CHAOS AND CATASTROPHE THEORIES

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Chaos And Catastrophe Theories

Author : Courtney Brown
ISBN : 0803958471
Genre : Medical
File Size : 32.95 MB
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What is chaos? How can it be measured? How are the models estimated? What is catastrophe? How is it modelled? How are the models estimated? These questions are the focus of this volume. Beginning with an explanation of the differences between deterministic and probabilistic models, Brown then introduces the reader to chaotic dynamics. Other topics covered are finding settings in which chaos can be measured, estimating chaos using nonlinear least squares and specifying catastrophe models. Finally a nonlinear system of equations that models catastrophe using real survey data is estimated.
Category: Medical

From Catastrophe To Chaos A General Theory Of Economic Discontinuities

Author : J. Barkley Rosser
ISBN : 0792377702
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 29.94 MB
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From Catastrophe to Chaos: A General Theory of Economic Discontinuities presents and unusual perspective on economics and economic analysis. Current economic theory largely depends upon assuming that the world is fundamentally continuous. However, an increasing amount of economic research has been done using approaches that allow for discontinuities such as catastrophe theory, chaos theory, synergetics, and fractal geometry. The spread of such approaches across a variety of disciplines of thought has constituted a virtual intellectual revolution in recent years. This book reviews the applications of these approaches in various subdisciplines of economics and draws upon past economic thinkers to develop an integrated view of economics as a whole from the perspective of inherent discontinuity.
Category: Business & Economics

Chaos Catastrophe And Human Affairs

Author : Stephen J. Guastello
ISBN : 9781134787852
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 60.90 MB
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Whether talking about steering a wheelbarrow over rugged terrain or plotting the course of international relations, human performance systems involve change. Sometimes changes are subtle or evolutionary, sometimes they are catastrophic or revolutionary, and sometimes the changes are from periods of relative calm to periods of vibrant oscillations to periods of chaos. As a general rule, more complex systems are likely to produce more complex forms of change. Although social scientists have long acknowledged that change occurs and have considered ways to effect desirable change, the dynamical processes of change have been poorly understood in the past. This volume combines recent advances in mathematics and experimental design with the best available social science theories to produce a new, integrated, and compact theory of work, organizations, and social evolution. The domains of application extend from human decision-making processes to personnel selection and work motivation, work performance under conditions of stress, accident and health risk analysis, the development of social institutions and economic systems, creativity and innovation, organizational development and group dynamics, and political revolutions and war. Relative to other literature on nonlinear dynamical systems theory (NDS), this book is unique in that it integrates new developments in NDS with substantive psychological theory. It builds on many recent developments in organizational theory to show that nonlinear dynamics were often implicit in those works all along. The result is an entirely new way of viewing social events, understanding change processes, and asking questions about social systems. This book also contains much new empirical work and explains the newly developed methods for testing these new hypotheses.
Category: Psychology

From Chaos To Catastrophe

Author : K. Ludwig Pfeiffer
ISBN : 9783110579475
Genre : Literary Criticism
File Size : 46.74 MB
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This book focuses on the tensions between processes of consciousness and their products like worldviews, theories, models of thought etc. Staying close to their technical meanings in chaos and catastrophe theory, chaotic processes are described in mainly neurobiological and evolutionary terms while products are delineated in their evolutionary logic. Given both a relative opacity of processes of the mind and of the outside world, the dramatic quality of the processes, a certain closeness to ‘hysterical’ and ‘schizophrenic’ tendencies and, within the context of the weakening orientating power of worldviews, an alarming catastrophic potential emerge. As a consequence, the book aims at a comparative cost-benefit analysis of the transitionality between ‘chaotic’ processes of consciousness and the often ‘catastrophic’ implications of their products within historical frameworks. The central thesis consists in the increasing failure in the orientation of action which cannot be contained by systems of ethics. Materials for this analysis are mainly drawn from texts normally called literary in which the tension between biographical and historical dimensions provides profiles of chaos and catastrophe.
Category: Literary Criticism

Theories Of Political Processes

Author : Gregory G. Brunk
ISBN : 0313302596
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 86.43 MB
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Now you can get up-to-date statistics on economic, population, natural resource, and environmental trends and conditions for nearly every country in the world from one convenient software program. The World Resources Data Base on Diskette gives you quick, easy access to all of the statistics found in the print edition of World Resources 1992-93, and more! This invaluable research and reference tool contains 483 essential variables for 176 countries and 13 regional and economic groupings, with thousands of statistics for: *Basic economic indicators *Population and human development *Land cover and settlements *Food and agriculture *Forests and rangelands *Wildlife and habitat *Energy and materials *Freshwater *Oceans and coasts *Atmosphere and climate With 20-year time series data for nearly half of the variables, the database gives you a wealth of authoritative information not available from any other single source. The database program's user-friendly mathematical, statistical, and graphical functions allow you to browse, select, manipulate, graph, and print any or all of the data, or to export it into your favorite spreadsheet or word-processing formats. Students, teachers, professionals--anyone, in fact, who needs authoritative, up-to-the-minute information on the environment--will find it remarkably easy to conduct their own statistical analyses of critical global trends and to create charts, graphs, and tables to reinforce reports and presentations or to enhance research and teaching. The IBM-compatible, high-density diskettes can be used on any p.c. or compatible computer with a high-density floppy disk drive, hard drive, and 512K RAM. The database includes a comprehensive user's guide with complete documentation, high-density diskettes in both 3.5" and 5.25" formats, and a copy of the print edition of World Resources 1992-93.
Category: Political Science

Crisis Theory

Author : David Z. Rich
ISBN : 0275957225
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 39.92 MB
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Challenging chaos and catastrophe theories, this book formulates crisis theory, based on the dynamic disequilibrium of contemporary knowledge, as an alternative.
Category: Business & Economics

Perturbation Methods Instability Catastrophe And Chaos

Author : Wenfang Chen
ISBN : 9810237278
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 25.13 MB
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This important book introduces perturbation and qualitative methods for differential equations in terms understandable to students with only a basic knowledge of calculus and ordinary linear differential equations. Theorems are stated clearly with their limitations and restrictions and are applied to solve examples from various disciplines. The writing style is informal and new ideas are introduced gradually via concepts already familiar to the reader.
Category: Mathematics

Catastrophe Theory

Author : Domencio Castrigiano
ISBN : 9780429981432
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 22.10 MB
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Catastrophe Theory was introduced in the 1960s by the renowned Fields Medal mathematician René Thom as a part of the general theory of local singularities. Since then it has found applications across many areas, including biology, economics, and chemical kinetics. By investigating the phenomena of bifurcation and chaos, Catastrophe Theory proved to
Category: Mathematics

Transformation Theory

Author : Alan A. Brown
ISBN : OCLC:289693500
Genre : Catastrophes (Mathematics)
File Size : 44.15 MB
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Category: Catastrophes (Mathematics)

Chaos In The Humanities

Author : Patrick Brady
ISBN : STANFORD:36105019370365
Genre : Education
File Size : 28.8 MB
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The deconstructionist, postmodernist era is over & the 1990s are alive with an exciting new, uniquely interdisciplinary avant-garde based on chaos & complexity theory which, in its relationism, holism, & constructionism, is very different from what preceded it. This volume provides the educated reader with a clear, general introduction to this new avant-garde. The criteria for chaos theory are extrapolated from mathematics & physics: firstly, concealed order, self-similarity, nonlinearity, constrained randomness & entropy; secondly, feedback mechanisms & holism; those for complexity theory are emergence & negentropy. The practical application of these criteria to the humanities & social sciences, notably literary theory & criticism & the analysis of culture, is then illustrated by a series of essays on literary works by Robert Frost, Tennessee Williams, & Jean Giono & on the philosophical & anthropological theories of Rene Girard, Michel Serres & others, & a review article on works by N. Katherine Hayles (CHAOS & ORDER), M. Mitchell Waldrop (COMPLEXITY), & Roger Lewin (COMPLEXITY). If you ever wanted to grasp quickly & painlessly the essence of this theory, this is the volume for you. It tells you "everything you ever wanted to know about chaos & complexity theory & were afraid to ask".
Category: Education