Cmb Polarization Workshop

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Cmb Polarization Workshop

Author : Scott Dodelson
ISBN : UCSD:31822037778255
Genre : Science
File Size : 26.95 MB
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The workshop brought together experts in astronomy and particle physics to make the science case for a satellite mission to measure the polarization of the cosmic microwave background (CMB). Detailed maps of the CMB polarization will potentially reveal clues about the origin of the universe. An early epoch of inflation typically produces a spectrum of gravitational waves and these leave a distinctive imprint on the CMB polarization field. The workshop addressed all theoretical aspects of this science: which inflationary models predict an amplitude that will be detected and which do not? What do alternatives to inflation predict? Apart from the gravitational wave signal, what other science can be gleaned from these measurements? High resolution maps should have traces of gravitational lensing which in turn is affected by dark energy and massive neutrinos. How well will a satellite mission be able to measure these effects? CMB polarization also speaks to the end of the Dark Ages; the constraints on reionzation are discussed in the context of all other probes. Finally, several articles – based on many talks and follow-up work – probe the science of and removal of Galactic foregrounds.
Category: Science

Astrophysical Polarized Backgrounds

Author : Stefano Cecchini
ISBN : 0735400555
Genre : Science
File Size : 35.95 MB
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During the last decades of the past century, several experiments measuring the Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) anisotropy spectrum (e.g. COBE, TOCO, BOOMeranG, MAXIMA, DASI, CBI) have contributed significantly to our understanding of the properties of our Universe. The next step forward will be the measurement of the CMB polarization, whose very weak signal represents a real challenge to experimentalists. Moreover, non-negligible contamination comes from polarized foreground emissions of galactic and extragalactic origin. Theorists, experts on the various foregrounds, and experiment builders gathered in this first workshop dedicated to the subject to discuss strategies to tackle the problem.
Category: Science

Amiba 2001 High Z Clusters Missing Baryons And Cmb Polarization

Author : Lin-Wen Chen
ISBN : UOM:39015055830197
Genre : Astronomy
File Size : 48.80 MB
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Annotation Proceedings of a June 2001 workshop report on instrumentation for observing the Sunyaev-Zel'dovich (SZ) effect. Papers are grouped in sections on SZ surveys, optical surveys of galaxy clusters, ICM and IGM, cosmic microwave background polarization, and SZ machines and observation strategies. Some specific topics examined include X-ray properties of high redshift clusters, and 3D simulation of ultra light scalar field dark matter. There is no subject index. Annotation (c)2003 Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
Category: Astronomy

Proceedings Of The Third Workshop On Science With The New Generation Of High Energy Gamma Ray Experiments

Author : Alessandro De Angelis
ISBN : 9789812568137
Genre : Science
File Size : 32.34 MB
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The contributions in this volume provide a snapshot of the latest research and future plans for space-borne and ground-based experiments dedicated to the observation of the gamma-ray sky. The articles are authored by both seasoned veterans of the first dedicated gamma-ray missions, and young scientists entering the fascinating field of gamma-ray astrophysics.With the advent of gamma-ray instrumentation on spacecraft and large and sensitive ground-based detectors, new and unexpected phenomena have been discovered, such as gamma-ray bursts and gamma-ray emission from blazars. The immense vitality of the field in the current ?post-EGRET era? is witnessed by the numerous ongoing and forthcoming gamma-ray experiments documented here, complementary to various cosmic-ray, neutrino, astroparticle and X-ray projects.
Category: Science

Cryocoolers

Author : Milind D. Atrey
ISBN : 9783030113070
Genre : Science
File Size : 33.6 MB
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This book serves as an introduction to cryocooler technology and describes the principle applications of cryocoolers across a broad range of fields. It covers the specific requirements of these applications, and describes how the advantages and disadvantages of different cryocooler systems are taken into consideration. For example, Stirling coolers tend to be used only in space applications because of their high coefficient of performance, low weight and proven reliability, whilst Gifford-McMahon coolers are used for ground applications, such as in cryopumps and MRI shield cooling applications. Joule-Thomson cryocoolers are used in missile technology because of the fast cool down requirements. The cryocooler field is fast developing and the number of applications are growing because of the increasing costs of the cryogens such as Helium and Neon. The first chapter of the book introduces the different types of cryocoolers, their classification, working principles, and their design aspects, and briefly mentions some of the applications of these systems. This introductory chapter is followed by a number of contributions from prominent international researchers, each describing a specific field of application, the cooling requirements and the cryocooler systems employed. These areas of application include gas liquefaction, space technology, medical science, dilution refrigerators, missile systems, and physics research including particle accelerators. Each chapter describes the cooling requirements based on the end use, the approximate cooling load calculations, the criteria for cryocooler selection, the arrangement for cryocooler placement, the connection of the cooler to the object to be cooled, and includes genuine case studies. Intended primarily for researchers working on cryocoolers, the book will also serve as an introduction to cryocooler technology for students, and a useful reference for those using cryocooler systems in any area of application.
Category: Science

Cosmo 97

Author : Leszek Roszkowski
ISBN : 9789814536806
Genre :
File Size : 81.93 MB
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Deciphering the script for the Big Bang has now become a joint effort of particle physicists and cosmologists. The origin and first moments of the early Universe were determined by the same fundamental processes which are studied in terrestrial accelerators and whose traces from the early Universe can be seen in astrophysical observations. It is now almost universally accepted that most of the debris left over from the Big Bang is likely to be in the form of particle dark matter. Identifying its nature and measuring its abundance in the Universe have become major goals of theorists and experimentalists alike. This volume reviews the progress made at the frontiers of research in these rapidly expanding fields. A broad range of topics, from inflation to primordial black holes to physics at the Planck era, and to dark matter and neutrinos — both reviews and reports on the most recent advances — is presented by leaders in the field. Contents: Neutrino Puzzles and Their Implications for the Nature of New Physics (R N Mohapatra)Neutrino Oscillation Search in CHORUS and NOMAD (J Herin)Double Beta Decay — Physics Beyond the Standard Model Now, and in Future (GENIUS) (H V Klapdor-Kleingrothaus)Cryogenic Searches for Dark Matter (D A Bauer)Accelerator Constraints on Neutralino Dark Matter (J Ellis)Non-universal Soft SUSY Breaking and Dark Matter (P Nath & R Arnowitt)Status of the Heidelberg Dark Matter Search (HDMS) Experiment (Y Ramachers)WIMPs Detection Using Double Phase TEA Doped Xenon (H Wang)Probing Inflation with Large-Scale Structure (J Frieman)Who is the Inflaton? (E Kolb)Recent Progress in Inflationary Cosmology (A Linde)Preheating After Inflation (L Kofman)What is the Future of Causal Models of Cosmic Structure Formation? (A Albrecht)Magnetic Fields from the Electroweak Phase Transition (O Törnkvist)Finite Temperature Corrections to CP Violating Asymmetries for Baryogenesis (L Covi et al.)Evaporation of Cosmological Black Holes (R Bousso & S W Hawking)Black Holes and Superstrings (R E Kallosh)The Importance of Non-Gaussian Fluctuations in Inflationary Primordial Black Hole Production (J S Bullock & J R Primack)and other papers Readership: Astrophysicists and high energy physicists. Keywords:Big Bang;Early;Universe;Neutrino;Dark Matter;Cosmology;Primordial;Astrophysics
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Amiba 2001

Author :
ISBN : OCLC:1132093428
Genre :
File Size : 23.14 MB
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Large Scale Structure Tracks And Traces Proceedings Of 12th Potsdam Cosmology Workshop

Author : Muller Volker
ISBN : 9789814544788
Genre :
File Size : 72.29 MB
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With the poems written by winner of the Posner Poetry Award from the Council of Wisconsin Writers in 2005, this coffee-table book will delight and inform general readers curious about ideas of chaos, fractals, and nonlinear complex systems. Developed out of ten years of interdisciplinary seminars in chaos and complex systems at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, it features multiple ways of knowing: Robin Chapman's poems of everyday experience of change in a complex world, associated metaphorically with Julien Clinton Sprott's full-color computer art generated from billions of versions of only three simple equations for strange attractors, Julia sets, and iterated function systems; his definitions of 39 key terms; a mathematical appendix; and even a multiple-choice quiz to test understanding. Accompanied by a CD-ROM of the poet reading 13 poems and 1,000 images of chaos art from which slide shows can be generated and 100 high-resolution posters created, the book has a foreword by Cliff Pickover, author of A Passion for Mathematics.
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Highlights Of Spanish Astrophysics V

Author : Jose M. Diego
ISBN : 3642112501
Genre : Science
File Size : 83.68 MB
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Astronomy is a scienti?c discipline that has developed a rapid and impressive growth in Spain. Thirty years ago, Spain occupied a purely anecdotal presence in the international context, but today it occupies the eighth position in the world in publication of astronomical articles, and, among other successes, owns and op- ates ninety per cent of the world’s largest optical telescope GTC (Gran Telescopio Canarias). The Eighth Scienti?c Meeting of the Spanish Astronomical Society (Sociedad Espanol ̃ a de Astronom ́ a, SEA), held in Santander in July 7–11 2008, whose p- ceedings are in your hands, clearly shows the enthusiasm, motivation and quality of the present Spanish astronomical community. The event brought together 322 participants, who represent almost 50% of Spanish professional astronomers. This percentage, together with the continuously increasing, with respect to previous SEA meetings, number of oral presentations and poster contributions (179 and 127 respectively), con?rms that the SEA conferences have become a point of reference to assess the interests and achievements of astrophysical research in Spain. The most important and current topics of modern Astrophysics were taken into accountat thepreliminarymeeting,aswell as the numberandqualityofparticipants and their contributions, to select the invited speakers and oral contributors. We took a week to enjoy the high quality contributions submitted by Spanish astronomers to the Scienti?c Organizing Committee. The selection was dif?cult. We wish to acknowledge the gentle advice and commitment of the SOC members.
Category: Science

Advances In Solid State Physics

Author :
ISBN : UCAL:B4348053
Genre : Semiconductors
File Size : 86.63 MB
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Vol. 7 1967, v. 9 1969 include "invited papers of the European meeting of the IEEE."
Category: Semiconductors