Chemistry And Technology Of Surfactants

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Chemistry And Technology Of Surfactants

Author : Richard J. Farn
ISBN : 9781405171793
Genre : Science
File Size : 26.8 MB
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Surfactants are used throughout industry as components in a hugerange of formulated products or as effect chemicals in theproduction or processing of other materials. A detailedunderstanding of the basis of their activity is required by allthose who use surfactants, yet the new graduate or postgraduatechemist or chemical engineer will generally have little or noexperience of how and why surfactants work. Chemistry & Technology of Surfactants is aimed at newgraduate or postgraduate level chemists and chemical engineers atthe beginning their industrial careers and those in later life whobecome involved with surfactants for the first time. The book is astraightforward and practical survey of the chemistry ofsurfactants and their uses, providing a basic introduction tosurfactant theory, information on the various types of surfactantand some application details. This will allow readers to build ontotheir scientific education the concepts and principles on which thesuccessful use of surfactants, across a wide range of industries,is based.
Category: Science

Surfactant Science And Technology

Author : Drew Myers
ISBN : 9781119465850
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 48.51 MB
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A solid introduction to the field of surfactant science, this new edition provides updated information about surfactant uses, structures, and preparation, as well as seven new chapters expanding on technology applications. Offers a comprehensive introduction and reference of the science and technology of surface active materials Elaborates, more fully than prior editions, aspects of surfactant crystal structure as well as their effects on applications Adds more information on new classes and applications of natural surfactants in light of environmental consequences of surfactant use
Category: Technology & Engineering

Chemical Formulation

Author : Anthony Edward Hargreaves
ISBN : 0854046356
Genre : Science
File Size : 42.46 MB
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Bridging the gap between theory and application, this book will be invaluable to anyone wishing to broaden their knowledge of applied chemistry.
Category: Science

Anionic Surfactants

Author : Helmut W. Stache
ISBN : 0824793943
Genre : Science
File Size : 34.60 MB
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This work presents a comprehensive survey of important anionic surfactants. It delineates current manufacturing technologies, methods of analysis, practical applications, environmental behaviour and the physicochemical and toxicological properties of surfactants and their related by-products. The uses of anionic surfactants in the cleaning, cosmetic, textile, leather, food, petroleum, metalworking and paper industries, are encompassed.
Category: Science

Surfactants In Consumer Products

Author : Jürgen Falbe
ISBN : 9783642715457
Genre : Science
File Size : 20.85 MB
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In to days market, custom formulated surfactants are offered for a wide range of applications. The need for surfactants in detergents, cleaning agents, cosmetics & toiletries is second only to an expanding demand in industrial applications. But even within the non-industrial areas the demands have undergone significant changes in recent years. For example, washing and cleaning temperatures have substantially decreased with increased energy conservation attitudes, and more stringent regulatory requirements in the area of ecology and toxicology are leading to new product profiles. New manufacturing technologies and an increased utilization of natural raw materials also factor into this continuing evolution. These changes and trends have been described in numerous publications. However, a summary and survey of these developments is currently missing. The book presented here "Surfactants in Consumer Products" is intended to close this gap. The editor and authors dedicate this work to Dr. Dr. h.c. Konrad Henkel on the occasion of his 70th birthday. Dr. Henkel, himself a scientist and industrialist, contributed signifi cantly to developments in the surfactant field. In the nineteen-fifties, he initiated the change from soap based detergents to synthetic detergents within Henkel. At the same time, dishwashing detergents utilizing various synthetic surfactants were also developed, and became the basis for modem manual and mechanical dishwashing.
Category: Science

Chemistry And Technology Of Agrochemical Formulations

Author : A. Knowles
ISBN : 9789401149563
Genre : Science
File Size : 81.29 MB
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Agrochemical products and adjuvants are of vital importance in agriculture, to protect food and fibre crops from weeds, insect pests and diseases, in order to feed and clothe the growing world population. In recent years there have been increasing pressures to produce agrochemical formulations which have a lower environmental impact and are safer in use. Enormous changes have taken place in the chemistry and technology of agrochemicals over the last twenty years or so and this book provides a timely review of the most important area of technology in the development of new products. This book covers issues around international product quality and safety standards and describes the current and likely future trends which will carry the industry forward into the next millennium. It brings together well known international experts with many years of practical experience from agrochemical companies, consultancies, academic institutions and regulatory bodies. Chemists and technologists involved in developing new or improved agrochemical formulations will find this book an essential reference in the course of their work. The book will also be of interest to those working in research and development departments of raw material suppliers, as a concise review of this important field.
Category: Science

Surfactants In Emerging Technology

Author : Rosen
ISBN : 0824778014
Genre : Science
File Size : 51.20 MB
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This book is based on the proceedings of the conference "The role of surfactants in new and emerging technology". It examines the position of surfactants in the new growth areas, and describes the needs for surfactant research to facilitate advances in those areas.
Category: Science

Chemical Formulation

Author : Anthony E Hargreaves
ISBN : 9781788018333
Genre : Science
File Size : 60.51 MB
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Chemical formulation can be traced back to Stone Age times, when hunter-gatherers attached flint arrowheads to shafts using a resin made from birch bark and beeswax. Today, formulated preparations are part of everyday life. Formulations based on surfactants are by far the most prolific, from shampoos and shower gels to emulsion paint and polishes. This book discusses the chemical technology of surfactants and related chemicals, using over forty examples of everyday products. Some basic theory on surface chemistry, molecular interactions and surfactant function is included to aid understanding. Chemical Formulation: An Overview of Surfactant-based Preparations Used in Everyday Life then goes on to look at wider aspects such as surfactant manufacture, raw materials, environment, sustainability, analysis and testing. Throughout, common chemical names are used for formulation chemicals, further aiding the readability of the book. Bridging the gap between theory and application, this book will be invaluable to anyone wishing to broaden their knowledge of applied chemistry, including students on A level, BTEC and technician courses. It will also be of benefit to those new to the formulation industry.
Category: Science

Ullmann S Encyclopedia Of Industrial Chemistry Starch And Other Polysaccharides To Surfactants

Author : Hans-Jürgen Arpe
ISBN : 3527201254
Genre : Science
File Size : 39.5 MB
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For more than eighty years, the name Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry has been synonymous with information of the highest quality. Chemists and engineers in industry and academia know that they can rely on the knowledge and expertise of around 3,000 first-class authors. The Fifth Edition, now available in print as a complete set, is a monumental reference work containing about 1,000 major articles, more than 16 million words, 30,000 figures, 10,000 tables, and innumerable references to further sources of information. Ullmann's users worldwide testify that this superb encyclopedia contains the most complete and up-to-date coverage of chemical technology currently available, including economic aspects, production, transportation, and toxicology. Ullmann's is unsurpassed in terms of organization and presentation. The encyclopedia consists of 37 volumes: 28 "A" volumes, 8 "B" volumes, and one cumulative Index volume. Volumes A1 - A28 contain alphabetically ordered articles on industrial chemicals, product groups, and production processes. Volumes B1 - B8 describe in detail the principles of chemical engineering, new and proven analytical methods, and the essentials of environmental protection technology. "This is a major work, which will prove immensely valuable to institutions and authorities related to the chemical industry." - Chemistry & Industry "...no science or engineering library should be without it." - Angewandte Chemie "Ullmann's might well be preferred...because of its many convenience features and excellent organisation." - Chemical Engineering
Category: Science

Surfactant Science And Technology

Author : Laurence S. Romsted
ISBN : 9781439882962
Genre : Science
File Size : 70.37 MB
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Surfactant research explores the forces responsible for surfactant assembly and the critical industrial, medical, and personal applications, including viscosity control, microelectronics, drug stabilization, drug delivery, cosmetics, enhanced oil recovery, and foods. Surfactant Science and Technology: Retrospects and Prospects, "a Festschrift in honor of Dr. Kash Mittal," provides a broad perspective with chapters contributed by leaders in the fields of surfactant-based physical, organic, and materials chemistries. Many of the authors participated in a special symposium in Melbourne, Australia, honoring Kash Mittal’s 100th edited book at the 18th Surfactants in Solution (SIS) meeting. Each chapter provides an overview of a specific research area, with discussions on past, present, and future directions. The book is divided into six parts. Part I reviews the evolution of theoretical models for surfactant self-assembly, and introduces a model for interpreting ion-specific effects on aggregate properties. Part II focuses on interactions of surfactant solutions with solid supports; uses contact angles to understand hydrophobic/hydrophilic changes in a lipid layer; uses surface tension to understand molecular arrangements at interfaces; reviews spreading phenomena; discusses pattern formation on solid surfaces; and applies tensiometry to probe flavor components of espresso. Part III discusses novel DNA-based materials, multifunctional poly(amino acid)s–based graft polymers for drug delivery, and polymeric surfactants for stabilizing suspensions and emulsions. Part IV introduces farm-based biosurfactants from natural products and "greener" biosurfactants from bacteria. Part V explores lyotropic liquid crystals and their applications in triggered drug release; microemulsion properties and controlled drug release; the role of hydrotopes in formulations and in enhancing solubilization in liquid crystals; the potential of ionic liquids to generate tunable and selective reaction media; and provides an overview of stimuli-responsive surfactants. Focusing on emulsions, Part VI reviews the design of emulsion properties for various commercial applications, the role of surfactants in the oil and gas industries, and surfactant mechanisms for soil removal via microemulsions and emulsification.
Category: Science

Kirk Othmer Encyclopedia Of Chemical Technology Composites Materials To Detergency

Author : Kirk-Othmer
ISBN : 0471526754
Genre : Science
File Size : 86.80 MB
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Contains a library of information for the chemical industry. The 4th edition has undergone a complete revision, with the inclusion of many new subjects which reflect the growth in chemical technology through the 1990s. The book includes expanded coverage of biotechnology and materials science.
Category: Science

Surfactants From Renewable Resources

Author : Mikael Kjellin
ISBN : 0470686618
Genre : Science
File Size : 80.70 MB
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Most modern surfactants are readily biodegradable and exhibit low toxicity in the aquatic environment, the two criteria for green surfactants. However the majority are synthesised from petroleum, so over the past decade the detergent industry has turned its attention to developing greener routes to create these surfactants via renewable building blocks. Surfactants from Renewable Resources presents the latest research and commercial applications in the emerging field of sustainable surfactant chemistry, with emphasis on production technology, surface chemical properties, biodegradability, ecotoxicity, market trends, economic viability and life-cycle analysis. Reviewing traditional sources for renewable surfactants as well as recent advances, this text focuses on techniques with potential for large scale application. Topics covered include: Renewable hydrophobes from natural fatty acids and forest industry by-products Renewable hydrophiles from carbohydrates, amino acids and lactic acid New ways of making renewable building blocks; ethylene from renewable resources and complex mixtures from waste biomass Biosurfactants Surface active polymers This book is a valuable resource for industrial researchers in companies that produce and use surfactants, as well as academic researchers in surface and polymer chemistry, sustainable chemistry and chemical engineering.
Category: Science

Surfactants In Solution

Author : K.L. Mittal
ISBN : 9781461579847
Genre : Science
File Size : 45.74 MB
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This and its companion volumes 8,9, and 10 document the proceedings of the 6th International Symposium on Surfactants in Solution (SIS) held in New Delhi, India, August 18-22, 1986 under the joint auspices of the Indian Society for Surface Science and Technology, and Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi. As this symposium was a landmark -- it represented the tenth anniversary of this series of symposia -- so it is very apropos to reflect on how these symposia have evolved to their present size and status. The pedigree of this series of symposia goes back to 1976 when the premier symposium in this series was held. Actually in 1976 it was a modest start and it was not possible at that time to gaze at the crystal ball and predict what would be the state of affairs in 1986. For historical purposes, it should be recorded here that the first symposium was held in Albany, NY, under the title "Micellization, Solubilization and Microemulsions"; the second symposium was christened "Solution Chemistry of Surfactants" and was held in Knoxville, TN, in 1978; the venue for the third symposium in 1980 was Potsdam, NY, and it was dubbed "International Symposium on Solution Behavior of Surfactants: Theoretical and Applied Aspects.
Category: Science

Design And Selection Of Performance Surfactants

Author : David R. Karsa
ISBN : 0849397421
Genre : Science
File Size : 47.42 MB
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Design and Selection of Performance Surfactants is the resource for clear, informative, in-depth reviews of the most topical areas of surfactant science and technology. This is the second volume in an annual series already recognized as an essential resource for major developments in the field. Topics in this volume include spontaneous polymerization in organized micellar media, the catalytic and kinetic effects in ethoxylation processes, narrow and secondary alcohol ethoxylates, plus the latest advances in flurosurfactants and carbohydrate-derived surfactants. Further readings cover the cutting-edge, microbial and enzymatic production of biosurfactants advances in the computer modeling of surfactants. International contributors detail the latest applications in oil drilling, floor polishes, and food emulsification. Science and industry are constantly refining research and finding new applications for surface chemical technology. Reading Design and Selection of Performance Surfactants is the most efficient and accessible way for chemists, researchers, and manufacturers to stay abreast of the latest developments.
Category: Science

Chemistry And Technology Of The Cosmetics And Toiletries Industry

Author : S.D. Williams
ISBN : 9789401122689
Genre : Science
File Size : 24.43 MB
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Organized on a product category basis, this volume provides an up-to-date review of the cosmetics and toiletries industry in a readily digestible form. Authors discuss the rationale of raw materials selection, the formulation and development of products that meet the demands of an international market place, product performances, and safety and quality aspects.
Category: Science

Surfactant Enhanced Subsurface Remediation

Author : David A. Sabatini
ISBN : UOM:39015034242662
Genre : Science
File Size : 49.14 MB
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Provides a timely and thorough review of surfactant-based remediation technologies. Covers fundamental mechanistic studies to scale-up and process modeling and full-scale field implementation studies. Summarizes the technical, economic, and sociopolitical issues affecting widespread implementation of these technologies. Includes contributions from academic and industrial researchers as well as regulatory personnel.
Category: Science

Chemical Product Technology

Author : Dmitry Yu. Murzin
ISBN : 9783110475654
Genre : Science
File Size : 83.28 MB
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Chemical Product Technology focuses on materials chemistry and introduces industrial manufacturing technologies for different product types. The author presents a full cycle of product development for the materials that are used in everyday live, such as cosmetics, dyes, drugs, papers, textiles, agrochemicals, etc., starting from product selection and up to setup of manufacturing process.
Category: Science