Bio Innovation And Poverty Alleviation

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Bio Innovation And Poverty Alleviation

Author : Edsel E. Sajor
ISBN : 9789351504580
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 28.83 MB
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The proposed volume attempts to understand how forms of bio-innovation might be linked to the problem of poverty and its reduction through an inquiry into a number of empirical cases of present-day bio-innovations in Asia. Conditions and circumstances in countries like Cambodia, China, India, Korea, Nepal, Philippines, and Thailand are quite different and provide a mosaic of varied experiences in bio-innovation that include shrimp farming, GMO cotton, bio gas, organic farming, and vaccines. Offering important insights into various forms of bio-innovation efforts and their effects on poverty alleviation, this volume is divided into three major themes that organize the main sections of the book—benefits for the poor: actual, direct, and prospective benefits for the poor; absence of positive impacts and institutional constraints; pro-poor drivers and embedding in anti-poverty alleviation. The central questions addressed here are: • Ways and circumstances in which certain forms of bio-innovations affect the poor and enable poverty alleviation. • Critical factors and conditions for improving the positive impact of bio-innovations on poverty alleviation. • Poverty alleviation goals should be the point of departure in rationalizing, identifying and designing appropriate and relevant bio-innovation programs.
Category: Business & Economics

Innovation Incubation And Entrepreneurship

Author : B. V. Phani
ISBN : 9789811033346
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 45.60 MB
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This book focuses on promoting entrepreneurial ecosystems within universities and educational institutes. It especially emphasizes the thriving systems and practices existing within the Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur (IITK). It discusses cases and successes of the SIDBI Incubation and Innovation Centre in the Institute. This edited volume highlights the vision of IITK and describes a few of the major achievements of the past few years. It especially showcases the requirements and challenges of creating, sustaining, and boosting such entrepreneurial ecosystems and incubation centres. The contents of this book will be useful to researchers, administrators, and corporate collaborators working in the area of monetizing technology coming from educational institutions by converting it to successful products and business ideas.
Category: Technology & Engineering

The Gene Revolution And Global Food Security

Author : B. Oyelaran-Oyeyinka
ISBN : 9780230277991
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 78.84 MB
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Using the concept of innovation capacity, this book, using recent field data from countries in Asia and Africa, competently demonstrates how biotechnology can contribute to sustainable economic development. The approach articulates the imperative for developing countries to build up specific capabilities backed up by policies and institutions.
Category: Business & Economics

Innovative Water Resource Use And Management For Poverty Reduction In Sub Saharan Africa An Anthology

Author : Chanie, Paulos
ISBN : 9789994455751
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 76.50 MB
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Like in many parts of the world, water resources in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) have been pivotal for human survival, economic growth, social development, and practicing certain religion and cultural ethos. However, in spite of the intrinsic values of water, its use and management in sub-Saharan Africa has not been without limitations. The demand for water resources is increasing mainly due to rapid population growth, industrialization and urbanization and dealing with water-related issues has been complex and challenging for sustainable growth. Whilst there are various efforts by national governments, non-government organizations and communities to effectively and efficiently utilize and manage water resources, there are few comprehensive studies in sub- Saharan Africa that show the impact of the efforts on poverty reduction. Although certain reports indicate that many SSA countries lack clear vision on how water use can be harnessed with pro-poor growth and how poor communities can be capacitated to use water for poverty reduction, there are little exhaustive studies that clearly show familiar and innovative water use and management interventions followed by communities, national governments and other stakeholders, and demonstrate the challenges and successes of the same. Cognizant of the knowledge gap, in 2012 OSSREA launched a research project on ordinary and innovative water use and management patterns and practices in SSA, with a view to generate new knowledge on unexploited opportunities that could enhance the contribution of water resources to poverty reduction. This anthology documents various issues including water use and management in agriculture especially in irrigation projects in Ethiopia, Kenya, Uganda and Zimbabwe; water harvesting in Kenya and Uganda; the role of local water use institutions in Ethiopia; and water source maintenance and protection in Uganda.
Category: Social Science

Agricultural Biotechnology Poverty Reduction And Food Security

Author : Asian Development Bank
ISBN : 9715613624
Genre : Agricultural biotechnology
File Size : 89.50 MB
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This book is based on a study conducted by the Asian Development Bank (ADB), together with the Australian Centre for International, Agricultural Research and the Australian Agency for International Development, to examine the opportunities and risks of using biotechnology in reducing poverty and achieving food security in Asia.
Category: Agricultural biotechnology

Biological Nitrogen Fixation Towards Poverty Alleviation Through Sustainable Agriculture

Author : Felix D. Dakora
ISBN : 9781402082528
Genre : Science
File Size : 37.82 MB
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Poverty is a severe problem in Africa, Asia, South America and even in pockets of the developed world. Addressing poverty alleviation via the expanded use of biological nitrogen fixation in agriculture was the theme of the 15th International Congress on Nitrogen Fixation. Because nitrogen-fixation research is multidisciplinary, exploiting its benefits for agriculture and environmental protection has continued to attract research by diverse groups of scientists, including chemists, biochemists, plant physiologists, evolutionary biologists, ecologists, agricultural scientists, extension agents, and inoculant producers. The 15th International Congress on Nitrogen Fixation was held jointly with the 12th International Conference of the African Association for Biological Nitrogen Fixation. This joint Congress was hosted in South Africa at the Cape Town International Conv- tion Centre, 21–26 January 2007, and was attended by about 200 registered participants from 41 countries world-wide. During the Congress, some 100 oral and approximately 80 poster papers were presented. The wide range of topics covered and the theme of the Congress justifies this book’s title, Nitrogen Fixation: Applications to Poverty Alleviation.
Category: Science

Biotechnology Policy In Africa

Author : Norman Clark
ISBN : STANFORD:36105132793444
Genre : Agricultural biotechnology
File Size : 32.23 MB
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Category: Agricultural biotechnology

Innovation In Resource Management

Author : L. Richard Meyers
ISBN : MINN:31951P00115060N
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 53.39 MB
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Category: Technology & Engineering

Idrc

Author : Bruce Muirhead
ISBN : 9781554587575
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 27.47 MB
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The book focuses on the International Development Research Centre as a unique institution that has funded research in the developing South—research proposed and undertaken by Southern researchers—and how, as a result, it has had tremendous impact despite a relatively small budget. The IDRC is much better known in the developing South than in Canada; in many of the roughly 150 countries in which it has provided research funding it has contributed to creating a very positive image of Canada. The centre’s arms-length relationship with Canadian government assistance provides it with enormous freedom and flexibility—it was established in 1970 with its own act under the Trudeau government. The IDRC board is one-half international and one-half Canadian and is the only governmental agency in the world that has this structure, giving them unique insight into Southern development issues. One of the IDRC’s founding principles was its insistence on having Southern researchers decide which projects would be put forward for possible funding, and much care has been taken to avoid “research imperialism” or “colonialism.” An analysis of the path less travelled, but which IDRC found amenable, is fundamental to this history of the centre, and the book highlights the decisions, ideas, and practices that flow from this basic premise.
Category: Political Science

Science Technology And Innovation

Author : Alfred J. Watkins
ISBN : 9780821373811
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 83.66 MB
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This book summarizes, and highlights main messages from, a February 2007 Global Forum convened by the World Bank to discuss strategies, programs, and policies for building science, technology and innovation (STI) capacity to promote sustainable growth and poverty reduction in developing countries.
Category: Business & Economics

Fighting Poverty In Sub Saharan Africa The Multiple Roles Of Legumes In Integrated Soil Fertility Management

Author : Andre Bationo
ISBN : 9400715366
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 60.66 MB
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Legumes play an important role in the cropping systems of sub Saharan Africa (SSA). Legumes are an important source of nutrition to both humans and livestock by providing the much needed protein, minerals, fibre and vitamins. The sale of legumes seed, leaves and fibre generates income for the marginalized communities especially women. Cultivation of legumes is essential for the regeneration of nutrient-deficient soils. By biologically fixing nitrogen (BNF) in the soil, legumes provide a relatively low-cost method of replacing otherwise expensive inorganic nitrogen in the soil. This enhances soil fertility and boosts subsequent cereal crop yields. Production of legumes in SSA is however; hampered by a number of constraints among them low and declining soil fertility, low soil pH, high salinity, drought and flooding, poor access to improved germplasm, diseases, pests and weeds. Farmers need to learn how to overcome these constraints if the full benefits of legumes are to be gained. This book presents a synthesis of research work on legumes and draws attention to the importance of legumes in integrated soil fertility management (ISFM) and poverty alleviation in SSA.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Bio Energy Spectrum

Author : O. P. Vimal
ISBN : CORNELL:31924051839615
Genre : Biomass energy
File Size : 72.47 MB
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Category: Biomass energy

South Africa Yearbook

Author :
ISBN : STANFORD:36105123985157
Genre : South Africa
File Size : 22.66 MB
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Category: South Africa