AN INTRODUCTION TO NUMBER THEORY WITH CRYPTOGRAPHY

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Author : James S. Kraft
ISBN : 9781482214420
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 39.24 MB
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Number theory has a rich history. For many years it was one of the purest areas of pure mathematics, studied because of the intellectual fascination with properties of integers. More recently, it has been an area that also has important applications to subjects such as cryptography. An Introduction to Number Theory with Cryptography presents number theory along with many interesting applications. Designed for an undergraduate-level course, it covers standard number theory topics and gives instructors the option of integrating several other topics into their coverage. The "Check Your Understanding" problems aid in learning the basics, and there are numerous exercises, projects, and computer explorations of varying levels of difficulty.

Author : James Kraft
ISBN : 9781351664103
Genre : Computers
File Size : 40.18 MB
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Building on the success of the first edition, An Introduction to Number Theory with Cryptography, Second Edition, increases coverage of the popular and important topic of cryptography, integrating it with traditional topics in number theory. The authors have written the text in an engaging style to reflect number theory's increasing popularity. The book is designed to be used by sophomore, junior, and senior undergraduates, but it is also accessible to advanced high school students and is appropriate for independent study. It includes a few more advanced topics for students who wish to explore beyond the traditional curriculum. Features of the second edition include Over 800 exercises, projects, and computer explorations Increased coverage of cryptography, including Vigenere, Stream, Transposition,and Block ciphers, along with RSA and discrete log-based systems "Check Your Understanding" questions for instant feedback to students New Appendices on "What is a proof?" and on Matrices Select basic (pre-RSA) cryptography now placed in an earlier chapter so that the topic can be covered right after the basic material on congruences Answers and hints for odd-numbered problems About the Authors: Jim Kraft received his Ph.D. from the University of Maryland in 1987 and has published several research papers in algebraic number theory. His previous teaching positions include the University of Rochester, St. Mary's College of California, and Ithaca College, and he has also worked in communications security. Dr. Kraft currently teaches mathematics at the Gilman School. Larry Washington received his Ph.D. from Princeton University in 1974 and has published extensively in number theory, including books on cryptography (with Wade Trappe), cyclotomic fields, and elliptic curves. Dr. Washington is currently Professor of Mathematics and Distinguished Scholar-Teacher at the University of Maryland.

Author : G. Everest
ISBN : 9781852339173
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 87.67 MB
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Includes up-to-date material on recent developments and topics of significant interest, such as elliptic functions and the new primality test Selects material from both the algebraic and analytic disciplines, presenting several different proofs of a single result to illustrate the differing viewpoints and give good insight

Author : M. Welleda Baldoni
ISBN : 3540692002
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 57.29 MB
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In this volume one finds basic techniques from algebra and number theory (e.g. congruences, unique factorization domains, finite fields, quadratic residues, primality tests, continued fractions, etc.) which in recent years have proven to be extremely useful for applications to cryptography and coding theory. Both cryptography and codes have crucial applications in our daily lives, and they are described here, while the complexity problems that arise in implementing the related numerical algorithms are also taken into due account. Cryptography has been developed in great detail, both in its classical and more recent aspects. In particular public key cryptography is extensively discussed, the use of algebraic geometry, specifically of elliptic curves over finite fields, is illustrated, and a final chapter is devoted to quantum cryptography, which is the new frontier of the field. Coding theory is not discussed in full; however a chapter, sufficient for a good introduction to the subject, has been devoted to linear codes. Each chapter ends with several complements and with an extensive list of exercises, the solutions to most of which are included in the last chapter. Though the book contains advanced material, such as cryptography on elliptic curves, Goppa codes using algebraic curves over finite fields, and the recent AKS polynomial primality test, the authors' objective has been to keep the exposition as self-contained and elementary as possible. Therefore the book will be useful to students and researchers, both in theoretical (e.g. mathematicians) and in applied sciences (e.g. physicists, engineers, computer scientists, etc.) seeking a friendly introduction to the important subjects treated here. The book will also be useful for teachers who intend to give courses on these topics.

Author : Carl Pomerance
ISBN : 0821801554
Genre : Computers
File Size : 59.87 MB
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In the past dozen or so years, cryptology and computational number theory have become increasingly intertwined. Because the primary cryptologic application of number theory is the apparent intractability of certain computations, these two fields could part in the future and again go their separate ways. But for now, their union is continuing to bring ferment and rapid change in both subjects. This book contains the proceedings of an AMS Short Course in Cryptology and Computational Number Theory, held in August 1989 during the Joint Mathematics Meetings in Boulder, Colorado. These eight papers by six of the top experts in the field will provide readers with a thorough introduction to some of the principal advances in cryptology and computational number theory over the past fifteen years. In addition to an extensive introductory article, the book contains articles on primality testing, discrete logarithms, integer factoring, knapsack cryptosystems, pseudorandom number generators, the theoretical underpinnings of cryptology, and other number theory-based cryptosystems. Requiring only background in elementary number theory, this book is aimed at nonexperts, including graduate students and advanced undergraduates in mathematics and computer science.

Author : Lawrence C. Washington
ISBN : 0203484029
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 26.3 MB
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Elliptic curves have played an increasingly important role in number theory and related fields over the last several decades, most notably in areas such as cryptography, factorization, and the proof of Fermat's Last Theorem. However, most books on the subject assume a rather high level of mathematical sophistication, and few are truly accessible to senior undergraduate or beginning graduate students. Assuming only a modest background in elementary number theory, groups, and fields, Elliptic Curves: Number Theory and Cryptography introduces both the cryptographic and number theoretic sides of elliptic curves, interweaving the theory of elliptic curves with their applications. The author introduces elliptic curves over finite fields early in the treatment, leading readers directly to the intriguing cryptographic applications, but the book is structured so that readers can explore the number theoretic aspects independently if desired. By side-stepping algebraic geometry in favor an approach based on basic formulas, this book clearly demonstrates how elliptic curves are used and opens the doors to higher-level studies. Elliptic Curves offers a solid introduction to the mathematics and applications of elliptic curves that well prepares its readers to tackle more advanced problems in cryptography and number theory.

Author : Benjamin Hutz
ISBN : 9781470430979
Genre : Number theory
File Size : 38.90 MB
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This book presents material suitable for an undergraduate course in elementary number theory from a computational perspective. It seeks to not only introduce students to the standard topics in elementary number theory, such as prime factorization and modular arithmetic, but also to develop their ability to formulate and test precise conjectures from experimental data. Each topic is motivated by a question to be answered, followed by some experimental data, and, finally, the statement and proof of a theorem. There are numerous opportunities throughout the chapters and exercises for the students to engage in (guided) open-ended exploration. At the end of a course using this book, the students will understand how mathematics is developed from asking questions to gathering data to formulating and proving theorems. The mathematical prerequisites for this book are few. Early chapters contain topics such as integer divisibility, modular arithmetic, and applications to cryptography, while later chapters contain more specialized topics, such as Diophantine approximation, number theory of dynamical systems, and number theory with polynomials. Students of all levels will be drawn in by the patterns and relationships of number theory uncovered through data driven exploration.

Author : Richard A. Mollin
ISBN : 0849339871
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 90.50 MB
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Beginning with the arithmetic of the rational integers and proceeding to an introduction of algebraic number theory via quadratic orders, Fundamental Number Theory with Applications reveals intriguing new applications of number theory. This text details aspects of computer science related to cryptography factoring primality testing complexity analysis computer arithmetic computational number theory Fundamental Number Theory with Applications also covers: Carmichael numbers Dirichlet products Jacobsthal sums Mersenne primes perfect numbers powerful numbers self-contained numbers Numerous exercises are included, testing the reader's knowledge of the concepts covered, introducing new and interesting topics, and providing a venue to learn background material. Written by a professor and author who is an accomplished scholar in this field, this book provides the material essential for an introduction to the fundamentals of number theory.

Author : Richard A. Mollin
ISBN : 1584881275
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 51.15 MB
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INTRODUCTION FOR THE UNINITIATED Heretofore, there has been no suitable introductory book that provides a solid mathematical treatment of cryptography for students with little or no background in number theory. By presenting the necessary mathematics as needed, An Introduction to Cryptography superbly fills that void. Although it is intended for the undergraduate student needing an introduction to the subject of cryptography, it contains enough optional, advanced material to challenge even the most informed reader, and provides the basis for a second course on the subject. Beginning with an overview of the history of cryptography, the material covers the basics of computer arithmetic and explores complexity issues. The author then presents three comprehensive chapters on symmetric-key cryptosystems, public-key cryptosystems, and primality testing. There is an optional chapter on four factoring methods: Pollard's p-1 method, the continued fraction algorithm, the quadratic sieve, and the number field sieve. Another optional chapter contains detailed development of elliptic curve cryptosystems, zero-knowledge, and quantum cryptography. He illustrates all methods with worked examples and includes a full, but uncluttered description of the numerous cryptographic applications. SUSTAINS INTEREST WITH ENGAGING MATERIAL Throughout the book, the author gives a human face to cryptography by including more than 50 biographies of the individuals who helped develop cryptographic concepts. He includes a number of illustrative and motivating examples, as well as optional topics that go beyond the basics presented in the core data. With an extensive index and a list of symbols for easy reference, An Introduction to Cryptography is the essential fundamental text on cryptography.

Author : Manfred Robert Schroeder
ISBN : 3540620060
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 33.13 MB
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Number Theory in Science and Communication is an introduction for non-mathematicians. The book stresses intuitive understanding rather than abstract theory and highlights important concepts such as continued fractions, the golden ratio, quadratic residues and Chinese remainders, trapdoor functions, pseudoprimes and primituve elements. Their applications to problems in the real world is one of the main themes of the book. This third edition is augmented by recent advances in primes in progressions, twin primes, prime triplets, prime quadruplets and quintruplets, factoring with elliptic curves, quantum factoring, Golomb rulers and "baroque" integers.