Cancer Stem Cells

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Cancer Stem Cell Features In Established Melanoma Cell Lines

Author : Rüdiger Martin Zimmerer
ISBN : 3838113675
Genre :
File Size : 44.33 MB
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Cancer is increasingly being viewed as a stem cell disease. According to the cancer stem cell hypothesis, tumour initiation and growth are driven by a minor subset of stem-cell-like cancer cells. These cancer stem cells (CSC) self-renew to give rise to additional CSC and differentiate to generate phenotypically diverse progeny with limited proliferative potential. CSC are capable of reconstituting tumours upon transplantation relative to bulk tumour cells or non-tumourigenic cancer cells. This model, first developed in human myeloid leukaemia, has been extended to solid tumours, such as breast and brain cancer. Most cancer stem cells were first isolated based on the expression of surface markers to distinguish CSC from cancer cells with more limited proliferative potential. CSC are usually rare in clinical specimens and hardly amenable to functional studies or to analysis of gene expression profiles. In this study a panel of melanoma cell lines was screened to identify cellular reagents sharing typical CSC features including expression of specific surface markers and genes, capacity to grow in spheroids and high clonogenic capacity.
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Stem Cells And Cancer Stem Cells Volume 13

Author : M.A. Hayat
ISBN : 940240421X
Genre : Medical
File Size : 76.99 MB
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This is the thirteenth volume in a series which presents current understanding of stem cells and cancer stem cells. This book presents many relevant topics including the different sources of cancer stem cells: the features, roles and clinical potential of stem cells emerge from engaging with this comprehensive work. Chapters explore molecular mechanisms underlying human somatic cell reprogramming to generate induced pluripotent stem cells and provide expert discussion of the advantages and limitations of applications of some of the stem cell types (pluripotent stem cells, neural stem cells). Many advances are explored, including the importance of stem cell markers in diagnosis, the role of stem cells in angiogenesis and a method for isolating multi potent endothelial-like cells from human adipose tissue, to name a few. Readers will also find a consideration of mathematical models and other quantitative tools which could facilitate research and discovery in the field. The editor’s preface to the book and the series is particularly helpful in introducing the work presented in this volume. The detailed overviews, practical experience and insights of international expert authors presented in this handbook will be of value to both professional practitioners and scholars in basic research.
Category: Medical

Advances In Cancer Stem Cell Biology

Author : Roberto Scatena
ISBN : 1461408091
Genre : Medical
File Size : 85.45 MB
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In recent years, cancer stem cells have been recognized as important component in carcinogenesis and they seem to form the basis of many (if not all) tumor types. Cancer stem cells or "cancer cell like stem cells" have been isolated from various cancers of different origin (blood, breast, brain, skin, head and neck, thyroid, cervix, lung, retina, colon, pancreas and so on). Cancer stem cells - rare cells with indefinite proliferative potential that drive the formation and growth of tumours- seem to show intriguing relationships with physiological stem cells. Specifically, these cancer cells show significant similarities in the mechanisms that regulate self-renewal of normal stem cells. Moreover, tumour cells might directly arise from normal stem cells. Further, the cellular biology of cancer stem cells show a lot of similarities with normal stem cells.
Category: Medical

Cancer Stem Cells

Author : Vinagolu K. Rajasekhar
ISBN : 9781118356173
Genre : Science
File Size : 27.33 MB
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Cancer Stem Cells covers a wide range of topics incancer stem cell biology, including the functional characteristicsof cancer stem cells and how they're generated, where they arelocalized, the means by which cancer stem cells can be targeted,and how cancer stem cells can be reprogrammed back to normal tissuestem cells. Each chapter begins with a brief historical note andconcept summary, followed by a description of the latest basic orclinical advance associated with the topic. Cancer Stem Cells builds systematically fromcoverage of the basic research stage to an advanced research level,from clinical relevance to therapeutic potential, and will be avaluable resource for professionals in the fields of cancerresearch and stem cell biology.
Category: Science

Cancer Stem Cells

Author : Lucie Laplane
ISBN : 9780674969568
Genre : Science
File Size : 29.82 MB
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A new therapeutic strategy could break the stalemate in the war on cancer by targeting not all cancerous cells but the small fraction that lie at the root of cancers. Lucie Laplane offers a comprehensive analysis of cancer stem cell theory, based on an original interdisciplinary approach that combines biology, biomedical history, and philosophy.
Category: Science

Cancer Stem Cells

Author : Otmar D. Wiestler
ISBN : 9783540708520
Genre : Medical
File Size : 26.13 MB
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Cancer stem cells have originally been identified in leukemia and later in several solid tumor types. They have very different properties from the bulk of the tumor as they divide much more slowly and have very efficient drug resistance mechanisms. Current treatments might largely spare cancer stem cells. This book looks at recent developments in the field of cancer stem cells and the possible impact for the identification of novel treatment paradigms for cancer.
Category: Medical

Cancer Stem Cells

Author : Huiping Liu
ISBN : 9780128039342
Genre : Science
File Size : 42.25 MB
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Cancer Stem Cells: Targeting the Roots of Cancer, Seeds of Metastasis, and Sources of Therapy Resistance introduces the basic concepts and advanced understanding of cancer stem cells, covering general overviews, organ-specific identifications, and their characteristic mechanisms. The book also explores innovative therapeutic strategies in preclinical and clinical trials to target cancer stem cells, remove the roots of cancer, eliminate the seeds of metastasis, overcome the resistance of therapies, and contribute to the eradication of cancer. The book includes contributions from leading, worldwide experts in the field, helping readers embrace new hope in their quest to eradicate cancer with emerging clinical trials on treating cancer stem cells in combination with other therapies. Provides an authoritative and complete overview of cancer stem cells Includes comprehensive coverage of current therapeutic strategies targeting cancer stem cells Deepens a reader’s technical expertise in cancer stem cell biology
Category: Science

Cancer Stem Cells

Author :
ISBN : 0128149949
Genre : Medical
File Size : 58.72 MB
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Cancer Stem Cells, Volume 141 in the Advances in Cancer Research series, presents the latest release in this ongoing, well-regarded serial that provides invaluable information on the exciting and fast-moving field of cancer research. Topics covered in this new release include SIX-EYA-DACH network control of cancer stem cell properties, Dormancy and the cancer cell niche, Clonal hematopoiesis: A hematopoietic stem cell disorder of aging, Stringent assays to study human breast cancer stem cells, Regulation of breast cancer stem cell specification and maintenance by hypoxia-inducible factors, Cancer stem cells in breast and prostate: fact or fiction, and much more. Provides information on cancer research Offers outstanding and original reviews on a range of cancer research topics, with this release focusing on cancer stem cells Serves as an indispensable reference for researchers and students alike
Category: Medical

Role Of Cancer Stem Cells In Cancer Biology And Therapy

Author : Thomas Dittmar
ISBN : 9781466577367
Genre : Medical
File Size : 35.95 MB
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This book summarizes the latest findings about the role of cancer stem cells (CSCs) in cancer biology and how this knowledge could be used for novel anticancer therapies. It provides an overview of CSCs in selected malignancies with particular emphasis on hematopoietic neoplasias. It then reviews the role of CSCs in metastasis formation and initiation of cancer relapses. It also examines the dark side of cancer therapy such as conventional cancer therapies that may lead to the origin of recurrence CSCs. Finally, it supplies a brief overview of current concepts that may allow for a selective eradication of CSCs.
Category: Medical

Cancer Stem Cells

Author : Surajit Pathak
ISBN : 9789811551208
Genre :
File Size : 57.12 MB
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Stem Cells And Cancer Stem Cells Volume 2

Author : M.A. Hayat
ISBN : 9400720165
Genre : Medical
File Size : 71.81 MB
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As in volume 1 of this series, this volume presents information on stem cells and cancer stem cells; Therapeutic Applications in disease and tissue/organ injury. Methodologies of regenerative medicine and tissue engineering are major components of this volume. Specific stem cells discussed are: human embryonic stem cells, hematopoietic stem cells, cord blood stem cells, human pluripotent stem cells, gliosarcoma stem cells, induced pluripotent stem cells, intestinal stem cells, human thyroid cancer stem cells, tumor stem cells, menstrual stem-like cells, neural stem cells, breast cancer stem cells, allogeneic mesenchymal stem cells, fetal membrane-derived mesemchynmal stem cells, and omental stem cells. The method for isolating bone marrow stromal cells is explained. Method for generating marmoset-induced pluripotent stem cells, using transcription factors, is also explained. Use of stem cell lines in therapeutic applications is discussed. Programming of stem cells is described. Methods for transplantation of stem cells are presented. Use of various types of stem cells for conditions such as stroke, ischemia, heart diseases, Alzhemier’s disease, and neurogenerative diseases in general, is explained. For example, generation of human cardiac muscle cells from adipose-derived stem cells is included. Another example is repairing bone defects using mesenchymal stem cells and mesenchymal-derived endothelial cells. Differentiation of new neurons from neural stem cells is described. Method for repairing retina condition using human embryonic stem cells is explained; these cells can induce neural differentiation. Treatment of graft-versus-host disease resulting from hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is elaborated.
Category: Medical

Stem Cells And Cancer Stem Cells Volume 3

Author : M.A. Hayat
ISBN : 9400724152
Genre : Medical
File Size : 59.40 MB
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It is pointed out that cancer stem cell is a cell type within a tumor that possesses the capacity of cell-renewal and can give rise to the heterogeneous lineages of cancer cells that comprise the tumor. It is emphasized that a cancer stem cell is a tumor initiating cell. That conventional chemotherapy kills most cells in a tumor, but cancer stem cells remain intact is discussed. Vast applications of stem cells, cancer stem cells, mesenchymal stem cells, and human pluripotent stem cells are discussed. Because human embryonic stem cells possess the potential of producing unlimited quantities of any human cell type, considerable focus is placed on their therapeutic potential in this volume. Because of the pluripotency of embryonic stem cells, this volume discusses various applications such as tissue engineering, regenerative medicine, pharmacological and toxicological uses. The role of these cells in cell differentiation is also included. The role of cancer stem cells of breast, colon, and melanoma tumors in response to antitumor therapy is detailed. The role of cancer stem cells, specifically in the deadliest brain cancer, glioblastoma multiforme, is explained. Transplantation of bone marrow-derived stem cells for myocardial infarcation and use of mesenchymal stem cells in orthopedics are described.
Category: Medical

Breast Cancer Stem Cells Therapy Resistance

Author : Phuc Van Pham
ISBN : 9783319220208
Genre : Science
File Size : 41.60 MB
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This volume thoroughly examines breast cancer stem cells (BCSCs), from basic definitions to techniques for identifying, isolating, culturing, and targeting BCSCs for therapy; there is additional focus on pre-clinical and clinical results. The text begins with a discussion of breast cancer, focusing especially on the limitations of current therapies in its treatment. The subsequent chapters introduce and compare stem cells and cancer stem cells, describe properties and isolation techniques of BCSCs, and examine BCSC-targeting approaches. The text concludes with a discussion of controversy surrounding the BCSC hypothesis and of future research directions. Breast Cancer Stem Cells & Therapy Resistance, part of the SpringerBriefs in Stem Cells series, provides a succinct yet comprehensive overview of BCSCs for advanced students, graduate students and researchers as well as those working with breast cancer or stem cells in a clinical setting.
Category: Science

Principles Of Stem Cell Biology And Cancer

Author : Tarik Regad
ISBN : 9781118670620
Genre : HEALTH & FITNESS
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Principles of Stem Cell Biology and Cancer: Future Applications and Therapeutics Tarik Regad, The John van Geest Cancer Research Centre, Nottingham Trent University, UK, Thomas J. Sayers, Centre for Cancer Research, National Cancer Institute, Frederick, USA and Robert Rees The John van Geest Cancer Research Centre, Nottingham Trent University, UK The field of cancer stem cells is expanding rapidly, with many groups focusing on isolating and identifying cancer stem cell populations. Although some progress has been made developing efficient cancer therapies, targeting cancer stem cells remains one of the important challenges facing the growing stem cell research community. Principles of Stem Cell Biology and Cancer brings together original contributions from international experts in the field to present the very latest information linking stem cell biology and cancer. Divided into two parts, the book begins with a detailed introduction to stem cell biology with a focus on the characterization of these cells, progress that has been made in their identification, as well as future therapeutic applications of stem cells. The second part focuses on cancer stem cells and their role in cancer development, progression and chemo-resistance. This section of the book includes an overview of recent progress concerning therapies targeting cancer stem cells. Features: An authoritative introduction to the link between stem cell biology and cancer. Includes contributions from leading international experts in the field. Well-illustrated with full colour figures throughout. This book will prove an invaluable resource for basic and applied researchers and clinicians working on the development of new cancer treatments and therapies, providing a timely publication of high quality reviews outlining the current progress and exciting future possibilities for stem cell research.
Category: HEALTH & FITNESS

The Cancer Stem Cell Niche

Author : Susie Nilsson
ISBN : 9780323853255
Genre : Science
File Size : 71.95 MB
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The Cancer Stem Cell Niche, Volume Five in the Advances in Stem Cells and their Niches series, highlights new advances in the field, with this new volume presenting interesting chapters on a variety of timely topics, including Acute lymphoblastic leukemia and the bone marrow microenvironment, Stem cell niches in bone and their roles in cancer metastasis, The role of vasculature in cancer stem cell niches, The lung cancer stem cell niche, The prostate cancer stem cell niche: Genetic drivers and therapeutic approaches, Impact of prostate cancer stem cell niches on prostate cancer tumorigenesis and progression, The testicular cancer stem cell niche. Provides the authority and expertise of leading contributors from an international board of authors Presents the latest release in the Advances in Stem Cells and their Niches series Includes the latest information on the Cancer Stem Cell Niche
Category: Science

Cancer Stem Cells

Author : Gianpaolo Papaccio
ISBN : 1493974009
Genre : Medical
File Size : 36.90 MB
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This detailed volume gathers a comprehensive collection of methods, protocols, and procedures used for the identification, characterization, and selection of cancer stem cells. These include surface marker expression, side population, spheres formation, ALDH activity, and numerous others. Written for the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible protocols, and expert tips and troubleshooting advice to avoid potential pitfalls. Comprehensive and practical, Cancer Stem Cells: Methods and Protocols provides researchers with the techniques they will need in order to pursue vital research into this complex field of study.
Category: Medical

Bioengineering And Cancer Stem Cell Concept

Author : Mirjana Pavlovic
ISBN : 3319256696
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This book explores the role of cancer stem cells in the diagnosis, treatment, and cure of cancers. This book also tackles novel methodology for cancer stem cell marker identification, cancer stem cell respiration and metabolism, genetic and epigenetic mechanisms including DNA methylation, and mi-RNA assemble. It also emphasizes the role of Bioinformatics techniques, which provide a novel methodology for modeling cancer outcomes. The authors investigate the difference between cancer stem cells and normal stem cells, along with the concept of targeted cancer stem cell therapy. Although the theoretical explanations of cancer stem cell involvement in leukemia and solid cancers are controversial, there is now little doubt that cancer stem cells exist within otherwise heterogeneous cancer cell population. The brief examines the two leading theories, hierarchical and the stochastic/cancer stem cell model. Researchers, professors and advanced-level students focused on bioengineering and computer science will find this book to be a valuable resource. It is a very good source of critical references for understanding of this problem, and a useful tool for professionals in related fields.
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Cancer Stem Cell Differentiation An Inherent Or Acquired Property

Author :
ISBN : OCLC:1052110029
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Abstract: There is a growing list of data indicating that cancer (stem) cells could functionally adapt foreign tissue features, such as endothelial-like cells or neuroendocrine cells, express lineage markers or could differentiate into various lineages in response to appropriate differentiation criteria. The finding that cancer (stem) cells may possess some kind of differentiation capacity poses the question whether this might be an inherent or acquired property. Cancer stem cells share stem cell characteristics and may thus possess an inherent differentiation capacity enabling the cells to respond to various differentiation stimuli. Considering the plasticity of cancer (stem) cells, even non-tumorigenic (and putatively non-differentiable) tumor cells could give rise to tumorigenic tumor stem cells, exhibiting stem cell characteristics including an inherent differentiation capacity. On the contrary, cancer (stem) cells may have acquired differentiation capacity as a consequence of a previous cell fusion event with cell types exhibiting differentiation potential and being fusogenic, such as macrophages or stem cells. Of pivotal interest in a tumor context are macrophages, which chiefly foster the chronically inflamed tumor microenvironment. Because chronically inflamed tissue is a well-known trigger for cell fusion and both macrophages and stem cells are highly fusogenic we conclude that cell fusion events between these cell types and cancer (stem) cells should frequently occur, thereby giving rise to hybrid cells exhibiting not only novel properties, like an enhanced metastatogenic phenotype, but also parental characteristics, such as differentiation capacity. Conceivably, the combination of both properties might be advantageous for metastasizing cancer (stem) cells to adapt better and faster to a foreign organ tissue environment.
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