Argument Selection

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Productivity In Argument Selection

Author : Amir Zeldes
ISBN : 9783110303919
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 88.62 MB
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This book centers on the idea that some verbs and other argument structure constructions have an inherently different propensity to realize lexically unfamiliar arguments, independently of lexical semantic meaning. This notion is explored both qualitatively using selected examples, and quantitatively using large amounts of corpus data, in both cases primarily from English and German.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Syntax Within The Word

Author : Daniel Siddiqi
ISBN : 9789027255211
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 36.37 MB
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Syntax within the Word provides a multifaceted look into the syntactic framework of Distributed Morphology (DM) within the Minimalist program. For those unfamiliar with the theory, this monograph provides an overview of DM and argues its strengths. For those more familiar with DM, this monograph provides analyses of familiar data much of which has not been treated within the framework: argument selection, stem allomorphy and suppletion, nominal compounds in English (feet-first vs. *heads-first), and the structure of the verb phrase. This monograph also proposes a future for the theory in the form of revisions to DM including: the elimination of readjustment rules, a new economy constraint (Minimize Exponence) that triggers fusion of functional heads, and a feature blocking system.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Semantische Rollen

Author : Rolf Kailuweit
ISBN : 3823360329
Genre : Grammar, Comparative and general
File Size : 31.16 MB
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Category: Grammar, Comparative and general

Argumentation In Multi Agent Systems

Author : Peter McBurney
ISBN : 9783642219399
Genre : Computers
File Size : 79.61 MB
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This book constitutes the thoroughly reviewed post-proceedings of the 7th International Workshop on Argumentation in Multi-Agent Systems, ArgMas 2010, held in Toronto, Canada in May 2010 as a satellite workshop of AAMAS 2010. The 14 revised full papers taken from ArgMAS 2010 were carefully reviewed and improved during two rounds of revision. Also included are 4 invited papers based on presentations on argumentation at the AAMAS 2010 main conference. All together the 18 papers included in the book give a representative overview on current research on argumentation in multi-agent systems. The papers are organized in topical sections on practical reasoning and argument about action, applications, and theoretical aspects.
Category: Computers

Structuring Sense Volume Iii Taking Form

Author : Hagit Borer
ISBN : 9780191643453
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 75.27 MB
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Structuring Sense explores the difference between words however defined and structures however constructed. It sets out to demonstrate over three volumes that the explanation of linguistic competence should be shifted from lexical entry to syntactic structure, from memory of words to manipulation of rules. Its reformulation of how grammar and lexicon interact has profound implications for linguistic, philosophical, and psychological theories about human mind and language. Hagit Borer departs from language specific constructional approaches and from lexicalist approaches to argue that universal hierarchical structures determine interpretation, and that language variation emerges from the morphological and phonological properties of inflectional material. Taking Form, the third and final volume of Structuring Sense, applies this radical approach to the construction of complex words. Integrating research in syntax and morphology, the author develops a new model of word formation, arguing that on the one hand the basic building blocks of language are rigid semantic and syntactic functions, while on the other hand they are roots, which in themselves are but packets of phonological information, and are devoid of both meaning and grammatical properties of any kind. Within such a model, syntactic category, syntactic selection and argument structure are all mediated through syntactic structures projected from rigid functions, or alternatively, constructed through general combinatorial principles of syntax, such as Chomsky's Merge. The meaning of 'words', in turn, does not involve the existence of lexemes, but rather the matching of a well-defined and phonologically articulated syntactic domain with conceptual Content, itself outside the domain of language as such. In a departure from most current models of syntax but in line with many philosophical traditions, then, the Exo-Skeletal model partitions 'meaning' into formal functions, on the one hand, and Content, on the other hand. While the former are read off syntactico-semantic structures as is usually assumed, Content is crucially read off syntactico-phonological structures.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Argument Structure In Flux

Author : Elly van Gelderen
ISBN : 9789027272287
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 47.49 MB
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The present volume is centered around five linguistic themes: argument structure and encoding strategies; argument structure and verb classes; unexpressed arguments; split intransitivity; and existential and presentational constructions. The articles also cover a variety of typologically different languages, and they offer new data from under-researched languages on the issues of event and argument structure. In some cases novel perspectives from widely discussed languages on highly debated topics are offered, also addressing more theoretical aspects concerning the predictability and derivation of linking. Several contributions apply current models of the lexicon–syntax interface to synchronic data. Other contributions focus on diachrony and are based on extensive use of corpora. Yet others, although empirically and theoretically grounded, privilege a methodological discussion, presenting analyses based on thorough and long-standing fieldwork.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Sentence Patterns In English And Hebrew

Author : Ron Kuzar
ISBN : 9789027204349
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 35.65 MB
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Sentence Patterns in English and Hebrew offers an innovative perspective on sentential syntax, in which sentence patterns are introduced as constructions within the general framework of Construction Grammar. Drawing on naturally occurring data collected from the Internet, the study challenges the prevailing view of predication as the sole mechanism of sentence formation, and introduces the idea of patterning as a complementary, sometimes even alternative mechanism. Major sentence patterns of English and Hebrew are systematically presented, targeting both their form and their function. A contrastive analysis of the sentence patterns in these two languages results in postulating a typological group, in which cognitive motivations are shown to account for both similarities and differences within the typology. Sentence Patterns in English and Hebrew will appeal to scholars of constructional approaches, cognitive linguistics, typology, syntax, as well as anyone interested in English and Hebrew.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

The Art Of Argument

Author : Christopher Kee
ISBN : 9781139461351
Genre : Law
File Size : 56.1 MB
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The Art of Argument guides readers through the process of developing, defending and presenting a compelling argument. Primarily aimed at students who are about to undertake or participate in an international mooting competition, The Art of Argument explains in a step-by-step process what to do when you first get the moot problem, how to begin researching the subject matter, the emotional highs and lows, why practice makes perfect, how to handle yourself at the competition, and most importantly to have fun. Through the process of mooting you learn how to construct analytical arguments, to present your point logically and soundly and to consider and address the queries and concerns of your opponent and the Moot Master. For a law student there is no greater skill than constructing a logical and compelling argument.
Category: Law

Computational Models Of Argument

Author : Philippe Besnard
ISBN : 9781586038595
Genre : Computers
File Size : 77.96 MB
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This volume of Computational Models of Argument focuses on the aim to develop software tools to assist users in constructing and evaluating arguments and counterarguments and/or to develop automated systems for constructing and evaluating arguments and counterarguments. Some articles provide a valuable snapshot of the leading research questions in the area of computational models of argument, others draw on the wealth of research on the philosophical questions surrounding the notions arising in argumentation, or address knowledge representation and reasoning issues emerging from modeling argumentation. They also consider appropriate models of wider rhetorical issues arising in argumentation and propose and evaluate algorithmic solutions associated with generating and judging constellations of arguments. Included are articles proposing standards for exchanging information associated with argumentation so that different systems can work together. In addition, some articles report practical working tools for computational argumentation.
Category: Computers

Split Auxiliary Systems

Author : Raúl Aranovich
ISBN : 9789027292568
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 90.32 MB
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The alternation between the auxiliaries BE and HAVE, which this collection examines, is often discussed in connection with generative analyses of split intransitivity. But this book's purpose is to place the phenomenon in a broader context. Well-known facts in the Romance and Germanic language families are extended with data from lesser studied languages and dialects (Romanian, Paduan), and also with experimental and historical data. Moreover, the book goes beyond the usual language families in which the phenomenon has been studied, with the inclusion of two chapters on Chinese and Korean. The theoretical background of the contributors is also broad, ranging from current Generative approaches to Cognitive and Optimality-Theoretical frameworks. Readers interested in the structural, historical, developmental, or experimental aspects of auxiliary selection should profit from this book's comprehensive empirical coverage and from the plurality of contemporary linguistic analyses it contains.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Getting To Know Arcobjects

Author : Robert Burke
ISBN : 158948018X
Genre : Computers
File Size : 88.44 MB
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Provides lessons on the basics of working with ArcObjects using VBA, covering such topics as adding layers to maps, querying data, and creating layouts.
Category: Computers

Exploring The Syntax Semantics Interface

Author : Robert D. van Valin, Jr.
ISBN : 0521811791
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 59.17 MB
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This book looks at how syntax, semantics and pragmatics interact in different ways across human languages.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

The Methodology Of Positive Economics

Author : Uskali Mäki
ISBN : 9780521867016
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 74.19 MB
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A team of world-renowned experts cast new light on Milton Friedman's 1953 essay 'The methodology of positive economics'.
Category: Business & Economics

Frame Constructional Verb Classes

Author : Ryan Dux
ISBN : 9789027261014
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 60.71 MB
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While verb classes are a mainstay of linguistic research, the field lacks consensus on precisely what constitutes a verb class. This book presents a novel approach to verb classes, employing a bottom-up, corpus-based methodology and combining key insights from Frame Semantics, Construction Grammar, and Valency Grammar. On this approach, verb classes are formulated at varying granularity levels to adequately capture both the shared semantic and syntactic properties unifying verbs of a class and the idiosyncratic properties unique to individual verbs. In-depth analyses based on this approach shed light on the interrelations between verbs, frame-semantics, and constructions, and on the semantic richness and network organization of grammatical constructions. This approach is extended to a comparison of Change and Theft verbs, revealing unexpected lexical and syntactic differences across semantically distinct classes. Finally, a range of contrastive (German–English) analyses demonstrate how verb classes can inform the cross-linguistic comparison of verbs and constructions.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Scientific Evidence

Author : Peter Achinstein
ISBN : 0801881188
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 89.76 MB
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Louis University.
Category: Philosophy

Brussels Versus The Beltway

Author : Christine Mahoney
ISBN : 9781589012820
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 39.12 MB
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This book presents the first large-scale study of lobbying strategies and outcomes in the United States and the European Union, two of the most powerful political systems in the world. Every day, tens of thousands of lobbyists in Washington and Brussels are working to protect and promote their interests in the policymaking process. Policies emanating from these two spheres have global impacts—they set global standards, they influence global markets, and they determine global politics. Armed with extensive new data, Christine Mahoney challenges the conventional stereotypes that attribute any differences between the two systems to cultural ones—the American, a partisan and combative approach, and the European, a consensus-based one. Mahoney draws from 149 interviews involving 47 issues to detail how institutional structures, the nature of specific issues, and characteristics of the interest groups combine to determine decisions about how to approach a political fight, what arguments to use, and how to frame an issue. She looks at how lobbyists choose lobbying tactics, public relations strategies, and networking and coalition activities. Her analysis demonstrates that advocacy can be better understood when we study the lobbying of interest groups in their institutional and issue context. This book offers new insights into how the process of lobbying works on both sides of the Atlantic.
Category: Political Science

Die Slavischen Sprachen

Author : Sebastian Kempgen
ISBN : 9783110156607
Genre : Foreign Language Study
File Size : 26.79 MB
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The handbook is intended to present a well balanced general view of the current state of Slavic linguistics and the Slavic languages with regard to their synchronic and diachronic description. In contrast to previous undertakings of a similar nature, this handbook is not intended to be a grammar with chapters on individual languages. Its length, the extensive scope of its subject matter, the systematic approach and the method of description which reflect the current state of Slavic Linguistics set this handbook apart from others.
Category: Foreign Language Study

Morphology Now

Author : Mark Aronoff
ISBN : 0791408159
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 77.16 MB
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Several distinct general linguistic theories are represented here: autolexical theory, categorial grammar, functional grammar, and government and binding syntax. Each essay in this book is centered around a point of morphological theory and each one is designed to further the development of that theory and hence linguistic theory in general. Many different languages are analyzed: Sino-Tibetan Manipuri, Eskimo Central Siberian Upik, Athabaskan Ahtna, Latin, modern European languages, and English. All of these sometimes dramatically different language systems are treated as manifestations of a single unified human language faculty, and these studies of generative morphology are incorporated into linguistic theory and the explanation of diversity in human language.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Mutation Driven Evolution

Author : Masatoshi Nei
ISBN : 9780191637827
Genre : Science
File Size : 86.2 MB
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The purpose of this book is to present a new mechanistic theory of mutation-driven evolution based on recent advances in genomics and evolutionary developmental biology. The theory asserts, perhaps somewhat controversially, that the driving force behind evolution is mutation, with natural selection being of only secondary importance. The word 'mutation' is used to describe any kind of change in DNA such as nucleotide substitution, gene duplication/deletion, chromosomal change, and genome duplication. A brief history of the principal evolutionary theories (Darwinism, mutationism, neo-Darwinism, and neo-mutationism) that preceded the theory of mutation-driven evolution is also presented in the context of the last 150 years of research. However, the core of the book is concerned with recent studies of genomics and the molecular basis of phenotypic evolution, and their relevance to mutation-driven evolution. In contrast to neo-Darwinism, mutation-driven evolution is capable of explaining real examples of evolution such as the evolution of olfactory receptors, sex-determination in animals, and the general scheme of hybrid sterility. In this sense the theory proposed is more realistic than its predecessors, and gives a more logical explanation of various evolutionary events. Mutation-Driven Evolution is suitable for graduate level students as well as professional researchers (both empiricists and theoreticians) in the fields of molecular evolution and population genetics. It assumes that the readers are acquainted with basic knowledge of genetics and molecular biology.
Category: Science