ANIMAL ARCHITECTS

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Animal Architects

Author : James L. Gould
ISBN : 9780465028399
Genre : Science
File Size : 90.43 MB
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Animal behavior has long been a battleground between the competing claims of nature and nurture, with the possible role of cognition in behavior as a recent addition to this debate. There is an untapped trove of behavioral data that can tell us a great deal about how the animals draw from these neural strategies: The structures animals build provide a superb window on the workings of the animal mind. Animal Architects examines animal architecture across a range of species, from those whose blueprints are largely innate (such as spiders and their webs) to those whose challenging structures seem to require intellectual insight, planning, and even aesthetics (such as bowerbirds' nests, or beavers' dams). Beginning with instinct and the simple homes of solitary insects, James and Carol Gould move on to conditioning; the “cognitive map” and how it evolved; and the role of planning and insight. Finally, they reflect on what animal building tells us about the nature of human intelligence-showing why humans, unlike many animals, need to build castles in the air.
Category: Science

Animal Architects

Author : Wanda Shipman
ISBN : CORNELL:31924067901276
Genre : Nature
File Size : 58.6 MB
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Explores a variety of animal habitats, proving that nature has many talented architects.
Category: Nature

Animal Architects

Author : John Nicholson
ISBN : 1741142636
Genre : Juvenile Nonfiction
File Size : 70.88 MB
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Presents an introduction to the animal habitats of such animals as wombats, beavers, prairie dogs, and naked mole rats.
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Animal Architecture Mike Hansell 2005

Author : Oxford University Press
ISBN : 9780198507512
Genre : Young Adult Nonfiction
File Size : 64.60 MB
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My aim in this book is to investigate and celebrate the biology of animal architecture. I believe that by writing this comprehensive overview, it can be seen that this is a coherent biological topic which gives us important insights. I last did this 20 years ago (Hansell 1984), so it is interesting for me not only to see how much the subject has developed during that time, but also how my views have changed too. Animal builders are patchily distributed through the animal kingdom, but research effort is also unevenly distributed within that. Spiders in particular have received a lot of research attention, from the level of their building material to the functional design of webs and their foraging ecology. Bird nests still remain rather under-researched, but there is a flurry of exciting research on bowerbird displays. The book reveals a need for more information in a number of areas, for example, on the composition and properties of self-secreted building materials other than silk, and the mechanical properties of nearly all structures other than spider webs. On the other hand we now have a much better understanding of how simple organisms can build large complex structures, and there have been developments in the ecological and evolutionary concepts of niche construction and ecological inheritance to which studies of animal builders have contributed. This book recognises three broad categories of structure: homes, traps and displays. Chapter 1 looks at the functional role of these: homes to protect builders from the hostile forces of the physical and biological world, foraging and feeding assisted by burrowing or by the use of nets or webs, and structures for intraspecific communication, in particular the displays of bowerbirds. Chapter 2 tests predictions relating to building materials: that self-secreted materials will tend to be more standardised and more complex than collected materials and that, because of this, they will tend to be more characteristic of dynamic structures like traps than of static ones, exemplified by houses. In Preface ix fact, collected materials prove to be quite highly standardised, while the synthesis of self-secreted materials does show some flexibility. The process of building is examined in Chapters 3 and 4. Building anatomy is shown to be generally unspecialised for delicate manipulative skills but modified for power in many burrowing species. Building behaviour is found to be simple and repetitive. These findings support predictions I have previously made (Hansell 1984, 2000). The creation of very large and complex structures is shown to be possible largely through a dialogue between the builder and the developing structure in which building actions in response to local stimuli change the stimulus situation; complex architecture is an emergent property of self-organising processes. These principles apply equally well to building by large workforces of social insects as to single individuals. Animal tools are considered in the light of these findings, because they are generally regarded as important in the context of human evolution, in spite of being small and often of simple construction. Some tool makers are found to show evidence of advanced learning and cognition, but assessment of these attributes in builders generally suffers from lack of evidence. Mechanics, growth, and design are the subjects of Chapter 5. Animal homes show how building rules can be conserved while the structures grow with the size of the individual or colony occupying them. Spiders' webs provide models for the study of engineering in tension, while display structures, in particular those of bowerbirds, provide possible models for the investigation of the evolution of an aesthetic sense. In Chapter 6, the cost of home building and its trade-offs with other life history traits is examined using examples of birds' nests and caddis cases; on trap building costs and their consequences, spider webs again supply the majority of the evidence. Buildings change the world both for builders and organisms that associate with them. These are the themes of Chapters 7 and 8. Predictions (Hansell 1987a, 1993) that builders, as ecosystem engineers, will tend to stabilise habitats, resist extinction, and promote biodiversity are examined. The last of these is clearly supported, although this is found to be largely through facultative associations by organisms with constructed habitat niches. The limitations of animal built structures as evidence of phylogeny is discussed, and the concept of a key adaptation examined with the conclusion that arthropod silk has the strongest claim to this title. Evidence that building has contributed to social evolution (Hansell 1987a) is found to be inconsistent. Finally, builders are seen to alter the course of their own evolution through ecological inheritance, the passing on to their descendents of habitats that they have altered.
Category: Young Adult Nonfiction

Animal Architects

Author : Timothy J. Bradley
ISBN : 9781433383120
Genre : Nature
File Size : 51.63 MB
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From hermit crabs that make a home out of anything they can find to tiny termites that build tall towers, animals of all kinds are architects! In this engaging nonfiction reader, elementary children will learn about these amazing animal architects and the things they build for habitation and camoflauge through vivid images, stimulating facts, informational text, a helpful glossary, and a reference list of useful websites.
Category: Nature

Animal Architects

Author : James L. Gould
ISBN : 9780465027828
Genre : Science
File Size : 37.35 MB
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Looks at why animals build, explores the building processes of a variety of species, and discusses how a study of animal building behavior can provides an understanding of the human mind.
Category: Science

Animal Architects 6 Pack

Author : Timothy Bradley
ISBN : 9781433348457
Genre : Juvenile Nonfiction
File Size : 58.20 MB
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From hermit crabs that make a home out of anything they can find to tiny termites that build tall towers, animals of all kinds are architects! In this engaging nonfiction reader, elementary children will learn about these amazing animal architects and the things they build for habitation and camouflage through vivid images, stimulating facts, informational text, a helpful glossary, and a reference list of useful websites. This 6-Pack includes six copies of this title and a lesson plan.
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Animal Architects

Author : Lisa Amstutz
ISBN : 9781731616111
Genre : Juvenile Nonfiction
File Size : 87.89 MB
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Do you like to build? These animals do too! My Life Science Library: Animal Architects introduces young readers in kindergarten to grade 2 to animals that build homes to meet their needs. Early elementary readers will learn about how animals build shelters, nests, traps, and more. This collection introduces a variety of natural science topics for early learners based on life science NGSS standards. From amazing animal builders to plant reproduction, these books present complicated information in easy-to-understand language and provide kid-friendly examples. Each book includes an activity that supports further comprehension
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Amazing Animal Architects Of The Water

Author : Yvonne Pearson
ISBN : 9781543526875
Genre : Juvenile Nonfiction
File Size : 51.49 MB
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All kinds of animals build awesome homes in or near the water. From beavers to coral, many animals have interesting ways of building. Find out why these amazing animals build and how they do it. Bring augmented reality to your students by downloading the free Capstone 4D app and scanning for access to an online article, video, and discussion questions.
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Animal Architects

Author : Julio Antonio Blasco
ISBN : 1780676530
Genre : Juvenile Nonfiction
File Size : 28.49 MB
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A fantastic, original exploration of how animals build their homes and the fascinating structures they create. From gladiator frogs to chimpanzees, learn about how animals all over the world build their homes. Each spread contains a beautiful, colourful illustration of each animal and its home, plus a unique fold-out information panel, with stats and a simple architectural diagram showcasing the creation of the 'architect'. Look inside chimpanzee nests, beaver dams, termite mounds, stork nests and many more - and get to know the clever animals who build them!
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction