A Common Human Ground

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A Common Human Ground

Author : Claes G. Ryn
ISBN : 0826264549
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 65.19 MB
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The 21st century is rife with tensions and conflict among cultures, peoples, and persons. In this thought-provoking book, Claes G. Ryn explores the great danger of turbulence and war and propounds a strongly argued thesis about what can make peaceful relations possible. Many trust in “democracy,” “capitalism,” “liberal tolerance,” scientific progress, or general enlightenment to create peace and order. Ryn contends that the problem is deeper and more complex than usually recognized and that peaceful, respectful relations have demanding moral and cultural prerequisites. One Western philosophical tradition, for which Plato sets the pattern, maintains that unity can be achieved only if diversity gives way to universality. Diversity must yield to a homogenizing transcendent good. A very different Western tradition, represented today by post-modern multiculturalism, denies the existence of universality altogether and celebrates diversity, which leaves unanswered the question of what will avert conflict. Ryn questions both of these positions and argues that universality and particularity, unity and diversity, are potentially compatible. He advances the thesis that a certain way of cultivating what is distinctive to persons, peoples, and cultures can enrich and strengthen our common humanity and increase the likelihood of peace. In A Common Human Ground, now with a new preface by the author, Ryn sets forth a philosophy of human interaction that he applies to foreign policy and international relations, notably the issue of war and peace. Philosophical but not technical, scholarly but not specialized, Ryn’s well-received work is interdisciplinary, ranging from politics to literature and the arts.
Category: Philosophy

Common And Contested Ground

Author : Theodore Binnema
ISBN : 0802086942
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 35.20 MB
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In Common and Contested Ground, Theodore Binnema provides a sweeping and innovative interpretation of the history of the northwestern plains and its peoples from prehistoric times to the Lewis and Clark Expedition. The real history of the northwestern plains between a.d. 200 and 1806 was far more complex, nuanced, and paradoxical than often imagined. Drawn by vast herds of buffalo and abundant resources, Native peoples, fur traders, and settlers moved across the region establishing intricate patterns of trade, diplomacy, and warfare. In the process, the northwestern plains became a common and contested ground. Drawing on a wide range of sources, Binnema examines the impact of technology on the peoples of the plains, beginning with the bow and arrow and continuing through the arrival of the horse, European weapons, Old World diseases, and Euroamerican traders. His focus on the environment and its effect on patterns of behaviour and settlement brings a unique perspective to the history of the region.
Category: Social Science

Human Behavior In A Just World

Author : Rosemary J. Link
ISBN : 9781442202924
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 61.40 MB
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This book is for human service, criminal justice and social work students of human behavior at the 'macro' or large systems level. Due to factors such as the migration of labor, human trafficking, increased rate of international adoptions, spread of infectious diseases, regional natural disasters, social workers now practice in a global context. International issues are infused throughout the text and the variety of case studies take students out of their usual place of work and invites them to stretch for increased global and cultural awareness, plus expanded choice of solutions.
Category: Social Science

Machines Of Loving Grace

Author : John Markoff
ISBN : 9780062266705
Genre : History
File Size : 37.62 MB
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As robots are increasingly integrated into modern society—on the battlefield and the road, in business, education, and health—Pulitzer-Prize-winning New York Times science writer John Markoff searches for an answer to one of the most important questions of our age: will these machines help us, or will they replace us? In the past decade alone, Google introduced us to driverless cars, Apple debuted a personal assistant that we keep in our pockets, and an Internet of Things connected the smaller tasks of everyday life to the farthest reaches of the internet. There is little doubt that robots are now an integral part of society, and cheap sensors and powerful computers will ensure that, in the coming years, these robots will soon act on their own. This new era offers the promise of immense computing power, but it also reframes a question first raised more than half a century ago, at the birth of the intelligent machine: Will we control these systems, or will they control us? In Machines of Loving Grace, New York Times reporter John Markoff, the first reporter to cover the World Wide Web, offers a sweeping history of the complicated and evolving relationship between humans and computers. Over the recent years, the pace of technological change has accelerated dramatically, reintroducing this difficult ethical quandary with newer and far weightier consequences. As Markoff chronicles the history of automation, from the birth of the artificial intelligence and intelligence augmentation communities in the 1950s, to the modern day brain trusts at Google and Apple in Silicon Valley, and on to the expanding tech corridor between Boston and New York, he traces the different ways developers have addressed this fundamental problem and urges them to carefully consider the consequences of their work. We are on the verge of a technological revolution, Markoff argues, and robots will profoundly transform the way our lives are organized. Developers must now draw a bright line between what is human and what is machine, or risk upsetting the delicate balance between them.
Category: History

The New Jacobinism

Author : Claes G. Ryn
ISBN : 093278304X
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 83.9 MB
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"With a major new afterword by the author"--Cover.
Category: Political Science

Intention Common Ground And The Egocentric Speaker Hearer

Author : Istvan Kecskes
ISBN : 9783110211474
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 47.75 MB
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This book presents current research that discusses some of the major issues in pragmatics from new perspectives, and directs attention to aspects of fundamental tenets that have been investigated only to a limited extent. Current pragmatic theories emphasize the importance of intention, cooperation, common ground, mutual knowledge, relevance, and commitment in executing communicative acts. However, recent research in cognitive psychology, linguistic pragmatics, and intercultural communication has raised questions that warrant some revision of these major tenets. Debates about the place of intention in pragmatics have indicated that Gricean intentions may play a less central role in communication than traditionally assumed. Cognitive psychologists pointed out that individual, egocentric endeavors of interlocutors play a much more decisive role in the initial stages of production and comprehension than current pragmatic theories envision. Some researchers criticized the Clark and Brennan's common ground model and Clark's contribution theory arguing that these approaches retain a communication-as-transfer-between-minds view of language, and treat intentions and goals as pre-existing psychological entities that are later somehow formulated in language. All these developments are addressed in the papers of the volume written by prominent scholars representing several disciplines.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Common Ground

Author : Rob Cowen
ISBN : 9780226424262
Genre : Biography & Autobiography
File Size : 82.27 MB
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Common Ground is a fascinating tour of the edges of ecosystemsurban and natural. It is in these heterogeneous landscapes that human animals encounter those of the non human variety. Cowen is an acclaimed nature and travel writer, but much of his writing has taken readers to vast pristine landscapesnational parks, the Arctic, etc. In this work he turns his focus to an underappreciated and under-illuminated landscapethe edgeland, or what he also refers to as the no man s land between city and country. Like an archaeologist, Cowen unearths human and natural histories. He carries the reader into the worlds of owls, foxes, and wheat fields, glimpses of what lies beneath and beyond, but also grounds the narrative in the everyday immediacies of iPhones, WiFi, and cafes. It is particularly appealing in its focus on the edges, spaces many creatures pass through and yet which few really appreciate. The edge-land's inhabitants are here introduced in immersive, kaleidoscopic detail as their voices and visions rise from the fields and woods: beasts, birds, insects, plants, and people and their changes across the seasons. "
Category: Biography & Autobiography

Communication And Lonergan

Author : Thomas J. Farrell
ISBN : 1556126239
Genre : Religion
File Size : 59.93 MB
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Essays about communication and the thought of Canadian Jesuit philosopher and theologian Bernard Lonergan.
Category: Religion

Human Computer Interaction

Author : Michitaka Hirose
ISBN : 1586031880
Genre : Computers
File Size : 71.38 MB
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This book covers the proceedings of INTERACT 2001 held in Tokyo, Japan, July 2001. The conference covers human-computer interaction and topics presented include: interaction design, usability, novel interface devices, computer supported co-operative works, visualization, and virtual reality. The papers presented in this book should appeal to students and professionals who wish to understand multimedia technologies and human-computer interaction.
Category: Computers

Common Ground In Electronically Mediated Conversation

Author : Andrew Monk
ISBN : 9781598298581
Genre : Computers
File Size : 50.56 MB
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Technologies that electronically mediate conversation, such as text-based chat or desktop video conferencing, draw on theories of human−human interaction to make predictions about the effects of design decisions. This lecture reviews the theory that has been most influential in this area: Clark's theory of language use. The key concept in Clark's theory is that of common ground. Language is viewed as a collaborative activity that uses existing common ground to develop further common ground and, hence, to communicate efficiently. The theory (a) defines different kinds of common ground, (b) formalizes the notion of collaborative activity as a “joint action,” and (c) describes the processes by which common ground is developed through joint action. Chapter 1 explains why a purely cognitive model of communication is not enough and what is meant by the phrase “collaborative activity.” Chapter 2 introduces the idea of common ground and how it is used in language through an example of two people conversing over a video link. Chapter 3 indicates where the interested reader can find out about the antecedents to Clark's theory. Chapter 4 sets out the fundamental concepts in Clark's theory. Chapter 5 uses five published case studies of electronically mediated communication to illustrate the value of the theory. These include studies of a computer-supported meeting room (Cognoter), a video tunnel that supports gaze awareness, video conferencing in medical consultation, and text chat. Table of Contents: Motivation - Conversation as a Collaborative Activity / Overview - Developing Common Ground, An Example / Scientific Foundations / The Theory in More Detail / Case Studies - Applying the Theory to Electronically Mediated Communication / Current Status
Category: Computers

Common Ground

Author : Paul L. Heck
ISBN : 9781589017207
Genre : Religion
File Size : 53.23 MB
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Christian-Muslim interaction is a reality today in all corners of the globe, but while many celebrate the commonality of these traditions, significant differences remain. If these religions cannot be easily reconciled, can we perhaps view them through a single albeit refractive lens? This is the approach Paul Heck takes in Common Ground: To undertake a study of religious pluralism as a theological and social reality, and to approach the two religions in tandem as part of a broader discussion on the nature of the good society. Rather than compare Christianity and Islam as two species of faith, religious pluralism offers a prism through which a society as a whole—secular and religious alike—can consider its core beliefs and values. Christianity and Islam are not merely identities that designate particular communities, but reference points that all can comprehend and discuss knowledgeably. This analysis of how Islam and Christianity understand theology, ethics, and politics—specifically democracy and human rights—offers a way for that discussion to move forward.
Category: Religion

Uncommon Ground Rethinking The Human Place In Nature

Author : William Cronon
ISBN : 9780393242522
Genre : Law
File Size : 57.88 MB
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A controversial, timely reassessment of the environmentalist agenda by outstanding historians, scientists, and critics. In a lead essay that powerfully states the broad argument of the book, William Cronon writes that the environmentalist goal of wilderness preservation is conceptually and politically wrongheaded. Among the ironies and entanglements resulting from this goal are the sale of nature in our malls through the Nature Company, and the disputes between working people and environmentalists over spotted owls and other objects of species preservation. The problem is that we haven't learned to live responsibly in nature. The environmentalist aim of legislating humans out of the wilderness is no solution. People, Cronon argues, are inextricably tied to nature, whether they live in cities or countryside. Rather than attempt to exclude humans, environmental advocates should help us learn to live in some sustainable relationship with nature. It is our home.
Category: Law

Irony

Author : Claire Colebrook
ISBN : 9781134530212
Genre : Literary Criticism
File Size : 81.62 MB
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In this handy volume, Claire Colebrook offers an overview of the history and structure of irony, from Socrates to the present. Students will welcome this clear, concise guide, which: *traces the use of the concept through history, from Greek times to the Romantic period and on to the postmodern era *looks closely at the work of Socrates and the more contemporary theorists Jacques Derrida and Gilles Deleuze *explores the philosophical, literary and political dimensions of irony *applies theories of irony to literary texts Making even the most difficult debates accessible and clear, this is the ideal student introduction to the many theories of irony.
Category: Literary Criticism

Global Ethics And Global Common Goods

Author : Patrick Riordan
ISBN : 9781472580863
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 39.51 MB
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Patrick Riordan takes a different approach to the questions of global ethics by following the direction of questioning initially pioneered by Aristotle; for him the most basic question of ethics is 'what is the good life'? So in the context of contemporary global ethics the Aristotelian questioner wonders about the good life on a global scale. Global Ethics and Global Common Goods fills the gap in existing literature caused by the neglect of the topic of the good in global ethics. Beginning by outlining answers to questions such as 'what is good?' and 'is there a highest good?' Riordan demonstrates the value of a common good perspective in matters of universal human rights and their institutions and practices, the study of international relations and the construction of global institutions, and debates about global justice between cosmopolitanism, nationalism and economic globalization. Philosophical questions provoked by these debates are identified and pursued, such as the question of a common human nature which seems presupposed by the language of universal rights. For experienced students of political philosophy and international relations this is a crucial text in the literature exploring the possibilities for politics on a world scale, while the perspective of the common good adds a new and distinctive dimension to current debates on global security and the challenges of managing conflict.
Category: Philosophy

Everyone S A Breather

Author : Aidan Carvill
ISBN : 098032680X
Genre : Human behavior
File Size : 29.56 MB
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Category: Human behavior

The Politics Of Judgment

Author : Kennan Ferguson
ISBN : 9780739159231
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 45.14 MB
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This innovative and theoretically sophisticated book investigates how aesthetic judgment forms the groundwork for understanding political identities. It posits aesthetics as central to conceptions of politics that are based on how people understand the relationship between themselves and larger communities. Ferguson focuses not only on how different theoretical conceptions of political judgment relate to one another, but also on their historical development and potential meaning for contemporary scholarship across the humanities and social sciences. Drawing on recent contributions to philosophy, economics, cultural studies, feminism, psychology, and anthropology, The Politics of Judgment demonstrates how modern political identities depend upon and are formed by aesthetic judgment. Political theorists, social scientists, philosophers and cultural critics will find this book especially useful, though general readers will also be attracted by the author's keen insight into contemporary political questions.
Category: Political Science