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Child Soldiers From Recruitment To Reintegration

Author : Alpaslan Özerdem
ISBN : 9780230342927
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 73.77 MB
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This book examines the complex and under-researched relationship between recruitment experiences and reintegration outcomes for child soldiers. It looks at time spent in the group, issues of cohesion, identification, affiliation, membership and the post demobilization experience of return, and resettlement.
Category: Social Science

Research Handbook On Child Soldiers

Author : Mark A. Drumbl
ISBN : 9781788114486
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 34.59 MB
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Child soldiers remain poorly understood and inadequately protected, despite significant media attention and many policy initiatives. This Research Handbook aims to redress this troubling gap. It offers a reflective, fresh and nuanced review of the complex issue of child soldiering. The Handbook brings together scholars from six continents, diverse experiences, and a broad range of disciplines. Along the way, it unpacks the life-cycle of youth and militarization: from recruitment to demobilization to return to civilian life. The overarching aim of the Handbook is to render the invisible visible – the contributions map the unmapped and chart new directions. Challenging prevailing assumptions and conceptions, the Research Handbook on Child Soldiers focuses on adversity but also capacity: emphasising the resilience, humanity, and potentiality of children affected (rather than ‘afflicted’) by armed conflict.
Category: Political Science

Youth In Conflict And Peacebuilding

Author : A. Özerdem
ISBN : 9781137314536
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 53.90 MB
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This study investigates the role of youth in peacebuilding, and addresses the failure of states and existing research to recognise youths as political actors, which can result in their contribution to peacebuilding being ignored.
Category: Political Science

Child Soldiers In The Age Of Fractured States

Author : Scott Gates
ISBN : 9780822973591
Genre : Biography & Autobiography
File Size : 48.56 MB
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Current global estimates of children engaged in warfare range from 200,000 to 300,000. Children's roles in conflict range from armed and active participants to spies, cooks, messengers, and sex slaves. Child Soldiers in the Age of Fractured States examines the factors that contribute to the use of children in war, the effects of war upon children, and the perpetual cycle of warfare that engulfs many of the world's poorest nations. The contributors seek to eliminate myths of historic or culture-based violence, and instead look to common traits of chronic poverty and vulnerable populations. Individual essays examine topics such as: the legal and ethical aspects of child soldiering; internal UN debates over enforcement of child protection policies; economic factors; increased access to small arms; displaced populations; resource endowments; forced government conscription; rebel-enforced quota systems; motivational techniques employed in recruiting children; and the role of girls in conflict. The contributors also offer viable policies to reduce the recruitment of child soldiers such as the protection of refugee camps by outside forces, “naming and shaming,” and criminal prosecution by international tribunals. Finally, they focus on ways to reintegrate former child soldiers into civil society in the aftermath of war.
Category: Biography & Autobiography

Developing Strategies To Deal With Trauma In Children

Author : Jill Donnelly
ISBN : 9781586035464
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 38.83 MB
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Strategies which mothers, fathers, teachers, or any concerned member of the community can be trained to undertake in order to complement the work of mental-health professionals. This publication focuses on preventing trauma and dealing with its consequences in children and adolescents as victims, witnesses and perpetrators of violence.
Category: Psychology

Culture Religion And The Reintegration Of Female Child Soldiers In Northern Uganda

Author : Bård Mæland
ISBN : 1433109514
Genre : Religion
File Size : 39.24 MB
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"This is an important book that tackles the multifaceted moral, political, spiritual, religious, and psychosocial realities of girls and young women associated with fighting forces in Sub-Saharan Africa. The book's most significant contributions take the contexts of culture, family, and community seriously as the authors delve into the violence and transformation in wars and the resulting implications for healing for females and their communities. For most of these females there was no return to normalcy following war. The contributors reveal the complexity of females' attempts to make meaning of their experiences, rebuild a sense of respect and dignity, and how all of this has to be understood within processes of renegotiating and rebuilding relationships within their communities."-Dyan Mazurana, Associate Research Professor, Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, and Research Director, Feinstein International Center, Tufts University --
Category: Religion

Child Soldiers

Author : David M. Rosen
ISBN : 9781598845266
Genre : History
File Size : 67.80 MB
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This book exposes the role of children in war, describing where, why, and how children are deployed, the attempts made by international organizations to protect children, and the underlying political and cultural issues that make this such a thorny issue. * A chronology of major events in the efforts to limit the use of child soldiers * Biographical sketches of famous child soldiers and key figures in the effort to ban the use of child soldiers * A directory of organizations involved in the child soldier issue
Category: History

Child Soldiers In Africa

Author : Alcinda Honwana
ISBN : 9780812204773
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 83.40 MB
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Young people have been at the forefront of political conflict in many parts of the world, even when it has turned violent. In some of those situations, for a variety of reasons, including coercion, poverty, or the seductive nature of violence, children become killers before they are able to grasp the fundamentals of morality. It has been only in the past ten years that this component of warfare has captured the attention of the world. Images of boys carrying guns and ammunition are now commonplace as they flash across television screens and appear on the front pages of newspapers. Less often, but equally disturbingly, stories of girls pressed into the service of militias surface in the media. A major concern today is how to reverse the damage done to the thousands of children who have become not only victims but also agents of wartime atrocities. In Child Soldiers in Africa, Alcinda Honwana draws on her firsthand experience with children of Angola and Mozambique, as well as her study of the phenomenon for the United Nations and the Social Science Research Council, to shed light on how children are recruited, what they encounter, and how they come to terms with what they have done. Honwana looks at the role of local communities in healing and rebuilding the lives of these children. She also examines the efforts undertaken by international organizations to support these wartime casualties and enlightens the reader on the obstacles faced by such organizations.
Category: Social Science

Childhood Deployed

Author : Susan Shepler
ISBN : 9780814760925
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 20.88 MB
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Childhood Deployed examines the reintegration of former child soldiers in Sierra Leone. Based on eighteen months of participant-observer ethnographic fieldwork and ten years of follow-up research, the book argues that there is a fundamental disconnect between the Western idea of the child soldier and the individual lived experiences of the child soldiers of Sierra Leone. Susan Shepler contends that the reintegration of former child soldiers is a political process having to do with changing notions of childhood as one of the central structures of society. For most Westerners the tragedy of the idea of “child soldier” centers around perceptions of lost and violated innocence. In contrast, Shepler finds that for most Sierra Leoneans, the problem is not lost innocence but the horror of being separated from one’s family and the resulting generational break in youth education. Further, Shepler argues that Sierra Leonean former child soldiers find themselves forced to strategically perform (or refuse to perform) as the“child soldier” Western human rights initiatives expect in order to most effectively gain access to the resources available for their social reintegration. The strategies don’t always work—in some cases, Shepler finds, Western human rights initiatives do more harm than good. While this volume focuses on the well-known case of child soldiers in Sierra Leone, it speaks to the larger concerns of childhood studies with a detailed ethnography of people struggling over the situated meaning of the categories of childhood.It offers an example of the cultural politics of childhood in action, in which the very definition of childhood is at stake and an important site of political contestation.
Category: Social Science

Children At War

Author : Peter Warren Singer
ISBN : UOM:39015059324155
Genre : History
File Size : 37.57 MB
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An internationally recognized expert on 21st-century warfare looks at the useof children as soldiers in more than three-quarters of the world's conflicts, describing how children are indoctrinated and trained as soldiers, and how itcan be stopped. Illustrations.
Category: History