Automotive Safety

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Automotive Safety Handbook

Author : Ulrich Seiffert
ISBN : UCSD:31822035343847
Genre : Automobiles
File Size : 62.55 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 701
Read : 205

189 11.1.2.1 The Seat-Belt Clamping Device Above the Retractor ... 192 11.1.2.2 The Mechanical Pretensioner ... 192 11.1.2.3 The Pyrotechnic Pretensioner ... 192 11.1.2.4 The Seat-Belt Load Limiter ... 194 11.1.3 Passive Restraints ... 196 11.1.4 The Airbag System ... 198 11.1.5 Comparison of Test Results for Different Restraint Systems ... 200 11.2 Lateral Collisions ... 200 11.2.1 Theoretical Analysis for Lateral Collisions ... 202 11.2.2 Side Airbag Systems ... 206 11.2.2.1 Thorax Side Airbags ... 206 11.2.2.2 Side Head Protection Airbags ... 210 11.3 Rear-End Collisions ... 212 11.4 Rollover Protection ... 216 11.5 Special Requirements and Opportunities for Sensor Applications ... 218 11.6 General Literature ... 221 11.7 References ... 221 12. Pedestrian Protection ... 225 12.1 General ... 225 12.2 European NCAP-Test ... 231 12.3 Legislation Activities ... 231 12.4 Technical Solutions for Vehicles in Accidents ... 240 12.5 References ... 243 13. Compatibility ... 245 13.1 Theoretical Analysis ... 251 13.2 Research Analysis Proposals, Consumer Information, and Legal Requirements ... 256 13.3 Conclusions ... 262 13.4 References ... 263 14. Computer Support for the Development of Safety Components ... 267 14.1 The Basics ... 267 14.2 Description of the Numeric Tools ... 268 14.3 Calculation of Components ... 269 14.4 Total Vehicle Crash Computation ... 273 14.5 Occupant and Restraint System Simulation ... 275 14.6 Pedestrian Simulation Tests ... 278 14.7 Summary ... 278 14.8 References ... 278 Index ... 281 About the Authors ... xxx.
Category: Automobiles

Automotive Safety

Author : Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Select Committee on Children, Youth, and Families
ISBN : MINN:319510030913341
Genre : Automobiles
File Size : 51.24 MB
Format : PDF
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This document presents witness' testimonies and supplemental materials from the congressional hearing called to examine the issue of automotive safety. In her opening statement, Chairwoman Patricia Schroeder briefly reviews statistics on traffic accidents and identifies the two major issues to be addressed in the hearing: failure to act by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) and the use of safety belts. It is emphasized throughout the hearing that representatives from NHTSA refused to appear at the hearing; the absence of representatives from the trucking and automobile industries is also noted. Witnesses providing testimonies include: (1) Byron Bloch, a consultant on auto safety design, who briefly reviews the history of NHTSA and demonstrates the danger of "windowshade" seat belts (seat belts with too much slack in the shoulder belts), automatic shoulder belts, and truck underride; (2) Joan Claybrook, the president of Public Citizen; who describes safety systems which she feels should be standard equipment in all vehicles; (3) Benjamin Kelley, the president of the Institute for Injury Reduction; who addresses the issue of "windowshade" seat belts; and (4) Brian O'Neill, the president of the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, who reviews the history of manual and nonmanual automatic restraints and the safeguards in place to prevent truck underride. Letters, prepared statements, and supplemental materials are included from Representative Schroeder, the witnesses, the American Trucking Association, Inc., and Jerry Ralph Curry, from the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. (NB)
Category: Automobiles

Car Safety Wars

Author : Michael R. Lemov
ISBN : 9781611477467
Genre : History
File Size : 55.35 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Car Safety Wars is a concise history of the hundred-year struggle for safer cars and highways, involving at least six presidents, reluctant congresses, a fiercely resisting automobile industry, unsung heroes, and GM detectives.
Category: History

Orderly Traffic

Author : Automotive Safety Foundation
ISBN : STANFORD:36105041295671
Genre : Accidents
File Size : 23.98 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 343
Read : 973

Category: Accidents

Improving Automotive Safety

Author : Kenneth A. Solomon
ISBN : IND:39000000920186
Genre : Automobiles
File Size : 68.16 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 141
Read : 736

This paper identifies three groups that can improve automotive safety. The three groups are the automotive industry by designing into cars such safety devices as seat belts, roll bars, or air bags; the government by taking such measures as improving road conditions, enforcing seat belt usage laws, or enforcing stricter anti-drunk-driving laws; and finally, the driver by modifying driving habits such as wearing seat belts and not driving while intoxicated. Of the seven strategies we define for improving automotive safety, this paper argues that 'as low as reasonably achievable' (ALARA) is the most applicable risk reduction strategy within the context of improving automotive safety. By applying the ALARA principle to past and proposed safety improvements, we demonstrate that the most lives saved per dollar spent would occur if drivers modified their driving habits.
Category: Automobiles