ANALYTICAL ELECTROCHEMISTRY IN TEXTILES

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Analytical Electrochemistry In Textiles

Author : P Westbroek
ISBN : 9781845690878
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 65.53 MB
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Electrochemistry is the study of chemical reactions with an exchange of electrons, and of the chemical phenomena that are caused by the action of applied currents and voltages. Analytical electrochemistry in textiles provides an overview of the synergy between electrochemistry and textiles, and the possibilities and innovative character of electrochemistry for textiles. Analytical electrochemistry in textiles is divided into four parts. In the first part an overview is given of the theory of electrochemistry as well as of practical considerations. The second part contains chapters in which the development of sensors is described for the optimisation and automation of textile finishing processes. In the third part the fundamentals of textile electrodes, used in a wide variety of applications, are summarised, as well as offering a developed study of a quality control method. Finally, the fourth part of the book is related to the functionalisation of fibres through chemical and electrochemical modification and some applications are given for these types of textile related electrodes. Written so that both non-electrochemists and non-textile specialists can understand it, Analytical electrochemistry in textiles is an important guide for textile, chemist and material science academics. It will also prove of great benefit for textile manufacturers, processors, dyers, colourists and finishers. Provides an overview of the synergy between electrochemistry and textiles An invaluable reference tool for textile, chemist and material science academics as well as textile manufacturers, processors, dyers, colourists and finishers
Category: Technology & Engineering

Process Control In Textile Manufacturing

Author : Abhijit Majumdar
ISBN : 9780857095633
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 29.15 MB
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Complex raw materials and manufacturing processes mean the textile industry is particularly dependent on good process control to produce high and consistent product quality. Monitoring and controlling process variables during the textile manufacturing process also minimises waste, costs and environmental impact. Process control in textile manufacturing provides an important overview of the fundamentals and applications of process control methods. Part one introduces key issues associated with process control and principles of control systems in textile manufacturing. Testing and statistical quality control are also discussed before part two goes on to consider control in fibre production and yarn manufacture. Chapters review process and quality control in natural and synthetic textile fibre cultivation, blowroom, carding, drawing and combing. Process control in ring and rotor spinning and maintenance of yarn spinning machines are also discussed. Finally part three explores process control in the manufacture of knitted, woven, nonwoven textiles and colouration and finishing, with a final discussion of process control in apparel manufacturing. With its distinguished editors and international team of expert contributors, Process control in textile manufacturing is an essential guide for textile engineers and manufacturers involved in the processing of textiles, as well as academic researchers in this field. Provides an important overview of the fundamentals and applications of process control methods Discusses key issues associated with process control and principles of control systems in textile manufacturing, before addressing testing and statistical quality control Explores process control in the manufacture of knitted, woven, nonwoven textiles and colouration and finishing, with a discussion on process control in apparel manufacturing
Category: Technology & Engineering

Handbook Of Fire Resistant Textiles

Author : F. Selcen Kilinc
ISBN : 9780857098931
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 76.83 MB
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Given its importance to consumer safety, fire resistant textiles are one of the fastest growing sectors in industrial textiles. Handbook of fire resistant textiles provides a comprehensive review of the considerable advances that have occurred in the field of fire resistant textiles in recent years. It draws together scientific and technical expertise from around the world to produce an important source of current knowledge on fire resistant textiles and their use for protection in hostile environments. Part one provides an overview of fire resistant textiles. Chapters discuss burning and combustion mechanisms of textile fibers, chemical modification of natural and synthetic fibers to improve flame retardancy, multi-component flame resistant coating techniques for textiles, care and maintenance of fire resistant textiles, along with the safety, health and environmental aspects of flame retardants. Part two covers different types of fire resistant fibers and fabrics, including flame retardant cotton, wool, ceramic fibers and blends, composites and nonwovens. Part three reviews standards, regulations, and characterization of fire resistant textiles. Part four includes case studies of major applications of fire resistant textiles. The Handbook of fire resistant textiles is an invaluable resource for a broad spectrum of professionals in the textiles and apparel industries, including textile and garment manufacturers, engineers, researchers, designers, developers and buyers. Provides a comprehensive review of the considerable advances that have occurred in the field of fire resistant textiles in recent years Discusses burning and combustion mechanisms of textile fibers and chemical modification of natural and synthetic fibers to improve flame retardancy Covers different types of fire resistant fibers and fabrics, including flame retardant cotton, wool, ceramic fibers and blends, composites and nonwovens
Category: Technology & Engineering

Biotextiles As Medical Implants

Author : M W King
ISBN : 9780857095602
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 39.47 MB
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Textiles play a vital role in the manufacture of various medical devices, including the replacement of diseased, injured or non-functioning organs within the body. Biotextiles as medical implants provides an invaluable single source of information on the main types of textile materials and products used for medical implants. The first part of the book focuses on polymers, fibers and textile technologies, and these chapters discuss the manufacture, sterilization, properties and types of biotextiles used for medical applications, including nanofibers, resorbable polymers and shaped biotextiles. The chapters in part two provide a comprehensive discussion of a range of different clinical applications of biotextiles, including surgical sutures, arterial prostheses, stent grafts, percutaneous heart valves and drug delivery systems. This book provides a concise review of the technologies, properties and types of biotextiles used as medical devices. In addition, it addresses the biological dimension of how to design devices for different clinical applications, providing an invaluable reference for biomedical engineers of medical textiles, quality control and risk assessment specialists, as well as managers of regulatory affairs. The subject matter will also be of interest to professionals within the healthcare system including surgeons, nurses, therapists, sourcing and purchasing agents, researchers and students in different disciplines. Provides an invaluable single source of information on the main types of textile materials and products used for medical implants Addresses the technologies used and discusses the manufacture, properties and types of biotextiles Examines applications of biotextiles as medical implants, including drug delivery systems and stent grafts and percutaneous heart valves
Category: Technology & Engineering

Physical And Analytical Electrochemistry General

Author : Hugh De Long
ISBN : 9781566776042
Genre : Science
File Size : 75.1 MB
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The papers included in this issue of ECS Transactions were originally presented in the symposium ¿Physical and Analytical Electrochemistry General Session¿, held during the 211th meeting of The Electrochemical Society, in Chicago, IL, from May 6 to 11, 2007.
Category: Science

Conducting Polymers

Author : György Inzelt
ISBN : 3540759301
Genre : Science
File Size : 66.61 MB
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This book is a systematic survey of the knowledge accumulated in this field in the last thirty years. It includes material on the thermodynamic aspects of the polymers, the theory of the mechanism of charge transport processes, and the chemical and physical properties of these compounds. Also covered are the techniques of characterization, the electrochemical methods of synthesis, and the application of these systems. Inzelt’s book is a must-read for electrochemists and others.
Category: Science

Enzymes In Food Processing

Author :
ISBN : 9789380026336
Genre : Enzymes
File Size : 66.90 MB
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This book reflects an in depth study of high academic standards dealing in a coherent and lucid way the most comprehensive and advances in application of enzymes in food processing. This indispensable treatise is the product of combined efforts of leading experts of excellent academic credentials in the area of food technology and biotechnology. This unique volume gives a holistic view about the interventions of enzymes in food processing i.e. " Handles different enzymes used in food processing at one platform. " Discusses the methods of enzyme immobilization and application of immobilized enzymes in food processing. " Describes the use of enzymes as food analytical tools including biosensors " Illustrates the knowledge about novel strategies in enzyme designing. " Numerous tables and figures throughout the volume provide illustrative material to support the detailed information The present volume is an excellent resource of information especially for food scientists/technologists, biotechnologists, biochemical engineers, biochemists, organic chemists, graduate and research students.
Category: Enzymes

Techniques And Mechanisms In Electrochemistry

Author : P.A. Christensen
ISBN : 0585276234
Genre : Science
File Size : 42.72 MB
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It is hard to overstate the importance of electrochemistry in the modern world: the ramifications of the subject extend into areas as diverse as batteries, fuel cells, effluent remediation and re-cycling, clean technology, elect- synthesis of organic and inorganic compounds, conversion and storage of solar energy, semiconductor processing, material corrosion, biological electron transfer processes and a wide range of highly specific analytical techniques. The impact of electrochemistry on the lives of all of us has increased immeas- ably, even in recent years, but this increase has not been reflected in the level or content of courses taught at universities, many of which portray the subject as a collection of arcane recipes and poorly understood formulae of marginal importance to the mainstream of chemistry. This approach reached its nadir with the recent extraordinary furore surrounding the purported discovery of cold fusion, where two electrochemists claimed to have shown that the fusion of deuterium nuclei could be effected under ambient conditions by the electrochemically induced intercalation of deuterium atoms into palladium. Whatever the truth behind such claims, their discussion revealed a lamentable lack of knowledge of modern elect- chemistry, not only among science writers for the popular press, but among many professional chemists and physicists whose acquaintance with the subject seems, for the most part, to have stopped somewhere about the time of Nernst. In a year in which Professor R.
Category: Science

Analytical Electrochemistry

Author : Joseph Wang
ISBN : 1560815752
Genre : Science
File Size : 53.44 MB
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Given the rapid pace of discovery and growth of new applications in the field, this text is essential for an up-to-date presentation of the latest advances in methodologies, sensors, detectors, and microchips. It is recommended for graduate-level courses in electroanalytical chemistry and as a supplement for upper-level undergraduate courses in instrumental analysis. The text also meets the reference needs for any industry, government, or academic laboratory engaged in electroanalysis and biosensors.
Category: Science

Comprehensive Nanoscience And Technology

Author :
ISBN : 0123743966
Genre : Science
File Size : 32.63 MB
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From the Introduction: Nanotechnology and its underpinning sciences are progressing with unprecedented rapidity. With technical advances in a variety of nanoscale fabrication and manipulation technologies, the whole topical area is maturing into a vibrant field that is generating new scientific research and a burgeoning range of commercial applications, with an annual market already at the trillion dollar threshold. The means of fabricating and controlling matter on the nanoscale afford striking and unprecedented opportunities to exploit a variety of exotic phenomena such as quantum, nanophotonic and nanoelectromechanical effects. Moreover, researchers are elucidating new perspectives on the electronic and optical properties of matter because of the way that nanoscale materials bridge the disparate theories describing molecules and bulk matter. Surface phenomena also gain a greatly increased significance; even the well-known link between chemical reactivity and surface-to-volume ratio becomes a major determinant of physical properties, when it operates over nanoscale dimensions. Against this background, this comprehensive work is designed to address the need for a dynamic, authoritative and readily accessible source of information, capturing the full breadth of the subject. Its six volumes, covering a broad spectrum of disciplines including material sciences, chemistry, physics and life sciences, have been written and edited by an outstanding team of international experts. Addressing an extensive, cross-disciplinary audience, each chapter aims to cover key developments in a scholarly, readable and critical style, providing an indispensible first point of entry to the literature for scientists and technologists from interdisciplinary fields. The work focuses on the major classes of nanomaterials in terms of their synthesis, structure and applications, reviewing nanomaterials and their respective technologies in well-structured and comprehensive articles with extensive cross-references. It has been a constant surprise and delight to have found, amongst the rapidly escalating number who work in nanoscience and technology, so many highly esteemed authors willing to contribute. Sharing our anticipation of a major addition to the literature, they have also captured the excitement of the field itself in each carefully crafted chapter. Along with our painstaking and meticulous volume editors, full credit for the success of this enterprise must go to these individuals, together with our thanks for (largely) adhering to the given deadlines. Lastly, we record our sincere thanks and appreciation for the skills and professionalism of the numerous Elsevier staff who have been involved in this project, notably Fiona Geraghty, Megan Palmer and Greg Harris, and especially Donna De Weerd-Wilson who has steered it through from its inception. We have greatly enjoyed working with them all, as we have with each other.
Category: Science