Circuits And Systems For Wearable Technologies

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Circuits And Systems For Wearable Technologies Ieee Ukcas 2019

Author : Sara Ghoreishizadeh
ISBN : 8770221324
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 60.84 MB
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This book is based on presentations given at the 2nd IEEE United Kingdom Circuits and Systems (UKCAS 2019) Workshop. It covers several advanced topics in the areas of semiconductor devices, circuits and systems, and energy harvesting; discussing their application in emerging implantable and wearable technologies and IoT. Notable application examples discussed include rapid infectious disease monitoring, in-situ tear fluid analysis, sleep engineering, chronic pain treatment, personalized anti-cancer therapy, fetus and neonate monitoring, monitoring of bone healing, orthopedic implants, magnetomyography and intelligent gesture recognition. Fundamental aspects of these topics are discussed, and state-of-the-art developments are presented.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Wearable Technologies

Author : Jesús Hamilton Ortiz
ISBN : 9781789840032
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 81.52 MB
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This edited volume Wearable Technologies is a collection of reviewed and relevant research chapters, offering a comprehensive overview of recent developments in the field of computer engineering. The book comprises single chapters authored by various researchers and edited by an expert active in the computer engineering research area. All chapters are complete in themselves but united under a common research study topic. This publication aims at providing a thorough overview of the latest research efforts.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Energy Harvesting For Self Powered Wearable Devices

Author : Mohammad Alhawari
ISBN : 9783319625782
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 76.14 MB
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This book discusses the design and implementation of energy harvesting systems targeting wearable devices. The authors describe in detail the different energy harvesting sources that can be utilized for powering low-power devices in general, focusing on the best candidates for wearable applications. Coverage also includes state-of-the-art interface circuits, which can be used to accept energy from harvesters and deliver it to a device in the most efficient way. Finally, the authors present power management circuits for using multiple energy harvesting sources at the same time to power devices and to enhance efficiency of the system.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Power Management For Wearable Electronic Devices

Author : Dima Kilani
ISBN : 9783030378844
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 70.57 MB
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This book describes power management integrated circuits (PMIC), for power converters and voltage regulators necessary for energy efficient and small form factor systems. The authors discuss state-of-the-art PMICs not only for battery powered wearable devices, but also energy harvesting-based devices. The circuits presented support voltage scaling to reduce the overall average power consumption of a wearable device, resulting in longer device operating time. The discussion includes many designs, control techniques and approaches to distribute efficiently the power among different blocks in the device. • Demonstrates for readers how to innovate in designing power management integrated circuits (PMIC) suitable for wearable devices, powered by either battery or harvesting energy; • Introduces a dual outputs switched capacitor, using a single voltage regulator to minimize the area overhead and discusses the effect of having more than two outputs on the area and power efficiency; • Introduces a novel clock-less digital LDO regulator that eliminates the use of the clocked comparator and serial shift register in the conventional design; • Presents experimental results of energy harvesting-based power management units (PMU), using different combinations of power converters and voltage regulators, providing a guide for designers to select the appropriate option based on device requirements.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Wireless Technologies

Author : Krzysztof Iniewski
ISBN : 0849379970
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 59.67 MB
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Advanced concepts for wireless technologies present a vision of technology that is embedded in our surroundings and practically invisible. From established radio techniques like GSM, 802.11 or Bluetooth to more emerging technologies, such as Ultra Wide Band and smart dust motes, a common denominator for future progress is the underlying integrated circuit technology. Wireless Technologies responds to the explosive growth of standard cellular radios and radically different wireless applications by presenting new architectural and circuit solutions engineers can use to solve modern design problems. This reference addresses state-of-the art CMOS design in the context of emerging wireless applications, including 3G/4G cellular telephony, wireless sensor networks, and wireless medical application. Written by top international experts specializing in both the IC industry and academia, this carefully edited work uncovers new design opportunities in body area networks, medical implants, satellite communications, automobile radar detection, and wearable electronics. The book is divided into three sections: wireless system perspectives, chip architecture and implementation issues, and devices and technologies used to fabricate wireless integrated circuits. Contributors address key issues in the development of future silicon-based systems, such as scale of integration, ultra-low power dissipation, and the integration of heterogeneous circuit design style and processes onto one substrate. Wireless sensor network systems are now being applied in critical applications in commerce, healthcare, and security. This reference, which contains 25 practical and scientifically rigorous articles, provides the knowledge communications engineers need to design innovative methodologies at the circuit and system level.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Smart Biosensor Technology

Author : George K. Knopf
ISBN : 9780429771460
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 54.39 MB
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Based on the success of the first edition, this second edition continues to build upon fundamental principles of biosensor design and incorporates recent advances in intelligent materials and novel fabrication techniques for a broad range of real world applications. The book provides a multi-disciplinary focus to capture the ever-expanding field of biosensors. Smart Biosensor Technology, Second Edition includes contributions from leading specialists in a wide variety of fields with a common focus on smart biosensor design. With 21 chapters organized in five parts, this compendium covers the fundamentals of smart biosensor technology, important issues related to material design and selection, principles of biosensor design and fabrication, advances in bioelectronics, and a look at specific applications related to pathogen detection, toxicity monitoring, microfluidics and healthcare. Features Provides a solid background in the underlying principles of biosensor design and breakthrough technologies for creating more intelligent biosensors Focusses on material design and selection including cutting-edge developments in carbon nanotubes, polymer nanowires, and porous silicon Examines machine learning and introduces concepts such as DNA-based molecular computing for smart biosensor function Explores the principles of bioelectronics and nerve cell microelectrode arrays for creating novel transducers and physiological biosensors Devotes several chapters to biosensors developed to detect and monitor a variety of toxins and pathogens Offers expert opinions on the future directions, challenges and opportunities in the field
Category: Technology & Engineering

Enabling Technologies For The Internet Of Things Wireless Circuits Systems And Networks

Author : Saponara, Sergio
ISBN : 9788793609747
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 85.1 MB
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Enabling Technologies for the Internet of Things: Wireless Circuits, Systems and Networks collects slides and notes from the lectures given in the 2017 Seasonal School Enabling Technologies for the Internet-of-Things, supported by IEEE CAS Society and by INTEL funding, and organized by Prof. Sergio Saponara, and Prof. Giuliano Manara. The book discusses new trends in Internet-of-Things (IoT) technologies, considering technological and training aspects, with special focus on electronic and electromagnetic circuits and systems. IoT involves research and design activities both in analog and in digital circuit/signal domains, including focus on sensors interfacing and conditioning, energy harvesting, low-power signal processing, wireless connectivity and networking, functional safety (FuSa). FuSa is one of the emerging key issues in IoT applications in safety critical domain like industry 4.0, autonomous and connected vehicles and e-health. Our world is becoming more and more interconnected. Currently it is estimated that two hundred billion smart objects will be part of the IoT by 2020. This new scenario will pave the way to innovative business models and will bring new experiences in everyday life. The challenge is offering products, services and comprehensive solutions for the IoT, from technology to intelligent and connected objects and devices to connectivity and data centers, enhancing smart home, smart factory, autonomous driving cars and much more, while at the same time ensuring the highest safety standards. In safety-critical contexts, where a fault could jeopardize the human life, safety becomes a key aspect.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Flexible Wearable And Stretchable Electronics

Author : Katsuyuki Sakuma
ISBN : 9780429558979
Genre : Computers
File Size : 68.87 MB
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Remarkable progress has been achieved within recent years in developing flexible, wearable, and stretchable (FWS) electronics. These electronics will play an increasingly significant role in the future of electronics and will open new product paradigms that conventional semiconductors are not capable of. This is because flexible electronics will allow us to build flexible circuits and devices on a substrate that can be bent, stretched, or folded without losing functionality. This revolutionary change will impact how we interact with the world around us. Future electronic devices will use flexible electronics as part of ambient intelligence and ubiquitous computing for many different applications such as consumer electronics, medical, healthcare, and security devices. Thus, these devices have the potential to create a huge market all over the world. Flexible, Wearable, and Stretchable Electronics, provide a comprehensive technological review of the state-of-the-art developments in FWS electronics. This book offers the reader a taste of what is possible with FWS electronics and describes how these electronics can provide unique solutions for a wide variety of applications. Furthermore, the book introduces and explains new applications of flexible technology that has opened up the future of FWS electronics.
Category: Computers

Wearable Monitoring Systems

Author : Annalisa Bonfiglio
ISBN : 1441973842
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 53.55 MB
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As diverse as tomorrow’s society constituent groups may be, they will share the common requirements that their life should become safer and healthier, offering higher levels of effectiveness, communication and personal freedom. The key common part to all potential solutions fulfilling these requirements is wearable embedded systems, with longer periods of autonomy, offering wider functionality, more communication possibilities and increased computational power. As electronic and information systems on the human body, their role is to collect relevant physiological information, and to interface between humans and local and/or global information systems. Within this context, there is an increasing need for applications in diverse fields, from health to rescue to sport and even remote activities in space, to have real-time access to vital signs and other behavioral parameters for personalized healthcare, rescue operation planning, etc. This book’s coverage will span all scientific and technological areas that define wearable monitoring systems, including sensors, signal processing, energy, system integration, communications, and user interfaces. Six case studies will be used to illustrate the principles and practices introduced.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Medical Biosensors For Point Of Care Poc Applications

Author : Roger J Narayan
ISBN : 9780081000786
Genre : Medical
File Size : 52.2 MB
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Medical Biosensors for Point of Care (POC) Applications discusses advances in this important and emerging field which has the potential to transform patient diagnosis and care. Part 1 covers the fundamentals of medical biosensors for point-of-care applications. Chapters in part 2 go on to look at materials and fabrication of medical biosensors while the next part looks at different technologies and operational techniques. The final set of chapters provide an overview of the current applications of this technology. Traditionally medical diagnostics have been dependent on sophisticated technologies which only trained professionals were able to operate. Recent research has focused on creating point-of-care diagnostic tools. These biosensors are miniaturised, portable, and are designed to be used at the point-of-care by untrained individuals, providing real-time and remote health monitoring. Provides essential knowledge for designers and manufacturers of biosensors for point-of-care applications Provides comprehensive coverage of the fundamentals, materials, technologies, and applications of medical biosensors for point-of-care applications Includes contributions from leading international researchers with extensive experience in developing medical biosensors Discusses advances in this important and emerging field which has the potential to transform patient diagnosis and care
Category: Medical

Circuits And Systems For Biomedical Applications

Author : Heidari, Hadi
ISBN : 9788770220538
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 55.2 MB
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Circuits and Systems for Biomedical Applications-UKCAS 2018 covers several advanced topics in the area of Devices, Analog and Mixed-Signal Circuits and Systems for Biomedical Applications. The fundamental aspects of these topics are discussed, and state-of-the-art developments are presented. The book proceeds the 1st United Kingdom Circuits and Systems (UKCAS 2018) Workshop. It addresses multidisciplinary theme areas such as Biosensing, Memristors, next-generation medical diagnostics, neural-inspired circuits, neural implants, neuro-prostheses, prosthetic hand and neuro-rehabilitation. Having perceived the device and circuit assets for such technologies and knowing what challenges these present for the biomedical scientists and engineers, integrated circuits for addressable biosensing are reviewed in the first chapter. The Second Chapter is harnessing the power of the brain using metal­oxide Memristors. The third chapter contains construction of an endoscopic capsule for the diagnostics of dysmotilities in the gastro­intestinal track. The next three chapters are on neural interfaces: analogue building blocks of neural inspired circuits are described in the fourth chapter while chapter five focuses on circuits for bio-potential recording from the brain. Networked Integrated circuits and their use in creating advanced implantable stimulation systems will be discussed in chapter six. This topic will be completed by circuits and systems for control of Prosthetic Hands in seventh chapter and genetically enhanced brain­implants for neuro-rehabilitation in chapter eight.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Vlsi Circuits And Systems Ii

Author : José Fco López
ISBN : 0819458325
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 35.56 MB
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Proceedings of SPIE present the original research papers presented at SPIE conferences and other high-quality conferences in the broad-ranging fields of optics and photonics. These books provide prompt access to the latest innovations in research and technology in their respective fields. Proceedings of SPIE are among the most cited references in patent literature.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Microwave And Millimeter Wave Circuits And Systems

Author : Apostolos Georgiadis
ISBN : 9781118406359
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 41.2 MB
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Microwave and Millimeter Wave Circuits and Systems: EmergingDesign, Technologies and Applications provides a wide spectrumof current trends in the design of microwave and millimetercircuits and systems. In addition, the book identifies thestate-of-the art challenges in microwave and millimeter wavecircuits systems design such as behavioral modeling of circuitcomponents, software radio and digitally enhanced front-ends, newand promising technologies such as substrate-integrated-waveguide(SIW) and wearable electronic systems, and emerging applicationssuch as tracking of moving targets using ultra-wideband radar, andnew generation satellite navigation systems. Each chapter treats aselected problem and challenge within the field of Microwave andMillimeter wave circuits, and contains case studies and exampleswhere appropriate. Key Features: Discusses modeling and design strategies for new appealingapplications in the domain of microwave and millimeter wavecircuits and systems Written by experts active in the Microwave and Millimeter Wavefrequency range (industry and academia) Addresses modeling/design/applications both from the circuit asfrom the system perspective Covers the latest innovations in the respective fields Each chapter treats a selected problem and challenge within thefield of Microwave and Millimeter wave circuits, and contains casestudies and examples where appropriate This book serves as an excellent reference for engineers,researchers, research project managers and engineers working inR&D, professors, and post-graduates studying related courses.It will also be of interest to professionals working in productdevelopment and PhD students.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Future Information Technology

Author : James J. (Jong Hyuk) Park
ISBN : 9783642550386
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 78.25 MB
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The new multimedia standards (for example, MPEG-21) facilitate the seamless integration of multiple modalities into interoperable multimedia frameworks, transforming the way people work and interact with multimedia data. These key technologies and multimedia solutions interact and collaborate with each other in increasingly effective ways, contributing to the multimedia revolution and having a significant impact across a wide spectrum of consumer, business, healthcare, education and governmental domains. This book aims to provide a complete coverage of the areas outlined and to bring together the researchers from academic and industry as well as practitioners to share ideas, challenges and solutions relating to the multifaceted aspects of this field.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Flexible And Stretchable Medical Devices

Author : Kuniharu Takei
ISBN : 9783527804863
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 88.76 MB
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The book introduces flexible and stretchable wearable electronic systems and covers in detail the technologies and materials required for healthcare and medical applications. A team of excellent authors gives an overview of currently available flexible devices and thoroughly describes their physical mechanisms that enable sensing human conditions. In dedicated chapters, crucial components needed to realize flexible and wearable devices are discussed which include transistors and sensors and deal with memory, data handling and display. Additionally, suitable power sources based on photovoltaics, thermoelectric energy and supercapacitors are reviewed. A special chapter treats implantable flexible sensors for neural recording. The book editor concludes with a perspective on this rapidly developing field which is expected to have a great impact on healthcare in the 21st century.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Design And Optimization Of Sensors And Antennas For Wearable Devices Emerging Research And Opportunities

Author : Singh, Vinod Kumar
ISBN : 9781522596851
Genre : Computers
File Size : 47.20 MB
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Wearable continuous monitoring systems are necessary in risky environments such as mining and diving and are especially important in the medical monitoring of patients both in medical facilities and at home. All these applications of monitoring with data transmission functions can be achieved by using wearable antennas. Recently, possibilities of connecting completely independent appliances with textiles have emerged. However, full success will be achieved only when antennas and all related components are entirely converted into 100% textile materials. Design and Optimization of Sensors and Antennas for Wearable Devices: Emerging Research and Opportunities provides innovative insights on the development of adaptable materials and textile antennas that can be used in the construction of wearable devices that are biocompatible and offer high conductivity, low cost, simplistic manufacturing, are comfortable for the wearer, and are water/climate safe and condition amicable. The content within this publication examines data transmission, wearable computing, and medical applications. It is designed for engineers, manufacturers, researchers, academicians, and scientists who are interested in the development of wearable technologies.
Category: Computers

Low Power Active Electrode Ics For Wearable Eeg Acquisition

Author : Jiawei Xu
ISBN : 9783319748634
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 55.62 MB
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This book presents fundamental requirements, electrical specification, and parameter tradeoffs of wearable EEG acquisition circuits, especially those compatible with dry electrodes for user-friendly recordings. The authors introduce active electrode, the most promising solution for dry electrodes-based EEG measurement. This architectural concept has been combined with various, innovative circuit design techniques to illustrate structured IC design methodologies for high performance EEG recording. This book also gives examples on the design, implementation and evaluation of three generations of active electrode ICs.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Inside Wearable Technology

Author : Brett S Martin
ISBN : 9781532170812
Genre :
File Size : 43.89 MB
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Wearable technology, or wearables, put the power of a computer in a small piece of jewelry or clothing. They can check messages, listen to music, or even monitor health conditions. Inside Wearable Technology introduces readers to the uses of wearable technology, the hardware and software that make wearable technology possible, and the future of wearable technology. Aligned to Common Core Standards and correlated to state standards. Core Library is an imprint of Abdo Publishing, a division of ABDO.

Sensors Circuits Instrumentation Systems

Author : Olfa Kanoun
ISBN : 9783110448375
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 61.78 MB
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Signal Processing is one of the large specializations in electrical engineering, mechanical engineering and computer sciences. It derives input from physics, mathematics and is an indispensable feature of all natural- and life sciences in research and in application. The snew series "Advanced Issues on Signals, Systems and Devices" presents original publications mainly from speakers on the International Conferences on Signal Systems and Devices but also from other international authors. The Conference is a forum for researchers and specialists in different fields covering all types of sensors and measurement systems as for example: Biomedical and Environmental Measurements & Instrumentation; Optical, Chemical and Biomedical Sensors; Mechanical and Thermal Sensors; Micro-Sensors and MEMS-Technology; Nano Sensors, Nano Systems and Nano Technology; Spectroscopy Methods; Signal Processing and Modelling; Multi Sensor Data Fusion; Data Acquisition & Distributed Measurements; Medical and Environmental Applications; Circuit Test, Device Characterization and Modelling; Custom and Semi-Custom Circuits; Analog Circuit Design; Low-Voltage, Low-Power VLSI Design; Hardware Implementation; Materials, Devices and Interconnects; Packaging and Reliability; Battery Monitoring: Impedance Spectroscopy for Measurement and Sensor Solutions; Energy Harvesting and Wireless power Transfer Systems; Wireless Sensor Networks in Industrial Plants This first volume of the new series mainly devotes to the most recent research and implementation of sensors-, circuit systems in signal processing, energy harvesting, nano- and molecular electronics.
Category: Technology & Engineering

The Iot Physical Layer

Author : Ibrahim (Abe) M. Elfadel
ISBN : 9783319931005
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 36.28 MB
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This book documents some of the most recent advances on the physical layer of the Internet of Things (IoT), including sensors, circuits, and systems. The application area selected for illustrating these advances is that of autonomous, wearable systems for real-time medical diagnosis. The book is unique in that it adopts a holistic view of such systems and includes not only the sensor and processing subsystems, but also the power, communication, and security subsystems. Particular attention is paid to the integration of these IoT subsystems as well as the prototyping platforms needed for achieving such integration. Other unique features include the discussion of energy-harvesting subsystems to achieve full energy autonomy and the consideration of hardware security as a requirement for the integrity of the IoT physical layer. One unifying thread of the various designs considered in this book is that they have all been fabricated and tested in an advanced, low-power CMOS process, namely GLOBALFOUNDRIES 65nm CMOS LPe.
Category: Technology & Engineering