An Ape Ethic And The Question Of Personhood

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An Ape Ethic And The Question Of Personhood

Author : Gregory F Tague
ISBN : 9781793619716
Genre :
File Size : 76.64 MB
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Gregory F. Tague's An Ape Ethic and the Question of Personhood argues that great apes are moral individuals because they engage in a land ethic as ecosystem engineers to generate ecologically sustainable biomes for themselves and other species. Tague shows that we need to recognize apes as eco-engineers in order to save them and their habitats, and that in so doing, we will ultimately save earth's biosphere. The book draws on extensive empirical research from the ecology and behavior of great apes and synthesizes past and current understanding of the similarities in cognition, social behavior, and culture found in apes. Importantly, this book proposes that differences between humans and apes provide the foundation for the call to recognize forest personhood in the great apes. While all ape species are alike in terms of cognition, intelligence, and behaviors, there is a vital contrast: unlike humans, great apes are efficient ecological engineers. Therefore, simian forest sovereignty is critical to conservation efforts in controlling global warming, and apes should be granted dominion over their tropical forests. Weaving together philosophy, biology, socioecology, and elements from eco-psychology, this book provides a glimmer of hope for future acknowledgment of the inherent ethic that ape species embody in their eco-centered existence on this planet.
Category:

Environmental Ethics

Author :
ISBN : UCSD:31822009264862
Genre : Bioethics
File Size : 33.31 MB
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Category: Bioethics

Personhood Ethics And Animal Cognition

Author : Gary E. Varner
ISBN : 9780199930791
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 85.32 MB
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R.M. Hare was one of the most important ethical theorists of the 20th century, and one of his graduate students, Peter Singer, became famous for his writings on animals and personhood. Singer now says that he endorses Hare's "two-level utilitarianism," and he has invoked the theory's distinction between "critical thinking" and thinking in terms of "intuitive level rules" in response to certain objections to his conclusions on several issues. Hare, however, never published a systematic treatment of how his theory applies to issues in animal ethics, and he avoided the concept of "personhood." Gary Varner here fills this gap by defending the moral legitimacy of distinguishing among "persons," "near-persons," and "the merely sentient" within Harean two-level utilitarianism. He explores the implications of this distinction by applying the resulting ethical system to our treatment of animals, and shows how the results contrast with the more abolitionist conclusions reached by Singer on the same issues. In the process, he presents a new philosophical defense of two-level utilitarianism and its metaethical foundation (universal prescriptivism), and he significantly expands Hare's account of how "intuitive level rules" function in moral thinking, based on recent empirical research. The book also draws heavily on empirical research on consciousness and cognition in non-human animals as a way of approaching the question of which animals, if any, are "persons," or at least "near-persons." Philosophers, including those interested in utilitarianism in general or Hare in particular, as well as others interested in animal ethics or the debate over personhood, will find Varner's argument of great interest. "Professor Varner's earlier work, In Nature's Interests, is a very fine book. It has achieved a high level of respect from those working in the field, and is often seen as having set a new standard of debate in environmental ethics. That means that a new book by Professor Varner will be received with considerable interest. Varner draws on extensive recent empirical research regarding the degree to which animals are self-conscious and uses this information as the basis for the most serious discussion I have yet seen of whether any nonhuman animals can be considered 'persons'. There is, to my knowledge, no other book that goes into these issues anywhere near as deeply, in the context of assessing their significance for the normative issues of the wrongness of taking life, or other issues relating to ethical decision-making regarding our treatment of animals and some humans. I have no doubt that this book will, like In Nature's Interests, be seen as making an important contribution to the topics it covers." - Peter Singer, University Center for Human Values, Princeton University
Category: Philosophy

Principles Of Health Care Ethics

Author : Richard Edmund Ashcroft
ISBN : 0470510536
Genre : Medical
File Size : 81.28 MB
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Edited by four leading members of the new generation of medical and healthcare ethicists working in the UK, respected worldwide for their work in medical ethics, Principles of Health Care Ethics, Second Edition is a standard resource for students, professionals, and academics wishing to understand current and future issues in healthcare ethics. With a distinguished international panel of contributors working at the leading edge of academia, this volume presents a comprehensive guide to the field, with state of the art introductions to the wide range of topics in modern healthcare ethics, from consent to human rights, from utilitarianism to feminism, from the doctor-patient relationship to xenotransplantation. This volume is the Second Edition of the highly successful work edited by Professor Raanan Gillon, Emeritus Professor of Medical Ethics at Imperial College London and former editor of the Journal of Medical Ethics, the leading journal in this field. Developments from the First Edition include: The focus on ‘Four Principles Method’ is relaxed to cover more different methods in health care ethics. More material on new medical technologies is included, the coverage of issues on the doctor/patient relationship is expanded, and material on ethics and public health is brought together into a new section.
Category: Medical

The Animal Ethics Reader

Author : Susan Jean Armstrong
ISBN : UOM:39015077123779
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 40.39 MB
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This volume provides a comprehensive anthology of readings on this substantial area of study and interest. The book is designed to appeal to anyone interested in tracing the history of the subject, as well as providing a powerful insight into the debate as it has developed.
Category: Philosophy

Prospero

Author :
ISBN : STANFORD:36105121754019
Genre : Education
File Size : 23.86 MB
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Category: Education

The Moral Of The Story

Author : Nina Rosenstand
ISBN : 0767405951
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 30.33 MB
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This popular text uses examples from fiction and film to show how ethical theories can be applied. By linking abstract theory to “real life” through storytelling and story analysis, Rosenstand offers a remarkably effective way of helping students understand and evaluate moral issues.
Category: Philosophy

Theological Ethics After Gustafson

Author : Theodoor Adriaan Boer
ISBN : UVA:X006087861
Genre : Christian ethics
File Size : 58.96 MB
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Met een samenvatting in het Nederlands.
Category: Christian ethics

In Defense Of Animals

Author : Peter Singer
ISBN : 9781118712351
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 48.30 MB
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Bringing together new essays by philosophers and activists, InDefense of Animals: The Second Wave highlights the newchallenges facing the animal rights movement. Exciting new collection edited by controversial philosopherPeter Singer, who made animal rights into an international concernwhen he first published In Defence of Animals and AnimalLiberation over thirty years ago Essays explore new ways of measuring animal suffering, reassessthe question of personhood, and draw highlight tales of effectiveadvocacy Lays out “Ten Tips for Activists”, taking thereader beyond ethical theory and into the day-to-day campaigns foranimal rights
Category: Philosophy

Bioethics

Author : Barry R. Furrow
ISBN : STANFORD:36105063696160
Genre : Law
File Size : 89.78 MB
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A spin-off publication of Health Law: Cases, Materials & Problems, 5th Edition, this casebook considers several subjects related to interdisciplinary health care decision-making issues, including research upon human subjects and institutional ethics committees. The materials are selected for their value in the classroom and the notes, questions, and comments prepare students for classroom discussion. The problems, which appear throughout the text, bring out the underlying substantive material in a realistic way. Includes sophisticated and lengthy notes to clarify issues. The book challenges those with legal, medical, and philosophical backgrounds, and is accessible to students without any background in bioethics.
Category: Law

Animal Individuality

Author : Elisa Aaltola
ISBN : UOM:39015069161035
Genre : Animals (Philosophy)
File Size : 36.82 MB
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Category: Animals (Philosophy)

The Animals Agenda

Author :
ISBN : PSU:000070101805
Genre : Animal rights
File Size : 24.32 MB
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Category: Animal rights

Encyclopedia Of Applied Ethics E I

Author : Chadwick
ISBN : 0122270673
Genre : Applied ethics
File Size : 23.53 MB
Format : PDF
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Applied ethics, a subdiscipline of philosophy, lends itself to an encyclopedia format because of the many industries and intellectual fields that it encompasses. The Encyclopedia of Applied Ethics is based on twelve major categories, such as Biomedical Ethics and Environmental Ethics. Religious traditions that embody normative beliefs, as well as classical theories of ethics, are explored in a non-judgmental manner. Each of the twelve categories is divided into discrete areas that are covered by 5,000-6,000 word articles. Each of the 281 articles begins with a definition of the subject and includes a table of contents, glossary of key terms, and bibliography. Second- and third- level headings, boxes, sidebars, and the like emphasize the reference-oriented nature of the material. The four volumes are arranged in an A-Z format, with a complete subject index at the end of the last volume. Articles are written by international experts, arranged alphabetically by title, not by subject, and cross-referenced so the reader can locate relevant information in other articles.
Category: Applied ethics

The Abortion Controversy

Author : Louis P. Pojman
ISBN : UCSC:32106013093270
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 36.29 MB
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Pro and con articles on abortion including Supreme Court decision Roe v. Wade, Webster v. Reproductive Health Services, and Planned Parenthood v. Casey.
Category: Psychology

The Human Condition

Author : Nina Rosenstand
ISBN : UCSC:32106017097939
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 30.79 MB
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This insightful new text uses examples from fiction and film to show how theories about human nature can be applied. By linking abstract theory to "real life" through story telling and story analysis, Nina Rosenstand offers a remarkably effective way of helping students understand, interpret, and evaluate our condition. This carefully crafted text will inspire students to keep asking what it is to be human.
Category: Philosophy