AUSTRALIAN PLANTS AS ABORIGINAL TOOLS

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Australian Plants As Aboriginal Tools

Author : Philip A. Clarke
ISBN : 9781922013576
Genre : Aboriginal Australians
File Size : 49.42 MB
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Australian plants have provided the Aborigines with weapons, tools, shelter, watercraft, ceremonial objects, clothing, ornaments and paint. This book shows how the hunter gatherers lived and similarities and differences of plants uses across Australia. An overview of the changing relationship that Aboriginal People have with the flora is given, along with a description of current trends. The plants were essential for the hunter gatherers and for maintaining the terrestrial fauna essential for their subsistence.
Category: Aboriginal Australians

Aboriginal People And Their Plants

Author : Philip A. Clarke
ISBN : 1877058513
Genre : Nature
File Size : 67.39 MB
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This book provides an overview of indigenous relationships to plants in Aboriginal Australia. The book spans the gap between botany and indigenous studies, treating the study of plants as a window upon which to delve into Aboriginal culture. The topic of Aboriginal use and perception of plants is vast, and this book offers an overview, appreciating the depth of indigenous ecological knowledge about the environment. The book offers insights into Aboriginal culture by looking at the roles of plants in language, ritual, and religion; demonstrates how Aboriginal people were actively involved in managing their environment; focuses upon the importance of particular species of plants to make food, drink, medicine, narcotics, and tools; and it looks at the future of Aboriginal plant use studies, particularly with respect to the changing Australian landscape.
Category: Nature

Hunter Gatherers Tool Kit

Author : Juan F. Gibaja
ISBN : 9781527544925
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 66.14 MB
Format : PDF
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This volume provides the reader with a multifaceted overview of the study of stone tools used by humans in the past. Including case studies from various geographic regions and different continents, and covering a wide range of chronologies, the contributions here are centred on the study of human communities based on a hunter-gatherer lifestyle. A number of essays in this volume focus on tool production and use, and address major paleoanthropological questions related to past human economic and social behaviour. The book also includes detailed and careful studies of human technology during Prehistory.
Category: Social Science

Discovering Aboriginal Plant Use

Author : Philip A. Clarke
ISBN : 9781925078367
Genre : Science
File Size : 36.2 MB
Format : PDF
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The author argues that we can better understand a people if we know how they see and use plants. In Discovering Aboriginal Plant Use, Clarke dips into his field journals to provide a rich account of journeys, as both anthropologist and ethnobotanist, that span the temperate, arid and tropical zones of Australia and neighbouring landmasses. He describes the cultural and natural heritage of each region, on the plants used by Aboriginal people that contribute to their distinctiveness.
Category: Science

Aboriginal Biocultural Knowledge In South Eastern Australia

Author : Fred Cahir
ISBN : 9781486306121
Genre : Medical
File Size : 38.11 MB
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Indigenous Australians have long understood sustainable hunting and harvesting, seasonal changes in flora and fauna, predator–prey relationships and imbalances, and seasonal fire management. Yet the extent of their knowledge and expertise has been largely unknown and underappreciated by non-Aboriginal colonists, especially in the south-east of Australia where Aboriginal culture was severely fractured. Aboriginal Biocultural Knowledge in South-eastern Australia is the first book to examine historical records from early colonists who interacted with south-eastern Australian Aboriginal communities and documented their understanding of the environment, natural resources such as water and plant and animal foods, medicine and other aspects of their material world. This book provides a compelling case for the importance of understanding Indigenous knowledge, to inform discussions around climate change, biodiversity, resource management, health and education. It will be a valuable reference for natural resource management agencies, academics in Indigenous studies and anyone interested in Aboriginal culture and knowledge.
Category: Medical

Historical Dictionary Of Australian Aborigines

Author : Mitchell Rolls
ISBN : 9780810874756
Genre : History
File Size : 28.10 MB
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The Historical Dictionary of Australian Aborigines relates the history of Australia's indigenous inhabitants from their arrival on the continent 60,000 years ago to the centuries long European colonization process starting in the 1600s to their role in today's Australia. This is done through a chronology, an introductory essay, an extensive bibliography, and over 300 cross-referenced dictionary entries on significant persons, places, events, institutions, and aspects of culture, society, economy, and politics. This book is an excellent access point for students, researchers, and anyone wanting to know more about Australian Aboriginal peoples.
Category: History

Australian Plants

Author :
ISBN : UOM:39015037951251
Genre : Botany
File Size : 39.71 MB
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Category: Botany

Australian Plant Communities

Author : Raymond Louis Specht
ISBN : STANFORD:36105028601040
Genre : Nature
File Size : 87.84 MB
Format : PDF
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For 100 million years, the Gondwanan vegetation of Australia has survived and developed in the face of vast changes in climate and soils. The pressure imposed on the vegetation by European settlers during the last 200 years is in clear contrast to the minimal impact of Aborigines. Environmental managers and planners predicting the short- and long-term effects of environmental changes on ecosystems need to understand the basic principles of plant community physiology. Australian Plant Communities: Dynamics of Structure, Growth, and Biodiversity is the first synthesis of the physiological processes that shape Australian vegetation at the level of the entireplant community. It examines the basic principles of community physiology by referring to the vegetation of Australia, with its great diversity of natural plant communities, many of which are relatively undisturbed. The principles developed are applicable to landscapes throughout the world. By revealing the fundamental determinants of vegetation structure, the book enables the effects of climate change on biodiveraity, of both vegetation and its associated fauna, to be predicted. This book, lavishly illustrated with figures and graphs, is written in a clear and concise style and refers to many studies of the processes operating in Australian vegetation. It is an excellent text for undergraduate and graduate courses in environmental science, resource management, and environmental planning and impact assessment. It is also an invaluable reference for practicing environmental scientists, planners, and managers.
Category: Nature

Case Studies In Human Ecology

Author : Daniel G. Bates
ISBN : 9781475795844
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 86.58 MB
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This volume was developed to meet a much noted need for accessible case study material for courses in human ecology, cultural ecology, cultural geography, and other subjects increasingly offered to fulfill renewed student and faculty interest in environmental issues. The case studies, all taken from the journal Human Ecology: An Interdisciplinary Jouma~ represent a broad cross-section of contemporary research. It is tempting but inaccurate to sug gest that these represent the "Best of Human Ecology." They were selected from among many outstanding possibilities because they worked well with the organization of the book which, in turn, reflects the way in which courses in human ecology are often organized. This book provides a useful sample of case studies in the application of the perspective of human ecology to a wide variety of problems in dif ferent regions of the world. University courses in human ecology typically begin with basic concepts pertaining to energy flow, feeding relations, ma terial cycles, population dynamics, and ecosystem properties, and then take up illustrative case studies of human-environmental interactions. These are usually discussed either along the lines of distinctive strategies of food pro curement (such as foraging or pastoralism) or as adaptations to specific habitat types or biomes (such as the circumpolar regions or arid lands).
Category: Social Science

The Aborigines Of South Eastern Australia As They Were

Author : Aldo Massola
ISBN : STANFORD:36105033938312
Genre : Aboriginal Australians
File Size : 71.6 MB
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P.1-3; Origins, arrival in Australia; p.4-9; How they lived - camp sites, dating (including carbon dating); p.10-27; Physical appearance, skin colour, hair, clothing, body ornaments, cicatrization; exchange system, distribution of food, marriage & sexual relations; the tribe - structure, relationship to land, territory, gives map showing locations of tribes, New South Wales, Victoria & eastern South Australia, leadership, government, division of labour, status of women, estimated population at white settlement, density of population (Victoria); p.28-31; Language - names & naming, reproduces Wembawemba vocabulary, notes use of secret languages, gives 12 rules for pronounciation; p.32-53; Religion, spirit beliefs, totemism, moieties, phratries, marriage rules; mythology, gives eaglehawk & crow myth from Lake Victoria & other myths illustrating origins of fire & natural rock formations, mythical beasts (Bunyip, Mindie), stellar beliefs; magic, medicine men, powers, native remedies for sickness, describes ceremony held in Melbourne, 1847 to avert evil, sorcery, pointing bone, love magic, rain makers; messengers, appearance, etiquette, message sticks; p.54-71; Rock art, motifs, colours, decorative art, engraving of utensils, rock engravings, manufacture & use of pigments, engraving techniques; trade system, objects bartered, meeting places for trade (Victoria), map shows possible routes (south east Australia); corroborees, purpose, body ornaments & decorations, musical instruments; p.72-93; Ceremonial life, marriage, punishment for infidelity, birth, childhood, games & amusements, initiation, etiquette of visiting tribes, details of ceremony, womens role, earth figures & ground designs, bull roarers, female puberty ceremonies; p.94-133; Shelters, fire making, cooking, construction of canoes, wooden implements, use of reeds, animal skins & sinews, shells; stone tools, cylindro conical stones, scrapers, knives & microliths; hunting weapons, spear, other methods pits, nets; fishing methods & spears, traps; food sharing, womens responsibilities for collecting, digging stick, cooking methods, insect foods, plant foods, water resources; manufacture & use of spears, spear throwers, shields, clubs, boomerangs; inter- & intratribal fighting; p.134-147; Death, disposal of body - eating of the dead, burial, cremation, platform exposure, dendroglyphs (N.S.W.), Aboriginal burial grounds (Darling & Murray Rivers), mourning, widowhood, kopi caps (N.S.W.), causes of death, inquest ceremonies, revenge expedition, after death beliefs; p.148-157; The end of the tribes white settlement & its impact on Aboriginal life, friction between natives & settlers, establishment of Protectorates; copiously illustrated throughout.
Category: Aboriginal Australians