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Author : Nick Fieller
ISBN : 9781315360058
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 86.89 MB
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A Thorough Guide to Elementary Matrix Algebra and Implementation in R Basics of Matrix Algebra for Statistics with R provides a guide to elementary matrix algebra sufficient for undertaking specialized courses, such as multivariate data analysis and linear models. It also covers advanced topics, such as generalized inverses of singular and rectangular matrices and manipulation of partitioned matrices, for those who want to delve deeper into the subject. The book introduces the definition of a matrix and the basic rules of addition, subtraction, multiplication, and inversion. Later topics include determinants, calculation of eigenvectors and eigenvalues, and differentiation of linear and quadratic forms with respect to vectors. The text explores how these concepts arise in statistical techniques, including principal component analysis, canonical correlation analysis, and linear modeling. In addition to the algebraic manipulation of matrices, the book presents numerical examples that illustrate how to perform calculations by hand and using R. Many theoretical and numerical exercises of varying levels of difficulty aid readers in assessing their knowledge of the material. Outline solutions at the back of the book enable readers to verify the techniques required and obtain numerical answers. Avoiding vector spaces and other advanced mathematics, this book shows how to manipulate matrices and perform numerical calculations in R. It prepares readers for higher-level and specialized studies in statistics.

Author :
ISBN : 9781444166576
Genre : Medical
File Size : 51.61 MB
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Written for medical students and junior doctors, the fifth edition of this essential textbook has been fully revised and updated, including additional illustrations and photographs. The text teaches the clinical symptoms and signs of surgical disease, stressing the importance of a thorough history and bedside examination. By presenting the symptoms

Author : Shayle R. Searle
ISBN : UCSC:32106018726536
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 26.71 MB
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WILEY-INTERSCIENCE PAPERBACK SERIES The Wiley-Interscience Paperback Series consists of selected books that have been made more accessible to consumers in an effort to increase global appeal and general circulation. With these new unabridged softcover volumes, Wiley hopes to extend the lives of these works by making them available to future generations of statisticians, mathematicians, and scientists. "This book is intended to teach useful matrix algebra to 'students, teachers, consultants, researchers, and practitioners' in 'statistics and other quantitative methods'.The author concentrates on practical matters, and writes in a friendly and informal style . . . this is a useful and enjoyable book to have at hand." —Biometrics This book is an easy-to-understand guide to matrix algebra and its uses in statistical analysis. The material is presented in an explanatory style rather than the formal theorem-proof format. This self-contained text includes numerous applied illustrations, numerical examples, and exercises.

Author : Hrishikesh D. Vinod
ISBN : 9789814313681
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 29.81 MB
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Teaches matrix algebra, allowing the student to learn the material by actually working with matrix objects in modern computer environment of R. This book provides an overview of matrix theory without being bogged down in proofs or tedium.

Author : James E. Gentle
ISBN : 9780387708737
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 30.61 MB
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Matrix algebra is one of the most important areas of mathematics for data analysis and for statistical theory. This much-needed work presents the relevant aspects of the theory of matrix algebra for applications in statistics. It moves on to consider the various types of matrices encountered in statistics, such as projection matrices and positive definite matrices, and describes the special properties of those matrices. Finally, it covers numerical linear algebra, beginning with a discussion of the basics of numerical computations, and following up with accurate and efficient algorithms for factoring matrices, solving linear systems of equations, and extracting eigenvalues and eigenvectors.

Author : David A. Harville
ISBN : 9780387783567
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 22.99 MB
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A knowledge of matrix algebra is a prerequisite for the study of much of modern statistics, especially the areas of linear statistical models and multivariate statistics. This reference book provides the background in matrix algebra necessary to do research and understand the results in these areas. Essentially self-contained, the book is best-suited for a reader who has had some previous exposure to matrices. Solultions to the exercises are available in the author's "Matrix Algebra: Exercises and Solutions."

R is open source statistical computing software. Since the R core group was formed in 1997, R has been extended by a very large number of packages with extensive documentation along with examples freely available on the internet. It offers a large number of statistical and numerical methods and graphical tools and visualization of extraordinarily high quality. R was recently ranked in 14th place by the Transparent Language Popularity Index and 6th as a scripting language, after PHP, Python, and Perl. The book is designed so that it can be used right away by novices while appealing to experienced users as well. Each article begins with a data example that can be downloaded directly from the R website. Data analysis questions are articulated following the presentation of the data. The necessary R commands are spelled out and executed and the output is presented and discussed. Other examples of data sets with a different flavor and different set of commands but following the theme of the article are presented as well. Each chapter predents a hands-on-experience. R has superb graphical outlays and the book brings out the essentials in this arena. The end user can benefit immensely by applying the graphics to enhance research findings. The core statistical methodologies such as regression, survival analysis, and discrete data are all covered. Addresses data examples that can be downloaded directly from the R website No other source is needed to gain practical experience Focus on the essentials in graphical outlays

Author : James R. Schott
ISBN : 9781119092483
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 90.34 MB
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An up-to-date version of the complete, self-contained introduction to matrix analysis theory and practice Providing accessible and in-depth coverage of the most common matrix methods now used in statistical applications, Matrix Analysis for Statistics, Third Edition features an easy-to-follow theorem/proof format. Featuring smooth transitions between topical coverage, the author carefully justifies the step-by-step process of the most common matrix methods now used in statistical applications, including eigenvalues and eigenvectors; the Moore-Penrose inverse; matrix differentiation; and the distribution of quadratic forms. An ideal introduction to matrix analysis theory and practice, Matrix Analysis for Statistics, Third Edition features: • New chapter or section coverage on inequalities, oblique projections, and antieigenvalues and antieigenvectors • Additional problems and chapter-end practice exercises at the end of each chapter • Extensive examples that are familiar and easy to understand • Self-contained chapters for flexibility in topic choice • Applications of matrix methods in least squares regression and the analyses of mean vectors and covariance matrices Matrix Analysis for Statistics, Third Edition is an ideal textbook for upper-undergraduate and graduate-level courses on matrix methods, multivariate analysis, and linear models. The book is also an excellent reference for research professionals in applied statistics. James R. Schott, PhD, is Professor in the Department of Statistics at the University of Central Florida. He has published numerous journal articles in the area of multivariate analysis. Dr. Schott’s research interests include multivariate analysis, analysis of covariance and correlation matrices, and dimensionality reduction techniques.

Author : Christopher K. Wikle
ISBN : 9780429649783
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 51.25 MB
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The world is becoming increasingly complex, with larger quantities of data available to be analyzed. It so happens that much of these "big data" that are available are spatio-temporal in nature, meaning that they can be indexed by their spatial locations and time stamps. Spatio-Temporal Statistics with R provides an accessible introduction to statistical analysis of spatio-temporal data, with hands-on applications of the statistical methods using R Labs found at the end of each chapter. The book: Gives a step-by-step approach to analyzing spatio-temporal data, starting with visualization, then statistical modelling, with an emphasis on hierarchical statistical models and basis function expansions, and finishing with model evaluation Provides a gradual entry to the methodological aspects of spatio-temporal statistics Provides broad coverage of using R as well as "R Tips" throughout. Features detailed examples and applications in end-of-chapter Labs Features "Technical Notes" throughout to provide additional technical detail where relevant Supplemented by a website featuring the associated R package, data, reviews, errata, a discussion forum, and more The book fills a void in the literature and available software, providing a bridge for students and researchers alike who wish to learn the basics of spatio-temporal statistics. It is written in an informal style and functions as a down-to-earth introduction to the subject. Any reader familiar with calculus-based probability and statistics, and who is comfortable with basic matrix-algebra representations of statistical models, would find this book easy to follow. The goal is to give as many people as possible the tools and confidence to analyze spatio-temporal data.

Author : George R. Terrell
ISBN : 9780387227696
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 83.24 MB
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This textbook introduces the mathematical concepts and methods that underlie statistics. The course is unified, in the sense that no prior knowledge of probability theory is assumed, being developed as needed. The book is committed to both a high level of mathematical seriousness and to an intimate connection with application. In its teaching style, the book is * mathematically complete * concrete * constructive * active. The text is aimed at the upper undergraduate or the beginning Masters program level. It assumes the usual two-year college mathematics sequence, including an introduction to multiple integrals, matrix algebra, and infinite series.

Author : Grzegorz Zadora
ISBN : 9780470972106
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 47.65 MB
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A practical guide for determining the evidential value of physicochemical data Microtraces of various materials (e.g. glass, paint, fibres, and petroleum products) are routinely subjected to physicochemical examination by forensic experts, whose role is to evaluate such physicochemical data in the context of the prosecution and defence propositions. Such examinations return various kinds of information, including quantitative data. From the forensic point of view, the most suitable way to evaluate evidence is the likelihood ratio. This book provides a collection of recent approaches to the determination of likelihood ratios and describes suitable software, with documentation and examples of their use in practice. The statistical computing and graphics software environment R, pre-computed Bayesian networks using Hugin Researcher and a new package, calcuLatoR, for the computation of likelihood ratios are all explored. Statistical Analysis in Forensic Science will provide an invaluable practical guide for forensic experts and practitioners, forensic statisticians, analytical chemists, and chemometricians. Key features include: Description of the physicochemical analysis of forensic trace evidence. Detailed description of likelihood ratio models for determining the evidential value of multivariate physicochemical data. Detailed description of methods, such as empirical cross-entropy plots, for assessing the performance of likelihood ratio-based methods for evidence evaluation. Routines written using the open-source R software, as well as Hugin Researcher and calcuLatoR. Practical examples and recommendations for the use of all these methods in practice.

Author : Hyun-Seok Son
ISBN :
Genre : Art
File Size : 67.79 MB
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Python is one of the most popular languages for data analysis and prediction. What's more, tensorflow and torch, useful tools of recent deep learning, are fully implemented by Python. The basic form of data in these languages is an array, created by Python's important package numpy. In particular, arrays are the basis of data science because they have structures of vectors and matrices that give the meaning of direction and magnitude to each value in the data set. The matrix structure allows transformation to a simple form without losing the basic characteristics of a vast data set. These transformations are useful for efficient processing of data and for finding implicit characteristics. Linear Algebra, a field that provides a basic theory of vectors and matrices, provides many algorithms to increase the accuracy and speed of computation for analyzing data and to discover the characteristics of a data set. These algorithms are very useful for understanding the computing process of probability, statistics and the learning machine. This book introduces many basics of linear algebra using Python packages numpy, sympy, and so on. Chapters 1 and 2 introduce the creation and characteristics of vectors and matrices. Chapter 3 describes the linear system(linear combination) through the process finding the solution in a system of simultaneous equations. Vector space, a concept introduced in Chapter 4, is used to infer the collective characteristics and relationships of each vector of a linear system. Chapter 5 introduces the coordinate system to represent the linear system geometrically. Chapter 6 introduces the process of transforming while maintaining basic characteristics such as vectors and matrices. Finally, Chapter 7 describes several ways to decompose the original form into a simple form. In this process, we use a variety of Python functions.

Author : R. B. Bapat
ISBN : 9780387988719
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 30.49 MB
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This book provides a rigorous introduction to the basic aspects of the theory of linear estimation and hypothesis testing, covering the necessary prerequisites in matrices, multivariate normal distribution and distributions of quadratic forms along the way. It will appeal to advanced undergraduate and first-year graduate students, research mathematicians and statisticians.

Author : Alexander Basilevsky
ISBN : 9780486153377
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 48.3 MB
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This comprehensive text offers teachings relevant to both applied and theoretical branches of matrix algebra and provides a bridge between linear algebra and statistical models. Appropriate for advanced undergraduate and graduate students. 1983 edition.

Matrices can be studied in different ways. They are a linear algebraic structure and have a topological/analytical aspect (for example, the normed space of matrices) and they also carry an order structure that is induced by positive semidefinite matrices. The interplay of these closely related structures is an essential feature of matrix analysis. This book explains these aspects of matrix analysis from a functional analysis point of view. After an introduction to matrices and functional analysis, it covers more advanced topics such as matrix monotone functions, matrix means, majorization and entropies. Several applications to quantum information are also included. Introduction to Matrix Analysis and Applications is appropriate for an advanced graduate course on matrix analysis, particularly aimed at studying quantum information. It can also be used as a reference for researchers in quantum information, statistics, engineering and economics.

Author : James R. Kirkwood
ISBN : 9781351253116
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 20.3 MB
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Elementary Linear Algebra is written for the first undergraduate course. The book focuses on the importance of linear algebra in many disciplines such as engineering, economics, statistics, and computer science. The text reinforces critical ideas and lessons of traditional topics. More importantly, the book is written in a manner that deeply ingrains computational methods.

Author : Sudipto Banerjee
ISBN : 9781482248241
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 74.91 MB
Format : PDF
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Linear Algebra and Matrix Analysis for Statistics offers a gradual exposition to linear algebra without sacrificing the rigor of the subject. It presents both the vector space approach and the canonical forms in matrix theory. The book is as self-contained as possible, assuming no prior knowledge of linear algebra. The authors first address the rudimentary mechanics of linear systems using Gaussian elimination and the resulting decompositions. They introduce Euclidean vector spaces using less abstract concepts and make connections to systems of linear equations wherever possible. After illustrating the importance of the rank of a matrix, they discuss complementary subspaces, oblique projectors, orthogonality, orthogonal projections and projectors, and orthogonal reduction. The text then shows how the theoretical concepts developed are handy in analyzing solutions for linear systems. The authors also explain how determinants are useful for characterizing and deriving properties concerning matrices and linear systems. They then cover eigenvalues, eigenvectors, singular value decomposition, Jordan decomposition (including a proof), quadratic forms, and Kronecker and Hadamard products. The book concludes with accessible treatments of advanced topics, such as linear iterative systems, convergence of matrices, more general vector spaces, linear transformations, and Hilbert spaces.

Author : Shayle R. Searle
ISBN : 9781118952849
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 49.84 MB
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Provides an easy-to-understand guide to statistical linear models and its uses in data analysis This book defines a broad spectrum of statistical linear models that is useful in the analysis of data. Considerable rewriting was done to make the book more reader friendly than the first edition. Linear Models, Second Edition is written in such a way as to be self-contained for a person with a background in basic statistics, calculus and linear algebra. The text includes numerous applied illustrations, numerical examples, and exercises, now augmented with computer outputs in SAS and R. Also new to this edition is: • A greatly improved internal design and format • A short introductory chapter to ease understanding of the order in which topics are taken up • Discussion of additional topics including multiple comparisons and shrinkage estimators • Enhanced discussions of generalized inverses, the MINQUE, Bayes and Maximum Likelihood estimators for estimating variance components Furthermore, in this edition, the second author adds many pedagogical elements throughout the book. These include numbered examples, end-of-example and end-of-proof symbols, selected hints and solutions to exercises available on the book’s website, and references to “big data” in everyday life. Featuring a thorough update, Linear Models, Second Edition includes: • A new internal format, additional instructional pedagogy, selected hints and solutions to exercises, and several more real-life applications • Many examples using SAS and R with timely data sets • Over 400 examples and exercises throughout the book to reinforce understanding Linear Models, Second Edition is a textbook and a reference for upper-level undergraduate and beginning graduate-level courses on linear models, statisticians, engineers, and scientists who use multiple regression or analysis of variance in their work. SHAYLE R. SEARLE, PhD, was Professor Emeritus of Biometry at Cornell University. He was the author of the first edition of Linear Models, Linear Models for Unbalanced Data, and Generalized, Linear, and Mixed Models (with Charles E. McCulloch), all from Wiley. The first edition of Linear Models appears in the Wiley Classics Library. MARVIN H. J. GRUBER, PhD, is Professor Emeritus at Rochester Institute of Technology, School of Mathematical Sciences. Dr. Gruber has written a number of papers and has given numerous presentations at professional meetings during his tenure as a professor at RIT. His fields of interest include regression estimators and the improvement of their efficiency using shrinkage estimators. He has written and published two books on this topic. Another of his books, Matrix Algebra for Linear Models, also published by Wiley, provides good preparation for studying Linear Models. He is a member of the American Mathematical Society, the Institute of Mathematical Statistics and the American Statistical Association.