Challenging Global Inequality

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Challenging Global Inequality

Author : Alastair Greig
ISBN : 9780230208407
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 37.79 MB
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This major new text on development theory and practice takes as its starting point the challenge of overcoming global poverty and inequality. It traces the origins of the idea of Development Studies and introduces the main methodologies and theories of development, and examines the challenges of the twenty-first century. Also available is a companion website with extra features to accompany the text, please take a look by clicking below - http://www.palgrave.com/politics/greig/
Category: Political Science

Challenging Global Inequality

Author : Alastair Greig
ISBN : 1403948240
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 36.57 MB
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This major introductory text written by three leading names in the field provides an accessible overview of the challenges faced in overcoming global poverty and inequality in the twenty-first century. Through an in-depth assessment of development theory and practice, the authors set out to advance two key arguments: the first being the importance of historically contextualizing contemporary developmental problems in order to assess policy proposals; and the second that inequality matters, and how this notion has continually remained a central feature of development debates from colonial times to present day. Ideal for undergraduate students taking development modules as part of Political Science and International Relations degrees, this engaging text proves to be essential reading when exploring the impacts of development on today's international political economy. With each chapter covering inequalities from all different angles, the authors clearly outline the impact of models such as globalization and neoliberalism, as well as offering alternative views on the challenges posed by the UN's Millennium Development Goals. Also available is a companion website with extra features to accompany the text, please take a look by clicking below - https://he.palgrave.com/companion/Greig-Challenging-Global-Inequality/
Category: Social Science

Histories Of Global Inequality

Author : Christian Olaf Christiansen
ISBN : 9783030191634
Genre : History
File Size : 82.92 MB
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This book argues that inequality is not just about numbers, but is also about lived, historical experience. It supplements economic research and offers a comprehensive stocktaking of existing thinking on global inequality and its historical development. The book is interdisciplinary, drawing upon regional and national perspectives from around the world while seeking to capture the multidimensionality and multi-causality of global inequalities. Grappling with what economics offers – as well as its blind spots – the study focuses on some of today’s most relevant and pressing themes: discrimination and human rights, defences and critiques of inequality in history, decolonization, international organizations, gender theory, the history of quantification of inequality and the history of economic thought. The historical case studies featured respond to the need for wider historical research and to calls to examine global inequality in a more holistic manner. The Introduction 'Chapter 1 Histories of Global Inequality: Introduction' is open access under a CC BY 4.0 license via link.springer.com.
Category: History

Global Inequality

Author : David Held
ISBN : 9780745638867
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 62.36 MB
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What is global inequality? How can it be measured? What are the major trends and patterns? What are the implications of global inequality for the world economy and multilateral governance? What role does and should inequality play in national and international policy–making? In this comprehensive overview, the authors address these key questions. They examine the major issues that need to be confronted in conceptualizing, measuring and analysing contemporary patterns of global inequality. In addition, they explore the implications of these patterns for politics and public policy. In explaining the complex global patterns of social stratification, they highlight an intensive debate about whether and to what extent inequality matters. The book also addresses this debate, and seeks to set out the major alternative positions. The book′s authors include many of the most distinguished figures in the field, including David Dollar, G?sta Esping–Andersen, Nancy Fraser, James K. Galbraith, Ravi Kanbur, Branko Milanovic, Thomas W. Pogge, Bob Sutcliffe, Grahame F. Thompson, Anthony J. Venables, and Robert H. Wade. This book will be of great interest to students in politics, sociology and international relations as well as to all those interested in this key topic.
Category: Political Science

Globalization And Transformations Of Social Inequality

Author : Ulrike Schuerkens
ISBN : 9781136954078
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 45.13 MB
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Social inequality is a worldwide phenomenon. Globalization has exacerbated and alleviated inequality over the past twenty-five years. This volume offers analytical and comparative insights from current case studies of social inequality in more than ten countries within all the major regions of the world. Contributors provide an assessment of the overall social globalization phenomenon in the global world as well as an outlook of transformations of global social inequality in the future. This book will be a timely addition for students and scholars of globalization studies, social inequality, sociology, and cultural and social anthropology.
Category: Political Science

Sport For Development And Peace

Author : Simon Darnell
ISBN : 9781849665919
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 62.95 MB
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The role of sport in development initiatives has grown dramatically over the last five years, now finding a place in the UN's millennium development goals. In Sport and Development for Peace, Simon Darnell outlines the most recent sociological research on the role of sport in development initiatives. The book analyses the relationship between sport and international development and looks at what this reveals about socio-political economy. It addresses a gap in the literature by focusing on issues of politics, power and culture, particularly looking at volunteer experience, mega-sporting events and sporting celebrity in the context of development. Darnell questions the belief that sport can offer a 'solution' to enduring development issues. Drawing on the latest empirical research, the book is a thorough and timely analysis of the social and political implications of tying sport to development.
Category: Social Science

Challenging Global Gender Violence

Author : Susan D. Rose
ISBN : 9781137388469
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 36.57 MB
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Challenging Global Gender Violence provides a qualitative and comparative analysis of women's experiences of violence, healing, and action across cultures. Gender violence is the most pervasive human rights violation affecting women and children across both the developed and developing world. While the specific cultural contexts and acts of violence vary, the feelings that women express about their experiences of abuse are strikingly similar. So are the images, colors, and words they use to express those feelings. Hearts - bruised, broken, and torn; black and red; NO! and No Más! are frequently found on shirts contributed to the Global Clothesline Project. While providing a theoretical analysis of trauma, Susan D. Rose grounds the discussion in the lived experiences and stories of women across cultures. Featuring women's stories, artwork, and voices as they speak about their experiences of violence and healing, this brief volume examines the relationship between gender inequality and gender violence, the health impacts of gender violence, and strategies being used to reduce violence against women.
Category: Social Science

Kivalina

Author : Christine Shearer
ISBN : 9781608461714
Genre : Nature
File Size : 24.57 MB
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“This story is a tragedy, and not just because of what’s happening to the people of Kivalina. It’s a tragedy because it’s unnecessary, the product, as the author shows, of calculation, deception, manipulation, and greed in some of the biggest and richest companies on earth.” —Bill McKibben, author Eaarth: Making a Life on a Tough New Planet "Christine Shearer's Kivalina: A Climate Change Story is a fast and bumpy ride that begins with the history of outrageous corporate deceptions through public relations and legal campaigns, continuing with building of the coal-and-oil empire to fuel progress in the United States, leading to the horrendous politics of climate crisis, and finally arriving at its destination, a ground-zero of climate refugee, Kivalina—an Inupiat community along the Chukchi Sea coast of arctic Alaska. I was angry when I turned the last page. I urge you to get a copy, read it, share the story, and join the new global climate justice movement."—Subhankar Banerjee, photographer, writer, activist, and author of Arctic National Wildlife Refuge: Seasons of Life and Land While corporate funded scientists continue their effort to spread doubt about global climate change, for one native village in Alaska, the price of further denial could be the complete devastation of their homes and culture. Kivalina must be relocated to survive, but neither the oil giants nor the government have proven willing to take responsibility. Christine Shearer is a writer, journalist, activist, and academic. She is the environment and ecology editor of Economy Watch, and managing editor of the online progressive magazine Conducive. She is also a contributor to Coalswarm, part of the online corporate watch website SourceWatch.
Category: Nature

Challenging Gender Inequality In Tax Policy Making

Author : Kim Brooks
ISBN : 9781847316547
Genre : Law
File Size : 72.41 MB
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This volume takes a critical look at the gender of tax policy around the world. Contributors based in eight different countries examine the profound effects that gender norms and practices have had in shaping tax law and policy, and how taxation in turn impacts upon the possibilities for equality along gender, race, class, sexuality and other lines. Chapters explore how the gendered fiscal state might be theorised; how structural choices about rates and bases in tax policy design contribute to gender inequality; how tax policy affects family configurations and perceptions of what constitutes family; how fiscal systems impact on savings and wealth accumulation by women and men; and the role of different policy-making processes and institutions in occluding and sometimes challenging these patterns. Most significantly, perhaps, the book explores these questions in an international frame, traversing countries and continents. The conclusion: fiscal policy has deep rooted, long standing gender implications that affect virtually every aspect of our social, political, and economic lives whether we live in Canada, Australia or Kenya.
Category: Law

The Scattered Family

Author : Cati Coe
ISBN : 9780226072418
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 77.40 MB
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Today’s unprecedented migration of people around the globe in search of work has had a widespread and troubling result: the separation of families. In The Scattered Family, Cati Coe offers a sophisticated examination of this phenomenon among Ghanaians living in Ghana and abroad. Challenging oversimplified concepts of globalization as a wholly unchecked force, she details the diverse and creative ways Ghanaian families have adapted long-standing familial practices to a contemporary, global setting. Drawing on ethnographic and archival research, Coe uncovers a rich and dynamic set of familial concepts, habits, relationships, and expectations—what she calls repertoires—that have developed over time, through previous encounters with global capitalism. Separated immigrant families, she demonstrates, use these repertoires to help themselves navigate immigration law, the lack of child care, and a host of other problems, as well as to help raise children and maintain relationships the best way they know how. Examining this complex interplay between the local and global, Coe ultimately argues for a rethinking of what family itself means.
Category: Social Science

The Socialist Register

Author : Ralph Miliband
ISBN : UOM:39015081469671
Genre : Communism
File Size : 88.77 MB
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Category: Communism

Tourism And Sustainability

Author : Martin Mowforth
ISBN : 9781134123247
Genre : Science
File Size : 71.38 MB
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"If unequal opportunities are large within many countries they are truly staggering on a global scale", so concludes the World Bank’s 2006 World Development Report. It is a global unevenness within which the barriers to in-migration of Third World migrants to wealthy first world nations go ever higher, whilst the barriers to travel in the reverse direction are all but extinct. So how exactly can tourism contribute to narrowing this glaring inequality and gap between the rich and the poor? Are ever expanding tourism markets – and the new, responsible, forms of tourism in particular – a smoke free, socio-culturally sensitive form of human industrialisation? Is alternative tourism really a credible lever for lifting poverty stricken countries out of the mire of global inequality, setting them on the right track to ‘development’, and making poverty history? Tourism and Sustainability critically explores and challenges what have emerged as the most significant universal geopolitical norms of the last half century – development, globalization and sustainability – and through the lens of new forms of tourism demonstrates how we can better understand and get to grips with the rapidly changing new global order. This third edition has been extensively updated and includes new material on: poverty reduction, livelihoods and pro-poor tourism new forms of tourism in cities continuing growth of the fair trade movement tourism’s contribution to climate change volunteer and ‘gap’ tourism affect of disasters on new tourism. Drawing on a range of examples from across the Third World, Tourism and Sustainability illustrates the social, economic and environmental conditions for the growth of new tourism. The book is original in its assessment of tourism through the lens of power – who holds it; how it is used; and who benefits from the exercise of power in the tourism industry. Additionally, the analysis is an interdisciplinary one and the book will therefore be useful to students of Human Geography, Environmental Sciences and Studies, Politics, Development Studies, Anthropology and Business Studies as well as Tourism itself.
Category: Science

Handbook Of Income Distribution

Author : Anthony B. Atkinson
ISBN : 9780444594761
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 76.23 MB
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What new theories, evidence, explanations, and policies have shaped our studies of income distribution in the 21st century? Editors Tony Atkinson and Francois Bourguignon assemble the expertise of leading authorities in this survey of substantive issues. In two volumes they address subjects that were not covered in Volume 1 (2000), such as education, health and experimental economics; and subjects that were covered but where there have been substantial new developments, such as the historical study of income inequality and globalization. Some chapters discuss future growth areas, such as inheritance, the links between inequality and macro-economics and finance, and the distributional implications of climate change. They also update empirical advances and major changes in the policy environment. The volumes define and organize key areas of income distribution studies Contributors focus on identifying newly developing questions and opportunities for future research The authoritative articles emphasize the ways that income mobility and inequality studies have recently gained greater political significance
Category: Social Science

Health Inequalities And Global Justice

Author : Patti Tamara Lenard
ISBN : 9780748656523
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 52.19 MB
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Explores the moral dilemmas posed by disparities in health across nations
Category: Political Science

Inequality Innovation And Reform In Higher Education

Author : Maria Slowey
ISBN : 9783030282271
Genre : Education
File Size : 87.7 MB
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An important backdrop to the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals involves consideration of the impact of a ‘new demographics’ derived from the interaction of two global developments. First, high levels of internal and cross-border mass migration, stimulated by climate change, violence and disparities in wealth and social stability within and between different countries and the global South and North. Second, the phenomenon of increasing longevity and rapidly ageing populations, especially in the developed world. This book explores the central role that socially engaged higher education might potentially play in helping address these challenges, enhancing lifelong learning opportunities and facilitating more positive outcomes for both individuals and societies. The contributors to this book are scholars of higher education and lifelong learning based in twelve countries from Europe (Germany, Ireland, Slovenia, Sweden and the United Kingdom), the Americas (Brazil, Canada, Mexico and the USA), Japan, Australia and New Zealand. “This is an extremely timely and important collection focusing on growing migration and an increase in ageing populations, two major social trends that researchers in higher education often overlook. The multi-level analysis of the role that higher education can play, together with the contributions from 12 countries in the North and South make this one of the most outstanding collections on these themes.” Rajani Naidoo, Director, International Centre for HE Management, University of Bath. “Auguste Comte famously observed that demography is destiny. This superb volume examines the powerful impact of two global demographic trends, and the vital role universities can play in responding to them. The book describes a range of innovative and pragmatic responses, while deepening our understanding of why serving these populations it so important for the health of our communities and our democracies.” Matthew Hartley, Professor and Associate Dean, GSE, University of Pennsylvania. “The powerful synergy of the longevity revolution and the technology revolution necessitates a corresponding education revolution. It is clear that the educational assets acquired in youth and early adulthood no longer provide sufficient currency for longer, big change impacted lives. This timely book examines the benefits of creating an inclusive, rights-based culture of learning at every stage of life.” Alexandre Kalache, Co-President, International Longevity Centre (ILC) Global Alliance and ILC Brazil. “How can we understand the current dynamics of migrations and demographic trends to adapt HE access policies accordingly? By bringing together empirical research in different countries, this book offers an essential insight on this very sensitive issue for both individuals and their societies. A must read for researchers and policy makers.” Gaële Goastellec, Professor of Sociology, University of Lausanne, Chair of the Consortium of Higher Education Researchers. “The contributions cover an admirably wide range of countries, shedding different lights on these common themes. The book sets a challenging and informed agenda which policy-makers and institutional leaders would do well to take seriously.” Tom Schuller, Formerly Head of the Centre for Educational Research and Innovation, OECD.
Category: Education

Inequality In Australia

Author : Alastair Greig
ISBN : 0521524423
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 65.5 MB
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This text analyses the changing nature of inequality in Australia.
Category: Social Science

Global Governance And Biopolitics

Author : David Roberts
ISBN : STANFORD:36105215358271
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 69.45 MB
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This book offers a powerful critique of mainstream ideas of global governance. Going beyond recent critiques of "human security" as a fundamentally incoherent concept, David Roberts offers practical political responses to the genuine problems facing the most threatened human populations worldwide. Focusing on water provision and sanitation, he takes a bottom-up approach to reduce avoidable infant mortality -- a creative biopolitics. Roberts points the way to a redirection of World Bank lending strategies towards the mobilization of indigenous private sector provision of water and sanitation. The policies Roberts proposes offer a genuine human security that transcend borders without violating sovereignty, focused on the most lethally-exposed people in the world.
Category: Political Science

Worlds Apart

Author : Scott Sernau
ISBN : 1412915244
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 37.57 MB
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This new edition provides a sociological framework for analyzing inequality within United States society as well as analyzing the relationship between global stratification systems and internal systems of inequality. The intersection of race, class and gender is not just stated but illustrated throughout the book as a pervasive institutionalized system of privilege and oppression. Written in a clear style, the author engages undergraduates in the subject matter and also interprets these lived experiences by introducing classical and contemporary theories of stratification.
Category: Social Science