Alternatives

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Tourism Alternatives

Author : Valene L. Smith
ISBN : 0812213912
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 80.72 MB
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Tourism over the past three decades has grown phenomenally but is continually modified by ongoing events and forces--such as increasing or abating pollution and congestion issues, new forms of transportation, and altered economic, social, or political conditions. The contributions in this work are of great importance to the advancement of knowledge of tourism, and, as a first theoretical book in the area, it establishes a significant benchmark for subsequent tourism research. The volume includes contributions by tourism specialists from Australia, France, Canada, the Netherlands, New Zealand, the United Kingdom, and the United States: Richard Butler, Professor of Geography, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada; Graham Dann, Senior Lecturer in Sociology, University of West Indies, Bridgetown, Barbados; Emanuel de Kadt, Director, Institute of Development Studies, University of Sussex, Brighton, Sussex, United Kingdom; Bryan Farrell, Professor of Geography, University of California, Santa Cruz; Nelson H. Graburn, Professor of Anthropology, University of California, Berkeley; Martinus J. Kosters, Director of the Netherlands Institute for Tourism and Transport, Breda; Marie-Françoise Lanfant, Director of Research, Centre Nationale de la Recherche Scientifique, Paris; Dennison Nash, Professor of Anthropology, University of Connecticut; Douglas G. Pearce, Professor of Geography, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand; John Pigram, Associate Professor of Geography and Planning and Executive Director, Center for Water Policy Research, University of New England, Armidale NSW, Australia; and Geoffrey Wall, Professor of Geography, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada. Tourism Alternatives is a provocative and important book that will be of interest to tourism planners at all levels of government and private enterprise, and to scholars and students in the fields of tourism and resort development.
Category: Business & Economics

Alternatives

Author : Ranu Samantrai
ISBN : 0804743215
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 22.20 MB
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This is the history of the black British women's movement of the 1980s (comprising women of African-Caribbean and South Asian origin), and its place in postwar British politics, racism, and feminism.
Category: Social Science

Alternatives To Imprisonment

Author :
ISBN : 1412816807
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 81.78 MB
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Study of community corrections in Sweden provides policy guidance, based on highly original research and profound thought, that should interest and benefit all who are concerned with alternatives to imprisonment.
Category: Social Science

Generic Alternatives To Prescription Drugs

Author : Diane Nitzki-George
ISBN : 1591200989
Genre : Health & Fitness
File Size : 33.21 MB
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A licensed pharmacist and pharmaceutical industry veteran explains how consumers can save money by asking their physicians or pharmacists to substitute generic equivalents for many well-known prescription drugs.
Category: Health & Fitness

Alternatives To Prison Sentences

Author : J. Junger-Tas
ISBN : 9062991114
Genre : Alternatives to imprisonment
File Size : 59.25 MB
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This report surveys and summarizes the literature on the use of alternative sanctions in 12 western countries with a particular focus on its effectiveness and efficiency.
Category: Alternatives to imprisonment

Advances In Animal Alternatives For Safety And Efficacy Testing

Author : Harry Salem
ISBN : 1439805814
Genre : Medical
File Size : 54.6 MB
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Presents up-to-date concepts and approaches to the theory and practice of alternatives to animal testing and promotes technology transfer. The text addresses some of the ramifications of the National Institutes of Health Revitalization Act of 1993 which instructs the NIH to fund replacement, reduction and refinement alternatives. It also describes
Category: Medical

Alternatives To Economic Orthodoxy

Author : Randy Albelda
ISBN : 0873324137
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 61.13 MB
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Exploring the question of whether China's peasantry was a revolutionary force, this volume pays particular attention to the first half of the 20th century, when peasant-based conflict was central to nationwide revolutionary processes. It traces key themes of social conflict and peasant resistance.
Category: Business & Economics

Alternatives To Animal Testing

Author : Ronald E. Hester
ISBN : 9780854042111
Genre : Science
File Size : 41.90 MB
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An up-to-date discussion of the development of alternatives to animal testing, ideal for professionals and academics.
Category: Science

Sdi And The Alternatives

Author : Simon P. Worden
ISBN : 9781428987623
Genre :
File Size : 71.53 MB
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The controversial nat. debate over strategic defense has been overshadowed by other nat. & global issues. Research programs for the Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI) continue, however, & the debate is likely to resume as visible results of that research begin to compete for a share of the nation¿s budget. This study considers strategic defense in the context of 4 competing strategic theories: deterrence through mutual assured destruction; deterrence through nuclear warfighting; deterrence relying on non-nuclear defense; & disarmament. Non-nuclear, space-based defense is not only feasible, but in some ways preferable to reliance on weapons of mass destruction. To support his case, he outlines a proposed actual system. Illus.
Category:

Assembling Alternatives

Author : Romana Huk
ISBN : 0819565407
Genre : Literary Criticism
File Size : 26.94 MB
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First anthology to examine the national borders of postmodern poetry.
Category: Literary Criticism

Alternatives To Economic Globalization

Author : John Cavanagh
ISBN : 1605094099
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 44.36 MB
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The culmination of a five-year project by the International Forum on Globalization (IFG), this book presents an inspiring plan for moving toward more sustainable, humanistic models of economic prosperity with an emphasis on citizen democracies, local self-sufficiency, and ecological health.
Category: Business & Economics

Alternatives For Overtopping Protection Of Dams

Author : Task Committee on Overtopping Protection
ISBN : 0784475687
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 61.33 MB
Format : PDF
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Prepared by the Task Committee on Overtopping Protection of the Hydraulics Division of ASCE. This report summarizes the results of an inventory and evaluation of innovative spillway designs and overtopping protection systems developed to provide cost-effective safety modifications for existing dams. The information in this report, which covers pertinent projects in all stages from initial design through construction and operation, was derived from a literature search and a direct survey of the engineering community involved in dam safety modifications. The report contains a brief review of procedures to be used for assessment of the consequences of dam failure and the associated risks is presented for development of the design flood. This is followed by a discussion of innovative spillway designs and the state of the art in dam overtopping protection alternatives. ForØspillway design, this report especially focuses on the use of labyrinth spillways and fuseplug embankments. For overtopping protection systems, the report assesses roller-compacted concrete and precast concrete blocks for smaller dams and cast-in-place reinforced concrete slabs for larger dams. Nonstructural alternatives such as revised reservoir operating requirements and downstream early warning systems are also addressed.
Category: Technology & Engineering

Afghan Alternatives

Author : Ralph H. Magnus
ISBN : 1412816521
Genre : History
File Size : 45.37 MB
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In 1983, the International Conference on Afghan Alternatives brought together a small but diverse group of scholars and officials to discuss at length and in depth the issues raised by the tragic conflict that continues between the overwhelming majority of the Afghan people and the Soviet invaders since December 1979. In "Afghan Alternatives, "the participants have expanded and updated their conference remarks to illuminate the issues, present policy options, and offer wide-ranging and provocative solutions to the Afghan conflict, which they all view as a dangerous and illegitimate use of force by the Soviet Union. "Afghan Alternatives "answers these questions: Why did the Soviet Union invade Afghanistan? What options do they have now? What are the long-term strategic dangers for the region should the Soviets be allowed to absorb Afghanistan? What is the effect of Islamic ideology on the conflict? What are the security and political aspects of Afghan refugees in Pakistan? What are the broader aspects of the relationship of the Afghan resistance to the international order? What international developments could help resolve the conflict? What is the role of the international community in providing aid to Afghanistan? How does this conflict affect Pakistani-Afghan relations? "Contents and Contributors: "Ralph Magnus, "Introduction"; Jiri Valenta, "Soviet Aims, Policies, and Alternatives in Afghanistan"; Eden Naby, "The Afghan Resistance Movement"; Marvin G. Weinbaum, "The International Community and Afghanistan"; Responses and Options"; Harmon E. Kirby, "U.S. Policy on Afghanistan"; Thomas E. Gouttierre, "The Role of Perceptions Concerning American Interests in the Afghan Resistance"; Noor A. Husain, "Alternative Future for Afghanistan"; and commentaries by Marian K. Leighton, Gregory M. Kortanek, Seyed Qassem Reshtia, Seyed Bahauddin Majrooth, Katarina Sabahuddin Kushkaki, Louis Dupree, and Gerald C. Steibel.
Category: History

Alternatives To Sex

Author : Stephen McCauley
ISBN : 9780743453196
Genre : Fiction
File Size : 49.14 MB
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Seeking a role model who will help him rise from a lackluster life primarily marked by compulsive cleaning binges and online sex, Boston realtor William Collins begins observing a wealthy suburbanite couple who searches for a perfect apartment and challenges his assumptions about love. Reprint. 40,000 first printing.
Category: Fiction

Alternatives To Economic Globalization

Author : International Forum on Globalization
ISBN : 1576752046
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 31.60 MB
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Written by a premier group of thinkers from around the world, this book is the defining document of the anti globalization movement and the culmination of a three-year project by the International Forum on Globalization.
Category: Political Science

Alternatives To Athens

Author : Roger Brock
ISBN : 0199258104
Genre : History
File Size : 37.42 MB
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Democractic Athens is often viewed as the model ancient Greek state. However, there were many forms of political community in Greek antiquity. This text highlights the immense flexibility and diversity of ancient Greek civilisation and politics.
Category: History

Alternatives To Cartography

Author : Jeroen van Craenenbroeck
ISBN : 9783110206036
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 29.90 MB
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This volume brings together a number of researchers working on non-cartographic conceptions of word order, movement and/or phrase structure. The proposals made in this book discuss both problems for standard cartographic theory as well as alternatives. As such, this book is the first to present a varied and in-depth overview of the position taken by a substantial number of researchers in the field today on what is presumably one of the most hotly debated and controversial issues in present-day generative grammar.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Global Report On Validated Alternatives To The Use Of Methyl Bromide For Soil Fumigation

Author : Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
ISBN : 9251046336
Genre : Bromomethane
File Size : 81.29 MB
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Methyl bromide (MeBr), used as a fumigant to control several soil-borne pests in various crops, is a strong ozone depleter, and governments and international agencies aware of the problem have agreed to establish a programme to phase out its use. As a result, some literature on new MeBr alternatives is available that describes the feasibility and disadvantages of each new pest control measure. Some of these publications result from workshops and symposia organized in different countries by the United Nations Environment Programme and by the United Nations Industrial Development Organization. The present report provides information on successful alternatives in some countries or regions where MeBr is being phased out. Although the report often shows the lack of already validated alternatives, particularly for a region such as Africa, the material provides enough elements on the technical and economic success of a variety of alternatives to assist agricultural researchers and extensionists in carrying out further studies and/or for validation. The material can also serve as a reference, particularly for the training of trainers.
Category: Bromomethane