ZOOARCHAEOLOGY CAMBRIDGE MANUALS IN ARCHAEOLOGY

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Zooarchaeology

Author : Elizabeth J. Reitz
ISBN : 9781139467742
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 81.17 MB
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This is an introductory text for students interested in identification and analysis of animal remains from archaeological sites. The emphasis is on animals whose remains inform us about the relationship between humans and their natural and social environments, especially site formation processes, subsistence strategies, the processes of domestication, and paleoenvironments. Examining examples from all over the world, from the Pleistocene period up to the present, this volume is organized in a way that is parallel to faunal study, beginning with background information, bias in a faunal assemblage, and basic zooarchaeological methods. This revised edition reflects developments in zooarchaeology during the past decade. It includes sections on enamel ultrastructure and incremental analysis, stable isotyopes and trace elements, ancient genetics and enzymes, environmental reconstruction, people as agents of environmental change, applications of zooarchaeology in animal conservation and heritage management, and a discussion of issues pertaining to the curation of archaeofaunal materials.
Category: Social Science

Shells

Author : Cheryl Claassen
ISBN : 0521578523
Genre : Science
File Size : 62.79 MB
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This book contains everything students and professional archaeologists could possibly want to know about the practicalities of shell analysis in archaeology, as well as the biology of freshwater and marine molluscs. The author also, however, discusses the potential of this class of evidence to tell us surprising things about seasonal patterns of life, the woods around a long-forgotten burial mound and the swirling patterns of life which circled around the humblest of creatures; the snail.
Category: Science

Vertebrate Taphonomy

Author : R. Lee Lyman
ISBN : 9781316154175
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 71.81 MB
Format : PDF
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Taphonomy studies the transition of organic matter from the biosphere into the geological record. It is particularly relevant to zooarchaeologists and paleobiologists, who analyse organic remains in the archaeological record in an attempt to reconstruct hominid subsistence patterns and paleoecological conditions. In this user-friendly, encyclopedic reference volume for students and professionals, R. Lee Lyman, a leading researcher in taphonomy, reviews the wide range of analytical techniques used to solve particular zooarchaeological problems, illustrating these in most cases with appropriate examples. He also covers the history of taphonomic research and its philosophical underpinnings. Logically organised and clearly written, the book is an important update on all previous publications on archaeological faunal remains.
Category: Social Science

Fishes

Author : Alwyne Wheeler
ISBN : 0521304075
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 62.62 MB
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Fishes is a practical introduction to the study of fish remains from archaeological sites, designed for archaeologists and archaezoologists working in the field and in the laboratory. It provides clear guidelines for the identification of remains and how to interpret them. The identification and analysis of fish remains unearthed in archaeological excavations are invaluable factors in the reconstruction of climate, economic strategy, diet and trade. In this manual the authors discuss the importance of fishes in past economies and in archaeological research. They describe methods of extraction, fish anatomy and classification with the aid of numerous line drawings. The book also includes a survey of fishes most likely to be represented in archaeological sites and describes the biology of fishes in order to help archaeozoologists make informed judgements about methods of exploitation, size of fish caught and meat yield. This study is unique in making a realistic assessment of both the potential and limitations of the use of fish remains in archaeological interpretation.
Category: Social Science

Quantitative Paleozoology

Author : R. Lee Lyman
ISBN : 9781139471121
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 88.75 MB
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Quantitative Paleozoology describes and illustrates how the remains of long-dead animals recovered from archaeological and paleontological excavations can be studied and analyzed. The methods range from determining how many animals of each species are represented to determining whether one collection consists of more broken and more burned bones than another. All methods are described and illustrated with data from real collections, while numerous graphs illustrate various quantitative properties.
Category: Social Science

Social Zooarchaeology

Author : Nerissa Russell
ISBN : 9781139504348
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 58.24 MB
Format : PDF
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This is the first book to provide a systematic overview of social zooarchaeology, which takes a holistic view of human-animal relations in the past. Until recently, archaeological analysis of faunal evidence has primarily focused on the role of animals in the human diet and subsistence economy. This book, however, argues that animals have always played many more roles in human societies: as wealth, companions, spirit helpers, sacrificial victims, totems, centerpieces of feasts, objects of taboos, and more. These social factors are as significant as taphonomic processes in shaping animal bone assemblages. Nerissa Russell uses evidence derived from not only zooarchaeology, but also ethnography, history and classical studies, to suggest the range of human-animal relationships and to examine their importance in human society. Through exploring the significance of animals to ancient humans, this book provides a richer picture of past societies.
Category: Social Science

Quantitative Methods In Archaeology Using R

Author : David L. Carlson
ISBN : 9781107040212
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 25.73 MB
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The first step-by-step guide to the quantitative analysis of archaeological data using the R statistical computing system.
Category: Social Science

Sampling In Archaeology

Author : Clive Orton
ISBN : 0521566665
Genre : History
File Size : 55.39 MB
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The first overview of sampling for archaeologists for over twenty years, this manual offers a comprehensive account of the application of statistical sampling theory that is essential to modern archaeological practice, at a range of scales, from the regional to the microscopic. It includes a discussion of the relevance of sampling theory to archaeological interpretation, and considers its fundamental place in fieldwork and post excavation study. It demonstrates the vast range of techniques that are available, only some of which are widely used by archaeologists. A section on statistical theory also reviews the latest developments in the field, and the presentation is clear and user friendly. The formal mathematics is available in an appendix, which is cross-referenced with the main text.
Category: History

Birds

Author : Dale Serjeantson
ISBN : 9780521866170
Genre : Science
File Size : 52.46 MB
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Birds is the first book to examine bird remains in archaeology and anthropology. Providing a thorough review of the literature on this topic, it also serves as a guide to the methods of study of bird remains from the past and covers a wide range of topics, including anatomy and osteology, taphonomy, eggs, feathers, and, bone tools. Dale Serjeantson is a Research Fellow in Archaeology in the School of Humanities, University of Southampton, UK. She is the co-author, with Alan Cohen, of Manual for the Identification of Bird Bones from Archaeological Sites and has contributed papers on birds and other zooarchaeological topics in journals and popular magazines. She is an Associate Editor of the International Journal of Osteoarchaeology and a member of the Institute of Field Archaeologists, the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, the Association for Environmental Archaeology, and L'homme et l'animal: Societié de recherche interdisciplinaire.
Category: Science

Photography In Archaeology And Conservation

Author : Peter G. Dorrell
ISBN : 0521455545
Genre : Photography
File Size : 21.96 MB
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Describes the use and methods of photography in field archaeology, surveys, conservation and archaeological laboratories.
Category: Photography