferation In The 1990s

Author : Brad Roberts
ISBN : 0262680866
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 57.50 MB
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The proliferation of weapons of mass destruction has emerged as a major topic of international security in the post-Cold War world. This compendium of articles, published in The Washington Quarterly between 1991 and 1995, describes the changing nature of the problem, dissusses new trends in nonproliferation and counterproliferation policy, identifies new arms control challenges at the regional and global levels, and concludes by addressing the global politics of proliferation.
Category: Political Science

Through A Glass Darkly

Author : Stephen J. Cimbala
ISBN : 0275971848
Genre : History
File Size : 59.24 MB
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Cimbala shows why the prevention, management and limiting, or ending of war require understanding the subjective aspects of political decision making and the nuances of policy making.
Category: History