Cambrian Intelligence

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Cambrian Intelligence

Author : Rodney Allen Brooks
ISBN : 0262522632
Genre : Computers
File Size : 80.62 MB
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Until the mid-1980s, AI researchers assumed that an intelligent system doing high-level reasoning was necessary for the coupling of perception and action. In this traditional model, cognition mediates between perception and plans of action. Realizing that this core AI, as it was known, was illusory, Rodney A. Brooks turned the field of AI on its head by introducing the behavior-based approach to robotics. The cornerstone of behavior-based robotics is the realization that the coupling of perception and action gives rise to all the power of intelligence and that cognition is only in the eye of an observer. Behavior-based robotics has been the basis of successful applications in entertainment, service industries, agriculture, mining, and the home. It has given rise to both autonomous mobile robots and more recent humanoid robots such as Brooks' Cog. This book represents Brooks' initial formulation of and contributions to the development of the behavior-based approach to robotics. It presents all of the key philosophical and technical ideas that put this "bottom-up" approach at the forefront of current research in not only AI but all of cognitive science.
Category: Computers

Advances In Artificial Intelligence Iberamia Sbia 2006

Author : Jaime Simao Sichman
ISBN : 9783540454625
Genre : Computers
File Size : 52.35 MB
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 2nd International Joint Conference of the 10th Ibero-American Conference on Artificial Intelligence, IBERAMIA 2006, and the 18th Brazilian Artificial Intelligence Symposium, SBIA 2006. The book presents 62 revised full papers together with 4 invited lectures. Topical sections include AI in education and intelligent tutoring systems, autonomous agents and multiagent systems, computer vision and pattern recognition, evolutionary computation and artificial life, and more.
Category: Computers

Affect And Artificial Intelligence

Author : Elizabeth A. Wilson
ISBN : 0295800003
Genre : Computers
File Size : 56.32 MB
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In 1950, Alan Turing, the British mathematician, cryptographer, and computer pioneer, looked to the future: now that the conceptual and technical parameters for electronic brains had been established, what kind of intelligence could be built? Should machine intelligence mimic the abstract thinking of a chess player or should it be more like the developing mind of a child? Should an intelligent agent only think, or should it also learn, feel, and grow? Affect and Artificial Intelligence is the first in-depth analysis of affect and intersubjectivity in the computational sciences. Elizabeth Wilson makes use of archival and unpublished material from the early years of AI (1945�70) until the present to show that early researchers were more engaged with questions of emotion than many commentators have assumed. She documents how affectivity was managed in the canonical works of Walter Pitts in the 1940s and Turing in the 1950s, in projects from the 1960s that injected artificial agents into psychotherapeutic encounters, in chess-playing machines from the 1940s to the present, and in the Kismet (sociable robotics) project at MIT in the 1990s.
Category: Computers

The Cybernetic Brain

Author : Andrew Pickering
ISBN : 0226667928
Genre : Science
File Size : 79.70 MB
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Cybernetics is often thought of as a grim military or industrial science of control. But as Andrew Pickering reveals in this beguiling book, a much more lively and experimental strain of cybernetics can be traced from the 1940s to the present. The Cybernetic Brain explores a largely forgotten group of British thinkers, including Grey Walter, Ross Ashby, Gregory Bateson, R. D. Laing, Stafford Beer, and Gordon Pask, and their singular work in a dazzling array of fields. Psychiatry, engineering, management, politics, music, architecture, education, tantric yoga, the Beats, and the sixties counterculture all come into play as Pickering follows the history of cybernetics’ impact on the world, from contemporary robotics and complexity theory to the Chilean economy under Salvador Allende. What underpins this fascinating history, Pickering contends, is a shared but unconventional vision of the world as ultimately unknowable, a place where genuine novelty is always emerging. And thus, Pickering avers, the history of cybernetics provides us with an imaginative model of open-ended experimentation in stark opposition to the modern urge to achieve domination over nature and each other.
Category: Science

Architecture And Adaptation

Author : Socrates Yiannoudes
ISBN : 9781317551010
Genre : Architecture
File Size : 59.93 MB
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Architecture and Adaptation discusses architectural projects that use computational technology to adapt to changing conditions and human needs. Topics include kinetic and transformable structures, digitally driven building parts, interactive installations, intelligent environments, early precedents and their historical context, socio-cultural aspects of adaptive architecture, the history and theory of artificial life, the theory of human-computer interaction, tangible computing, and the social studies of technology. Author Socrates Yiannoudes proposes tools and frameworks for researchers to evaluate examples and tendencies in adaptive architecture. Illustrated with more than 50 black and white images.
Category: Architecture

Computational Intelligence In Archaeology

Author : Barcelo, Juan A.
ISBN : 9781599044910
Genre : Computers
File Size : 44.34 MB
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Provides analytical theories offered by innovative artificial intelligence computing methods in the archaeological domain.
Category: Computers

Thinking Machines

Author : Niran B. Abbas
ISBN : 3825896447
Genre : Science
File Size : 41.65 MB
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The book explores historical traces of human life within the discourse of artifical intelligence. It addresses a matrix of themes about technology and change, ranging from the realm of the inanimate to the animate. it traces the ways in which the human spirit looks beyond its limitations and ponders the potentia of "being human." Niran Bahjat-Abbas is senior lecturer in the Department of Media and Cultural Studies at Kingston University, London (UK).
Category: Science

Robot Science Technology

Author :
ISBN : CORNELL:31924092760390
Genre : Mobile robots
File Size : 45.86 MB
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Category: Mobile robots

Ritual Performance And The Senses

Author : Jon P. Mitchell
ISBN : 9780857854964
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 32.69 MB
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Ritual has long been a central concept in anthropological theories of religious transmission. Ritual, Performance and the Senses offers a new understanding of how ritual enables religious representations – ideas, beliefs, values – to be shared among participants. Focusing on the body and the experiential nature of ritual, the book brings together insights from three distinct areas of study: cognitive/neuroanthropology, performance studies and the anthropology of the senses. Eight chapters by scholars from each of these sub-disciplines investigate different aspects of embodied religious practice, ranging from philosophical discussions of belief to explorations of the biological processes taking place in the brain itself. Case studies range from miracles and visionary activity in Catholic Malta to meditative practices in theatrical performance and include three pilgrimage sites: the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem, the festival of Ramlila in Ramnagar, India and the mountain shrine of the Lord of the Shiny Snow in Andean Peru. Understanding ritual allows us to understand processes at the very centre of human social life and humanity itself, making this an invaluable text for students and scholars in anthropology, cognitive science, performance studies and religious studies.
Category: Social Science

Legged Robots That Balance

Author : Marc H. Raibert
ISBN : 0262181177
Genre : Artificial intelligence
File Size : 49.20 MB
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This book, by a leading authority on legged locomotion, presents exciting engineering and science, along with fascinating implications for theories of human motor control. It lays fundamental groundwork in legged locomotion, one of the least developed areas of robotics, addressing the possibility of building useful legged robots that run and balance.The book describes the study of physical machines that run and balance on just one leg, including analysis, computer simulation, and laboratory experiments. Contrary to expectations, it reveals that control of such machines is not particularly difficult. It describes how the principles of locomotion discovered with one leg can be extended to systems with several legs and reports preliminary experiments with a quadruped machine that runs using these principles.Raibert's work is unique in its emphasis on dynamics and active balance, aspects of the problem that have played a minor role in most previous work. His studies focus on the central issues of balance and dynamic control, while avoiding several problems that have dominated previous research on legged machines.Marc Raibert is Associate Professor of Computer Science and Robotics at Carnegie-Mellon University and on the editorial board of The MIT Press journal, Robotics Research. Legged Robots That Balance is fifteenth in the Artificial Intelligence Series, edited by Patrick Winston and Michael Brady.
Category: Artificial intelligence

Plant Behaviour And Intelligence

Author : Anthony Trewavas
ISBN : 9780191028915
Genre : Science
File Size : 80.49 MB
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This novel book is the first to properly address the controversial issue of plant intelligence, arguing convincingly that cells and whole plants growing in competitive wild conditions exhibit aspects of plant behaviour that can be accurately described as 'intelligent'. The author expands on three main insights drawn by the Nobel Prize winning botanist Barbara McClintock: firstly that plant cells may have knowledge of themselves; secondly that they receive challenges which lead to behavioural changes; finally, that they do so in a manner which implies assessment and intelligent behaviour. By equating the concept of intelligent behaviour with that of adaptively variable behaviour, the book provides a novel integration of signalling, behaviour, and behavioural ecology, all set within the context of plant studies. Plant Behaviour and Intelligence begins with chapters on the origins and multicellular nature of plant life, before going on to discuss novel behaviours such as branch initiation and growth, unusual behaviour of leaves, and how roots reconstruct their sensing systems and are capable of self-recognition. An entire chapter is devoted to the nature of intelligence and another to the vexed question of 'consciousness', as applied to plant life. This advanced textbook will be suitable for senior undergraduate and graduate level students taking related courses in plant ecology and evolution. It will also be of relevance and use to a broader audience of professional plant ecologists seeking an authoritative reference text to help them navigate the complexity and controversy of plant behaviour.
Category: Science

The Structurist

Author :
ISBN : PSU:000059157113
Genre : Art
File Size : 83.37 MB
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Category: Art

An Introduction To Multiagent Systems

Author : Michael Wooldridge
ISBN : STANFORD:36105111813437
Genre : Computers
File Size : 68.8 MB
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This book will introduce students to intelligent agents, explain what these agents are, how they are constructed and how they can be made to co-operate effectively with one another in large-scale systems.
Category: Computers

Corrupting The Youth

Author : James Franklin
ISBN : NWU:35556035035948
Genre : Philosophie - Australie
File Size : 53.3 MB
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Category: Philosophie - Australie

Scepticism And Hope

Author : Miro Kollar
ISBN : STANFORD:36105073262961
Genre : Slovak language
File Size : 74.60 MB
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Category: Slovak language