AZTEC WARFARE

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Aztec Warfare

Author : Ross Hassig
ISBN : 0806127732
Genre : History
File Size : 33.32 MB
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In exploring the pattern and methods of Aztec expansion, Ross Hassig focuses on political and economic factors. Because they lacked numerical superiority, faced logistical problems presented by the terrain, and competed with agriculture for manpower, the Aztecs relied as much on threats and the image of power as on military might to subdue enemies and hold them in their orbit. Hassig describes the role of war in the everyday life of the capital, Tenochtitlan: the place of the military in Aztec society; the education and training of young warriors; the organization of the army; the use of weapons and armor; and the nature of combat.
Category: History

Aztec Warfare

Author : Source Wikipedia
ISBN : 1230560890
Genre :
File Size : 42.74 MB
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Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Pages: 29. Chapters: Battles involving the Aztec Empire, Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire, Fall of Tenochtitlan, Atlatl, Macuahuitl, Flower war, La Noche Triste, Battle of Otumba, Calmecac, Eagle warrior, Tlacochcalcatl, Macana, Jaguar warrior, Tepoztopilli, Tlacateccatl, Otomi. Excerpt: The Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire was one of the most important campaigns in the Spanish colonization of the Americas. The invasion began in February 1519 and was acclaimed victorious on August 13, 1521, by a coalition army of Spanish conquistadors and Tlaxcalan warriors led by Hernan Cortes and Xicotencatl the Younger against the Aztec Empire. Many accounts from the conquest of the Aztec empire are predominantly Spanish. Most primary sources of the conquest come from Hernan Cortes' letters to Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor and Bernal Diaz's written work, The Truthful History of the Conquest of New Spain. The primary sources from the people affected as a result of the conquest are seldom observed. Indigenous accounts, however, were documented as early as 1528. Written in the native tongue of Nahuatl, the Sahugan natives of the Aztec empire described eight omens that were believed to have occurred 10 years prior to the arrival of the Spanish from the Gulf of Mexico. The eight omens included: Aztec empire on the eve of the Spanish Invasion The emperor Motecuhzoma (often spelled Montezuma in English) was said to have consulted fortune tellers to determine the causes of these omens; but they were unable to provide an exact explanation until after the arrival of the Spaniards. However, it should be noted that all sources depicting omens were written after the siege and fall of Tenochtitlan in 1521. Ethnohistorians say that when the Spanish second arrived, native peoples did not view them as supernatural in any sense but rather as simply...
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Aztec Warfare

Author : Ross Hassig
ISBN : OCLC:1023106904
Genre :
File Size : 59.27 MB
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Mesoamerican Warfare

Author : Source Wikipedia
ISBN : 1230651268
Genre :
File Size : 46.27 MB
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Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Pages: 23. Chapters: Aztec warfare, Mesoamerican military equipment, Chichimeca War, Mixton War, Atlatl, Tepehuan Revolt, Macuahuitl, Tzompantli, Flower war, Acaxee Rebellion, Calmecac, Eagle warrior, Tlacochcalcatl, Macana, Jaguar warrior, Tepoztopilli, Tlacateccatl, Otomi. Excerpt: Aztec warfare concerns the aspects associated with the militaristic conventions, forces, weaponry and strategic expansions conducted by the Late Postclassic Aztec civilizations of Mesoamerica, including particularly the military history of the Aztec Triple Alliance involving the city-states of Tenochtitlan, Texcoco, Tlacopan and other allied polities of the central Mexican region. The Aztec armed forces were typically composed of a large number of commoners (y qu zqueh) who possessed only basic military training, and a smaller but still considerable number of professional warriors belonging to the nobility (p piltin) and who were organized into warrior societies and ranked according to their achievements. The Aztec state was centered around political expansion and dominance of and exaction of tribute from other city states, and warfare was the basic dynamic force in Aztec politics. Aztec society was also centered around warfare: every Aztec male received basic military training from an early age and the only possibility of upwards social mobility for commoners (m cehualtin) was through military achievement - especially the taking of captives (m ltin). The sacrifice of war captives was an important part of many of the Aztec religious festivals. Warfare was thus the main driving force of both the Aztec economy and religion. Large ceramic statue depicting an Eagle Warrior.There were two main objectives in Aztec warfare. The first objective was political: the subjugation of enemy city states in order to exact tribute and expand Aztec political...
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Handbook To Life In The Aztec World

Author : Manuel Aguilar-Moreno
ISBN : 9780195330830
Genre : History
File Size : 78.83 MB
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Since its violent dissolution in 1521, the Aztec Empire of Mexico has continually intrigued us. Recent discoveries resulting from the excavation of the Templo Mayor in the heart of Mexico City have taught us even more about this fascinating culture. The increasing recognition that the achievements of Mesoamerican civilizations were among the most sophisticated of the ancient world has led to a demand for introductions to the basic methods and theories of scholars working throughout the region. Handbook to Life in the Aztec World gathers the results from recent archaeological discoveries and scholarly research into a single accessible volume. Organized thematically, the handbook covers all aspects of life in the Aztec world: Mesoamerican civilizations and Aztec archeology; evolution of Aztec civilization; geography of the Aztec world; society and government; religion, cosmology, and mythology; funerary beliefs and customs; Aztec art; Aztec architecture; Nahuatl literature; the calendar, astronomy, and mathematics; economy, industry, and trade; daily life; the Aztec after conquest and today. Each chapter includes an extensive bibliography, and more than 165 original line drawings, photographs, and maps complement the text. Handbook to Life in the Aztec World provides all the essential information required by anyone interested in Aztec history or culture.
Category: History

Ancient Mesoamerican Warfare

Author : M. Kathryn Brown
ISBN : 075910283X
Genre : History
File Size : 24.72 MB
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Collection of articles providing new research on warfare in ancient Maya and other Mesoamerican societies based on archaeological, ethnohistorical, and linguistic evidence
Category: History

The Aztecs

Author : Dirk R. Van Tuerenhout
ISBN : 9781576079218
Genre : History
File Size : 59.9 MB
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Shows how the Aztecs lived by describing their government, social customs, religion, and history.
Category: History

Aztec Imperial Strategies

Author : Frances Berdan
ISBN : 0884022110
Genre : History
File Size : 34.12 MB
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"Based on a ten-week working seminar in 1986, offers new interpretations of the extent, organization, and imperial strategies of the Aztec empire. Analyzes data from the major chroniclers and from individual towns and places throughout the empire. Informa
Category: History

Making Men

Author : Erin Elizabeth Boxwell
ISBN : OCLC:426959739
Genre : Codex Mendoza
File Size : 56.98 MB
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Category: Codex Mendoza