Aztec

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Aztec Warfare

Author : Ross Hassig
ISBN : 0806127732
Genre : History
File Size : 75.57 MB
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In exploring the pattern and methods of Aztec expansion, Ross Hassig focuses on political and economic factors. Because they lacked numerical superiority, faced logistical problems presented by the terrain, and competed with agriculture for manpower, the Aztecs relied as much on threats and the image of power as on military might to subdue enemies and hold them in their orbit. Hassig describes the role of war in the everyday life of the capital, Tenochtitlan: the place of the military in Aztec society; the education and training of young warriors; the organization of the army; the use of weapons and armor; and the nature of combat.
Category: History

Handbook To Life In The Aztec World

Author : Manuel Aguilar-Moreno
ISBN : 9780195330830
Genre : History
File Size : 20.43 MB
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Since its violent dissolution in 1521, the Aztec Empire of Mexico has continually intrigued us. Recent discoveries resulting from the excavation of the Templo Mayor in the heart of Mexico City have taught us even more about this fascinating culture. The increasing recognition that the achievements of Mesoamerican civilizations were among the most sophisticated of the ancient world has led to a demand for introductions to the basic methods and theories of scholars working throughout the region. Handbook to Life in the Aztec World gathers the results from recent archaeological discoveries and scholarly research into a single accessible volume. Organized thematically, the handbook covers all aspects of life in the Aztec world: Mesoamerican civilizations and Aztec archeology; evolution of Aztec civilization; geography of the Aztec world; society and government; religion, cosmology, and mythology; funerary beliefs and customs; Aztec art; Aztec architecture; Nahuatl literature; the calendar, astronomy, and mathematics; economy, industry, and trade; daily life; the Aztec after conquest and today. Each chapter includes an extensive bibliography, and more than 165 original line drawings, photographs, and maps complement the text. Handbook to Life in the Aztec World provides all the essential information required by anyone interested in Aztec history or culture.
Category: History

Daily Life Of The Aztecs

Author : David Carrasco
ISBN : 0313295581
Genre : History
File Size : 41.27 MB
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Experience and explore the often controversial lives of the ancient Aztecs through this comprehensive social history of their culture.
Category: History

Fifteen Poets Of The Aztec World

Author : Miguel Leon-Portilla
ISBN : 0806132914
Genre : Poetry
File Size : 86.96 MB
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In this first English-language translation of a significant corpus of Nahuatl poetry into English, Miguel León-Portilla was assisted in his rethinking, augmenting, and rewriting in English by Grace Lobanov. Biographies of fifteen composers of Nahuatl verse and analyses of their work are followed by their extant poems in Nahuatl and in English.
Category: Poetry

The Oxford Handbook Of The Aztecs

Author : Deborah L. Nichols
ISBN : 9780199341962
Genre : Aztecs
File Size : 83.50 MB
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The Oxford Handbook of the Aztecs, the first of its kind, provides a current overview of recent research on the Aztec empire, the best documented prehispanic society in the Americas. Chapters span from the establishment of Aztec city-states to the encounter with the Spanish empire and the Colonial period that shaped the modern world. Articles in the Handbook take up new research trends and methodologies and current debates. The Handbook articles are divided into seven parts. Part I, Archaeology of the Aztecs, introduces the Aztecs, as well as Aztec studies today, including the recent practice of archaeology, ethnohistory, museum studies, and conservation. The articles in Part II, Historical Change, provide a long-term view of the Aztecs starting with important predecessors, the development of Aztec city-states and imperialism, and ending with a discussion of the encounter of the Aztec and Spanish empires. Articles also discuss Aztec notions of history, writing, and time. Part III, Landscapes and Places, describes the Aztec world in terms of its geography, ecology, and demography at varying scales from households to cities. Part IV, Economic and Social Relations in the Aztec Empire, discusses the ethnic complexity of the Aztec world and social and economic relations that have been a major focus of archaeology. Articles in Part V, Aztec Provinces, Friends, and Foes, focuses on the Aztec's dynamic relations with distant provinces, and empires and groups that resisted conquest, and even allied with the Spanish to overthrow the Aztec king. This is followed by Part VI, Ritual, Belief, and Religion, which examines the different beliefs and rituals that formed Aztec religion and their worldview, as well as the material culture of religious practice. The final section o
Category: Aztecs

Aztec

Author : Jane Stevenson Day
ISBN : UTEXAS:059173001051919
Genre : Art
File Size : 23.62 MB
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A magnificently illustrated guide to the world of the Aztec people illuminates in colorful photographs and writing Aztec culture, religion, art, and activities of everyday life just prior to the Spanish invasion of 1519. Published in cooperation with the Denver Museum of Natural History which is showing an Aztec exhibit from September 1992 through April 1993.
Category: Art

Aztec Imperial Strategies

Author : Frances Berdan
ISBN : 0884022110
Genre : History
File Size : 31.67 MB
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"Based on a ten-week working seminar in 1986, offers new interpretations of the extent, organization, and imperial strategies of the Aztec empire. Analyzes data from the major chroniclers and from individual towns and places throughout the empire. Informa
Category: History

Aztec Thought And Culture

Author : Miguel León-Portilla
ISBN : 9780806188560
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 80.4 MB
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For at least two millennia before the advent of the Spaniards in 1519, there was a flourishing civilization in central Mexico. During that long span of time a cultural evolution took place which saw a high development of the arts and literature, the formulation of complex religious doctrines, systems of education, and diverse political and social organization. The rich documentation concerning these people, commonly called Aztecs, includes, in addition to a few codices written before the Conquest, thousands of folios in the Nahuatl or Aztec language written by natives after the Conquest. Adapting the Latin alphabet, which they had been taught by the missionary friars, to their native tongue, they recorded poems, chronicles, and traditions. The fundamental concepts of ancient Mexico presented and examined in this book have been taken from more than ninety original Aztec documents. They concern the origin of the universe and of life, conjectures on the mystery of God, the possibility of comprehending things beyond the realm of experience, life after death, and the meaning of education, history, and art. The philosophy of the Nahuatl wise men, which probably stemmed from the ancient doctrines and traditions of the Teotihuacans and Toltecs, quite often reveals profound intuition and in some instances is remarkably “modern.” This English edition is not a direct translation of the original Spanish, but an adaptation and rewriting of the text for the English-speaking reader.
Category: Social Science

Music In Aztec Inca Territory

Author : Robert Stevenson
ISBN : 0520031695
Genre : Aztecs
File Size : 74.81 MB
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Robert Stevenson's book is a comprehensive, expert and readable study on Aztec and Incan music. He examines the musical cultures at the time of first contact with Europeans and also Mesoamerican and Andean highland musical traditions up to 1800.
Category: Aztecs

The Aztec And Mayan Worlds

Author : Fiona Macdonald
ISBN : 9781435851702
Genre : Juvenile Nonfiction
File Size : 37.33 MB
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Presents a general history of the cultural and social aspects of the ancient Maya and Aztec empires up to the arrival of Spanish conquerors, in a book that also provides readers with instructions for creating such related craft projects as a feather fan,a mosaic mask, a codex, and a miniature pyramid temple.
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

The Aztec Calendar Handbook

Author : Randall C. Jiménez
ISBN : 0966116313
Genre : Education
File Size : 48.83 MB
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New Book Bridges Ancient Wisdom with Modern Technology! The ancient wisdom ascribed is found behind the creation of a 500-year-old artifact, the Aztec Calendar. To the Natives it was Teoilhuicatl Apaluaztli Ollin Tonal Machiotl meaning the Great and Venerable Mechanism of the Universe. Dr. Randall C. Jimenez, a former San Jose State University educator, and Richard B. Graeber, an engineering documentation specialist, have collaborated to create the first Technical Manual for the Aztec Calendar ever produced. [Note: The Aztec name was given to the Mechican Indians (ch as in chevron; sometimes spelled Mexican) by the writer W. H. Prescott in the early 19th century.] The Aztec Calendar Handbook, involving thousands of man-hours of effort to create, takes a blueprint style approach to a Historical Reference primer. Illustrated with over 150 technical drawings showing enlargement details, cut-away views, and computer-generated art, this new guidebook has been called the "ultimate" Aztec Calendar reference treatise. Distilled from over 240 sources and quoting direct eyewitnesses from the 1500's, it further includes a glossary of over 230 native words. This attractive book is made with parchment paper and has a leather-grained cover, making it resemble an ancient manuscript.The research for writing the Aztec Calendar Handbook was assisted by custom software to convert Native date designators into our modern calendar dating system. In this way, a researcher is able to convert and track the dates of events from surviving native history books, known as codices. Mountains of information could be processed more efficiently and accurately when correlating indigenous dates. Inversely, a Julian date can also be converted into the Mayan long-count system. It is then possible for the Mechican calendar-labeling scheme to be transposed over the count to generate a person's Aztec tonallo or spiritual name from their birth date. According to Native tradition, our current long-count cycle will be complete on the winter solstice 2012. A long-count cycle, credited to the Olmec/-Maya, is 5125 years and started in the year 3113BC. No one is really sure what will happen when the cycle ends, but the material in this book offers a solid foundation for figuring it out. By looking at myths, legends & history with an Aztec's perception of God, this new Manual provides needed answers to some important questions. Would you like to know about how and when the Maya influenced the design of the Aztec Calendar? Have you ever seen the Hopi version of the Plumed Serpent? Would you like to put the last 12,000 years into perspective? If so, then your library needs the Aztec Calendar Handbook. You will find yourself referring to it over and over again. No stone has been left unturned.
Category: Education

The Aztec Templo Mayor

Author : Elizabeth Hill Boone
ISBN : 0884021491
Genre : History
File Size : 53.71 MB
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Category: History

The Aztec Book Of Destiny

Author : Rick Holmer
ISBN : 1419611631
Genre : Religion
File Size : 27.94 MB
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The Aztec Book of Destiny summarizes traditional Mesoamerican beliefs about the spiritual nature of time and its influence on one's personality and fate. The ancient Aztec, Toltec and Maya believed that the day of birth, as defined in their sacred calendar, affects destiny; and this philosophy has guided their daily lives for more than 3000 years. This book condenses the scattered and disparate literature about these beliefs into a fun and informative narrative; but it goes far beyond what academics and popular authors have published to date. The author presents a unique perspective shaped by the wisdom of a traditional calendar-keeper he met in Mexico in 1973. The book's message is that the calendar is not simply an ancient and forgotten curiosity - it is as relevant today as in ancient times. The majority of the book projects the timeless Mesoamerican philosophy into contemporary Western society encouraging introspection and self-awareness.
Category: Religion

Aztec

Author : Mary A. Stout
ISBN : 0836836995
Genre : Juvenile Nonfiction
File Size : 34.44 MB
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Describes the origin, history, traditional and contemporary ways of life of the Aztec Indians of Mexico.
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Aztec City States

Author : Mary G. Hodge
ISBN : UTEXAS:059172100542390
Genre : Aztecs
File Size : 70.99 MB
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Revision of thesis (doctoral)--University of Michigan.
Category: Aztecs

The Aztec Image In Western Thought

Author : Benjamin Keen
ISBN : 0813515726
Genre : History
File Size : 30.74 MB
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Encompass the sweep of changing Western thought on the Aztecs from Cortes to the present.
Category: History

An Aztec Herbal

Author :
ISBN : 9780486140971
Genre : Medical
File Size : 30.87 MB
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16th-century codex was first herbal and medical text compiled in the New World, with ancient remedies for everything from hiccoughs to gout. Index. New Introduction. Over 180 black-and-white and 38 color illustrations.
Category: Medical

Aztec Maya Inca

Author : Social Studies School Service
ISBN : 9781560042549
Genre : Aztecs
File Size : 72.60 MB
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"Kids learn about ancient civilizations with these enriching, hands-on projects and writing activities."--Page 4 of cover.
Category: Aztecs

Aztec Ruins On The Animas

Author : Robert Hill Lister
ISBN : 1877856592
Genre : History
File Size : 76.53 MB
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A lavishly illustrated account of the well-preserved ancestral Puebloan site of Aztec Ruins. The Listers document not only the history, excavation and preservation of the site but also its significance in the world of Chaco Canyon, Mesa Verde, and Salmon Ruins. Earl Morris's contribution to the research and preservation of Aztec Ruins is prominently featured.
Category: History

Religion And Empire

Author : Geoffrey W. Conrad
ISBN : 0521318963
Genre : History
File Size : 38.5 MB
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Religion and Empire is an innovative and provocative study of the two largest states of the Precolumbian Americas, the Aztec and Inca Empires. By examining the causes of the formation and expansion of these two empires, the authors identify similar patterns and processes underlying their rise and decline. They demonstrate that in both examples among the critical elements in the transition from marginal people to imperial power to disintegrating society were changes in traditional religion, including the elaboration of Aztec human sacrifice and Inca worship of the corpses of their kings. The authors show that the complex interaction between such ideological shifts and political and economic factors generated the spectacular historical trajectories of these Pre-Colombian empires.
Category: History