Biomolecular Sensors

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Biomolecular Sensors

Author : Electra Gizeli
ISBN : 0203212193
Genre : Medical
File Size : 68.56 MB
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The development of devices that incorporate biological assemblies is impacting analytical and biomedical research. Today, scientists can monitor vital biological interactions-such as the binding of DNA to proteins-in real time, deriving unique information necessary to understanding biochemical pathways and thus aiding the design of drugs to regulat
Category: Medical

Graphene Based Electrochemical Sensors For Biomolecules

Author : Alagarsamy Pandikumar
ISBN : 9780128156391
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 73.94 MB
Format : PDF
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Graphene-Based Electrochemical Sensors for Biomolecules presents the latest on these nanomaterials that have gained a lot of attention based on their unique properties of high mechanical flexibility, large surface area, chemical stability, superior electric and thermal conductivities that render them great choices as alternative electrode materials for electrochemical energy storage and sensor applications. The hybridization of graphene with other nanomaterials induces a synergetic effect, leading to the improvement in electrical conductivity, stability and an enhancement of the electrocatalytic activity of the new nanocomposite material. This book discusses the electrochemical determination of a variety of biomolecules using graphene-based nanocomposite materials. Finally, recent progress in the development of electrochemical sensors using graphene-based nanocomposite materials and perspectives on future opportunities in sensor research and development are discussed in detail. Covers the importance of detecting biomolecules and the application of graphene and its nanocomposite materials in the detection of a wide variety of bioanalytes Presents easily understood fundamentals of electrochemical sensing systems and the role of graphene-based nanocomposite materials in research and development
Category: Technology & Engineering

Cavity Enhanced Spectroscopy And Sensing

Author : Gianluca Gagliardi
ISBN : 9783642400032
Genre : Science
File Size : 22.77 MB
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The book reviews the dramatic recent advances in the use of optical resonators for high sensitivity and high resolution molecular spectroscopy as well as for chemical, mechanical and physical sensing. It encompasses a variety of cavities including those made of two or more mirrors, optical fiber loops, fiber gratings and spherical cavities. The book focuses on novel techniques and their applications. Each chapter is written by an expert and/or pioneer in the field. These experts also provide the theoretical background in optics and molecular physics where needed. Examples of recent breakthroughs include the use of frequency combs (Nobel prize 2005) for cavity enhanced sensing and spectroscopy, the use of novel cavity materials and geometries, the development of optical heterodyne detection techniques combined to active frequency-locking schemes. These methods allow the use and interrogation of optical resonators with a variety of coherent light sources for trace gas detection and sensing of strain, temperature and pressure.
Category: Science

Quantum Dot Sensors

Author : John Callan
ISBN : 9789814364614
Genre : Science
File Size : 79.83 MB
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Consisting of six chapters, written by experts in their field, this book charts the progress made in the use of quantum dots as the signaling component in optical sensors since their discovery in the early 1980s. In particular, it focuses on CdS-, CdSe-, and CdTe-type QDs due to their emission in the visible region of the electromagnetic spectrum. The book begins by detailing the range of methods currently used for the preparation and passivation of core/core–shell quantum dots and follows with a discussion on their electrochemical properties and potential toxicity. The book culminates by focusing on how electron and energy transfer mechanisms can be utilized to generate a range of quantum dot-based probes. This is the first text of its kind dedicated to quantum dot-based sensors and will appeal to those readers who have an interest in working with these versatile nanoparticles.
Category: Science

Chemosensors

Author : Binghe Wang
ISBN : 1118019571
Genre : Science
File Size : 52.53 MB
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A thorough, accessible, and general overview of chemosensors Providing a comprehensive overview of chemosensors—organic molecules designed to bind and sense small molecules or metal ions—and their applications, Chemosensors: Principles, Strategies, and Applications is an accessible one-stop resource for analysts, clinicians, and graduate students studying advanced chemistry and chemosensing. Chemosensors function on a molecular level, generating a signal upon binding. The book reviews their synthesis, design, and applications for detecting biological and organic molecules as well as metal ions. The text highlights applications in drug discovery and catalyses that have not been well covered elsewhere. Covering such topics as molecular recognition, detection methods, design strategies, and important biological issues, the book is broken into four sections that examine intermolecular interactions, strategies in sensor design, detection methods, and case studies in metal, saccharide, and amino acid sensing. An indispensable source of information for chemical and biomedical experts using sensors, Chemosensors includes case studies to make the material both accessible and understandable to chemists of all backgrounds.
Category: Science

Biomolecular Films

Author : James F. Rusling
ISBN : 9780824747664
Genre : Science
File Size : 52.78 MB
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This text examines films of biomolecules that can provide solid surfaces for catalyzing enzyme reactions, serve in biosensors and as biorecognition elements, mediate nanoparticle formation, and provide a basis for fundamental studies and applications in biomedicine and biomedical devices.
Category: Science

Cellular And Biomolecular Recognition

Author : Raz Jelinek
ISBN : 9783527627028
Genre : Science
File Size : 43.54 MB
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With its exploration of the scientific and technological characteristics of systems exploiting molecular recognition between synthetic materials, such as polymers and nanoparticles, and biological entities, this is a truly multidisciplinary book bridging chemistry, life sciences, pharmacology and medicine. The authors introduce innovative biomimetic chemical assemblies which constitute platforms for recruitment of cellular components or biological molecules, while also focusing on physical, chemical, and biological aspects of biomolecular recognition. The diverse applications covered include biosensors, cell adhesion, synthetic receptors, cell patterning, bioactive nanoparticles, and drug design.
Category: Science

Biomems And Biomedical Nanotechnology

Author : Rashid Bashir
ISBN : 9780387258454
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 44.6 MB
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Offers a review of key aspects of BioMEMS sensors, including BioMEMS sensors and materials, means of manipulating biological entities at the microscale, and micro-fluidics and characterization.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Handbook Of Chemical And Biological Sensors

Author : R.F Taylor
ISBN : 1420050486
Genre : Science
File Size : 37.15 MB
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The Handbook of Chemical and Biological Sensors focuses on the development of sensors to recognize substances rather than physical quantities. This fully inclusive book examines devices that use a biological sensing element to detect and measure chemical and biological species as well as those that use a synthetic element to achieve a similar result. A first port of call for anyone with a specific interest, question, or problem relating to this area, this comprehensive source of reference serves as a guide for practicing scientists and as a text for many graduate courses. It presents relevant physics to chemists, chemistry to materials scientists, materials science to electronic engineers, and fabrication technology to all of the above. In addition, the handbook is useful both to newcomers and to experienced researchers who wish to broaden their knowledge of the constituent disciplines of this wide-ranging field.
Category: Science

Advanced Photonic Structures For Biological And Chemical Detection

Author : Xudong Fan
ISBN : 0387980636
Genre : Science
File Size : 52.15 MB
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In my career I’ve found that ‘‘thinking outside the box’’ works better if I know what’s ‘‘inside the box.’’ Dave Grusin, composer and jazz musician Different people think in different time frames: scientists think in decades, engineers think in years, and investors think in quarters. Stan Williams, Director of Quantum Science Research, Hewlett Packard Laboratories Everything can be made smaller, never mind physics; Everything can be made more ef?cient, never mind thermodynamics; Everything will be more expensive, never mind common sense. Tomas Hirschfeld, pioneer of industrial spectroscopy Integrated Analytical Systems Series Editor: Dr. Radislav A. Potyrailo, GE Global Research, Niskayuna, NY The book series Integrated Analytical Systems offers the most recent advances in all key aspects of development and applications of modern instrumentation for che- cal and biological analysis. The key development aspects include (i) innovations in sample introduction through micro- and nano?uidic designs, (ii) new types and methods of fabrication of physical transducers and ion detectors, (iii) materials for sensors that became available due to the breakthroughs in biology, combinatorial materials science, and nanotechnology, and (iv) innovative data processing and mining methodologies that provide dramatically reduced rates of false alarms.
Category: Science

Nanomedicine Design Of Particles Sensors Motors Implants Robots And Devices

Author : Mark J. Schulz
ISBN : 9781596932807
Genre : Nanomedicine
File Size : 87.5 MB
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Annotation This resource outlines the new tools that are becoming available in nanomedicine. The book presents an integrated set of perspectives that describe where advancements are now and where they should be headed to put nanomedicine devices into applications as quickly as possible
Category: Nanomedicine

Nanoscale Magnetic Materials And Applications

Author : J. Ping Liu
ISBN : 0387856005
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 57.28 MB
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Nanoscale Magnetic Materials and Applications covers exciting new developments in the field of advanced magnetic materials. Readers will find valuable reviews of the current experimental and theoretical work on novel magnetic structures, nanocomposite magnets, spintronic materials, domain structure and domain-wall motion, in addition to nanoparticles and patterned magnetic recording media. Cutting-edge applications in the field are described by leading experts from academic and industrial communities. These include new devices based on domain wall motion, magnetic sensors derived from both giant and tunneling magnetoresistance, thin film devices in micro-electromechanical systems, and nanoparticle applications in biomedicine. In addition to providing an introduction to the advances in magnetic materials and applications at the nanoscale, this volume also presents emerging materials and phenomena, such as magnetocaloric and ferromagnetic shape memory materials, which motivate future development in this exciting field. Nanoscale Magnetic Materials and Applications also features a foreword written by Peter Grünberg, recipient of the 2007 Nobel Prize in Physics.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Optical Sensors

Author : Ramaier Narayanaswamy
ISBN : 9783662091111
Genre : Science
File Size : 34.79 MB
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This interesting book covers latest aspects of a highly sophisticated technology; results treated in critical detail; demonstrates applicability of this technology to practical problems in process control, biochip methods, clinical analysis, environmental sciences
Category: Science

Handbook Of Silicon Photonics

Author : Laurent Vivien
ISBN : 9781439836118
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 48.4 MB
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The development of integrated silicon photonic circuits has recently been driven by the Internet and the push for high bandwidth as well as the need to reduce power dissipation induced by high data-rate signal transmission. To reach these goals, efficient passive and active silicon photonic devices, including waveguide, modulators, photodetectors, multiplexers, light sources, and various subsystems, have been developed that take advantage of state-of-the-art silicon technology. Suitable for both specialists and newcomers, Handbook of Silicon Photonics presents a coherent and comprehensive overview of this field from the fundamentals to integrated systems and applications. It covers a broad spectrum of materials and applications, emphasizing passive and active photonic devices, fabrication, integration, and the convergence with CMOS technology. The book’s self-contained chapters are written by international experts from academia and various photonics-related industries. The handbook starts with the basics of silicon as an optical material. It then describes the building blocks needed to drive integrated silicon photonic circuits and explains how these building blocks are incorporated in complex photonic/electronic circuits. The book also presents applications of silicon photonics in numerous fields, including biophotonics and photovoltaics. With many illustrations, including some in color, this handbook provides an up-to-date reference to the broad and rapidly changing area of silicon photonics. It shows how basic science and innovative technological applications are pushing the field forward.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Magnetochemistry

Author : Inamuddin
ISBN : 9781644900611
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 82.12 MB
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The book covers the entire spectrum of magnetic nanomaterials and their highly interesting properties. It also discusses engineering strategies and current applications of magnetic nanomaterials in analytical chemistry, spintronics, biomedical science, electrochemistry, energy storage and conversion, membranes and fuel cells. Keywords: Magnetic Nanomaterials, Analytical Chemistry, Biomedical Science, Spintronics, Electrochemistry, Energy Storage, Energy Conversion, Membranes, Fuel Cells, Bio-Sensors, Electrocatalysis, Separation Processes, Hydrogen Storage, Supercapacitors, SERS Effect.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Biomolecular Information Processing

Author : Evgeny Katz
ISBN : 9783527645497
Genre : Science
File Size : 77.78 MB
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Edited by a renowned and much cited chemist, this book covers the whole span of molecular computers that are based on biomolecules. The contributions by all the major scientists in the field provide an excellent overview of the latest developments in this rapidly expanding area. A must-have for all researchers working on this very hot topic. Perfectly complements Molecular and Supramolecular Information Processing, also by Prof. Katz, and available as a two-volume set.
Category: Science

Semiconductor Device Based Sensors For Gas Chemical And Biomedical Applications

Author : Fan Ren
ISBN : 9781439813874
Genre : Science
File Size : 68.26 MB
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Sales of U.S. chemical sensors represent the largest segment of the multi-billion-dollar global sensor market, which includes instruments for chemical detection in gases and liquids, biosensors, and medical sensors. Although silicon-based devices have dominated the field, they are limited by their general inability to operate in harsh environments faced with factors such as high temperature and pressure. Exploring how and why these instruments have become a major player, Semiconductor Device-Based Sensors for Gas, Chemical, and Biomedical Applications presents the latest research, including original theoretical and experimental work. It also explains how these investigations have translated into applications and products. Written by experts in the field, the chapters review cutting-edge progress on semiconductor and nanomaterial-based sensors. An excellent introduction to the subject, this book is also an outstanding reference for those working on different sensor applications. It addresses various subfields, including: GaN-based sensor arrays for quick and reliable medical testing Optical sensors Wireless remote hydrogen sensing systems MOS-based, thin-film, and nanowire-based sensors The wide-bandgap semiconductor sensors discussed in this book offer many advantages as replacements for silicon-based sensors, including their high chemical resistance, high-temperature operation, and blue and ultraviolet optoelectronic behaviors. Although assays exist for biomedical detection, they are limited by various factors. Nanomaterial devices, such as the sensors examined in this book, are currently the best option for moving toward fast, label-free, sensitive, and selective multiple-detection systems for biological and medical sensing applications. Providing sufficient background information and technical detail, this is an excellent resource for advanced level undergraduate and graduate students as well as researchers in gas, chemical, biological, and medical sensors.
Category: Science

Bio Nanomaterials

Author : Wolfgang Pompe
ISBN : 9783527655281
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 24.17 MB
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Written by authors from different fields to reflect the interdisciplinary nature of the topic, this book guides the reader through new nano-materials processing inspired by nature. Structured around general principles, each selection and explanation is motivated by particular biological case studies. This provides the background for elucidating the particular principle in a second section. In the third part, examples for applying the principle to materials processing are given, while in a fourth subsection each chapter is supplemented by a selection of relevant experimental and theoretical techniques.
Category: Technology & Engineering