Children Childhood And Everyday Life

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Children Childhood And Everyday Life

Author : Mariane Hedegaard
ISBN : 9781617357343
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 58.74 MB
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Children live their lives across various social settings, including homes, kindergartens, schools and different kinds of institutions. The different contributions of this book focus on children's perspectives, and on how children learn and develop through taking part in activities in social communities such as families, peer groups, classrooms, and day care institutions. This collection illustrates different ways of dealing with varying social contexts, and the research presented involves questions about children's world-making, anchored in children's daily lives. The studies are inspired by Vygotsky's theory of development (1998), as well as childhood sociology. One of the aims has been to problematice time, change, continuity, developmental trajectories, and transitions in order to identify novel ways of discussing 'development' in relation to different trajectories through childhood and youth.
Category: Social Science

Children S Transitions In Everyday Life And Institutions

Author : Mariane Hedegaard
ISBN : 9781350021471
Genre : Education
File Size : 61.94 MB
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Written by a team of international contributors and featuring case studies from a range of educational settings in Australia, Denmark, Spain, Sweden, and the USA, this edited book is the first in the field of early childhood and youth studies to draw on Vygotsky's cultural-historical theory to give insights into transitions in childhood, what they are and how they are differently experienced. Transitions are explored holistically so the chapters not only focus on the person transitioning but also the institutions in which the person is transitioning from and to, with a focus on schools and daycare. The contributors look at how societal values and policies impact these transitions and comparison are drawn between international settings. The book includes chapters on expatriate families, immigrant children, home-school transitions, the role of play and communities. Through interviews, case studies and the analysis of empirical material from fieldwork, Children's Transitions in Everyday Life and Institutions reflects on the best ways to engage children so that they may emerge as competent actors in their new settings and transition well.
Category: Education

Disputes In Everyday Life

Author : Susan Danby
ISBN : 9781780528779
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 80.91 MB
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This volume offers a contemporary understanding of the relational matters of children's peer cultures to better understand and address the complex nature of children and young people's everyday lives in today's society.
Category: Social Science

Children And Everyday Life In The Roman And Late Antique World

Author : Christian Laes
ISBN : 9781317175513
Genre : History
File Size : 48.28 MB
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Children and Everyday Life in the Roman and Late Antique World explores what it meant to be a child in the Roman world - what were children’s concerns, interests and beliefs - and whether we can find traces of children’s own cultures. By combining different theoretical approaches and source materials, the contributors explore the environments in which children lived, their experience of everyday life, and what the limits were for their agency. The volume brings together scholars of archaeology and material culture, classicists, ancient historians, theologians, and scholars of early Christianity and Judaism, all of whom have long been involved in the study of the social and cultural history of children. The topics discussed include children's living environments; clothing; childhood care; social relations; leisure and play; health and disability; upbringing and schooling; and children's experiences of death. While the main focus of the volume is on Late Antiquity its coverage begins with the early Roman Empire, and extends to the early ninth century CE. The result is the first book-length scrutiny of the agency and experience of pre-modern children.
Category: History

The Sociology Of Children Childhood And Generation

Author : Madeleine Leonard
ISBN : 9781473952690
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 40.78 MB
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Outlining sociology’s distinctive contribution to childhood studies and our understanding of contemporary children and childhood, The Sociology of Children, Childhood and Generation provides a thought provoking and comprehensive account of the connections between the macro worlds of childhood and the micro worlds of children’s everyday lives. Examining children’s involvement in areas such as the labour market, family life, education, play and leisure, the book provides an effective balance between understanding childhood as a structural phenomenon, and recognising children as meaning makers actively involved in constructing, co-constructing and reconstructing their everyday lives. Through the concept of 'generagency' Madeleine Leonard offers a model for examining and illuminating how structure and agency are activated within interdependent relationships influenced by generational positioning. This framework provides a conceptual tool for thinking about the continuities, challenges and changes that impact on how childhood is lived and experienced.
Category: Social Science

The Ethics Of Everyday Life

Author : Michael Banner
ISBN : 9780191030772
Genre : Religion
File Size : 78.55 MB
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The moments in Christ's human life noted in the creeds (his conception, birth, suffering, death, and burial) are events which would likely appear in a syllabus for a course in social anthropology, for they are of special interest and concern in human life, and also sites of contention and controversy, where what it is to be human is discovered, constructed, and contested. In other words, these are the occasions for profound and continuing questioning regarding the meaning of human life, as controversies to do with IVF, abortion, euthanasia, and the use of bodies or body parts post mortem plainly indicate. Thus the following questions arise, how do the instances in Christ's life represent human life, and how do these representations relate to present day cultural norms, expectations, and newly emerging modes of relationship, themselves shaping and framing human life? How does the Christian imagination of human life, which dwells on and draws from the life of Christ, not only articulate its own, but also come into conversation with and engage other moral imaginaries of the human? Michael Banner argues that consideration of these questions requires study of moral theology, therefore, he reconceives its nature and tasks, and in particular, its engagement with social anthropology. Drawing from social anthropology and Christian thought and practice from many periods, and influenced especially by his engagement in public policy matters including as a member of the UK's Human Tissue Authority, Banner aims to develop the outlines of an everyday ethics, stretching from before the cradle to after the grave.
Category: Religion

Violence And Mental Health In Everyday Life

Author : Daniel J. Flannery
ISBN : 0759104921
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 24.97 MB
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Clinical psychologist Daniel J. Flannery reveals the impact of violence and victimization in the lives of children and adolescents from a developmental perspective. He offers case studies and professional resources, including web sites and readings related to violence and mental health. It is an essential resource for parents and public health practitioners in school systems, mental health, and social work, as well as professionals in juvenile justice and law enforcement.
Category: Psychology

Children Childhood And Cultural Heritage

Author : Kate Darian-Smith
ISBN : 9780415529945
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 55.34 MB
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Children, Childhood and Cultural Heritage explores how the everyday experiences of children, and their imaginative and creative worlds, are collected, interpreted and displayed in museums and on monuments, and represented through objects and cultural lore. Young people constitute up to half the population of any given society, but their lives are inescapably influenced by the expectations and decisions of adults. As a result, children’s distinct experiences are frequently subsumed within the broader histories and heritage of their families and communities. And while adults inevitably play a prominent role in children’s lives, children are also active creators of their own cultures. As this volume so vividly demonstrate, the cultural heritage of children is rich and varied, and highly revealing of past and present attitudes to children and their work, play, creativity, and human rights. The essays in this book span the experiences of children from classical Rome to the present moment, and examine the diverse social and historical contexts underlying the public representations of childhood in Britain, Europe, North America, Australia, North Africa and Japan. Case studies examine the heritage of schools and domestic spaces; the objects and games of play; the commemoration of child Holocaust survivors; memorials to Indigenous child-removal under colonial regimes; children as collectors of objects and as authors of juvenilia; curatorial practices at museums of childhood; and the role of children as visitors to historical sites. Until now, the cultural heritage of children and the representations of childhood have been largely absent from scholarly discussions of museology, heritage places and material culture. This volume rectifies that gap, bringing together international experts in children’s histories and heritage. Aimed at a wide readership of students, academics, and museum and heritage professionals, Children, Childhood and Cultural Heritage authoritatively defines the key issues in this exciting new field.
Category: Social Science

Everyday Activities To Help Your Young Child With Autism Live Life To The Full

Author : Debra S. Jacobs
ISBN : 9781849052382
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 40.57 MB
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Addresses the challenges that young children with autism face and provides simple ideas, activities, and exercises that will help improve a child's sense of body awareness, coordination, motor skills, and various social challenges.
Category: Psychology

Creating Positive Systems Of Child And Family Welfare

Author : Gary Cameron
ISBN : 9781442666276
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 21.49 MB
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The North American approach to child protection is broadly accepted, despite frequent criticisms of its core limitations: parental fear and resistance, the limited range of services and supports available to families, escalating costs, and high stress and turnover among service providers. Could these shortcomings be improved through organizational or system reform? Based on findings from a decade’s worth of research, Creating Positive Systems of Child and Family Welfare provides original reflections on the everyday realities of families and front-line service providers involved with the system. It includes data from a variety of regions and situations, all linked together through a common investigatory framework. The contributors highlight areas of concern in current approaches to child and family welfare, but also propose new solutions that would make the system more welcoming and helpful both for families and for service providers.
Category: Social Science

Applied Psychology In Everyday Life

Author : Christopher J. L. Cunningham
ISBN : 9781443832427
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 80.44 MB
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The practice of psychology involves more than the clinical treatment of mental illness. Although the media may perpetuate the view that all psychologists are healthcare professionals, or specialists who deal with deviant or non-normal behaviors, the majority of psychologists study and practice in diverse areas of human functioning other than clinical psychology. Psychology is the scientific study of human thought and behavior, all human behavior. It is a science with the same rigorous research standards as physics, chemistry, or biology. This book showcases a variety of applications of psychological science in the areas of health, law, sports, business, religion, and money. It is an outgrowth of the River Cities Industrial-Organizational Psychology Conference held at The University of Tennessee at Chattanooga, USA, in October 2008. The theme of the 2008 conference was “Applying Psychology to Everyday Life.” We hope the content of this volume enhances your awareness of the importance of applied psychology and that it motivates you to further explore its potential to impact our daily lives.
Category: Psychology

Every Child Matters

Author : Julie Fraser
ISBN : 9781905540402
Genre : Educational tests and measurements
File Size : 24.88 MB
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Involve all pupils and make youth sport more inclusive using Every Child Matters guidance This book will clarify and provide guidance on the P-scale assessment of pupils in physical education. Every Child Matters provides you, the teacher, with criteria for every physical education activity and P-scale, while still relating these criteria to the four strands of learning. It takes the National Curriculum 2000 and QCA Schemes of Work 2000 to another level. Give young people ownership of their achievements It is a proven way to improve their level of ability in physical education. Using this resource as a vital reference tool, you can improve the accuracy of your judgements and can measure progress in physical education. You can ensure that every child is involved, developing and enjoying PE. Provides much-needed support materials for the National CPD modules on assessment. Gives support for effective observation of pupils' progress in their knowledge and understanding, as well as for their physical skills. Puts forward an assessment framework for pupils aged 5-16 years who are unable to attain age-related expected levels. Takes the National Curriculum 2000 and QCA Schemes of Work 2000 documents a stage further by developing criteria for each activity and P-scale while relating it to the 4 strands of learning.
Category: Educational tests and measurements

A Clinician S Guide To Normal Cognitive Development In Childhood

Author : Elisabeth Hollister Sandberg
ISBN : 9781136914799
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 59.33 MB
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Clinicians and practitioners-in-training can often lose sight of the normal developmental landscape that underlies behavior, especially in the field of cognitive development. It exists in an insular bubble within the broader field of psychology, and within each sub-domain there is a wide continuum between the anchors of atypical and optimal development. Clinicians need to learn, and to be reminded of, the unique peculiarities of developing cognitive skills in order to appreciate normal developmental phenomena. In A Clinician's Guide to Normal Cognitive Development in Childhood, every chapter provides students and established professionals with an accessible set of descriptions of normal childhood cognition, accompanied by suggestions for how to think about normal development in a clinical context. Each sub-topic within cognitive development is explicated through a succinct presentation of empirical data in that area, followed by a discussion of the ethical implications. With an extensive review of data and clinical practice techniques, professionals and students alike will benefit enormously from this resource.
Category: Psychology

The Economic Psychology Of Everyday Life

Author : Paul Webley
ISBN : 9781134659715
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 71.66 MB
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From childhood through to adulthood, retirement and finally death, The Economic Psychology of Everyday Life uniquely explores the economic problems all individuals have to solve across the course of their lives. Webley, Burgoyne, Lea and Young begin by introducing the concept of economic behaviour and its study. They then examine the main economic issues faced at each life stage, including: * the impact of advertising on children * buying a first house and setting up home * changing family roles and gender-linked inequality * redundancy and unemployment * coping on a pension * obituaries, wills and inheritance. Finally they draw together the commonalties of economic problems across the lifespan, discuss generational and cultural changes in economic behaviour, and examine the significance of other, non-economic constraints, upon individuals. The Economic Psychology of Everyday Life provides a much-needed comprehensive and accessible guide to economic psychology which will be of great interest to researchers and students.
Category: Psychology

The Neuropsychology Of Everyday Life Issues In Development And Rehabilitation

Author : David E. Tupper
ISBN : 9781461315117
Genre : Medical
File Size : 39.87 MB
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For a period of some fifteen years following completion of my internship training in clinical psychology (1950-1951) at the Washington University School of Medicine and my concurrent successful navigation through that school's neuroanatomy course, clinical work in neuropsychology for me and the psychologists of my generation consisted almost exclusively of our trying to help our physician colleagues differentiate patients with neurologic disorders from those with psychiatric disorders. In time, experience led all of us from the several disciplines involved in this enterprise to the conclusion that the crude diagnostic techniques available to us circa 1945-1965 had garnered little valid information on which to base such complex, differential diagnostic decisions. It now is gratifying to look back and review the remarkable progress that has occurred in the field of clinical neuropsychology in the four decades since I was a graduate student. In the late 1940s such pioneers as Ward Halstead, Alexander Luria, George Yacorzynski, Hans-Lukas Teuber, and Arthur Benton already were involved in clinical studies that, by the late 1960s, would markedly have improved the quality of clinical practice. However, the only psychological tests that the clinical psychologist of my immediate post Second Wodd War generation had as aids for the diagnosis of neurologically based conditions involving cognitive deficit were such old standbys as the Wechsler-Bellevue, Rorschach, Draw A Person, Bender Gestalt, and Graham Kendall Memory for Designs Test.
Category: Medical

Science In Early Childhood

Author : Coral Campbell
ISBN : 9781107623316
Genre : Education
File Size : 28.49 MB
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This comprehensive and engaging text covers the theoretical underpinnings and practical applications of teaching science in early childhood settings.
Category: Education

Childhood Autism And Asperger S Syndrome

Author : Paul Cresswell
ISBN : 9781409264088
Genre :
File Size : 88.97 MB
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Do you have an autistic child or know someone who has autism?Do you understand the special needs of an autistic person? Sometimes it is hard to understand that an autistic child is trapped within themselves without the ability to communicate or socially interact with others. While there is no cause or cure yet, autism can be treated and according to the level of severity, many adult autistic people can enjoy a rich, fulfilling life.How do parents cope with a lifetime of caring and nurturing an autistic child? You can scan a thousand websites and read hundreds of books and most people will still not have a completer understanding of autism and how it affects the child... This book gives you the answers you're looking for.
Category:

Handbook Of Evidence Based Practice In Clinical Psychology Child And Adolescent Disorders

Author : Michel Hersen
ISBN : 9781118144725
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 56.74 MB
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Handbook of Evidence-Based Practice in Clinical Psychology, Volume 1 covers the evidence-based practices now identified for treating children and adolescents with a wide range of DSM disorders. Topics include fundamental issues, developmental disorders, behavior and habit disorders, anxiety and mood disorders, and eating disorders. Each chapter provides a comprehensive review of the evidence-based practice literature for each disorder and then covers several different treatment types for clinical implementation. Edited by the renowned Peter Sturmey and Michel Hersen and featuring contributions from experts in the field, this reference is ideal for academics, researchers, and libraries.
Category: Psychology

Conceptualising Child Adult Relations

Author : Leena Alanen
ISBN : 9781134579433
Genre : Education
File Size : 23.60 MB
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Conceptualising Child-Adult Relations focuses on how children conceptualise and experience child-adult relations. The authors explore the idea of generation as a key to understanding children's agency in intersection with social worlds which are largely organised and ordered by adults. The authors explore two interconnected themes: how children define the division of labour between children and adults, and how far children regard themselves as constituting a seperate group. This book is ground-breaking in its focus on the variety and commonality in children's lives and views across a broad range of contexts. It provides innovative theoretical approaches to the growing study of childhood by homing in on intergenerational relations as a main concept, and draws attention to links across the main sites of children's lives such as the home, neighbourhood and school. Moreover, for policy related issues, this book provides food for thought about the social conditions and status of childhood, and the factors structuring it.
Category: Education

Qualitative Inquiry In Everyday Life

Author : Svend Brinkmann
ISBN : 9781446290866
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 27.27 MB
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This book is a 'survival guide' for students and researchers who would like to conduct a qualitative study with limited resources. Brinkmann shows how everyday life materials such as books, television, the internet, the media and everyday conversations and interactions can help us to understand larger social issues. As living human beings in cultural worlds, we are constantly surrounded by 'data' that call for analysis, and as we cope with the different situations and episodes of our lives, we are engaged in understanding and interpreting the world as a form of qualitative inquiry. The book helps its reader develop a disciplined and analytic awareness informed by theory, and shows how less can be more in qualitative research. Each chapter introduces theoretical tools to think with, and demonstrates how they can be put to use in working concretely with everyday life materials.
Category: Social Science