Astronomy And Astrology Of The Babylonians

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Babylonian Horoscopes

Author : Francesca Rochberg
ISBN : 0871698811
Genre : Foreign Language Study
File Size : 63.57 MB
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Interpretations of heavenly phenomena as signs of the future was a Mesopotamian tradition of great antiquity. The practice of Babylonian celestial divination, spanning a period from ca. 1800 B.C. to Hellenistic times, is known in the form of celestial omens portending the life of the king and the stability of the state. Emerging for the first time in the fifth century B.C., horoscopes reflect the application of the ideal and practice of celestial divination to the life of the individual. This is the first complete edition of the extant cuneiform horoscopes--with transcription and philological and astronomical commentary. It is the first study to offer a systematic description of the documents as a definable class of Babylonian astronomical/astrological texts.
Category: Foreign Language Study

Mesopotamian Planetary Astronomy Astrology

Author : David Brown
ISBN : UVA:X004595788
Genre : Architecture
File Size : 81.70 MB
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Pliny wrote of Babylon that "here the creator of the science of astronomy was". Excavations have shown this statement to be true. This book argues that the earliest attempts at the accurate prediction of celestial phenomena are indeed to be found in clay tablets dating to the 8th and 7th centuries BC from both Babylon and from Nineveh. The author carefully situates this astronomy within its cultural context, treating all available material from the relevant period, and also analysing the earlier astrological material and the later well-known ephemerides and related texts. A wholly new approach to cuneiform astral concerns emerges - one in which both celestial divination and the later astronomy are shown to be embedded in a prevailing philosophy dealing with the ideal nature of the early universe, and in which the dynamics of the celestial divination industry that surrounded the last Assyrian monarchs account for no less than the first recorded "scientific revolution". This work closely adheres to the original textual sources, and argues for the evolution on the basis of the needs of the ancient scholars and the internal logic of the divinatory and predictive systems employed. To this end, it offers, for the first time, a Mesopotamian contribution to the philosophy, and not only the history, of science.
Category: Architecture

Mesopotamian Astrology

Author : Ulla Susanne Koch
ISBN : 8772892870
Genre : History
File Size : 40.27 MB
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This book is intended to serve as a general introduction to Mesopotamian astrology, both its outward phenomena and its inner structure.
Category: History

The Heavenly Writing

Author : Francesca Rochberg
ISBN : 1139455850
Genre : History
File Size : 87.50 MB
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In antiquity, the expertise of the Babylonians in matters of the heavens was legendary and the roots of both western astronomy and astrology are traceable in cuneiform tablets going back to the second and first millennia BC. The Heavenly Writing, first publsiehd in 2004, discusses the place of Babylonian celestial divination, horoscopy, and astronomy in Mesopotamian intellectual culture. Focusing chiefly on celestial divination and horoscopes, it traces the emergence of personal astrology from the tradition of celestial divination and the use of astronomical methods in horoscopes. It further takes up the historiographical and philosophical issue of the nature of these Mesopotamian 'celestial sciences' by examining elements traditionally of concern to the philosophy of science, without sacrificing the ancient methods, goals, and interests to a modern image of science. This book will be of particular interest to those concerned with the early history of science.
Category: History

The Circulation Of Astronomical Knowledge In The Ancient World

Author :
ISBN : 9789004315631
Genre : History
File Size : 89.87 MB
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The Circulation of Astronomical Knowledge in the Ancient World explores the ways in which astronomical knowledge circulated between different communities of scholars over time and space, and what was done with that knowledge when it was received.
Category: History

Marriage And Divorce Of Astronomy And Astrology A History Of Astral Prediction From Antiquity To Newton

Author : Gordon Fisher
ISBN : 9781411683266
Genre : History
File Size : 51.30 MB
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This is a study of the union of astronomy and astrology, and relations to astral worship, from early Babylonian times, through medieval European times, up to and including the time of Isaac Newton, especially in relation to prediction, and with extensions into more recent times. There is also discussion of related matters in other cultures, such as Chinese, Indian, Native American and African.
Category: History

Ancient Astronomy

Author : Clive L. N. Ruggles
ISBN : 9781851094776
Genre : Science
File Size : 43.48 MB
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Long before astronomy was a science, humans used the stars to mark time, navigate, organize planting and dramatize myths. This encyclopaedia draws on archaeological evidence and oral traditions to reveal how prehistoric humans perceived the skies and celestial phenomena.
Category: Science

Babylonian Mathematical Astronomy Procedure Texts

Author : Mathieu Ossendrijver
ISBN : 9781461437826
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 44.8 MB
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This book contains new translations and a new analysis of the procedure texts of Babylonian mathematical astronomy, the earliest known form of mathematical astronomy of the ancient world. The translations are based on a modern approach incorporating recent insights from Assyriology and translation science. The work contains updated and expanded interpretations of the astronomical algorithms and investigations of previously ignored linguistic, mathematical and other aspects of the procedure texts. Special attention is paid to issues of mathematical representation and over 100 photos of cuneiform tablets dating from 350-50 BCE are presented. In 2-3 years, the author intends to continue his study of Babylonian mathematical astronomy with a new publication which will contain new editions and reconstructions of approx. 250 tabular texts and a new philological, astronomical and mathematical analysis of these texts. Tabular texts are end products of Babylonian math astronomy, computed with algorithms that are formulated in the present volume, Procedure Texts.
Category: Mathematics

The Babylonian Theory Of The Planets

Author : Noel M. Swerdlow
ISBN : 0691011966
Genre : Science
File Size : 65.74 MB
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Modern scholars have long struggled to understand the sophisticated workings of Babylonian astronomy and, in particular, how the scribe derived from observation the numerical parameters of their planetary theory in this book, N. M. Swerdlow offers a solution to that problem. He examines here the collection and observation of ominous celestial phenomena and of how intervals of time, locations by zodiacal sign, and cycles in which the phenomena recur were used to develop a purely arithmetical planetary theory by which the same ominous phenomena that were regularly observed were reduced to computation, thereby surmounting the single greatest obstacle to observation: bad weather.
Category: Science

The Oxford Classical Dictionary

Author : Simon Hornblower
ISBN : 9780199545568
Genre : History
File Size : 74.93 MB
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Completely revised and updated, the fourth edition of this established dictionary offers entries on all aspects of the classical world. With reception and anthropology as new focus areas and numerous new entries, it is an essential reference work for students, scholars, and teachers of classics and for anyone with an interest in the classical era.
Category: History

The Story Of Astronomy

Author : Heather Couper
ISBN : 9781844037261
Genre : Science
File Size : 72.53 MB
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Journey through time and space with the greatest astronomers in history. Astronomy is one of the oldest of all the sciences. And yet, its history is also so much more than the history of a science, reflecting our entire culture and providing insight into the evolution of humankind's ideas and ideals over the centuries. This fascinating book tells the amazing story of the development of astronomy, through the key characters in its history from Copernicus to Hubble and Halley, the excitement of new discoveries and the ways in which the history of the skies has affected our lives and how we look at the planet on which we live.The Story of Astronomy celebrates changing perspectives (from the Ancient Greeks to the latest scientific advances) as different cultures, philosophers and scientists sought to come to terms with their, and earth's, place in the Cosmos.Exhaustively researched and containing interviews with many of the world's leading astronomers, including Stephen Hawking, this is the ultimate history of how the universe has revealed itself to us over the millennia.
Category: Science

The Babylonian Astronomical Compendium Mul Apin

Author : Hermann Hunger
ISBN : 9781351686815
Genre : History
File Size : 61.6 MB
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MUL.APIN, written sometime before the 8th century BC, was the most widely copied astronomical text in ancient Mesopotamia: a compendium including information such as star lists, descriptions of planetary phases, mathematical schemes for the length of day and night, a discussion of the luni-solar calendar and rules for intercalation, and a short collection of celestial omens. This book contains an introductory essay, followed by a new edition of the text and a facing-page transliteration and English translation. Finally, the book contains a new and detailed commentary on the text. This is a fascinating study, and an important resource for anyone interested in the history of astronomy.
Category: History