Attention And Value

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Attention And Value

Author : Stephen Bitgood
ISBN : 9781315433448
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 85.15 MB
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How can museums capture visitors’ attention? And how can their attention be sustained? In this important volume, leading visitor researcher and educational psychologist Stephen Bitgood proposes a model—the attention-value model—that will help museum practitioners create more effective museum environments. A major advance beyond earlier efforts, the attention-value model shows how both personal and exhibit design variables influence the capture, focus, and engagement of attention. Bitgood also offers extensive background in the visitor attention literature, details of his extensive testing of the attention-value tool, and guidelines for its application. Balancing theory, research, and practical application, Attention and Value is a must-read for exhibition developers at all levels—from students to seasoned practitioners.
Category: Social Science

The Role Of Attention In Preference Based Choice

Author : Rachael E. Gwinn
ISBN : OCLC:1147706788
Genre : Attention
File Size : 64.94 MB
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What role does attention play in decision-making? This dissertation will explore this question in three chapters exploring the causality of attention, the neural basis for the effects of attention, and the role of attention in auditory choices. Prior research has demonstrated a link between visual attention and value-based choice, but the direction of causality is still unclear. Here we aimed to demonstrate that attention has a causal influence on choice. We tested whether spatially biasing attention in a visual search task would produce choice biases in a later choice task. We ran four experiments where the search target was more likely to appear on one “rich” side of the screen. In the subsequent choice tasks, subjects were more likely to choose items appearing on the rich side and the average choice bias depended on how well subjects learned the regularity in the search task. Additionally, eye-tracking data revealed a first-fixation bias toward the rich side, which in turn influenced choices. Taken together, these results provide novel support for a causal effect of attention on choice While attention appears to be causal, little is known about the choice process’s neural substrates or how attention affects the integrated evidence representations. We conducted a simultaneous eye-tracking and fMRI experiment in which subjects gradually learned about the value of two lotteries. With this design we were able to extend decisions over a long period of time, manipulate the time course of evidence, and thus dissociate instantaneous and integrated evidence. We found that instantaneous evidence was represented in ventromedial prefrontal cortex and striatum, while integrated evidence was instead represented in dorsomedial prefrontal cortex and parietal cortex. In line with our computational model, both instantaneous and integrated evidence signals in the prefrontal cortex were modulated by gaze direction, with attended options receiving more evidence and thus higher choice proportions. Finally, we explored the role of attention in the auditory domain. While we do make visual, preference-based decisions, like what to wear, every day, we don’t live in a purely visual world. We frequently make auditory decisions, like what song to listen to, yet these decision processes are not as well understood. To investigate such processes, including the role of attention, we had subjects complete a binary choice task. On each trial they controlled which of two songs played at any moment and ultimately decided which song they preferred. We found striking similarities between vision-based and auditory-based decisions, namely that attention played an important role in determining which song was chosen. However, unlike in visual choices, these attentional effects appear to be driven by a strong final-fixation effect.
Category: Attention

The Art Of Staying Focused Value Of Attention And Concentration In Our Life

Author : Matt Green
ISBN :
Genre : Self-Help
File Size : 73.62 MB
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How the body and mind are directly influenced against each other? How we can take advantage of this? The attention given to the present seems to be the least among many people and it has a devastating effect on people’s lives. The mind did not come with our birth, it came later as a creation of our addiction to the past and the future.
Category: Self-Help

Report

Author : United States. Department of Agriculture
ISBN : HARVARD:HNF19U
Genre :
File Size : 81.39 MB
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Bulletin

Author :
ISBN : WISC:89030641336
Genre :
File Size : 60.98 MB
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American Physical Education Review

Author :
ISBN : UOM:39015070323079
Genre : Physical education and training
File Size : 67.11 MB
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Includes the proceedings of the association's annual convention.
Category: Physical education and training