A Dictionary Of Climate Change And The Environment

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A Dictionary Of Climate Change And The Environment

Author : R. Quentin Grafton
ISBN : 9781781001165
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 80.52 MB
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A Dictionary of Climate Change and the Environment bridges the gap between the many disciplines encompassing climate change, environmental economics, environmental sciences, and environmental studies. It defines a comprehensive set of over 3700 words used across these fields to help policy makers, students, and professionals achieve a holistic view of environmental issues. The Dictionary also features: introductory primers to major topic areas; recommended reading for particular topics and specific words or concepts; and seven appendices, including a catalog of scientific symbols, units, and conversions, as well as an expansive listing and description of selected environmental treaties. The extensive and accessible nature of the content renders this book an indispensible reference for practitioners requiring an informed and balanced description of key concepts and issues. This resource will be extremely valuable to policymakers and professionals working on climate change and other environmental issues, and to postgraduate and undergraduate students in climate change and environmental studies, as well as to academics and other practitioners working on multidisciplinary environmental issues outside their areas of expertise.
Category: Business & Economics

A Dictionary Of Environmental History

Author : Ian Whyte
ISBN : 9781845114626
Genre : History
File Size : 56.64 MB
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Increasing awareness of the extent and cause of environmental problems has fuelled the emergence of a new and timely discipline: environmental history. An exciting blend of geography, history, archaeology, anthropology, landscape, environment and science, it seeks to reveal how human activity has affected the environment in the past and how we, in turn, have been affected by that environment. How did people use and transform their environment? What problems of pollution and resource depletion occurred? What has been the impact of industrialisation and urbanisation? How have people's perceptions of nature and the environment changed over time? Environmental historians are revealing how and why our environment changed in the past, they are providing key insights into the mechanisms that influence environmental change today, and are helping to make informed decisions on crucial environmental concerns such as deforestation, desertification, pollution, global warming and climate change. Professor Whyte's A Dictionary of Environmental History provides in a single volume a comprehensive reference work covering the past 12,000 years of the Earth's environmental history. An introduction to the discipline is followed by almost 1,000 entries covering key terminology, events, places, dates, topics, as well as the major personalities in the history of the discipline. Entries range from shorter factual accounts to substantial mini-essays on major topics and issues. Fully cross-referenced and with an extensive bibliography, this pioneering work provides an authoritative yet accessible resourcethat will form essential reading for academics, practitioners and students of environmental history and related disciplines.
Category: History

Dictionary Of Environmental And Climate Change Law

Author : Nicholas A. Robinson
ISBN : 9780857935786
Genre : Law
File Size : 20.58 MB
Format : PDF
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This state-of-the-art Dictionary defines terms employed in international agreements, national legislation and scholarly legal studies related to comparative and international environmental law and the emerging law of climate change. In acknowledgement of ChinaÕs growing role in this arena, each term also includes its pinyin translation in order to facilitate access to the Mandarin variants. The international community is developing increasingly complex environmental provisions and participating in a number of international treaties and agreements related to environmental law and regulation. The complicated and highly specific nature of environmental law has led to the development of localized terminology that is not easily understood outside its country of origin. Jointly prepared by scholars in China and the US, the Dictionary provides a linguistic bridge between English and Chinese speakers as well as an essential reference for those interpreting and applying international environmental law, multilateral environmental agreements, and domestic laws that implement these treaties. Students, scholars and practitioners in the area of environmental law will find this groundbreaking Dictionary an invaluable addition to their libraries.
Category: Law

Dictionary Of Global Climate Change

Author : W.J. Maunder
ISBN : 9781461568414
Genre : Juvenile Nonfiction
File Size : 45.60 MB
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Climate, climate change, climate fluctuations and climatic trends are only a few of the terms used today, in not only conferences, scientific symposia and workshops, but also parliaments and in discussions throughout society. To climatologists these terms may be well known; to the vast majority of people, however, they are new, and they require definition and explanation. The World Meteorological Organization (WMO) inherited an interest and involvement in the studies of climate and climate change from its predecessor, the International Meteorological Organization (IMo), which was established in 1873. By 1929 the IMO had set up a Commission for Climatology to deal with matters related to climate studies. When, in 1950, the World Meteorological Organization assumed the mantle of the IMO, it retained the commission which, among other responsibilities, had already recognized the need for the definition and explana tion of terms used in climatology. It must also be said that much of what we now know about climate derives from the scientific and technical programmes co ordinated by IMO and now, to a much greater extent, by WMO. In 1979, the First World Climate Conference made an assessment of the status of knowledge of climate and climate variability, and recommended the establishment of a World Climate Programme. This recommendation was fully endorsed by the Eighth World Meteorological Congress, and the World Climate Programme was subse quently established by WMO in co-operation with the International Council of Scientific Unions (ICSU) and the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP).
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Dictionary Of Global Climate Change

Author :
ISBN : 9780412039010
Genre : Science
File Size : 41.80 MB
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Climate, climate change, climate fluctuations and climatic trends are only a few of the terms used today, in not only conferences, scientific symposia and workshops, but also parliaments and in discussions throughout society. climatologists these terms may be well known; to the vast majority of people, however, they are new, and they require definition and explanation. The World Meteorological Organization inherited an interest and involvement in the studies of climate and climate change from its predecessor, the International Meteorological Organization (IMO), which was established in 1873. By 1929 the had set up a Commission for Climatology to deal with matters related to climate studies. When, in 1950, the World Meteorological Organization assumed the mantle of the it retained the commission which, among other responsibilities, had already recognized the need for the definition and explanation of terms used in climatology. It must also be said that much of what we now know about climate derives from the scientific and technical programmes - ordinated by and now, to a much greater extent, by In 1979, the First World Climate Conference made an assessment of the status of knowledge of climate and climate variability, and recommended the establishment of a World Climate Programme.
Category: Science

A Dictionary Of Environment And Conservation

Author : Michael Allaby
ISBN : 9780199641666
Genre : Nature
File Size : 62.87 MB
Format : PDF
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This dictionary provides over 9,000 A to Z entries on scientific and social aspects of the environment--its key thinkers, treaties, movements, organizations, concepts, and theories. Covers subjects such as sustainable development, biodiversity, and environmental ethics.
Category: Nature

A Dictionary Of Environment And Conservation

Author : Chris Park
ISBN : UOM:39015074297378
Genre : Nature
File Size : 26.25 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
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Containing over 8,500 entries, this work addresses the social, political and economic aspects of environmental science and conservation. It embraces a spectrum of environmental areas including sustainable development, biodiversity, conservation, environmental ethics, philosophy, and history, resource management, and policy on the environment.
Category: Nature

Two Degrees The Built Environment And Our Changing Climate

Author : Alisdair McGregor
ISBN : 9781136182518
Genre : Architecture
File Size : 64.67 MB
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The Earth’s temperature has been rising. To limit catastrophic outcomes, the international scientific community has set a challenging goal of no more than two degrees Celsius (3.6 degrees Fahrenheit) average temperature rise. Economists agree we will save trillions of dollars by acting early. But how do we act successfully? And what’s the backup plan if we fall short? Setting politics aside, Two Degrees reviews the current science and explains how we can set practical steps to reduce the extent of warming and to adapt to the inevitable changes, all while improving the bottom line, beautifying our communities, and increasing human health. The book is a practical guide intended for a broad audience of those who occupy and shape our built environment. The authors provide a clear framework for communities, policy makers, planners, designers, developers, builders, and operators to help manage the impacts and capture the opportunities of our changing climate. Two Degrees is divided into three sections—Fundamentals, Mitigation, and Adaptation—covering a diverse array of topics ranging from climate-positive communities and low-carbon buildings to the psychology of choice and the cost of a low-carbon economy. After a foreword by Amory Lovins, more than 10 contributing authors share knowledge based on direct experience in all aspects of built environment practice. This book clarifies the misconceptions, provides new and unique insights, and shows how a better approach to the built environment can increase resilience and positively shape our future.
Category: Architecture

Monitoring Climate Change Impacts

Author : National Research Council
ISBN : 9780309158718
Genre : Science
File Size : 83.94 MB
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The stresses associated with climate change are expected to be felt keenly as human population grows to a projected 9 billion by the middle of this century, increasing the demand for resources and supporting infrastructure. Therefore, information to assess vulnerabilities to climate change is needed to support policies and investments designed to increase resilience in human and Earth systems. There are currently many observing systems that capture elements of how climate is changing, for example, direct measurements of atmospheric and ocean temperature. Although those measurements are essential for understanding the scale and nature of climate change, they do not necessarily provide information about the impacts of climate change on humans that are especially relevant for political and economic planning and decision making. Monitoring Climate Change Impacts tackles the challenge of developing an illustrative suite of indicators, measurements (and the locations around the globe where the measurements can be applied), and metrics that are important for understanding global climate change and providing insight into environmental sustainability. Eight panels provided input on: cryosphere, land-surface and terrestrial ecosystems, hydrology and water resources, atmosphere, human health and other dimensions, oceans (both physical and biological/chemical), and natural disasters. The book also provides an illustrative set of metrics that are likely to be affected by climate change over the next 20-25 years and, when taken together, can potentially give advance warning of climate-related changes to the human and environment systems.
Category: Science

The Environment Dictionary

Author : David Kemp
ISBN : 9781134797769
Genre : Science
File Size : 44.22 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
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The Environment Dictionary provides an essential source of information on all aspects of the environment. It includes all the basic scientific terms and concepts along with socio-economic, cultural, historical and political elements which impact on the environment. This dictionary provides the interdisciplinary approach required to understand environmental issues worldwide. Designed for a wide range of readers, the dictionary is up-to-date, easy to read and to reference and clearly and attractively presented. Selected environmental issues which have particular importance are treated in greater depth through a series of boxed case studies. A wide range of maps, diagrams, figures and photos illustrate the texts and extensie cross-referencing between entries ensures readers can build on their knowledge. References and further reading sections are drawn from a wide range of accessible sources - from newspaper articles and popular magazines to academic texts and journals and provide easy access to further study and development of readers' specific interests.
Category: Science

Dictionary Of Environmental Economics

Author : Renat Perelet
ISBN : 9781136547126
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 56.67 MB
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A comprehensive dictionary of environmental economics, compiled by leading academics in the field. Each expression or phrase is explained clearly in non-technical language, with references given to its use in the growing literature on the subject area. From abatement to zonal travel cost method (ZTCM), there are over 1000 cross-referenced entries covering topics such as: environmental instruments for policy-making, techniques applied in environmental and natural resource economics, major issues in environmental economics and environmental management, economics of sustainable development, natural resource accounting, and international environmental agreements. As well as providing incisive answers to questions such as 'What is natural capital?' or 'when are crowding diseconomies important?', the dictionary includes a list of commonly used acronyms and abbreviations, and a complete bibliography detailing the major texts in the field is provided.
Category: Business & Economics

International Environmental Agreements On Climate Change

Author : Carlo Carraro
ISBN : 0792355156
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 21.28 MB
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Climate change is one of the major environmental concern of many countries in the world. Negotiations to control potential climate changes have been taking place, from Rio to Kyoto, for the last five years. There is a widespread consciousness that the risk of incurring in relevant economic and environmental losses due to climate change is high. Scientific analyses have become more and more precise on the likely impacts of climate change. According to the Second Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, current trends in greenhouse gases (GHGs) emissions may indeed cause the average global temperature to increase by 1-3. 5 °C over the next 100 years. As a result, sea levels are expected to rise by 15 to 95 em and climate zones to shift towards the poles by 150 to 550 km in mid latitudes. In order to mitigate the adverse effects of climate change, the IPCC report concludes that a stabilization of atmospheric concentration of carbon dioxide - one of the major GHGs - at 550 parts per million by volume (ppmv) is recommended. This would imply a reduction of global emissions of about 50 per cent with respect to current levels. In this context, countries are negotiating to achieve a world-wide agreement on GHGs emissions control in order to stabilize climate changes. Despite the agreement on targets achieved in Kyoto, many issues still remain unresolved.
Category: Business & Economics

The Politics Of Climate Change

Author : Maxwell T. Boykoff
ISBN : 9781136741739
Genre : Reference
File Size : 39.65 MB
Format : PDF
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First Published in 2011. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
Category: Reference

Dictionary Of Ecodesign

Author : Ken Yeang
ISBN : 9781135192945
Genre : Architecture
File Size : 36.12 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
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An essential reference for architects, engineers, planners and environmentalists involved in designing and planning projects and schemes in the built environment. Covering the terminology of sustainable design, this illustrated dictionary provides over 1500 definitions and explanations of ecodesign terms. A unique source for the practitioner, student and anyone interested in seeking a better ecological balance in the environment.
Category: Architecture

Clean Water Act

Author : United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Environment and Public Works. Subcommittee on Clean Air, Wetlands, and Climate Change
ISBN : STANFORD:36105050365944
Genre : Water
File Size : 49.29 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
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Category: Water

Climate Change Environment And Civilization In The Middle East

Author : A. Issar
ISBN : 3540210865
Genre : Science
File Size : 46.4 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
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This survey of ancient levels of lakes, rivers and sea, and changes in stalagmites and sediments shows an astonishing correlation between climate change and rise and fall of civilizations in the Middle East. Warm periods were characterized by aridization, economic crisis and mass migration. Cold periods brought abundant rain, prosperity and settlement. The authors conclude that climate change was the decisive factor in the origins of the "cradle of civilization".
Category: Science

Disappearing Destinations

Author : Andrew L. Jones
ISBN : 9781845935481
Genre : Travel
File Size : 85.72 MB
Format : PDF
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Current climatic and environmental trends mean that a large number of important coastal destinations across the globe are under threat of change or gradual disappearance. Many of these locations are also significant tourist destinations, such as the Great Barrier Reef, the Everglades National Park or large swathes of the Mediterranean basin. Tourism activity both exacerbates the problem and highlights the importance of protecting these often fragile environments. This book discusses threats to, and consequences of, tourism growth and the impacts of climate change on such coastal zones. It examines policy initiatives, local and national options for managing the potential crisis and recommends steps and management options towards ameliorating projected impacts on coastal tourism infrastructure. This is an important book for researchers and students of leisure and tourism, land-use planning, environmental and coastal management and all those interested in and working with the environment, conservation and sustainability.
Category: Travel

Dictionary Of Environment And Ecology

Author : Peter Collin
ISBN : 9781408198155
Genre : Science
File Size : 65.98 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
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This dictionary has been revised to include the definitions of over 7,000 terms from all aspects of ecology and environmental fields, including climate, pollution, waste disposal and energy conservation. 'An essential addition to the reference shelves of anyone with a professional or personal interest in green issues...a handy reference point with which to touch up the gaps in your eco-literacy.' - Organic Gardening
Category: Science

Illustrated Dictionary And Resource Directory Of Environmental And Occupational Health Second Edition

Author : Herman Koren
ISBN : 9781420032239
Genre : Science
File Size : 24.55 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
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The Illustrated Dictionary and Resource Directory of Environmental and Occupational Health, Second Edition is a one-of-a-kind, comprehensive reference source for the vast and diverse collection of interrelated terms and topics that encompass the fields of environmental science, occupational health and safety, and preventive medicine. These topics include: epidemiology, energy; biological, chemical, and physical hazards; hazard analysis; microbiology; weather; geology and geography; food protection, food borne disease, and food technology; emerging diseases; pesticides; indoor air pollution; air quality; solid and hazardous waste; water quality; water pollution; sewage; bioterrorism; instrumentation; toxicology; risk assessment, statistics; computer science; GIS, mapping, and instrumentation; regulating agencies; and environmental law. This second edition of 16,000 terms reflects the steady evolution of the multi-disciplinary field including over 8500 new terms, related to equipment and environmental control, new and emerging diseases, hazardous chemicals, bioterrorism and emergency response, and environmental resources. This is an indispensable resource for individuals throughout the environmental, occupational, and public health industries, from students and environmental practitioners, to engineers, doctors, policymakers, and civic and professional organization members.
Category: Science