A SURVEY OF METAPHYSICS

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A Survey Of Metaphysics

Author : E. Jonathan Lowe
ISBN : 0198752539
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 65.70 MB
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A Survey of Metaphysics provides a systematic overview of modern metaphysics, covering all of the most important topics likely to be encountered on a metaphysics course. The conception of metaphysics underlying the book is the fairly traditional and widely-shared one that metaphysics deals with the deepest questions that can be raised concerning the fundamental structure of reality as a whole. The book is divided into six main parts, each relatively self-contained, focusing in turn on the following major themes: identity and change, necessity and essence, causation, agency and events, space and time, and universals and particulars. In an introductory chapter, the conception of metaphysics underlying the book is explained and defended against the many and varied opponents of metaphysics those students are likely to encounter. While the book makes reference when necessary to the history of metaphysics, its emphasis is on contemporary views and issues. The author's approach is not narrowly partisan, but avoids bland neutrality in matters of controversy.
Category: Philosophy

From The Divine To The Human

Author : Frithjof Schuon
ISBN : IND:30000004084244
Genre : Knowledge, Theory of.
File Size : 53.11 MB
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Schuon starts out from the conviction that Knowledge exists and that is an adequation to the Real, which is inseparable from a sense of the sacred -- the ultimate reason for human existence. With a mathematical clarity and musical profundity, these essays address not only the metaphysical foundations of belief but the miracle of human theophany.
Category: Knowledge, Theory of.

John Donne And The Metaphysical Poets

Author : Harold Bloom
ISBN : 9781438134383
Genre : English poetry
File Size : 30.80 MB
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Native Americans have produced some of the most powerful and lyrical literature ever written in North America. This volume examines some of the finest Native American writers, including Joy Harjo, Louise Erdrich, James Welch, Sherman Alexie, N. Scott Momaday, Samsom Occom, Zitkala-aa, and Leslie Marmon Silko. Yale literature professor Harold Bloom introduces this new edition, which also features a bibliography, a chronology, and an index for easy reference. This title in the Bloom's Modern Critical Views series presents a well-rounded critical portrait of an influential group of writers by examining their body of work through eight to 12 full-length essays.
Category: English poetry

Language Metaphysics And Death

Author : John Donnelly
ISBN : 0823215822
Genre : Family & Relationships
File Size : 76.77 MB
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This standard work in thanatology is updated with ten essays new to the second edition, and features a new introduction by Donnelly. The collection addresses certain basic issues inherent in a philosophy of death.
Category: Family & Relationships

Religious Experience And The End Of Metaphysics

Author : Jeffrey Bloechl
ISBN : 9780253110121
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 41.51 MB
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Does religious thinking stand in opposition to postmodernity? Does the existence of God present the ultimate challenge to metaphysics? Strands of continental thought, especially those running from Kant, Husserl, and Heidegger, focus on individual consciousness as the horizon for all meaning and provide modern philosophy of religion with much of its present ferment. In Religious Experience and the End of Metaphysics, 11 influential continental philosophers share the conviction that religious thinking cannot afford to disengage from the challenges of modern European philosophy. Together they provide a rich and intriguing set of answers to questions surrounding the meaning of religious experience. Topics include subjectivity, selfhood, and rationality; language, community, and ethics; the influence of Jewish and eastern religions on religious experience; God as phenomenology; and religion in the postmodern age. These lucid and arresting essays bring together many of the leading voices in the contemporary continental debate on God and religion.
Category: Philosophy

Actual Consciousness

Author : Ted Honderich
ISBN : 9780191023866
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 56.10 MB
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What is it for you to be conscious? There is no agreement whatever in philosophy or science: it has remained a hard problem, a mystery. Is this partly or mainly owed to the existing theories not even having the same subject, not answering the same question? In Actual Consciousness, Ted Honderich sets out to supersede dualisms, objective physicalisms, abstract functionalism, externalisms, and other positions in the debate. He argues that the theory of Actualism, right or wrong, is unprecedented, in nine ways. (1) It begins from gathered data and proceeds to an adequate initial clarification of consciousness in the primary ordinary sense. This consciousness is summed up as something's being actual. (2) Like basic science, Actualism proceeds from this metaphorical or figurative beginning to what is wholly literal and explicit—constructed answers to the questions of what is actual and what it is for it to be actual. (3) In so doing, the theory respects the differences of consciousness within perception, consciousness that is thinking in a generic sense, and consciousness that is generic wanting. (4) What is actual with your perceptual consciousness is a subjective physical world out there, very likely a room, differently real from the objective physical world, that other division of the physical world. (5) What it is for the myriad subjective physical worlds to be actual is for them to be subjectively physical, which is exhaustively characterized. (6) What is actual with cognitive and affective consciousness is affirmed or valued representations. The representations being actual, which is essential to their nature, is their being differently subjectively physical from the subjective physical worlds. (7) Actualism, naturally enough when you think of it, but unlike any other existing general theory of consciousness, is thus externalist with perceptual consciousness but internalist with respect to cognitive and affective consciousness. (8) It satisfies rigorous criteria got from examination of the failures of the existing theories. In particular, it explains the role of subjectivity in thinking about consciousness, including a special subjectivity that is individuality. (9) Philosophers and scientists have regularly said that thinking about consciousness requires just giving up the old stuff and starting again. Actualism does this. Science is served by this main line philosophy, which is concentration on the logic of ordinary intelligence—clarity, consistency and validity, completeness, generality.
Category: Philosophy

Talking To Our Selves

Author : John M. Doris
ISBN : 9780191047329
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 82.75 MB
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John M. Doris presents a new account of agency and responsibility, which reconciles our understanding of ourselves as moral agents with psychological research on the unconscious mind. Much philosophical theorizing maintains that the exercise of morally responsible agency consists in judgment and behavior ordered by accurate reflection. On such theories, when human beings are able to direct their lives in the manner philosophers have dignified with the honorific 'agency', it's because they know what they're doing, and why they're doing it. This understanding is compromised by quantities of psychological research on unconscious processing, which suggests that accurate reflection is distressingly uncommon; very often behavior is ordered by surprisingly inaccurate self-awareness. Thus, if agency requires accurate reflection, people seldom exercise agency, and skepticism about agency threatens. To counter the skeptical threat, John M. Doris proposes an alternative theory that requires neither reflection nor accurate self-awareness: he identifies a dialogic form of agency where self-direction is facilitated by exchange of the rationalizations with which people explain and justify themselves to one another. The result is a stoutly interdisciplinary theory sensitive to both what human beings are like—creatures with opaque and unruly psychologies-and what they need: an account of agency sufficient to support a practice of moral responsibility.
Category: Philosophy

Aristotle S Metaphysics

Author : Jeremy Kirby
ISBN : 9781441144546
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 83.13 MB
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Aristotle maintains that biological organisms are compounds of matter and form and that compounds that have the same form are individuated by their matter. According to Aristotle, an object that undergoes change is an object that undergoes a change in form, i.e. form is imposed upon something material in nature. Aristotle therefore identifies organisms according to their matter and essential forms, forms that are arguably essential to an object's existence. Jeremy Kirby addresses a difficulty in Aristotle's metaphysics, namely the possibility that two organisms of the same species might share the same matter. If they share the same form, as Aristotle seems to suggest, then they seem to share that which they cannot, their identity. By taking into account Aristotle's views on the soul, its relation to living matter, and his rejection of the possibility of resurrection, Kirby reconstructs an answer to this problem and shows how Aristotle relies on some of the central themes in his system in order to resist this unwelcome result that his metaphysics might suggest.
Category: Philosophy

From Destiny To Dao A Survey Of Pre Qin Philosophy In China

Author : Huang Kejian
ISBN : 9781623200701
Genre : History
File Size : 47.96 MB
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From Destiny to Dao: A Survey of Pre-Qin Philosophy in China surveys the prominent schools of thought in Pre-Qin China — Daoism, Confucianism, Mohism, the School of Names, Legalism, and the School of Yin-Yang. Author Huang Kejian explores the development of thought from the mystical concept of destiny to the philosophical “Dao” and offers a discussion of the major philosophical themes in each school of thought with a unique collection of insights from commentators. This book offers readers a holistic understanding of their philosophies through their historical place, existential concerns, and impact on future philosophers.
Category: History