AUGUST OFFENSIVE AT ANZAC 1915

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The August Offensive

Author : David W. Cameron
ISBN : 9781921941696
Genre : Gallipoli Peninsula (Turkey)
File Size : 44.91 MB
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The August Offensive or ‘Anzac Breakout’ at Gallipoli saw some of the bloodiest fighting since the landing as Commonwealth and Turkish troops fought desperate battles at Lone Pine, German Officers’ Trench, Turkish Quinn’s, The Chessboard, The Nek, Chunuk Bair, The Farm, Hill Q and Hill 971. The offensive was designed to allow the allied forces to ‘break out’ of the Anzac beachhead below the Sari Bair Range; its end result was an enlarged prison for which they paid a high price in men and materials. The appalling nature of the terrain, the complex plan and the overly ambitious objectives set for the already fatigued troops made the ‘fog of war’ a crucial factor. Indeed, the August Offensive clearly demonstrates what happens when an overriding strategic objective does not take into account the tactical difficulties on the ground. This book is part of the Australian Army History Unit's Campaigns Series: well-researched, comprehensive and easy-to-read books on Australia's military campaigns.
Category: Gallipoli Peninsula (Turkey)

Climax At Gallipoli

Author : Rhys Crawley
ISBN : 9780806145280
Genre : History
File Size : 34.28 MB
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Gallipoli: the mere name summons the story of this well-known campaign of the First World War. And the story of Gallipoli, where in August 1915 the Allied forces made their last valiant effort against the Turks, is one of infamous might-have-beens. If only the Allies had held out a little longer, pushed a little harder, had better luck—Gallipoli might have been the decisive triumph that knocked the Ottoman Empire out of the First World War. But the story is just that, author Rhys Crawley tells us: a story. Not only was the outcome at Gallipoli not close, but the operation was flawed from the start, and an inevitable failure. A painstaking effort to set the historical record straight, Climax at Gallipoli examines the performance of the Allies’ Mediterranean Expeditionary Force from the beginning of the Gallipoli Campaign to the bitter end. Crawley reminds us that in 1915, the second year of the war, the Allies were still trying to adapt to a new form of warfare, with static defense replacing the maneuver and offensive strategies of earlier British doctrine. In the attempt both the MEF at Gallipoli and the British Expeditionary Force on the Western Front aimed for too much—and both failed. To explain why, Crawley focuses on the operational level of war in the campaign, scrutinizing planning, command, mobility, fire support, interservice cooperation, and logistics. His work draws on unprecedented research into the files of military organizations across the United Kingdom and Australia. The result is a view of the Gallipoli Campaign unique in its detail and scope, as well as in its conclusions—a book that looks past myth and distortion to the facts, and the truth, of what happened at this critical juncture in twentieth-century history.
Category: History

Sorry Lads But The Order Is To Go

Author : David W. Cameron
ISBN : 9781742230771
Genre : History
File Size : 84.90 MB
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Drawing from letters, diaries, and official reports from both Australian and New Zealand Army Corps (ANZAC) and Turkish sources, this narrative re-creates in compelling detail the five days of the August Offensive of World War I--the last attempt by the Allied forces to break the stalemate with the Turkish defenders. It resulted in some of the bloodiest battles on the Gallipoli peninsula. Describing the complexity of the battles, this chronicle also details how they affected the soldiers involved. Both visceral and poignant, this narrative is the first to look at the failed offensive as a whole, describing it from both sides of the line.
Category: History

Our Friend The Enemy

Author : David W. Cameron
ISBN : 9781922132741
Genre : History
File Size : 80.54 MB
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On 25 April 1915 Australian troops landed on the shores of the Gallipoli Peninsula, racing up the rocky slopes towards First Ridge and into the annals of military history. Just after noon the New Zealanders joined in, fighting off numerous determined Turkish counter-attacks. The Anzac legend of courage and endurance in the face of adversity was born. But the failure to push on during the first critical hours of the battle set the course for a protracted and costly stalemate.In August a major offensive was launched to break free of the beachhead prison, seize the high ground north of Anzac and strike the Dardanelles side of the peninsula. It was a spectacular failure and, by October, evacuation was in the air. The courageous and stubborn resistance of the Turkish foe had won out. Our Friend the Enemy is the first detailed history of the Gallipoli campaign at Anzac since Charles Bean’s Official History. Viewed from both sides of the wire and described in first-hand accounts. Australian Captain Herbert Layh recounted that as they approached the beach on 25 April that, once we were behind cover the Turks turned their ... [fire] on us, and gave us a lively 10 minutes. A poor chap next to me was hit three times. He begged me to shoot him, but luckily for him a fourth bullet got him and put him out of his pain. Later that day, Sergeant Charles Saunders, a New Zealand engineer, described his first taste of battle, The Turks were entrenched some 50-100 yards from the edge of the face of the gully and their machine guns swept the edges. Line after line of our men went up, some lines didn’t take two paces over the crest when down they went to a man and on came another line. Gunner Recep Trudal of the Turkish 27th Regiment wrote of the fierce Turkish counter-attack on 19 May designed to push the Anzac’s back into the sea, It started at morning prayer call time, and then it went on and on, never stopped. You know there was no break for eating or anything ... Attack was our command. That was what the Pasha said. Once he says “Attack”, you attack, and you either die or you survive. The Gallipoli campaign involved a mix of nationalities that went beyond the Anzacs and Turks to include German officers, and British and Indian troops. These are the people whose words tell this story — the courage and heroism, the monotony and often humour that accompanied the horrors of the bitter fight to claim the peninsula.
Category: History

Shadows Of Anzac

Author : David W. Cameron
ISBN : 9781922132185
Genre : Gallipoli Peninsula (Turkey)
File Size : 26.78 MB
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On 25 April 1915, with the landing of the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps (ANZAC) below the slopes of Sari Bair on the Gallipoli peninsula, the ANZAC legend was born. Nine months later, having suffered thousands of casualties from disease, hand-to-hand fighting, bombing, sniping and forlorn charges across no man's land, the politicians and senior military commanders in London called it quits. While the Turks also suffered terribly, they at least emerged victorious. The fighting at Anzac was not restricted to the ANZACs and Turks alone. British troops also fought at Anzac from the earliest days of the invasion and large numbers of British and Indian troops were committed to the Anzac sector during the failed August offensive designed to break the stalemate. The invasion was also supported by large numbers of men - often noncombatants - who performed vital roles. Naval beach officers kept logistics operating in some form of 'orderly' fashion; Indian mule handlers moved supplies of food, water and ammunition to the front lines; and medical staff and army chaplains worked on the beach, caring for the wounded and the dead. All these men were frequently under fire from the Turkish battery known as 'Beachy Bill'. Others surveyed the narrow beachhead and bored deep holes for drinking water; signalers tried desperately to establish and maintain communications; and the gunners hunted the battlefield for suitable places to site their guns. Off the peninsula, but just as vital, were the nursing and medical staff on the hospital ships, at Lemnos, Alexandria, Cairo and Malta, and the airmen who flew above the battlefield spotting for the navy and artillery. Shadows of Anzac: An intimate history of Gallipoli tells the story of the 'ordinary' men and women who participated in the Gallipoli campaign from April to December 1915 and gave the Anzac legend meaning. Drawing on letters, diaries and other primary and secondary sources, David Cameron provides an intimate and personal perspective of Anzac, a richly varied portrayal that describes the absurdity, monotony and often humor that sat alongside the horrors of the bitter fight to claim the peninsula.
Category: Gallipoli Peninsula (Turkey)

Anzac

Author : Stephen Chambers
ISBN : 9781473838154
Genre : History
File Size : 31.87 MB
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The August Offensive was born out of the failures of the Gallipoli landings and the subsequent battles of late spring and early summer 1915. General Sir Ian Hamilton, Commander-in-Chief of the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force, chose to play all his remaining cards in this daring and ingenious gamble that he hoped would finally turn the tide in the allies favour and bring his army up onto the heights overlooking the elusive Dardanelles. However the plan's same ingenuity became its eventual undoing. It required complex manoeuvring in tortuous terrain; whilst many of the attacking soldiers were already weakened by the hardships of four months of enduring very poor conditions on the Peninsula. What played out was heartbreakingly tragic; command failed the bravery and sacrifice of the fighting soldier. This Anzac offensive, fought by a combined force of British, Australian, New Zealand and Indian troops, made infamous places such as Lone Pine, The Nek, Sari Bair, Chunuk Bair, Hill Q, The Farm, Hill 971 and Hill 60. Although tantalisingly close to success, the offensive fell short of its objectives and the attack was ground down to a stalemate - not least the consequence of the inspiring leadership of Mustafa Kemal. Hamilton's gamble had failed. This is the story, told using a rich mix of letters, diaries, photographs and maps, of Gallipoli's last battles; the forlorn hope for a decisive victory.As featured in the West Sussex County Times and All About Horsham Magazine.
Category: History

Zombie Myths Of Australian Military History

Author : Craig Stockings
ISBN : 9781742230795
Genre : History
File Size : 56.50 MB
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Controversial, opinionated and confronting, this book challenges a number of time-honoured and perceived 'truths' of Australian military history and attempts to correct the historical record.
Category: History

25 April 1915

Author : David W Cameron
ISBN : 9781741760361
Genre : History
File Size : 61.54 MB
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On the 25th of April 1915 Australian troops landed on the Gallipoli Peninsula in what is now called Anzac Cove. They rushed from the beach up to Plugge's Plateau into Australian military history suffering many casualties on the way. Just after midday troops from New Zealand landed at Gallipoli and together the Australians and New Zealanders created the Anzac legend. It was the events of this first day that set the course of the whole battle leading to the evacuation of the Anzac troops in December 1915. This is the story of that day telling the Australian, New Zealand and Turkish side of what was to become a tragedy for all three countries and an ultimate triumph for Turkey. It concludes with the visit of Charles Bean, the official Australian war correspondent, to the peninsula in 1919 as part of the Australian Historical mission to organise the burial of the dead that had lain exposed to the elements for the last four years, and to the formation of the cemeteries that are today visited by thousands.
Category: History

Gallipoli 1915

Author : Peter Liddle
ISBN : UOM:39015053384825
Genre : History
File Size : 28.52 MB
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Category: History

Quinn S Post

Author : Peter Stanley
ISBN : 1741151740
Genre : History
File Size : 24.77 MB
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For the entire Anzac campaign, Quinn's Post was central to the defence of the positions at Gallipoli. Its loss would have opened the way to a Turkish assault on the heart of the Anzac areas. It is one of the most evocative names at Gallipoli along with Anzac Cove, Lone Pine and the Nek. Yet we know very little more about Quinn's than we did in 1924. No one, since the publication of Bean's first two volumes, has studied the significance of the post of what it was like to serve there. Delving into the history of Quinn's as a key part of the Anzac line, this book illuminates what it was like to live, fight and die there for a succession of Australian, New Zealand and British units. It tells the story of Quinn's, drawing substantially on the words of those who served there. Peter Stanley concentrates on the dramatic first months of the campaign, but also devotes attention to the New Zealand period (June-July), to the underground war and to the forgotten months in the autumn and winter when the 17th Battalion held the post, exposing some aspects for the first time.
Category: History