ZONED IN THE USA THE ORIGINS AND IMPLICATIONS OF AMERICAN LAND USE REGULATION

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Zoned In The Usa

Author : Sonia A. Hirt
ISBN : 9780801454707
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 84.9 MB
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Why are American cities, suburbs, and towns so distinct? Compared to European cities, those in the United States are characterized by lower densities and greater distances; neat, geometric layouts; an abundance of green space; a greater level of social segregation reflected in space; and—perhaps most noticeably—a greater share of individual, single-family detached housing. In Zoned in the USA, Sonia A. Hirt argues that zoning laws are among the important but understudied reasons for the cross-continental differences. Hirt shows that rather than being imported from Europe, U.S. municipal zoning law was in fact an institution that quickly developed its own, distinctly American profile. A distinct spatial culture of individualism—founded on an ideal of separate, single-family residences apart from the dirt and turmoil of industrial and agricultural production—has driven much of municipal regulation, defined land-use, and, ultimately, shaped American life. Hirt explores municipal zoning from a comparative and international perspective, drawing on archival resources and contemporary land-use laws from England, Germany, France, Australia, Russia, Canada, and Japan to challenge assumptions about American cities and the laws that guide them.
Category: Political Science

Comparative Urban Land Use Planning

Author : Les Stein
ISBN : 9781743324677
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 82.74 MB
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Throughout the world, city planners and governments grapple with the challenges of urban planning using remarkably similar land use regimes. Yet the realisation is increasing that real urban problems – crime, decay, drug abuse, inequality, depression and alienation – are not easily solved by the classic devices of a strategic plan and a zoning map. Planning regimes are therefore in constant flux, as planners and governments adjust and experiment to address these problems, often with little awareness as to what they are trying to accomplish. In Comparative Urban Land Use Planning: Best Practice, Leslie A. Stein digs deeper, drawing on examples from around the world to discover the best practice responses to the critical issues of planning and urban social problems. Although every city has its own cultural and political milieu, patterns of change and levels of success can be discerned and universal lessons learned. By comparing different urban planning approaches and considering their underlying ideologies and assumptions, he proposes a more insightful approach to the role of land use planning. This book is both scholarly and emotional, expressing a great love of cities and calling for a more clear-eyed approach for their care.
Category: Political Science

Infinite Suburbia

Author : MIT Norman B. Leventhal Center for Advanced Urbanism
ISBN : 9781616896706
Genre : Architecture
File Size : 75.48 MB
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Infinite Suburbia is the culmination of the MIT Norman B. Leventhal Center for Advanced Urbanism's yearlong study of the future of suburban development. Extensive research, an exhibition, and a conference at MIT's Media Lab, this groundbreaking collection presents fifty-two essays by seventy-four authors from twenty different fields, including, but not limited to, design, architecture, landscape, planning, history, demographics, social justice, familial trends, policy, energy, mobility, health, environment, economics, and applied and future technologies. This exhaustive compilation is richly illustrated with a wealth of photography, aerial drone shots, drawings, plans, diagrams, charts, maps, and archival materials, making it the definitive statement on suburbia at the beginning of the twenty-first century.
Category: Architecture

The Property Tax Land Use And Land Use Regulation

Author : The late Dick Netzer
ISBN : 1781950857
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 56.37 MB
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Dick Netzer, a leading public finance economist specializing in state and local issues and urban government, brings together in this comprehensive volume essays by top scholars connecting the property tax with land use.
Category: Business & Economics

Saving America S Countryside

Author : Samuel N. Stokes
ISBN : 0801855489
Genre : Nature
File Size : 54.52 MB
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A new edition of the 1989 classic that received the American Society for Landscape Architects' Honor Award and the Historic Preservation Book Prize. This thoroughly revised and updated second edition reports on changes in conservation over the last eight years. It includes new case studies, more than 50 new illustrations, a section on heritage tourism, and much more. 235 illustrations.
Category: Nature

The Zoning Of America

Author : Michael Allan Wolf
ISBN : STANFORD:36105131738069
Genre : Law
File Size : 69.63 MB
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When the Cleveland suburb of Euclid first zoned its land in 1922, the Ambler Realty Company was left with a sizable tract it could no longer sell for industrial use--and so the company sued. What emerged was the seminal zoning case in American history, pitting reformers against private property advocates in the Supreme Court and raising the question of whether a municipality could deny property owners the right to use their land however they chose. Reconstructing the case that made zoning a central element in urban planning for cities and towns throughout America, Michael Allan Wolf provides the first book-length study of the Supreme Court's landmark Euclid v. Ambler decision. Wolf describes how the ordinance, and the defense of it, burst onto the national stage and became the focus of litigation before moving all the way to the nation's highest court. He subsequently reveals how and why Justice George Sutherland broke from the Court's conservative bloc to support the urban reform movement eager to protect residential neighborhoods from disturbances created by rapidly expanding commercial, industrial, or multifamily uses of land. Following that decision, America saw the rapid proliferation of zoning ordinances, which greatly increased the power of local government to control and rationalize urban planning. As Wolf attests, many of today's environmental and land use laws might not have been deemed legal had Euclid v. Ambler been decided differently. But he also points out the potential dangers that emerged from the decision, such as its anticompetitive impact on the real estate market, its catalyzing effect on suburban sprawl, and its establishment of a legal basis for excluding minoritygroups from neighborhoods. Wolf's compelling account makes it clear that Euclid v. Ambler fundamentally altered how we think about the urban landscape, changed the way our cities and suburbs are organized, and left a long shadow over subsequent cases such as the controversial Supreme Court decision in Kelo v. New London (2005).
Category: Law

Networks Space And Competitiveness

Author : Roberta Capello
ISBN : 9781781003671
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 59.67 MB
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In a period of increasing globalization and rapid growth in emerging countries, recognizing sources of regional competitiveness is of paramount importance. This timely and informative book identifies and analyses changes in the origins of regional advantage. The expert contributors illustrate that sources of regional competitiveness are strongly linked with spatially observable yet increasingly flexible realities, and include building advanced and efficient transport, communications and energy networks, changing urban and rural landscapes, and creating strategic and forward-looking competitiveness policies. They investigate long-term interactions between regional competitiveness and urban mobility, as well as the connections that link global sustainability with local technological and institutional innovations, and the intrinsic diversity of spatially rooted innovation processes. A prospective analysis on networks and innovation infrastructure is presented, global environmental issues such as climate change and energy are explored, and new policy perspectives Ð relevant world-wide Ð are prescribed. Networks, Space and Competitiveness will prove an invaluable resource for academics, students and researchers across a range of fields including international and regional economics, regional science, economic geography and international business.
Category: Business & Economics

The Quiet Evolution

Author : Michael Heiman
ISBN : UOM:39015014954203
Genre : Nature
File Size : 60.37 MB
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The Quiet Evolution refers to the profusion of American planning reform literature and practices dealing with local land-use control. As such, this work will be of paramount interest to planning students and practitioners, urban sociologists, political scientists, and georgraphers. Contributing to a new and exciting resurgence of critical social theory that examines popular attention to environmental quality, defense of residential districts, and other consumption issues, "The Quiet Evolution" will prove useful to social theorists in the field of sociology, geography, political science, and history.
Category: Nature