Carving Nature

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Carving Nature At Its Joints

Author : Joseph Keim Campbell
ISBN : 9780262015936
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 26.44 MB
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Contemporary discussions of the success of science often invoke an ancient metaphorfrom Plato's Phaedrus: successful theories should "carve nature at its joints."But is nature really "jointed"? Are there natural kinds of things around which our theories cut? Theessays in this volume offer reflections by a distinguished group of philosophers on a series ofintertwined issues in the metaphysics and epistemology of classification. Thecontributors consider such topics as the relevance of natural kinds in inductive inference; the roleof natural kinds in natural laws; the nature of fundamental properties; the naturalness ofboundaries; the metaphysics and epistemology of biological kinds; and the relevance of biologicalkinds to certain questions in ethics. Carving Nature at Its Joints offers bothbreadth and thematic unity, providing a sampling of state-of-the-art work in contemporary analyticphilosophy that will be of interest to a wide audience of scholars and students concerned withclassification. The hardcover edition does not include a dust jacket.
Category: Philosophy

Carving Nature

Author : Frank Fox-Wilson
ISBN : 1861081561
Genre : Crafts & Hobbies
File Size : 24.40 MB
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Includes how-to information for carving: two fish, a plane-leaf bowl, a tree frog, butterflies and moths, a wren, a couple of sticks, waves, a cobra, a turtle, an otter relief, a heron, and a formal leaf design.
Category: Crafts & Hobbies

Carving Nature S Rascals

Author : Leah Wachter
ISBN : 0764319663
Genre : Crafts & Hobbies
File Size : 37.5 MB
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Over 230 color photographs, paint color charts, and precise patterns provide woodcarvers with information necessary to create from basswood small animals that are big on character. Step-by-step instructions and detailed color photos lead through each step of a field mouse carving project. Patterns also for an armadillo, skunk, and raccon. Woodburning and painting techniques presented with the same attention to detail.
Category: Crafts & Hobbies

Natural And Artifactual Objects In Contemporary Metaphysics

Author : Richard Davies
ISBN : 9781350066342
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 81.93 MB
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What is an object? How do we look at them? Why do they matter? This collection presents a lively, timely discussion of natural and artifactual objects, considering the relationship between them from a range of philosophical perspectives, including the philosophy of biology, the metaphysics of space and the philosophy of perception. Beginning from the starting point that natural objects are bona fide, endowed with some natural border between themselves and everything else, while artifactual objects depend on the observation of tacit conventions and may include the ordinary objects of everyday life, this volume explores, contextualises and interrogates objects. Contributors discuss a variety of objects including physical, scientific and mental ones, as well as things that appear to question the limits of object-hood, including holes, Quinean 'posits' and language. The very first collection to address this growing topic within analytic philosophy, Natural and Artifactual Objects in Contemporary Metaphysics represents a highly original work, showcasing some of the most important and influential philosophers working in Europe today.
Category: Philosophy

Scientific Enquiry And Natural Kinds

Author : P. Magnus
ISBN : 9781137271259
Genre : Science
File Size : 88.87 MB
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Some scientific categories seem to correspond to genuine features of the world and are indispensable for successful science in some domain; in short, they are natural kinds . This book gives a general account of what it is to be a natural kind and puts the account to work illuminating numerous specific examples.
Category: Science

Making Nature Shaping Culture

Author :
ISBN : 0803212569
Genre : Science
File Size : 80.84 MB
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For ages, farmers have domesticated plant varieties, while scientists have "made" nature through hybridization and other processes. This give and take-mediated through negotiations, persuasion, the marketplace, and even coercion-has resulted in what we call "nature" and has led to a homogenization of plant crops. Yet homogenization has led to new problems: genetic vulnerability, and the lack of systems to maintain plant germplasm of varieties no longer grown in the fields. This book addresses issues previously viewed as primarily technical concerning the germplasm debate: that is, how, what, and where to store the range of genetic materials necessary to reproduce plants. By examining Brazil, Chile, France, and the United States, the authors show how different cultures respond to the decline in genetic diversity. The findings show that the quest for uniformity in foods, agriculture, and environment eventually threatens everyone. The politicization of this debate is inevitable because the destruction of human cultural diversity goes hand in hand with the destruction of plant varietal diversity. The authors agree that responses to the controversies must involve food security, relinking of food with agriculture and the environment, revaluing traditional knowledge, and rethinking development. They stress that answers will be found not by experts acting unilaterally but through the democratization of scientific and technical exchange. Lawrence Busch is professor of sociology at Michigan State University. William B. Lacy is director of the Cooperative Extension Service at Cornell University. Jeffrey Burkhardt is a professor of agricultural economics at the Institute for Food and AgriculturalSciences at the University of Florida. Douglas Hemken is a Ph.D. candidate in the Department of Rural Sociology at the University of Wisconsin. Jubel Moraga-Rojel is professor of sociology at the Universidade Australe del Chile. Timothy Koponen is a Ph.D. candidate in sociology at Northwestern University and Josi de Souza Silva is with the Commission on Plant Genetic Resources at FAO in Rome.
Category: Science

Nature In Ornament

Author : Lewis Foreman Day
ISBN : UOM:39015014434511
Genre : Decoration and ornament
File Size : 24.19 MB
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Category: Decoration and ornament

Flight From Wonder

Author : Albert Rothenberg
ISBN : 9780199988792
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 61.47 MB
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This is the first empirical investigation of scientific creativity based on research interviews with living Nobel laureates in physics, chemistry, and physiology or medicine, whose formulations are compared to those of a control group of engineering faculty members. Findings were that three cognitive creative processes described herein - janusian, homospatial, and sep-con articulation - as well as strong motivation, passion, and other accompanying emotions, were responsible for creative breakthroughs leading to outstanding scientific discoveries in the Nobel laureate group.
Category: Psychology

The Oxford Handbook Of Attention

Author : Anna C. Nobre
ISBN : 9780191662607
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 79.1 MB
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During the last three decades there have been enormous advances in our understanding of the neural mechanisms of selective attention at the network as well as the cellular level. The Oxford Handbook of Attention brings together the different research areas that constitute contemporary attention research into one comprehensive and authoritative volume. In 40 chapters, it covers the most important aspects of attention research from the areas of cognitive psychology, neuropsychology, human and animal neuroscience, and computational modelling. The book is divided into six main sections. Following an introduction from Michael Posner, The Oxford Handbook of Attention begins by looking at theoretical models of attention. The next two sections are dedicated to spatial attention and non-spatial attention respectively. Within section 4, the authors consider the interactions between attention and other psychological domains. The last two sections focus on attention related disorders and on computational models of attention. A final epilogue chapter written by Nobre and Kastner summarizes the questions, methods, findings, and emerging principles of contemporary attention research. For both scholars and students, The Oxford Handbook of Attention provides a concise and state-of-the-art review of the current literature in this field.
Category: Psychology


Author : Brian McGowran
ISBN : 0521048176
Genre : Science
File Size : 36.26 MB
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Microfossils give us information about ancient environments and insights into macroevolution, but they can also be used to correlate the absolute ages of rocks provided by geologists. This important modern synthesis follows the development of biostratigraphy from classical origins into petroleum exploration and deep-ocean drilling. It explores in depth the surprisingly wide application of biostratigraphic methods. This is essential reading for advanced students and researchers working in basin analysis, sequence stratigraphy, palaeoceanography, palaeobiology and related fields.
Category: Science


Author : Sir Norman Lockyer
ISBN : UCR:31210010159547
Genre : Science
File Size : 82.79 MB
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Category: Science

Humans In Nature

Author : Gregory E. Kaebnick
ISBN : 9780199347230
Genre : Medical
File Size : 88.16 MB
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Contemporary debates over issues as wide-ranging as the protection of wildernesses and endangered species, the spread of genetically modified organisms, the emergence of synthetic biology, and the advance of human enhancement, all of which seem to spin into deeper and more baffling questions with every change in the news cycle, often circle back to the same fundamental question: should there be limits to the human alteration of the natural world? A growing number of people view the human capacity to alter natural states of affairs -- from formerly wild spaces and things around us to crops and livestock to our own human nature -- as cause for moral alarm. That reaction raises a number of perplexing philosophical questions, however: Can we identify "natural" states of affairs at all? Does the idea of being morally concerned about the human relationship to nature make any sense? Should such a concern influence public policy and politics, or should government stay strenuously neutral on such matters? Through a study of moral debates about the environment, agricultural biotechnology, synthetic biology, and human enhancement, Gregory E. Kaebnick, a research scholar at The Hastings Center and editor of the Hastings Center Report, argues that concerns about the human alteration of nature can be legitimate and serious, but also that they are complex, contestable, and of limited political force. Kaebnick defends attempts to identify "natural" states of affairs by disentangling the nature/artifact distinction from metaphysical hoariness. Drawing on David Hume, he also defends moral standards for the human relationship to nature, arguing that they, and moral standards generally, should be understood as grounded in what Hume called the "passions." Yet what counts as "natural" can be delineated only roughly, he concludes, and moral standards for interaction with nature are less a matter of obligation than of ideals. Kaebnick also concludes, drawing on an interpretation of the liberal principle of neutrality, that government may support those standards but must be careful not to enforce them. Thus Kaebnick looks for a middle way on debates that have tended toward polarization. "As differences between nature and artifact become steadily less substantial, problems about preservation run to the core of how people can make sense of themselves, of each other, and of our shared world. Kaebnick's solutions are creative and compelling, theoretically elegant and politically practical. Providing distinctive ways forward, when much academic and policy discussion seems exhausted, his book demands wide attention. In return, it inspires hope." - James Nelson, Michigan State University
Category: Medical

Manual Of Traditional Wood Carving

Author : Paul N. Hasluck
ISBN : 9780486154183
Genre : Crafts & Hobbies
File Size : 58.14 MB
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Superb guide to every aspect of the craft combines practical instruction with more than 1,000 photos and diagrams. Projects range from simple — boxes, chests, chairs — to complex — tables, cabinets, beds.
Category: Crafts & Hobbies

Persistence Of The Negative

Author : Benjamin Noys
ISBN : 9780748655205
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 83.21 MB
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An original and compelling critique of contemporary Continental theory through a rehabilitation of the negative.
Category: Philosophy

Embodied Selves

Author : S. Gonzalez-Arnal
ISBN : 9781137283696
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 23.51 MB
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This interdisciplinary collection explores the role the body plays in constituting our sense of self, signalling the interplay between material embodiment, social meaning, and material and social conditions.
Category: Social Science