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Author : Hiro Ito
ISBN : 9783540895503
Genre : Computers
File Size : 71.80 MB
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This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed post-conference proceedings of the Kyoto Conference on Computational Geometry and Graph Theory, KyotoCGGT 2007, held in Kyoto, Japan, in June 2007, in honor of Jin Akiyama and Vašek Chvátal, on the occasion of their 60th birthdays. The 19 revised full papers, presented together with 5 invited papers, were carefully selected during two rounds of reviewing and improvement from more than 60 talks at the conference. All aspects of Computational Geometry and Graph Theory are covered, including tilings, polygons, impossible objects, coloring of graphs, Hamilton cycles, and factors of graphs.

Author : János Pach
ISBN : 9781461401100
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 57.9 MB
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In many applications of graph theory, graphs are regarded as geometric objects drawn in the plane or in some other surface. The traditional methods of "abstract" graph theory are often incapable of providing satisfactory answers to questions arising in such applications. In the past couple of decades, many powerful new combinatorial and topological techniques have been developed to tackle these problems. Today geometric graph theory is a burgeoning field with many striking results and appealing open questions. This contributed volume contains thirty original survey and research papers on important recent developments in geometric graph theory. The contributions were thoroughly reviewed and written by excellent researchers in this field.

Author : Jin Akiyama
ISBN : 9783642452819
Genre : Computers
File Size : 48.25 MB
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the Thailand-Japan Joint Conference on Computational Geometry and Graphs, TJJCCGG 2012, held in Bangkok, Thailand, in December 2012. The 15 original research papers presented were selected from among six plenary talks, one special public talk and 41 talks by participants from about 20 countries around the world. TJJCCGG 2012 provided a forum for researchers working in computational geometry, graph theory/algorithms and their applications.

Author : Jin Akiyama
ISBN : 9783642249839
Genre : Computers
File Size : 68.82 MB
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This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed post-conference proceedings of the China-Japan Joint Conference on Computational Geometry, Graphs and Applications, CGGA 2010, held in Dalian, China, in November 2010. The 23 revised full papers presented were carefully selected during two rounds of reviewing and improvement from numerous submissions. All aspects of computational and discrete geometry, graph theory, graph algorithms, and their applications are covered.

Author : János Pach
ISBN : 9780821834848
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 83.43 MB
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The early development of graph theory was heavily motivated and influenced by topological and geometric themes, such as the Konigsberg Bridge Problem, Euler's Polyhedral Formula, or Kuratowski's characterization of planar graphs. In 1936, when Denes Konig published his classical ""Theory of Finite and Infinite Graphs"", the first book ever written on the subject, he stressed this connection by adding the subtitle Combinatorial Topology of Systems of Segments. He wanted to emphasize that the subject of his investigations was very concrete: planar figures consisting of points connected by straight-line segments. However, in the second half of the twentieth century, graph theoretical research took an interesting turn. In the most popular and most rapidly growing areas (the theory of random graphs, Ramsey theory, extremal graph theory, algebraic graph theory, etc.), graphs were considered as abstract binary relations rather than geometric objects.Many of the powerful techniques developed in these fields have been successfully applied in other areas of mathematics. However, the same methods were often incapable of providing satisfactory answers to questions arising in geometric applications. In the spirit of Konig, geometric graph theory focuses on combinatorial and geometric properties of graphs drawn in the plane by straight-line edges (or more generally, by edges represented by simple Jordan arcs). It is an emerging discipline that abounds in open problems, but it has already yielded some striking results which have proved instrumental in the solution of several basic problems in combinatorial and computational geometry. The present volume is a careful selection of 25 invited and thoroughly refereed papers, reporting about important recent discoveries on the way Towards a Theory of Geometric Graphs.

Author : Jin Akiyama
ISBN : 9783319132877
Genre : Computers
File Size : 47.99 MB
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This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed post-conference proceedings of the 16th Japanese Conference on Discrete and computational Geometry and Graphs, JDCDGG 2013, held in Tokyo, Japan, in September 2013. The total of 16 papers included in this volume was carefully reviewed and selected from 58 submissions. The papers feature advances made in the field of computational geometry and focus on emerging technologies, new methodology and applications, graph theory and dynamics.

Author : Boris Aronov
ISBN : 9783642555664
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 77.64 MB
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An impressive collection of original research papers in discrete and computational geometry, contributed by many leading researchers in these fields, as a tribute to Jacob E. Goodman and Richard Pollack, two of the ‘founding fathers’ of the area, on the occasion of their 2/3 x 100 birthdays. The topics covered by the 41 papers provide professionals and graduate students with a comprehensive presentation of the state of the art in most aspects of discrete and computational geometry, including geometric algorithms, study of arrangements, geometric graph theory, quantitative and algorithmic real algebraic geometry, with important connections to algebraic geometry, convexity, polyhedral combinatorics, the theory of packing, covering, and tiling. The book serves as an invaluable source of reference in this discipline.

Author : Herbert Edelsbrunner
ISBN : 9783319059570
Genre : Computers
File Size : 69.2 MB
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This monograph presents a short course in computational geometry and topology. In the first part the book covers Voronoi diagrams and Delaunay triangulations, then it presents the theory of alpha complexes which play a crucial role in biology. The central part of the book is the homology theory and their computation, including the theory of persistence which is indispensable for applications, e.g. shape reconstruction. The target audience comprises researchers and practitioners in mathematics, biology, neuroscience and computer science, but the book may also be beneficial to graduate students of these fields.

Author : Jacob E. Goodman
ISBN : 9780821842393
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 38.69 MB
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This volume contains nineteen survey papers describing the state of current research in discrete and computational geometry as well as a set of open problems presented at the 2006 AMS-IMS-SIAM Summer Research Conference Discrete and Computational Geometry--Twenty Years Later, held in Snowbird, Utah, in June 2006. Topics surveyed include metric graph theory, lattice polytopes, the combinatorial complexity of unions of geometric objects, line and pseudoline arrangements, algorithmic semialgebraic geometry, persistent homology, unfolding polyhedra, pseudo-triangulations, nonlinear computational geometry, $k$-sets, and the computational complexity of convex bodies.

A human observer can effortlessly identify visible portions of geometric objects present in the environment. However, computations of visible portions of objects from a viewpoint involving thousands of objects is a time consuming task even for high speed computers. To solve such visibility problems, efficient algorithms have been designed. This book presents some of these visibility algorithms in two dimensions. Specifically, basic algorithms for point visibility, weak visibility, shortest paths, visibility graphs, link paths and visibility queries are all discussed. Several geometric properties are also established through lemmas and theorems. With over 300 figures and hundreds of exercises, this book is ideal for graduate students and researchers in the field of computational geometry. It will also be useful as a reference for researchers working in algorithms, robotics, computer graphics and geometric graph theory, and some algorithms from the book can be used in a first course in computational geometry.

Author : Csaba D. Toth
ISBN : 1420035312
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 67.70 MB
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While high-quality books and journals in this field continue to proliferate, none has yet come close to matching the Handbook of Discrete and Computational Geometry, which in its first edition, quickly became the definitive reference work in its field. But with the rapid growth of the discipline and the many advances made over the past seven years, it's time to bring this standard-setting reference up to date. Editors Jacob E. Goodman and Joseph O'Rourke reassembled their stellar panel of contributors, added manymore, and together thoroughly revised their work to make the most important results and methods, both classic and cutting-edge, accessible in one convenient volume. Now over more then 1500 pages, the Handbook of Discrete and Computational Geometry, Second Edition once again provides unparalleled, authoritative coverage of theory, methods, and applications. Highlights of the Second Edition: Thirteen new chapters: Five on applications and others on collision detection, nearest neighbors in high-dimensional spaces, curve and surface reconstruction, embeddings of finite metric spaces, polygonal linkages, the discrepancy method, and geometric graph theory Thorough revisions of all remaining chapters Extended coverage of computational geometry software, now comprising two chapters: one on the LEDA and CGAL libraries, the other on additional software Two indices: An Index of Defined Terms and an Index of Cited Authors Greatly expanded bibliographies

Author : János Pach
ISBN : 9781118031360
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 59.39 MB
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A complete, self-contained introduction to a powerful and resurgingmathematical discipline . Combinatorial Geometry presents andexplains with complete proofs some of the most important resultsand methods of this relatively young mathematical discipline,started by Minkowski, Fejes Toth, Rogers, and Erd???s. Nearly halfthe results presented in this book were discovered over the pasttwenty years, and most have never before appeared in any monograph.Combinatorial Geometry will be of particular interest tomathematicians, computer scientists, physicists, and materialsscientists interested in computational geometry, robotics, sceneanalysis, and computer-aided design. It is also a superb textbook,complete with end-of-chapter problems and hints to their solutionsthat help students clarify their understanding and test theirmastery of the material. Topics covered include: * Geometric number theory * Packing and covering with congruent convex disks * Extremal graph and hypergraph theory * Distribution of distances among finitely many points * Epsilon-nets and Vapnik--Chervonenkis dimension * Geometric graph theory * Geometric discrepancy theory * And much more

Author : Peter Gritzmann
ISBN : 0821870831
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 49.97 MB
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This volume, published jointly with the Association for Computing Machinery, comprises a collection of research articles celebrating the occasion of Victor Klee's 65th birthday in September 1990. During his long career, Klee has made contributions to a wide variety of areas, such as discrete and computational geometry, convexity, combinatorics, graph theory, functional analysis, mathematical programming and optimization, and theoretical computer science. In addition, Klee made important contributions to mathematics, education, mathematical methods in economics and the decision sciences, applications of discrete mathematics in the biological and social sciences, and the transfer of knowledge from applied mathematics to industry. In honour of Klee's achievements, this volume presents more than 40 papers on topics related to Klee's research. While the majority of the papers are research articles, a number of survey articles are also included. Mirroring the breadth of Klee's mathematical contributions, this book shows how different branches of mathematics interact. It is a fitting tribute to one of the leading figures in discrete mathematics.

This undergraduate textbook provides an introduction to graph theory, which has numerous applications in modeling problems in science and technology, and has become a vital component to computer science, computer science and engineering, and mathematics curricula of universities all over the world. The author follows a methodical and easy to understand approach. Beginning with the historical background, motivation and applications of graph theory, the author first explains basic graph theoretic terminologies. From this firm foundation, the author goes on to present paths, cycles, connectivity, trees, matchings, coverings, planar graphs, graph coloring and digraphs as well as some special classes of graphs together with some research topics for advanced study. Filled with exercises and illustrations, Basic Graph Theory is a valuable resource for any undergraduate student to understand and gain confidence in graph theory and its applications to scientific research, algorithms and problem solving.

Author : Jacob E. Goodman
ISBN : 0821871013
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 27.3 MB
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The first DIMACS special year, held during 1989-1990, was devoted to discrete and computational geometry. More than 200 scientists, both long- and short-term visitors, came to DIMACS to participate in the special year activities. Among the highlights were six workshops at Rutgers and Princeton Universities that defined the focus for much of the special year. The workshops addressed the following topics: geometric complexity, probabilistic methods in discrete and computational geometry, polytopes and convex sets, arrangements, and algebraic and practical issues in geometric computation. This volume presents some of the results growing out of the workshops and the special year activities. Containing both survey articles and research papers, this collection presents an excellent overview of significant recent progress in discrete and computational geometry. The diversity of these papers demonstrate how geometry continues to provide a vital source of ideas in theoretical computer science and discrete mathematics as well as fertile ground for interaction and simulation between the two disciplines.

Author : Mikhail J. Atallah
ISBN : 142004950X
Genre : Computers
File Size : 73.12 MB
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Algorithms and Theory of Computation Handbook is a comprehensive collection of algorithms and data structures that also covers many theoretical issues. It offers a balanced perspective that reflects the needs of practitioners, including emphasis on applications within discussions on theoretical issues. Chapters include information on finite precision issues as well as discussion of specific algorithms where algorithmic techniques are of special importance, including graph drawing, robotics, forming a VLSI chip, vision and image processing, data compression, and cryptography. The book also presents some advanced topics in combinatorial optimization and parallel/distributed computing. • applications areas where algorithms and data structuring techniques are of special importance • graph drawing • robot algorithms • VLSI layout • vision and image processing algorithms • scheduling • electronic cash • data compression • dynamic graph algorithms • on-line algorithms • multidimensional data structures • cryptography • advanced topics in combinatorial optimization and parallel/distributed computing

Author : Peter Brass
ISBN : 9780387299297
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 75.29 MB
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This book is the result of a 25-year-old project and comprises a collection of more than 500 attractive open problems in the field. The largely self-contained chapters provide a broad overview of discrete geometry, along with historical details and the most important partial results related to these problems. This book is intended as a source book for both professional mathematicians and graduate students who love beautiful mathematical questions, are willing to spend sleepless nights thinking about them, and who would like to get involved in mathematical research.

Author : Franz Brandenburg
ISBN : 3540607234
Genre : Computers
File Size : 47.96 MB
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the international Symposium on Graph Drawing, GD '95, held in Passau, Germany, in September 1995. The 40 full papers and 12 system demonstrations were selected from a total of 88 submissions and include, in their revised versions presented here, the improvements suggested during the meeting. This book also contains a report on the graph-drawing contest held in conjunction with GD '95. Graph drawing is concerned with the problem of visualizing structural information, particularly by constructing geometric representations of abstract graphs and networks. The importance of this area for industrial applications is testified by the large number of people with industrial affiliations, submitting papers and participating in the meeting.