Black Indians And Freedmen

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The Seminole Freedmen

Author : Kevin Mulroy
ISBN : 9780806155883
Genre : History
File Size : 25.67 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
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Popularly known as “Black Seminoles,” descendants of the Seminole freedmen of Indian Territory are a unique American cultural group. Now Kevin Mulroy examines the long history of these people to show that this label denies them their rightful distinctiveness. To correct misconceptions of the historical relationship between Africans and Seminole Indians, he traces the emergence of Seminole-black identity and community from their eighteenth-century Florida origins to the present day. Arguing that the Seminole freedmen are neither Seminoles, Africans, nor “black Indians,” Mulroy proposes that they are maroon descendants who inhabit their own racial and cultural category, which he calls “Seminole maroon.” Mulroy plumbs the historical record to show clearly that, although allied with the Seminoles, these maroons formed independent and autonomous communities that dealt with European American society differently than either Indians or African Americans did. Mulroy describes the freedmen’s experiences as runaways from southern plantations, slaves of American Indians, participants in the Seminole Wars, and emigrants to the West. He then recounts their history during the Civil War, Reconstruction, enrollment and allotment under the Dawes Act, and early Oklahoma statehood. He also considers freedmen relations with Seminoles in Oklahoma during the twentieth and early twenty-first centuries. Although freedmen and Seminoles enjoy a partially shared past, this book shows that the freedmen’s history and culture are unique and entirely their own.
Category: History
Black Indians and Freedmen
Language: en
Pages:
Authors: Christina Dickerson
Categories: Church membership
Type: BOOK - Published: 2021 - Publisher:

"The African Methodist Episcopal (AME) Church is a venerable, Wesleyan religious body that formerly enslaved people established in 1816. Although this denomination is historically Black, it has never been racially exclusive. Scholars have largely minimized the AME Church's ethnic diversity and have specifically ignored its impact within Native communities. This
Black Indians and Freedmen
Language: en
Pages: 256
Authors: Christina Dickerson-Cousin
Categories: Church membership
Type: BOOK - Published: 2021 - Publisher:

"The African Methodist Episcopal (AME) Church is a venerable, Wesleyan religious body that formerly enslaved people established in 1816. Although this denomination is historically Black, it has never been racially exclusive. Scholars have largely minimized the AME Church's ethnic diversity and have specifically ignored its impact within Native communities. This
African Americans in the Nineteenth Century: People and Perspectives
Language: en
Pages: 258
Authors: Dixie Ray Haggard
Categories: Social Science
Type: BOOK - Published: 2010-03-11 - Publisher: ABC-CLIO

A revealing volume that portrays the lives of African Americans in all its variety across the entire 19th century—combining coverage of the pre- and post-Civil War eras. • Primary sources illustrate the experience of the African American social cohorts discussed in each chapter • A chronology of historic economic, military,
Black Slaves, Indian Masters
Language: en
Pages: 211
Authors: Barbara Krauthamer
Categories: Social Science
Type: BOOK - Published: 2013 - Publisher: UNC Press Books

Black Slaves, Indian Masters: Slavery, Emancipation, and Citizenship in the Native American South
American Indian and African American People, Communities, and Interactions
Language: en
Pages: 266
Authors: Lisa Bier
Categories: Social Science
Type: BOOK - Published: 2004 - Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

Provides detailed annotations to the historical and cultural interactions between African Americans and American Indians in the United States and Canada.