CONNECTING SCIENCE AND KNOWLEDGE

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Connecting Science And Knowledge

Author : Kaspar von Greyerz
ISBN : 9783847101710
Genre : Education
File Size : 34.26 MB
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English summary: The volume presents a collection of revised and updated contributions to an international conference held in October 2011 on current issues in historical research on early modern knowledge and science and their connections. It looks at the various ways, in which the 'new science' was embedded in traditions, on the on the hand, and concentrates on the joint role of experts and lay persons in its making, on the other. It highlights in particular the various forms of early modern natural history, scientific treatises in a narrower sense of the term, tradiions going back to antiquity, travel accounts, chronicles, correspondences, naturalia, oral accounts and personal observations, which mirror the dialectic relationship between learned and popular knowledge. The relationship of knowledge and science is investigated in particular in connection with early modern balneology and attempts at systematizing knowledge about animals. German description: Dieser Band widmet sich aktuellen Forschungsaspekten von Wissens- und Wissenschaftsgeschichte, insbesondere den inneren Zusammenhangen von popularem Wissen und Wissenschaft. Einerseits werden Anbindungen der Neuen Wissenschaft an Traditionen in den Blick genommen, andererseits die Teilhabe von Experten und Laien an deren Herausbildung. Die verschiedenen Formate fruhneuzeitlicher Naturgeschichtsschreibung - wissenschaftliche Traktate, antike Uberlieferungen, Reisebeschreibungen, Chroniken, Korrespondenzen, Naturalien, mundliche Erzahlungen oder eigene Beobachtungen - vermitteln einen Eindruck der wechselseitigen Beziehungen zwischen gelehrtem und popularem Wissen. Das Verhaltnis von Wissen und Wissenschaft wird insbesondere an den Beispielen balneologischer und tierkundlicher Wissensbestande genauer analysiert.
Category: Education

The Entropy Vector

Author : Robert D Handscombe
ISBN : 9789814485241
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 69.42 MB
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' How do managers and entrepreneurs evaluate risk, encourage creativity or manage change? Might a better grasp of science help? The authors of this book suggest that there is real value in trying to connect science to business and that science is far too important just to be left to the scientists. All of science is too large a prospect, so the authors limit themselves to looking at disorder. We must all learn to manage and control change, and there is plenty of social, technical and business change going on. The authors suggest that a clearer understanding of entropy and the choices it presents will assist in that management of change — or, as they put it, to manage disorder one needs to control the entropy vector. This book is for scientists and engineers aspiring to business success and for business people interested in new approaches. Contents:Disorderly SignpostsPlanck's Inspiration: Nature, Philosophy and BusinessLife, the Universe and EntropyThe Entropy VectorEnergy and EntropyTime and EntropyManaging DisorderCreativity and InnovationRisk and EntropyMental EntropyEntropy Trade-offsThe Entropy Tool-Kit Readership: Engineers and scientists interested in or studying management; middle and top managers. Keywords:Disorder;Choice;Trade-off;Efficiency;Creativity;Management;Sustainability;EntropyReviews:“This is a well-researched, well written, amusing and stimulating read … Overall, this is a book that makes you think … Read and enjoy it.”Martin Sandford Vice-President LES Britain & Ireland “This book is short and easy to read. It illustrates points with many original cartoons and diagrams … it is well indexed and is designed to allow sampling it randomly.”Journal of Product Innovation Management “There is more reason, sense and entertainment here than in most pop management books. Verdict: recommended if you feel like a different perspective on that productive gap between stability and disorder from authors who do actually know their science and engineering.”Sam Garrett-Jones University of Wollongong, Australia '
Category: Business & Economics

Connecting Science And Engineering Education Practices In Meaningful Ways

Author : Leonard A. Annetta
ISBN : 9783319163994
Genre : Science
File Size : 41.9 MB
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The need for a scientifically literate citizenry, one that is able to think critically and engage productively in the engineering design process, has never been greater. By raising engineering design to the same level as scientific inquiry the Next Generation Science Standards’ (NGSS) have signaled their commitment to the integration of engineering design into the fabric of science education. This call has raised many critical questions...How well do these new standards represent what actually engineers do? Where do the deep connections among science and engineering practices lie? To what extent can (or even should) science and engineering practices co-exist in formal and informal educational spaces? Which of the core science concepts are best to leverage in the pursuit of coherent and compelling integration of engineering practices? What science important content may be pushed aside? This book, tackles many of these tough questions head on. All of the contributing authors consider the same core question: Given the rapidly changing landscape of science education, including the elevated status of engineering design, what are the best approaches to the effective integration of the science and engineering practices? They answered with rich descriptions of pioneering approaches, critical insights, and useful practical examples of how embodying a culture of interdisciplinarity and innovation can fuel the development of a scientifically literate citizenry . This collection of work builds traversable bridges across diverse research communities and begins to break down long standing disciplinary silos that have historically often hamstrung well-meaning efforts to bring research and practice from science and engineering together in meaningful and lasting ways.
Category: Science

Biological Resource Management Connecting Science And Policy

Author : Ervin Balazs
ISBN : 9783662040331
Genre : Science
File Size : 89.32 MB
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Jointly published with INRA, Paris. The application of new production methods in the food industry - genetic engineering in plants and animals - as well as recent crises over food-borne diseases have led consumers to a growing concern about science as an appropriate basis for developing sound agricultural policies. This book presents the discussion of scientists and politicians in the framework of an OECD programme conference on how to restore public trust in the application of new scientific achievements concerning food production.
Category: Science

Connecting With Science Education

Author : Robyn Gregson
ISBN : 0190309342
Genre : Science
File Size : 63.2 MB
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Connecting with Science Education, Second Edition supports pre-service teachers as they enter the professional world by connecting theory to practice. The text incorporates STEM and Indigenous Australian science knowledge; and has a balanced coverage of biological, physical and chemicalsciences, with some mathematics. With plenty of practical classroom-based activities, this new edition encourages pre-service teachers to be creative in their teaching and to stimulate curiosity about science in themselves and their students. The book provides opportunities for pre-service teachers to examine the purpose and nature of science teaching and learning, and encourages readers to reflect on and develop their own scientific literacy and knowledge. It identifies and analyses the processes underpinning scientific investigationsas an essential element for science teaching and learning.
Category: Science

Ancient Jewish Sciences And The History Of Knowledge In Second Temple Literature

Author : Seth L. Sanders
ISBN : 9781479863983
Genre : History
File Size : 86.33 MB
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Until very recently, the idea of ancient Jewish sciences would have been considered unacceptable. Since the 1990’s, Early Modern and Medieval Science in Jewish sources has been actively studied, but the consensus was that no real scientific themes could be found in earlier Judaism. This work points them out in detail, and posits a new field of research: the scientific activity evident in the Dead Sea Scrolls and Early Jewish Pseudepigrapha. The publication of new texts and new analyses of older ones reveals crucial elements that are best illuminated by the history of science, and may have interesting consequences for it. The contributors evaluate these texts in relation to astronomy, astrology and physiognomy, marking the first comprehensive attempt to account for scientific themes in Second Temple Judaism. They investigate the meaning and purpose of scientific explorations in an apocalyptic setting. An appreciation of these topics paves the way to a renewed understanding of the scientific fragments scattered throughout rabbinic literature. The book first places the Jewish material in the ancient context of the Near Eastern and Hellenistic worlds. While the Jewish texts were not on the cutting edge of scientific discovery, they find a meaningful place in the history of science, between Babylonia and Egypt, in the time period between Hipparchus and Ptolemy. The book uses recent advances in method to examine the contacts and networks of Jewish scholars in their ancient setting. Second, the essays here tackle the problematic concept of a national scientific tradition. Although science is nowadays often conceived as universal, the historiography of ancient Jewish sciences demonstrates the importance of seeing the development of science in a local context. The book explores the tension between the hegemony of central scientific traditions and local scientific enterprises, showing the relevance of ancient data to contemporary postcolonial historiography of science. Finally, philosophical questions of the demarcation of science are addressed in a way that can advance the discussion of related ancient materials. Online edition available as part of the NYU Library's Ancient World Digital Library and in partnership with the Institute for the Study of the Ancient World (ISAW).
Category: History

Connected Knowledge

Author : Alan H. Cromer
ISBN : UOM:39015036063405
Genre : Science
File Size : 34.6 MB
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Explores the differences between scientists and science educators and offers advice for developing science curricula and applying physical science principles to the social sciences
Category: Science