APOLLO LUNAR ROVING VEHICLE OPERATIONS HANDBOOK

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Apollo Lunar Roving Vehicle Operations Handbook

Author : NASA
ISBN : 193768489X
Genre : Transportation
File Size : 86.97 MB
Format : PDF
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Developed in only 17 months at a cost of 38 million dollars, the Lunar Roving Vehicle (LRV) greatly expanded the survey range of the astronauts on Apollo 15, 16 and 17. Designed to operate in the low-gravity vacuum of the Moon, the LRV boasted an ingenious design that allowed it to be folded up and stored inside the Lunar Module. It would then be deployed using a system of pulleys and brake reels. The LRV's frame was made of aluminum alloy 2219 tubing assemblies, giving the vehicle a fairly small mass of 210kg but allowing it to carry up to 490kg on the lunar surface. The LRV's lightweight tires were made of zinc-coated steel strands with titanium chevrons and aluminum hubs, and offered a ground clearance of 36cm. The LRV featured two side-by-side, foldable seats, a TV camera, and a dish antenna. Four independent DC motors - one for each wheel - powered by two 36-volt batteries provided maneuvering power. Both sets of wheels could be used to steer, although they could also be decoupled. For safety reasons, astronauts never drove the LRV a distance farther from the LM than they could safely walk in the unlikely event that the rover failed. On each of the three day missions that it was employed, the LRV was used daily for three traverses. The longest was on Apollo 17, when it was driven 20.1km, and it traveled a total of 35.9km on that mission. The total distance traveled by all three LRVs was 90.4km. Almost all of it was done without incident, although some damage to the fender extensions caused dust problems on Apollo 16 and 17. Harrison Schmitt of Apollo 17 praised the design and operation of the vehicle, saying ..".the Lunar Rover proved to be the reliable, safe and flexible lunar exploration vehicle we expected it to be." Originally created for the astronauts by prime contractor Boeing, this Lunar Roving Vehicle Operations Handbook describes the LRV and its systems, and details the deployment and driving procedures. It also details the 1-gravity LRV used to train astronauts on Earth. A lengthy appendix provides performance and other data.
Category: Transportation

Lunar And Planetary Rovers

Author : Anthony Young
ISBN : 9780387685472
Genre : Science
File Size : 48.63 MB
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This book fills a need for a complete history of the Lunar Roving Vehicle used on Apollo 15, 16 and 17, drawing on many photographs never before published. It also tells the story of the robotic rovers used on Mars, and concludes with a description of the new designs of rovers planned for The New Vision for Exploration now underway at NASA. The book provides extensive quotes from the astronauts who drove the LRV on the Moon from interviews conducted especially for the book. It also details new material from interviews of engineers and managers at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory covering the robotic rovers, Sojourner, Sprit and Opportunity.
Category: Science

Apollo Operations Handbook Extra Vehicular Mobility Unit

Author : NASA
ISBN : 1937684865
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 72.63 MB
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Created by NASA in 1968 and revised in 1971 for the Apollo 15, 16, and 17 missions, this handbook explains the extravehicular mobility unit, its subsystems, accessories and operation, as well as emergency procedures.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Next Stop Mars

Author : Giancarlo Genta
ISBN : 9783319443119
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 80.69 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
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This book covers the possible manned mission to Mars first discussed in the 1950s and still a topic of much debate, addressing historic and future plans to visit the Red Planet. Considering the environmental dangers and the engineering and design needed for a successful trip, it covers every aspect of a possible mission and outpost. The chapters explain the motivations behind the plan to go to Mars, as well as the physical factors that astronauts on manned missions will face on Mars and in transit. The author provides a comprehensive exposure to the infrastructure needs on Mars itself, covering an array of facilities including power sources, as well as addressing earth-based communication networks that will be necessary. Mechanisms for return to Earth are also addressed. As the reality of a manned Mars voyage becomes more concrete, the details are still largely up in the air. This book presents an overview of proposed approaches past, present, and future, both from NASA and, increasingly, from other space agencies and private companies. It clearly displays the challenges and the ingenious solutions involved in reaching Mars with human explorers.
Category: Technology & Engineering

The Automotive Chassis

Author : Giancarlo Genta
ISBN : 140208675X
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 35.58 MB
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This work serves as a reference concerning the automotive chassis, i.e. everything that is inside a vehicle except the engine and the body. It is the result of a decade of work mostly done by the FIAT group, who supplied material, together with other automotive companies, and sponsored the work. The first volume deals with the design of automotive components and the second volume treats the various aspects of the design of a vehicle as a system.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Handbook Of Space Engineering Archaeology And Heritage

Author : Ann Darrin
ISBN : 1420084321
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 78.88 MB
Format : PDF
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Some might think that the 27 thousand tons of material launched by earthlings into outer space is nothing more than floating piles of debris. However, when looking at these artifacts through the eyes of historians and anthropologists, instead of celestial pollution, they are seen as links to human history and heritage. Space: The New Frontier for Archeologists Handbook of Space Engineering, Archaeology and Heritage, published this month by CRC Press Taylor and Francis Group, brings together 43 anthropologists, historians, physicists, and engineers, a scientific team as culturally diverse as the crew of any science fiction cruiser. They offer a range of novel historical and technological perspectives on humankind’s experience in space. This ambitious work presents an informative, thought-provoking, and educational text that discusses the evolution of space engineering, spacecraft reliability and forensics, field techniques, and mission planning, as well as space programs for the future. The book is edited by a pair of scientists from different sides of the campus: Ann Garrison Darrin, aerospace engineer and NASA veteran and Beth Laura O’Leary, anthropologist and member of the World Archaeological Congress Space Heritage Task Force. The handbook delves into the evolution of space archaeology and heritage, including the emerging fields of Archaeoastronomy, Ethnoastronomy, and Cultural Astronomy. It also covers space basics and the history of the space age from Sputnik to modern day satellites. It discusses the cultural landscape of space, including orbital artifacts in space, as well as objects left on planetary surfaces and includes a look at the culture of Apollo as a catalog of manned exploration of the moon. It also considers the application of forensic investigation to the solving of cold case mysteries including failed Mars mission landing sites and lost spacecraft, and even investigates the archaeology of the putative Roswell UFO crash site and appraises material culture in science fiction.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Journal Of The British Interplanetary Society

Author :
ISBN : UCSD:31822020405585
Genre : Astronautics
File Size : 32.81 MB
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Bound with vol. 1- , 1934- , is the Society's annual report and list of members, 1934- .
Category: Astronautics

Usa In Space

Author : Russell R. Tobias
ISBN : UVA:X004898854
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 67.86 MB
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This books includes 280 essays covering U.S. major space programs, piloted and robotic missions, satellites, space centers, space planes, and issues from the earliest missions to the present.
Category: Technology & Engineering

A Dictionary Of Space Exploration

Author : Stephen O'Meara
ISBN : 9780192526595
Genre : Science
File Size : 35.61 MB
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With over 2,300 entries, this fascinating and expansive dictionary covers all aspects of space exploration, from A-Train to Zvezda. This jargon-free new edition has been fully revised and updated to take into account the new developments in space exploration on an international scale over the last thirteen years, with new entries such as Hitomi, Space X Dragon, and Ariane 5 Rocket. All entries are fully cross-referenced for ease of use, and are supported by over 75 photographs, illustrations, and diagrams. In addition to the main definitions, this new edition also contains links to over 250 space-related websites. This authoritative, comprehensive, and clear dictionary is essential reading for anyone with an interest in astronomy and space travel.
Category: Science