Constructing A Lexicon Of English Verbs

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Phrasal Verbs

Author : Stefan Thim
ISBN : 9783110257038
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 43.24 MB
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The book traces the evolution of the English verb-particle construction (‘phrasal verb’) from Indo-European and Germanic up to the present. A contrastive survey of the basic semantic and syntactic characteristics of verb-particle constructions in the present-day Germanic languages shows that the English construction is structurally unremarkable and its analysis as a periphrastic word-formation is proposed. From a cross-linguistic and comparative perspective the Old English prefix verbs are identified as preverbs and the shift towards postposition of the particles is connected to the development of more general patterns of word order. The interplay of phonological, morphological, syntactic and semantic factors in the loss of the native prefixes in the history of English is investigated. In this context the question is discussed to what extent the older prefixes were replaced by particles and borrowed prefixes, how the characteristic etymological and semantic properties of the Modern English phrasal verbs can be explained and what role they play in the lexicon. The author argues that their common perception as particularly ‘English’, ‘colloquial’ and ‘informal’ has its origin in the eighteenth-century normative tradition.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Brno Studies In English

Author :
ISBN : STANFORD:36105132148235
Genre : English philology
File Size : 58.2 MB
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Category: English philology

Lexicon And Grammar

Author : Joseph E. Emonds
ISBN : 9783110872996
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 45.24 MB
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The architecture of the human language faculty has been one of the main foci of the linguistic research of the last half century. This branch of linguistics, broadly known as Generative Grammar, is concerned with the formulation of explanatory formal accounts of linguistic phenomena with the ulterior goal of gaining insight into the properties of the 'language organ'. The series comprises high quality monographs and collected volumes that address such issues. The topics in this series range from phonology to semantics, from syntax to information structure, from mathematical linguistics to studies of the lexicon.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Lexical And Syntactical Constructions And The Construction Of Meaning

Author : Marjolyn Verspoor
ISBN : 9789027236548
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 85.83 MB
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The basic tenet of cognitive linguistics is that every linguistic expression is a construal relation. The first section of this volume focuses on issues of such construal and presentation of information, including figure-ground relations, image-schematic structures, and the role of syntactic constructions in information structure.In sections two and three papers are presented on cross-categorial polysemy between lexical and grammatical uses of a morpheme, and between different grammatical senses, and on the relationship between earlier lexical senses and later grammatical ones.The final section of the volume brings together studies which shed further light on transitivity and argument structure. The study of transitivity necessarily entails exploration of the relationship between syntactic constructions and the pragmatics and semantics conveyed by such constructions.As a whole, this collection of papers gives new evidence on the complexity and motivation of the mapping between linguistic form and function and offers a wealth of new directions for research on the construction of meaning at every level of the sentence.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

English Verb Classes And Alternations

Author : Beth Levin
ISBN : 0226475336
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 79.9 MB
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In this rich reference work, Beth Levin classifies over 3,000 English verbs according to shared meaning and behavior. Levin starts with the hypothesis that a verb's meaning influences its syntactic behavior and develops it into a powerful tool for studying the English verb lexicon. She shows how identifying verbs with similar syntactic behavior provides an effective means of distinguishing semantically coherent verb classes, and isolates these classes by examining verb behavior with respect to a wide range of syntactic alternations that reflect verb meaning. The first part of the book sets out alternate ways in which verbs can express their arguments. The second presents classes of verbs that share a kernel of meaning and explores in detail the behavior of each class, drawing on the alternations in the first part. Levin's discussion of each class and alternation includes lists of relevant verbs, illustrative examples, comments on noteworthy properties, and bibliographic references. The result is an original, systematic picture of the organization of the verb inventory. Easy to use, English Verb Classes and Alternations sets the stage for further explorations of the interface between lexical semantics and syntax. It will prove indispensable for theoretical and computational linguists, psycholinguists, cognitive scientists, lexicographers, and teachers of English as a second language.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Aspect Tense And Modality

Author : Johanna Hendrika Geertruida Boland
ISBN : STANFORD:36105122414092
Genre : Dutch language
File Size : 41.13 MB
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Category: Dutch language

Stretched Verb Constructions In English

Author : D. J. Allerton
ISBN : 9781134517411
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 23.47 MB
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Constructions such as 'make an accusation against', or 'give one's approval for' can be seen as 'stretched' versions of simple verbs, such as 'accuse' or 'approve of'. What is the precise linguistic nature of stretched verbs, and how many basic types are there? What kinds of grammatical connections are involved, and what lexical limits are there on these constructions? What is their precise semantic value? These are some of the questions that this book sets out to answer in its investigation of stretched verb constructions.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Lexical Semantics Syntax And Event Structure

Author : Malka Rappaport Hovav
ISBN : 9780199544325
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 82.62 MB
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This book focuses on the linguistic representation of temporality in the verbal domain and its interaction with the syntax and semantics of verbs, arguments, and modifiers. Leading scholars explore the division of labour between syntax, compositional semantics, and lexical semantics in the encoding of event structure, encompassing event participants and the temporal properties associated with events. They examine the interface between event structure and the systems with which it interacts, including the interface between event structure and the syntactic realization of arguments and modifiers. Deploying a variety of frameworks and theoretical perspectives they consider central issues and questions in the field, among them whether argument-structure is specified in the lexical entries of verbs or syntactically constructed so that syntactic position determines thematic status; whether the hierarchical structure evidenced in argument structure find parallels in sign language; should the relation between members of an alternation pair, such as the causative-inchoative alternation, be understood lexically or derivationally; and the role of syntactic category in determining the configuration of argument structure.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Aspect In The English Verb

Author : Y. Tobin
ISBN : 0582068312
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 78.20 MB
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This study takes a fresh approach to the key area in linguistics of 'verb aspect in English'. The data used has been taken from a wide range of both spoken and written discourse and texts reflecting people's actual use of language presented in their relevant linguistic and situational contexts.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Computational Linguistics

Author :
ISBN : UOM:39015047937738
Genre : Computational linguistics
File Size : 53.53 MB
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Category: Computational linguistics

Verb Valency Patterns

Author : Susen Faulhaber
ISBN : 9783110240719
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 61.98 MB
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Based on an empirical study of English verbs, the author discusses to what extent complementation is predictable from meaning by examining whether semantically similar verbs also exhibit the same syntactic properties. The significant number of idiosyncrasies presented rigorously challenge approaches that assume meaning to be the determining force in complementation.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

A Valency Dictionary Of English

Author : Thomas Herbst
ISBN : 9783110892581
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 79.65 MB
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This dictionary provides a valency description of English verbs, nouns and adjectives. Each entry contains a comprehensive list of the complementation patterns identified on the basis of the largest corpus of English available at the present time. All examples are taken directly from the COBUILD/Birmingham corpus. The valency description comprises statements about the quantitative valency of the lexical units established, an inventory of their obligatory, contextually optional and purely optional complements as well as systematic information on the semantic and collocational properties of the complements. An outline of the model of valency theory used in this dictionary is provided in the introduction.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines