AUSTRIAN RAILWAYS

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Modelling European Railways

Author : Peter Marriott
ISBN : 9781785001277
Genre : Crafts & Hobbies
File Size : 81.5 MB
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European railways are characterized by a huge and contrasting range of locomotives, liveries, rolling stock, stations and infrastructure. In addition, the network incorporates standard, narrow and broad gauges, private and nationalized railways, high-speed corridors, single-track branch lines and rack systems. If that was not appealing enough for the railway modeller, these fascinating railways are also located in dramatically diverse landscapes ranging from the industrial Ruhr to the majestic Alps. If you wish to explore the new and exciting railway modelling opportunities that Europe has to offer, if you need a helping hand and information about where to go, what to read and what to buy, then this is the book for you.It considers how to carry out research across the Channel, and is written by an enthusiastic railway modeller who has been modelling European railways for twenty-five years and who passionately believes that railway modelling should be fun. It contains information about the modelling tools required, the products that are available and the companies that manufacture them and demonstrates in detail how to install catenary. It also describes, step-by-step, many of the techniques that can be used to create different types of scenery in several European locations. With top tips and advice throughout and including many interesting 'modelling interludes' describing and illustrating models of various railway subjects, this lavishly illustrated book, with over 440 beautiful colour photographs, will appeal to anyone plannning to model European railways.
Category: Crafts & Hobbies

World Trade Information Service

Author : United States. Bureau of Foreign Commerce
ISBN : STANFORD:36105210307877
Genre : Public utilities
File Size : 89.97 MB
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Category: Public utilities

Eastern European Railways In Transition

Author : Henry Jacolin
ISBN : 9781317146537
Genre : History
File Size : 40.91 MB
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During the nineteenth century, railway lines spread rapidly across Europe, linking the continent in ways unimaginable to previous generations. By the beginning of the twentieth century the great cities of the continent were linked by a complex and extensive rail network. Yet this high-point of interconnectivity, was abruptly cut-off after 1945, as the Cold War built barriers - both physical and ideological - between east and west. In this volume, leading transport history scholars take a fresh look at this situation, and the ramifications it had for Europe. As well as addressing the parallel development of railways either side of the Iron Curtain, the book looks at how transport links have been reconnected and reconfigured in the twenty years since the reunification of Europe. In particular, it focuses upon the former communist countries and how they have responded to the challenges and opportunities railways offer both nationally and internationally. Including contributions from historians, researchers, policy makers, representatives of railway companies and railway museum staff, the essays in this collection touch upon a rich range of subjects. Divided into four sections: 'The Historical Overview', 'Under Russian Protection', After the Fall of the Iron Curtain, and 'The Heritage of Railways in Eastern Europe' the volume offers a broadly chronological introduction to the issue, that provides both a snap-shot of current debates and a starting point for further research. It concludes that in an era of increased globalisation and interconnectivity - and despite the rise of air and road transport and virtual methods of communication - railways still have a crucial role to play in the development of a prosperous and connected Europe.
Category: History

The International Legal Status Of Austria 1938 1955

Author : Robert E. Clute
ISBN : 9789401509695
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 67.30 MB
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Austria was the first victim of Hitler's policy of aggression. The Ger man domination of that country (the so-called Anschluss) heralded the beginning of a diplomatie demarche. The event also had deep implications for the legal system of the international community. The Allied occupation of Austria after W orId War II and the long delay in attaining aState Treaty to arrange for the Allied withdrawal from Austrian territory eventually gave rise to some doubts as to the international legal status of the latter. This study is confined to an examination of the international legal problems involved in Austria's changed status from the Anschluss of March 13, I938, until the signing of the State Treaty on May 15, 1955. It is not intended to be a history of the period covered and no attempt is made to treat fully such fascinating topics as the diplo matie negotiations leading up to the Anschluss or the story of the long struggle between the occupying powers to attain aState Treaty for Austria. The time span of this work was deliberately chosen in a desire to confine it to an appraisal ofthe legal continuity ofthe Austrian State and an evaluation of the impact of the Austrian question on the traditional law of state succession and recognition. The problem of Austria's new neutralized status resulting from the negotiations in connection with and subsequent to the signing of the Austrian State Treaty is worthy of separate treatment and is not dealt with in the present study.
Category: Political Science

Mastery And Lost Illusions

Author : Wlodzimierz Borodziej
ISBN : 9783110399189
Genre : History
File Size : 81.77 MB
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This volume highlights the specific experiences and challenges of modernity in twentieth-century Eastern and Central Europe. Contributors ask how spatial and temporal conditions shaped the region’s transformation from a rural to an urban, industrialized society in this period and investigate the state’s role in the mastery of space, particularly in the context of state socialism. The volume also sheds light on the ruralization of cities and mutual perceptions of the rural and urban populations in this region.
Category: History