A Semantics For Groups And Events

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A Semantics For Groups And Events

Author : Peter Lasersohn
ISBN : 9781315533919
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 76.19 MB
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First published in 1990, this dissertation presents an event-based model-theoretic semantics for plural expressions in English. The author defends against counterarguments the hypothesis that distributive predicates are predicates of groups, and not just individuals. By defining the collective/distributive distinction in terms of event structure, he solves formal problems with previous group-level analyses. The author notes that certain adverbials have a systematic ambiguity between a reading indicating collective action, and readings indicating spatial or temporal proximity; the event-based definition of collective action makes possible a parallel treatment of these readings. This book presents a formal proposal on the algebraic structure of groups and events, and a semantically based analysis of number agreement.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Plurality Conjunction And Events

Author : P. Lasersohn
ISBN : 9789401585811
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 45.51 MB
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Plurality, Conjunction and Events presents a novel theory of plural and conjoined phrases, in an event-based semantic framework. It begins by reviewing options for treating the alternation between `collective' and `distributive' readings of sentences containing plural or conjoined noun phrases, including analyses from both the modern and the premodern literature. It is argued that plural and conjoined noun phrases are unambiguously group-denoting, and that the collective/distributive distinction therefore must be located in the predicates with which these noun phrases combine. More specifically, predicates must have a hidden argument place for events; the collective/distributive distinction may then be represented in the part/whole structure of these events. This allows a natural treatment of `collectivizing' adverbial expressions, and of `pluractional' affixes; it also allows a unified semantics for conjunction, in which conjoined sentences and predicates denote groups of events, much like conjoined noun phrases denote groups of individuals.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

The Semantic Web Eswc 2014 Satellite Events

Author : Valentina Presutti
ISBN : 9783319119557
Genre : Computers
File Size : 65.16 MB
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This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed post-conference proceedings of the Satellite Events of the 11th International Conference on the Semantic Web, ESWC 2014, held in Anissaras, Crete, Greece, in May 2014. The volume contains 20 poster and 43 demonstration papers, selected from 113 submissions, as well as 12 best workshop papers selected from 60 papers presented at the workshop at ESWC 2014. Best two papers from AI Mashup Challenge are also included. The papers cover various aspects of the Semantic Web.
Category: Computers

The Semantic Web Eswc 2012 Satellite Events

Author : Elena Simperl
ISBN : 9783662466414
Genre : Computers
File Size : 83.49 MB
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This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed post-proceedings of the satellite events of the 9th International Conference on the Semantic Web, ESWC 2012, held in Heraklion, Crete, Greece, in May 2012. This volume contains 49 full papers and 13 short papers describing the posters and demonstrations. (SUGGESTION/ HELP needed).
Category: Computers

Semantics And Cultural Change In The British Enlightenment New Words And Old

Author : Carey McIntosh
ISBN : 9789004430631
Genre : History
File Size : 50.87 MB
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A study of English semantics during the Enlightenment. New words 1650-1800 reflect the new middle-class culture of sociability, commerce, and science. Old mostly obsolete words illuminate the realities of working-class life, exhausting labor, dirt, outrageous sexism, magic, horses, bizarre food.
Category: History

Event Arguments Foundations And Applications

Author : Claudia Maienborn
ISBN : 9783110913798
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 24.47 MB
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Since entering the stage, Davidsonian event arguments have taken on a central role in linguistic theorizing. Recent years have seen a continuous extension of possible applications for them, not only in semantics but also in syntax. At the same time questions concerning the ontological status of events have received renewed attention. This collection of articles provides new evidence for the virtually ubiquitous presence of event arguments in linguistic structure and sheds new light on their nature. The volume is organized into four sections: Events - states - causation; Event nominals; Events in composition; Measuring events.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Adverbs Events And Other Things

Author : Regine Eckardt
ISBN : 9783110913781
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 82.42 MB
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"Adverbs, Events, and Other Things" treats issues in the semantics of manner adverbs. Part I takes up the Davidsonian claim that manner adverbs are predicates of events. The book investigates the subtle interplay of event individuation and various kinds of event modification and claims that manner adverbs play a core rôle in singling out both simple and complex events. Part II of the book is devoted to word order phenomena involving manner adverbs in German. Presenting a general theory of predication structure for German sentences, the author shows how the position of manner adverbs - in interplay with other factors - determines the division of an utterance into topic and comment. She thereby gives semantic evidence in favour of the claim that manner adverbs in German have a syntactic base position.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

50 Years Of Events

Author : Roberto Casati
ISBN : UOM:39015041253777
Genre : Events (Philosophy)
File Size : 67.20 MB
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Category: Events (Philosophy)

Parts And Wholes In Semantics

Author : Friederike Moltmann
ISBN : 0195344650
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 72.55 MB
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This book develops a unified account of expressions involving the notions of "part" and "whole " in which principles of the individuation of part structures play a central role. Moltmann presents a range of new empirical generalizations with data from English and a variety of other languages involving plurals, mass nouns, adnominal and adverbial modifiers such as as a whole, together, and alone, nominal and adverbial quanitfiers ranging over parts, and expressions of completion such as completely and partly. She develops a new theory of part structures which differs from traditional mereological theories in that the notion of an integrated whole plays a central role and in that the part structure of an entity is allowed to vary across different situations, perspectives, and dimensions.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Managing Multimedia Semantics

Author : Uma Srinivasan
ISBN : 9781591405436
Genre : Computers
File Size : 51.2 MB
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"This book is aimed at researchers and practitioners involved in designing and managing complex multimedia information systems"--Provided by publisher.
Category: Computers

Events Arguments And Aspects

Author : Klaus Robering
ISBN : 9789027270627
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 47.79 MB
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The verb has often been considered the 'center' of the sentence and has hence always attracted the special attention of the linguist. The present volume collects novel approaches to two classical topics within verbal semantics, namely argument structure and the treatment of time and aspect. The linguistic material covered comes from a broad spectrum of languages including English, German, Danish, Ukrainian, and Australian aboriginal languages; and methods from both cognitive and formal semantics are applied in the analyses presented here. Some of the authors use a variety of event semantics in order to analyze argument structure and aspect whereas others employ ideas coming from object-oriented programming in order to achieve new insights into the way how verbs select their arguments and how events are classified into different types. Both kinds of methods are also used to give accounts of dynamical aspects of semantic interpretation such as coercion and type shifting.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Event Semantics Of Verb Frame Alternations

Author : Angeliek Van Hout
ISBN : 9781135670818
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 78.28 MB
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Using both theoretical and language acquisition arguments, this study proposes a new model of the lexicon-syntax interface defined in terms of checking event-semantic features. The research is based on Dutch verbs and their possible verb frames (intransitive, transitive, etc.) and two studies of children's Dutch. The model developed from these cases represents more generally the way in which Universal Grammar organizes the lexicon of a language and the mapping system that associates a verb's lexical features with its syntactic projection.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Proceedings Of Nels

Author : North Eastern Linguistic Society. Meeting
ISBN : PSU:000031066518
Genre : Linguistics
File Size : 82.61 MB
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Category: Linguistics

Nels

Author : North Eastern Linguistic Society. Meeting
ISBN : STANFORD:36105017863684
Genre : Language and languages
File Size : 76.65 MB
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Category: Language and languages

Theoretical And Crosslinguistic Approaches To The Semantics Of Aspect

Author : Susan Deborah Rothstein
ISBN : 9027233748
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 64.15 MB
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The papers in this volume investigate the semantics of aspect from both a theoretical and cross linguistic point of view, in a wide range of languages from a number of different language families. The papers are all informed by the belief that a thorough exposure to the expression of aspect cross-linguistically is crucial for progess in understanding how the semantics of aspect and what the semantic basis of aspectual distinctions is. The languages discussed include Russian, English, Dutch, Hebrew, Mandarin, Japanese and Kalaallisut. The issues discussed in this volume include the centrality of measuring and counting in an understanding of telicity; the importance of the singular/plural distinction in the study of aspect, the importance of homogeneity as a property of event types, the flexibility of lexical classes, and the interaction between expressions of aspect and the particular morphosyntactic structure of a language.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Event Structure

Author : Jan van Voorst
ISBN : 9789027286185
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 29.86 MB
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This study establishes a relation between the semantics of the subject and the direct object-NP and aspect. The notion of event is central. Events have a beginning and an end. This means in temporal terms that events have a point in time at which they begin and a point in time at which they end. However, events are not defined in temporal terms but in spatial terms. This means that they are defined in terms of the entity that can be used to identify their beginning and the entity that can be used to identify their end. These two entitites are denoted by the subject and the direct object-NP respectively. The name of the event is provided by the verb. It is these three notions that make up Event Structure: the entity denoting the beginning, i.e. the object of origin; the entity denoting the end, i.e. the object of termination; and the event itself. The three primitives are independently motivated in the domain of tense interpretations of sentences. Their presence or absence affects these interpretations in a systematic way.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Handbook Of Research On Multi Agent Systems Semantics And Dynamics Of Organizational Models

Author : Dignum, Virginia
ISBN : 9781605662572
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 46.31 MB
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"This book provide a comprehensive view of current developments in agent organizations as a paradigm for both the modeling of human organizations, and for designing effective artificial organizations"--Provided by publisher.
Category: Technology & Engineering