Choice Welfare And Measurement

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Choice Welfare And Measurement

Author : Amartya Sen
ISBN : 0674127781
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 29.17 MB
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"Choice, Welfare and Measurement contains many of Amartya Sen's most important contributions to economic analysis and methods, including papers on individual and social choice, preference and rationality, and aggregation and economic measurement. A substantial introductory essay interrelates his diverse concerns, and also analyzes discussions generated by the original papers, focusing on the underlying issues."--P. [4] of cover.
Category: Business & Economics

Amartya Sen S Capability Approach

Author : Wiebke Kuklys
ISBN : 3540261982
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 62.72 MB
Format : PDF
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Kuklys examines how Nobel Prize-winning economist Amartya Sen’s approach to welfare measurement can be put in practice for poverty and inequality measurement in affluent societies such as the UK. Sen argues that an individual’s welfare should not be measured in terms of her income, but in terms what she can actually do or be, her capabilities. In Chapters 1 and 2, Kuklys describes the capability approach from a standard welfare economic point of view and provides a comprehensive literature review of the empirical applications in this area of research. In the remaining chapters, novel econometric techniques are employed to operationalise the concepts of functionings and capability to investigate inequality and poverty in terms of capability in the UK. Kuklys finds that capability measurement is always a useful complement to traditional monetary analysis, and particularly so in the case of capability-deprived disabled individuals.
Category: Business & Economics

The Oxford Handbook Of Well Being And Public Policy

Author : Matthew D. Adler
ISBN : 9780199325832
Genre : Law
File Size : 68.37 MB
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What are the methodologies for assessing and improving governmental policy in light of well-being? The Oxford Handbook of Well-Being and Public Policy provides a comprehensive, interdisciplinary treatment of this topic. The contributors draw from welfare economics, moral philosophy, and psychology and are leading scholars in these fields. The Handbook includes thirty chapters divided into four Parts. Part I covers the full range of methodologies for evaluating governmental policy and assessing societal condition-including both the leading approaches in current use by policymakers and academics (such as GDP, cost-benefit analysis, cost-effectiveness analysis, inequality and poverty metrics, and the concept of the "social welfare function"), and emerging techniques. Part II focuses on the nature of well-being. What, most fundamentally, determines whether an individual life is better or worse for the person living it? Her happiness? Her preference-satisfaction? Her attainment of various "objective goods"? Part III addresses the measurement of well-being and the thorny topic of interpersonal comparisons. How can we construct a meaningful scale of individual welfare, which allows for comparisons of well-being levels and differences, both within one individual's life, and across lives? Finally, Part IV reviews the major challenges to designing governmental policy around individual well-being.
Category: Law

Welfare Measurement In Imperfect Markets

Author : Thomas Aronsson
ISBN : 1845421515
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 66.32 MB
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A completely rewritten update of: Welfare measurement, sustainability, and green national accounting / Thomas Aronsson, Per-Olov Johansson, Karl-Gustaf L'ofgren. c1997.
Category: Business & Economics

Handbook Of Income Distribution

Author : Anthony B. Atkinson
ISBN : 9780444594761
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 85.30 MB
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What new theories, evidence, explanations, and policies have shaped our studies of income distribution in the 21st century? Editors Tony Atkinson and Francois Bourguignon assemble the expertise of leading authorities in this survey of substantive issues. In two volumes they address subjects that were not covered in Volume 1 (2000), such as education, health and experimental economics; and subjects that were covered but where there have been substantial new developments, such as the historical study of income inequality and globalization. Some chapters discuss future growth areas, such as inheritance, the links between inequality and macro-economics and finance, and the distributional implications of climate change. They also update empirical advances and major changes in the policy environment. The volumes define and organize key areas of income distribution studies Contributors focus on identifying newly developing questions and opportunities for future research The authoritative articles emphasize the ways that income mobility and inequality studies have recently gained greater political significance
Category: Social Science

Welfare Measuring Social Welfare

Author : Dale Weldeau Jorgenson
ISBN : 0262100630
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 63.15 MB
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This volume presents an approach to the evaluation of economic policies through the econometric modeling of aggregate consumer behavior. While the preferences of individual consumers are revealed by their market choices, these preferences can be recovered only by econometric methods, not through the index numbers used in the official statistics. The richer and more robust methodology presented in this volume provides a fruitful point of departure for future policy evaluations. The econometric approach replaces ordinal measures of individual welfare that cannot be compared among individuals with cardinal measures that can. These are combined into an indicator of social welfare that reflects principles of horizontal and vertical equity. This approach unifies the measurement of poverty, inequality, and cost and standard of living. It extends the scope of normative economics to a broader range of issues in the evaluation of economic and social policies.
Category: Business & Economics

The Measurement Of Environmental And Resource Values

Author : A. Myrick Freeman
ISBN : 1891853627
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 90.87 MB
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Non-market valuation is becoming increasingly accepted as an evaluative tool of economics related to environmental and resource protection. Freeman (economics, Bowdoin College) presents an overview of the literature, introducing the principal methods and techniques of resource valuation. Chapters cover the measurement of welfare changes, revealed and stated preference models, nonuse models, aggregation of values across time, environmental quality as factor input, longevity and health valuation, property value models, hedonic wage models, and recreational uses of natural resource systems. Annotation (c)2003 Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com).
Category: Business & Economics

Measurement Of Welfare Changes Caused By Large Price Shifts

Author : Robert Bacon
ISBN : 0821331558
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 50.95 MB
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World Bank Discussion Paper No. 273. This paper discusses the problems of measuring welfare changes caused by large price increases or decreases in the power sector--for example, when tariffs are raised to cover long-term costs or when electrificat
Category: Business & Economics

Dialogues With Contemporary Political Theorists

Author : Gary Browning
ISBN : 9780230303058
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 48.5 MB
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Dialogues with Contemporary Political Theorists consists of a series of dialogues with pre-eminent contemporary political theorists that are undertaken by political theorists, who are currently interested in and engaged by their work. The dialogues deal with the influences upon and significant works of these major theorists as well as their views on the current state of political theory and the significant issues of contemporary politics. The political theorists who are the focus of these dialogues represent all major aspects of contemporary political theory, and are drawn from several areas of the globe. What they have in common and reveal in these interviews are fascinating backgrounds and influences and highly individual perspectives on theory and politics. The upshot is a multi-faceted introduction to political theory today.
Category: Philosophy

Health Inequalities And Global Justice

Author : Patti Tamara Lenard
ISBN : 9780748656523
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 75.28 MB
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Explores the moral dilemmas posed by disparities in health across nations
Category: Political Science

Feminist Economics Today

Author : Marianne A. Ferber
ISBN : 0226242064
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 59.86 MB
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The 1993 publication of Marianne A. Ferber and Julie A. Nelson's Beyond Economic Man was a landmark in both feminist scholarship and the discipline of economics, and it quickly became a handbook for those seeking to explore the emerging connections between the two. A decade later, this book looks back at the progress of feminist economics and forward to its future, offering both a thorough overview of feminist economic thought and a collection of new, high-quality work from the field's leading scholars.
Category: Business & Economics

Arguments For A Better World Essays In Honor Of Amartya Sen

Author : Kaushik Basu
ISBN : 9780199239115
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 74.14 MB
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Sanjay G. Reddy, Kevin Roberts, Ingrid Robeyns, Maurice Salles, Emma Samman, Cristina Santos, Thomas. M. Scanlon, Arjun Sengupta, Tae Kun Seo, Anthony Shorrocks, Ronald Smith, Rehman Sobhan, Robert M. Solow, Nicholas Stern, Frances Stewart, Joseph E. Stiglitz, S.Subramanian, Kotaro Suzumura, Alain Trannoy, Ashutosh Varshney, Sujata Visaria, Guanghua Wan, Jorgen W. Weibull, John A. Weymark, and Yongsheng Xu.
Category: Business & Economics

Social Decision Methodology For Technological Projects

Author : C.A. Vlek
ISBN : 9789400924253
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 41.34 MB
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This book grew out of the conviction that the preparation and management of large-scale technological projects can be substantially improved. We have witnessed the often unhappy course of societal and political decision making concerning projects such as hazardous chemical installations, novel types of electric power plant or storage sites for solid wastes. This has led us to believe that probabilistic risk analysis, technical reliability analysis and environm,ental impact analysis are necessary but insufficient for making acceptable, and justifiable, social decisions about such projects. There is more to socio-technical decision making than applying acceptance rules based on neglige ably low accident probabilities or on maximum credible accidents. Consideration must also be given to psychological, social and political issues and methods of decision making. Our conviction initially gave rise to an international experts' workshop titled 'Social decision methodology for technological projects' (SDMTP) and held in May 1986 at the University of Groningen, the Netherlands, at a time when Cvetkovich spent a sabbatical there. The work shop - aimed at surveying the issues and listing the methods to address them - was the first part of an effort whose second part was directed at the production of this volume. Plans called for the book to deal systematically with the main problems of socio-technical decision making; it was to list a number of useful approaches and methods; and it was to present a number of integrative conclusions and recommendations for both policy makers and methodologists.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Theory And Practice

Author : Ian Shapiro
ISBN : 0814780555
Genre : Law
File Size : 43.73 MB
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What are the relations between philosophical theories and everyday life? This question, as old as it is profound, is the central focus of Theory and Practice. The authors include some of the most influential thinkers of our generation, among them Cass Sunstein, Jean Bethke Elshtain, Martha Nussbaum, Jeremy Waldron, and Kent Greenawalt. In sixteen chapters--all published here for the first time--the authors examine major attempts to reconcile theory with practice in the Western tradition, from Herodotus, Plato, and Aristotle to Kant and Heidegger, and examine contemporary efforts to grapple with this problem.
Category: Law

Pluralism And Democracy In India

Author : Wendy Doniger
ISBN : 9780199380930
Genre : Religion
File Size : 64.74 MB
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Wendy Doniger and Martha Nussbaum bring together leading scholars from a wide array of disciplines to address a crucial question: How does the world's most populous democracy survive repeated assaults on its pluralistic values? India's stunning linguistic, cultural, and religious diversity has been supported since Independence by a political structure that emphasizes equal rights for all, and protects liberties of religion and speech. But a decent Constitution does not implement itself, and challenges to these core values repeatedly arise-most recently in the form of the Hindu Right movements of the twenty-first century that threatened to destabilize the nation and upend its core values, in the wake of a notorious pogrom in the state of Gujarat in which approximately 2000 Muslim civilians were killed. Focusing on this time of tension and threat, the essays in this volume consider how a pluralistic democracy managed to survive. They examine the role of political parties and movements, including the women's movement, as well as the role of the arts, the press, the media, and a historical legacy of pluralistic thought and critical argument. Featuring essays from eminent scholars in history, religious studies, political science, economics, women's studies, and media studies, Pluralism and Democracy in India offers an urgently needed case study in democratic survival. As Nehru said of India on the eve of Independence: ''These dreams are for India, but they are also for the world.'' The analysis this volume offers illuminates not only the past and future of one nation, but the prospects of democracy for all.
Category: Religion

Fifty Key Thinkers On Development

Author : David Simon
ISBN : 9781134304882
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 39.43 MB
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The essential guide to the world’s most influential development thinkers, this authoritative text presents a unique guide to the lives and ideas of leading contributors to the contested terrain of development studies. Reflecting the diverse, interdisciplinary nature of the area, the book includes entries on: * modernisers like Hirshman, Kindleberger and Rostow * dependencistas such as Frank, Cardoso and Amin * progressives like Prebisch, Helleiner and Streeten * political leaders enunciating radical alternative visions of development, such as Mao, Nkrumah and Nyerere * progenitors of religiously or spiritually inspired development, such as Gandhi and Ariyaratne * development-environment thinkers like Blaikie, Brookfield and Shiva. This is a fascinating and readable introduction to the major figures that have shaped the field, ideal for anyone studying or working in the area.
Category: Business & Economics